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Top 100 Greek Adverbs: A Comprehensive Guide

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In the Greek language, an adverb is an uninflected part of speech, which normally modifies a verb. However, adverbs can also modify adjectives, nouns, and even entire phrases. 

The good news is that these Greek adverbs remain unchanged, regardless of the case, the number, the tense, or any other grammatical phenomenon. And in Greek, where most parts of speech get inflected, this is definitely an assurance.

The bad news—if any—is that there’s a wide variety of adverbs, and it’s nearly impossible for a novice Greek learner to study all of them.  

In this blog post, we’ll guide you through learning the top 100 most common Greek adverbs, along with useful examples of their use. 

First of all, Greek adverbs are divided into five distinct categories:

  • Temporal adverbs. These denote time and frequency, and answer the question “When?”
  • Locative adverbs. These denote place, and answer the question “Where?”
  • Qualitative adverbs. These denote manner and answer the question “How?”
  • Quantitative adverbs. These denote quantity, and answer the question “How much?”
  • Modal adverbs. These denote how certain we are about something through confirmation, hesitation, or negation.

Now, let’s have a look at each of the aforementioned categories in detail. Without further ado, our Greek adverbs list!

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Useful Verbs in Greek Table of Contents
  1. Temporal Adverbs
  2. Locative Adverbs
  3. Qualitative Adverbs
  4. Quantitative Adverbs
  5. Modal Adverbs
  6. Conclusion

1. Temporal Adverbs

Top Verbs

If you’re wondering “When?”, then the first answer that will probably pass through your mind is an adverb. 

In Greek, Πότε; (Pόte?), meaning “When?”, is a very common question in everyday life. From arranging a business appointment to asking for transportation information, temporal adverbs will surely come in handy.

1Greek: σήμερα
Romanization: símera
Translation: “today”
Example:

Greek: Σήμερα δεν κάνει τόσο κρύο.
Romanization: Símera den káni tóso krío.
Translation: “Today is not that cold.”
2Greek: αύριο
Romanization: ávrio
Translation: “tomorrow”
Example:

Greek: Θα πάμε για ψώνια αύριο.
Romanization: Tha páme ya psónia ávrio.
Translation: “We’ll go shopping tomorrow.”
3Greek: μεθαύριο
Romanization: methávrio
Translation: “the day after tomorrow”
Example:

Greek: Εάν δεν μπορείς αύριο, πάμε μεθαύριο.
Romanization: Εán den borís ávrio, páme methávrio.
Translation: “If you can’t tomorrow, let’s go on the day after tomorrow.”
4Greek: χθες
Romanization: hthes
Translation: “yesterday”
Example:

Greek: Χθες ήμουν άρρωστη, αλλά σήμερα είμαι καλύτερα.
Romanization: Hthes ímun árrosti, alá símera íme kalítera.
Translation: “Yesterday I was sick, but today I’m better.”
5Greek: τώρα
Romanization: tóra
Translation: “now”
Example:

Greek: Δεν γίνεται να μιλήσουμε τώρα, γιατί είμαι απασχολημένος.
Romanization: Den yínete na milísume tóra, yiatí íme apasholiménos.
Translation: “We can’t talk now because I am busy.”
6Greek: αργότερα
Romanization: argótera
Translation: “later”
Example:

Greek: Παρακαλώ, προσπαθήστε ξανά αργότερα.
Romanization: Parakaló, prospathíste xaná argótera.
Translation: “Please, try again later.”
7Greek: σύντομα Romanization: síndoma Translation: “shortly” / “soon”Example:

Greek: Θα λάβετε μια απάντηση σύντομα.
Romanization: Tha lávete mia apándisi síndoma.
Translation: “You’ll receive an answer shortly.”
8Greek: τότε
Romanization: tóte
Translation: “then”
Example:

Greek: Έλα το απόγευμα. Τότε θα έχω χρόνο.
Romanization: Éla to apóyevma. Tóte tha ého hróno.
Translation: “Come in the afternoon. I’ll have time then.”
9Greek: αργά
Romanization: argá
Translation: “late”
Example:

Greek: Δεν μπορώ να έρθω, γιατί είναι πολύ αργά.
Romanization: Den boró na értho, yiatí íne polí argá.
Translation: “I can’t come because it’s too late.”
10Greek: νωρίς
Romanization: norís
Translation: “early”
Example:

Greek: Κάθε μέρα ξυπνάω νωρίς το πρωί.
Romanization: Káthe méra xipnáo norís to proí.
Translation: “Every day, I wake up early in the morning.”
11Greek: φέτος
Romanization: fétos
Translation: “this year”
Example:

Greek: Φέτος ξεκίνησα να μαθαίνω ελληνικά.
Romanization: Fétos xekínisa na mathéno eliniká.
Translation: “This year, I began learning Greek.”
12Greek: πέρυσι
Romanization: périsi
Translation: “last year”
Example:

Greek: Πέρυσι ήταν η καλύτερη χρονιά της ζωής μου! 
Romanization: Périsi ítan i kalíteri hroniá tis zoís mu!
Translation: “Last year was the best year of my life!”
13Greek: μόλις
Romanization: mólis
Translation: “as soon as”
Example:

Greek: Απάντησα στο μήνυμά σου μόλις το έλαβα. 
Romanization: Apánisa sto mínimá su mólis to élava.
Translation: “I answered your message as soon as I got it.”
14Greek: μετά
Romanization: metá
Translation: “after”
Example:

Greek: Μπορούμε να πάμε για φαγητό μετά τη δουλειά. Τι λες; 
Romanization: Borúme na páme ya fayitó metá ti duliá. Ti les?
Translation: “We can go for lunch after work. What do you say?”
15Greek: πριν
Romanization: prin
Translation: “before”
Example:

Greek: Θα σε πάρω τηλέφωνο πριν κοιμηθώ.
Romanization: Tha se páro tiléfono prin kimithó.
Translation: “I’ll call you before I go to sleep.”
16Greek: απόψε
Romanization: apópse
Translation: “tonight”
Example:

Greek: Απόψε είναι το πάρτι γενεθλίων μου.
Romanization: Apópse íne to párti yenethlíon mu.
Translation: “Tonight is my birthday party.
17Greek: έγκαιρα / εγκαίρως
Romanization: éngera / engéros
Translation: “in time”
Example:

Greek: Θα σε ειδοποιήσω εγκαίρως.
Romanization: Tha se idopiíso engéros.
Translation: “I’ll notify you in time.”
18Greek: ξανά
Romanization: xaná
Translation: “again”

This is often used as a verb prefix meaning “re-,” such as in “redo,” to denote an action being done again.
Example:

Greek: Εάν δεν είναι σωστό, κάνε το ξανά (or ξανακάνε το).
Romanization: Eán den íne sostó, káne to xaná (or xanakáne to).
Translation: “If it’s not correct, do it again / redo it.”

Useful expressions:

Greek: Ξανά και ξανά.
Romanization: Xaná ke xaná.
Translation: “Over and over again.”

Greek: Ποτέ ξανά!
Romanization: Poté xaná!
Translation: “Never again!”
19Greek: πάλι
Romanization: páli
Translation: “again”

It’s usually used when “again” implies the speaker’s frustration, but never as a verb prefix.
Example:

Greek: Πάλι δεν έκανες τις ασκήσεις σου;
Romanization: Páli den ékanes tis askísis su?
Translation: “You haven’t done your homework again?”

Useful expressions:

Greek: Όχι πάλι!
Romanization: Óhi páli!
Translation: “Not again!”

Greek: Άντε πάλι!
Romanization: Áde páli!
Translation: “There we go again!”
20Greek: ήδη
Romanization: ídi
Translation: “already”
Example:

Greek: Σε έχω συγχωρήσει ήδη πολλές φορές.
Romanization: Se ého sinhorísi ídi polés forés.
Translation: “I have already forgiven you many times.”

1.1 Adverbs of Frequency

Another common time-related question is Πόσο συχνά; (Póso sihná?), meaning “How often?” The answer, in this case, regularly includes some of the following adverbs in Greek.

2122232425
Greek: ποτέ
Romanization: poté
Translation: “never”
Greek: σπάνια / σπανίως
Romanization: spánia / spaníos
Translation: “rarely”
Greek: συχνά
Romanization: sihná
Translation: “often”
Greek: συνήθως
Romanization: siníthos
Translation: “usually”
Greek: πάντα
Romanization: páda
Translation: “always”

You may encounter the above adverbs in questionnaires, so they are really useful. 

Another adverb of frequency is:

26Greek: διαρκώς
Romanization: diarkós
Translation: “constantly”
Example:

Greek: Σταμάτα! Με ενοχλείς διαρκώς.
Romanization: Stamáta! Me enohís diarkós.
Translation: “Stop it! You are constantly bothering me.”

When it comes to the cost of a service, the following adverbs are usually used to determine payment methods.

272829303132
Greek: ωριαίως
Romanization: oriéos
Translation: “hourly”
Greek: ημερησίως
Romanization: imerisíos
Translation: “daily” / “on a daily basis”
Greek: καθημερινά / καθημερινώς
Romanization: kathimeriná / kathimerinós
Translation: “daily” / “every day”
Greek: εβδομαδιαίως
Romanization: evdomadiéos
Translation: “weekly”
Greek: μηνιαίως
Romanization: miniéos
Translation: “monthly”
Greek: ετησίως
Romanization: etisíos
Translation: “annually”

For example:

Greek: Για την υπηρεσία αυτή θα χρεωθείτε ωριαίως / ημερησίως / εβδομαδιαίως / μηνιαίως / ετησίως .

Romanization: Ya tin ipiresía aftí tha hreothíte oriéos / imerisíos / evdomadiéos /  miniéos / etisíos.

Translation: “For this service, you will be charged hourly / daily / weekly / monthly / annually.”

2. Locative Adverbs

In this category fall the adverbs answering the question Πού; (Pu?), or “Where?”

A Map of Greece within Europe
33Greek: εδώ
Romanization: edó
Translation: “here”
Example:

Greek: Έλα εδώ. Θέλω να σου πω κάτι.
Romanization: Éla edó. Thélo na su po káti.
Translation: “Come here. I want to tell you something.”
34Greek: εκεί
Romanization: ekí
Translation: “there”
Example:

Greek: Βλέπεις το μεγάλο βουνό εκεί; Ονομάζεται Όλυμπος.
Romanization: Vlépis to megálo vunó ekí? Onomázete Ólimbos.
Translation: “Do you see that big mountain over there? It’s called Olympus.”
35Greek: παντού
Romanization: pandú
Translation: “everywhere”
Example:

Greek: Στo νησί βλέπεις χαμογελαστούς ανθρώπους παντού.
Romanization: Sto nisí vlépis hamoyelastús anthrópus pandú.
Translation: “On the island, you can see smiling people everywhere.”
36Greek: κάπου
Romanization: kápu
Translation: “somewhere”
Example:

Greek: Έχασα το κινητό μου. Κάπου πρέπει να το ξέχασα.
Romanization: Éhasa to kinitó mu. Kápu prépi na to xéhasa.
Translation: “I have lost my mobile phone. I must have forgotten it somewhere.”
37Greek: πουθενά
Romanization: puthená
Translation: “nowhere” / “somewhere” (in questions)
Examples:

Greek: Δεν μπορώ να το βρω πουθενά.
Romanization: Den boró na to vro puthená.
Translation: “I can’t find it anywhere.”

Greek: Είδες πουθενά τα κλειδιά μου;
Romanization: Ídes puthená ta klidiá mu?
Translation: “Did you see my keys somewhere?”
38Greek: μέσα
Romanization: mésa
Translation: “inside” / “in” / “within”
Examples:

Greek: Έψαξα μέσα και έξω από το σπίτι.
Romanization: Épsaxa mésa ke éxo apó to spíti.
Translation: “I searched inside and outside the house.”

Greek: Το ασανσέρ χάλασε, γιατί πηγαίνει πάνω κάτω χωρίς σταματημό όλη μέρα.
Romanization: To asansér hálase, yatí piyéni páno káto horís stamatimó óli méra.
Translation: “The elevator broke down because it goes up and down without stopping all day long.”

Greek: Όταν περνάω τον δρόμο, κοιτάω δεξιά και αριστερά.
Romanization: Ótan pernáo ton drómo, kitáo dexiá ke aristerá.
Translation: “When I cross the street, I look right and left.”
39Greek: έξω
Romanization: éxo
Translation: “outside” / “out”
40Greek: πάνω
Romanization: páno
Translation: “up” / “over” / “on”
41Greek: κάτω
Romanization: káto
Translation: “down” / “under” / “beneath”
42Greek: δεξιά
Romanization: dexiá
Translation: “right”
43Greek: αριστερά
Romanization: aristerá
Translation: “left”
44Greek: δίπλα
Romanization: dípla
Translation: “next to” / “nearby”
Examples:

Greek: Το ξενοδοχείο είναι δίπλα στην τράπεζα.
Romanization: To xenodohío íne dípla stin trápeza.
Translation: “The hotel is next to the bank.”

Greek: Το ξενοδοχείο είναι εδώ δίπλα.
Romanization: To xenodohío íne edó dípla.
Translation: “The hotel is nearby.”

Greek: Ο Γιάννης είναι δίπλα μου.
Romanization: O Yánis íne dípla mu.
Translation: “John is next to me.”
45Greek: μακριά
Romanization: makriá
Translation: “far”
Example:

Greek: Το σπίτι μου δεν είναι μακριά από το κέντρο της πόλης.
Romanization: To spíti mu den íne makriá apó to kédro tis pólis.
Translation: “My home is not far from the city center.”
46Greek: κοντά
Romanization: kondá
Translation: “near”
Example:

Greek: Το σπίτι μου είναι κοντά στη θάλασσα.
Romanization: To spíti mu íne kondá sti thálasa.
Translation: “My home is near the sea.”
47Greek: απέναντι
Romanization: apénandi
Translation: “across”
Example:

Greek: Απέναντι από το ξενοδοχείο βρίσκεται ένα καλό εστιατόριο.
Romanization: Apénandi apó to xenodohío vrískete éna kaló estiatório.
Translation: “Across from the hotel, there’s a good restaurant.”
48Greek: πίσω
Romanization: píso
Translation: “behind” / “back”
Example:

Greek: Πίσω από το φαρμακείο βρίσκεται ένα ιδιωτικό πάρκινγκ.
Romanization: Píso apó to farmakío vrískete éna idiotikó párking.
Translation: “Behind the pharmacy, there’s private parking.”
49Greek: μπροστά
Romanization: brostá
Translation: “in front of”
Example:

Greek: Μπροστά από το σχολείο βρίσκεται ένα όμορφο πάρκο.
Romanization: Brostá apó to scholío vrískete éna ómorfo párko.
Translation: “In front of the school, there’s a beautiful park.”
50Greek: ψηλά
Romanization: psilá
Translation: “(up) high”
Example:

Greek: Κοίταξα ψηλά στον ουρανό και είδα ένα εξωτικό πουλί.
Romanization: Κítaxa psilá ston uranó ke ída éna exotikó pulí.
Translation: “I looked high up in the sky and I saw an exotic bird.”
51Greek: χαμηλά
Romanization: hamilá
Translation: “(down) low”
Example:

Greek: Κοίταξα χαμηλά και είδα ένα μικρό γατάκι στο πεζοδρόμιο.
Romanization: Κítaxa hamilá ke ída éna gatáki sto pezodrómio.
Translation: “I looked down low and I saw a kitty on the pavement.”
52Greek: μεταξύ
Romanization: metaxí
Translation: “between”

This is followed by a noun in genitive case, as demonstrated in the example.
Example:

Greek: Μεταξύ των δύο σπιτιών υπήρχε ένας φράχτης.
Romanization: Metaxí ton dío spitión ipírhe énas fráhtis.
Translation: “Between the two houses, there was a fence.”
53Greek: ανάμεσα
Romanization: anámesa
Translation: “between”

This adverb is followed by the preposition σε, which is often integrated in the article, becoming στον (masculine) / στη(ν) (feminine) / στο (neutral).
Example:

Greek: Ανάμεσα στα δύο σπίτια υπήρχε ένας φράχτης.
Romanization: Anámesa sta dío spítia ipírhe énas fráhtis.
Translation: “Between the houses, there was a fence.”
54Greek: γύρω
Romanization: yíro
Translation: “around”
Example:

Greek: Γύρω από το δέντρο υπήρχαν πολλές μέλισσες.
Romanization: Υíro apó to déndro ipírhan polés mélises.
Translation: “Around the tree, there were many bees.”
55Greek: αλλού
Romanization: alú
Translation: “someplace else” / “somewhere else”
Example:

Greek: Αυτό το εστιατόριο είναι γεμάτο. Πάμε αλλού.
Romanization: Aftó to estiatório íne yemáto. Páme alú.
Translation: “This restaurant is full. Let’s go someplace else.”
56Greek: βόρεια
Romanization: vória
Translation: “north”
Example:

Greek: Η Ελλάδα είναι ένα σταυροδρόμι πολιτισμών. Ανατολικά συνορεύει με την Τουρκία, δυτικά με την Ιταλία, βόρεια με τη Βουλγαρία, βορειοδυτικά με την Αλβανία και νότια με την Αφρική.
Romanization: I Elláda íne éna stavrodrómi politizmón. Anatoliká sinorévi me tin Turkía, ditiká me tin Italía, vória me ti Vulgaría, vorioditiká me tin Alvanía ke nótia me tin Afrikí.
Translation: “Greece is a crossroad of cultures. It borders Turkey to the east, Italy to the west, Bulgaria to the north, Albania to the northwest, and Africa to the south.”
57Greek: νότια
Romanization: nótia
Translation: “south”
58Greek: ανατολικά
Romanization: anatoliká
Translation: “east”
59Greek: δυτικά
Romanization: ditiká
Translation: “west”
60Greek: βορειοδυτικά
Romanization: ditiká
Translation: “southwest”

If you want to learn more phrases about giving directions in Greek, we highly recommend that you check out our relevant blog post.

3. Qualitative Adverbs

Similarly, the adverbs of this category answer the question Πώς; (Pos?), meaning “How?” 

A Woman Wondering How
61Greek: αργά
Romanization: argá
Translation: “slowly”
Example:

Greek: Οδηγάς πολύ γρήγορα. Πήγαινε πιο αργά.
Romanization: Odigás polí grígora. Píyene pio argá.
Translation: “You are driving very quickly. Go more slowly.”
62Greek: γρήγορα
Romanization: grígora
Translation: “quickly”
63Greek: προσεκτικά
Romanization: prosektiká
Translation: “carefully”
Example:

Greek: Να μη διαβάζεις απρόσεκτα. Να διαβάζεις προσεκτικά, για να καταλαβαίνεις.
Romanization: Na mi diavázis aprósekta. Na diavázis prosektiká, ya na katalavénis.
Translation: “You shouldn’t study without paying attention. You should study carefully in order to understand.”
64Greek: απρόσεκτα
Romanization: aprósekta
Translation: “carelessly” / “without paying attention”
65Greek: ήσυχα
Romanization: ísiha
Translation: “quietly”
Example:

Greek: Το βράδυ προσπαθώ να μπαίνω στο σπίτι ήσυχα, για να μη σε ξυπνήσω.
Romanization: To vrádi prospathó na béno sto spíti ísiha, ya na mi se xipníso.
Translation: “During the night, I try to enter the house quietly so I won’t wake you up.”
66Greek: χαρούμενα
Romanization: harúmena
Translation: “happily”
Example:

Greek: Ο σκύλος με κοιτά χαρούμενα όταν έρχομαι στο σπίτι και λυπημένα όταν φεύγω. 
Romanization: O skílos me kitá harúmena ótan érhome sto spíti ke lipiména ótan févgo.
Translation: “The dog looks at me happily when I come home and sadly when I leave.”
67Greek: λυπημένα
Romanization: lipiména
Translation: “sadly”
68Greek: εύκολα
Romanization: éfkola
Translation: “easily”
Example:

Greek: Μπορείς να μπεις εύκολα σε έναν λαβύρινθο, όμως βγαίνεις δύσκολα
Romanization: Borís na bis éfkola se énan lavírintho, ómos vyénis dískola.
Translation: “You can enter a labyrinth easily, but you get out of it with difficulty.”
69Greek: δύσκολα
Romanization: dískola
Translation: “with difficulty”
70Greek: κυριολεκτικά
Romanization: kiriolektiká
Translation: “literally”
Example:

Greek: Αυτό το είπα μεταφορικά. Δεν μιλούσα κυριολεκτικά.
Romanization: Aftó to ípa metaforiká. Den milúsa kiriolektiká.
Translation: “I said this metaphorically. I wasn’t talking literally.”
71Greek: μεταφορικά
Romanization: metaforiká
Translation: “metaphorically”
72Greek: έτσι
Romanization: étsi
Translation: “this/that way” “like this/that”
Example:

Greek: ⁠—Πώς θέλετε να σας κόψω τα μαλλιά; —Έτσι.
Romanization: Pós thélete na sas kópso ta maliá? Étsi. 
Translation: “—How would you like me to cut your hair? —This way.”
73Greek: κάπως
Romanization: kápos
Translation: “somehow”
Example:

Greek: Κάπως πρέπει να συναντηθούμε.
Romanization: Κápos prépi na sinadithúme. 
Translation: “We have to meet somehow.”
74Greek: καλά / καλώς
Romanization: kalá / kalós
Translation: “well” / “good”
Example:

Greek: —Το ραντεβού σας είναι αύριο το απόγευμα. —Καλώς.
Romanization: To randevú sas íne ávrio to apóyevma. Kalós.
Translation: “Your appointment is for tomorrow afternoon. – Good.”
75Greek: κακά / κακώς
Romanization: kaká / kakós
Translation: “badly” / “bad”
Example:

Greek: Κακώς δεν του είπες ότι θα αργήσεις.
Romanization: Kakós den tu ípes óti tha aryísis.
Translation: “It was bad that you didn’t tell him you’ll be late.”
76Greek: ξαφνικά
Romanization: xafniká
Translation: “suddenly”
Example:

Greek: Ξαφνικά ο ουρανός σκοτείνιασε και άρχισε να βρέχει.
Romanization: Χafniká o uranós skotíniase ke árhise na vréhi.
Translation: “Suddenly, the sky darkened and it started raining.”
77Greek: ωραία
Romanization: oréa
Translation: ” nicely” / “nice”
Example:

Greek: Αυτή τη φορά πέρασα πολύ ωραία στην εκδρομή μας. Την προηγούμενη φορά ήμουν άρρωστος και πέρασα πολύ άσχημα
Romanization: Aftí ti forá pérasa polí oréa stin ekdromí mas. Tin proigúmeni forá ímun árostos ke pérasa polí áshima.
Translation: “This time, I had a nice time on our excursion. Last time, I was sick and I had a bad time.”
78Greek: άσχημα
Romanization: áshima
Translation: “badly” / “bad”
79Greek: μαζί
Romanization: mazí
Translation: “together”
Example:

Greek: Πήγατε μαζί σινεμά;
Romanization: Pígate mazí sinemá?
Translation: “Did you go to the cinema together?”
80Greek: ευτυχώς
Romanization: eftihós
Translation: “fortunately” / “luckily”
Example:

Greek: Ευτυχώς η άσκηση ήταν εύκολη, όμως δεν πρόλαβα να την κάνω δυστυχώς.
Romanization: Eftihós i áskisi ítan éfkoli, ómos den prólava na tin káno distihós.
Translation: “Fortunately, the assignment was easy; but unfortunately, I didn’t get it done. “
81Greek: δυστυχώς
Romanization: distihós
Translation: “unfortunately”

4. Quantitative Adverbs

As you might have guessed, adverbs of quantity answer the question Πόσο; (Póso), or “How much?”

A Plate with Three Peas

Here are some of the most popular answers:

82838485868788
Greek: τόσο
Romanization: tóso
Translation: “that much
Greek: λίγο
Romanization: lígo
Translation: “(a) little”
Greek: πολύ
Romanization: polí
Translation: “very” / “much” / “too”
Greek: αρκετά
Romanization: arketá
Translation: “enough”
Greek: λιγότερο
Romanization: ligótero
Translation: “less”
Greek: περισσότερο
Romanization: perisótero
Translation: “more”
Greek: καθόλου
Romanization: kathólu
Translation: “(not) at all”

Now, let’s have a look at some more adverbs of quantity, along with some examples.+

89Greek: μόνο
Romanization: móno
Translation: “only” / “just”

This adverb is usually accompanied by other relevant adverbs of quantity, such as τόσο (tóso) and λίγο (lígo).
Example:

Greek: Έφαγα λίγο μόνο και δεν χόρτασα.
Romanization: Éfaga lígo móno ke den hórtasa.
Translation: “I ate just a little and I didn’t get full.”
90Greek: περίπου
Romanization: perípu
Translation: “approximately” / “about”

This adverb is usually accompanied by other relevant adverbs of quantity, such as τόσο (tóso).
Example:

Greek: Έφαγα τόσο περίπου και δεν χόρτασα.
Romanization: Éfaga tóso perípu ke den hórtasa.
Translation: “I ate about that much and I didn’t get full.” (while demonstrating the quantity)
91Greek: σχεδόν
Romanization: shedón
Translation: “almost” / “nearly”

This adverb is usually accompanied by other relevant adverbs of quantity, such as τόσο (tóso).
Example:

Greek: Έφαγε σχεδόν όλα τα μπισκότα.
Romanization: Éfaye schedón óla ta biskóta.
Translation: “He ate almost all the cookies.”

5. Modal Adverbs

Adverbs denoting confirmation, hesitation, or negation typically answer Yes/No questions, or they can be used to express agreement or disagreement in general.

A Woman Holding Yes and No Signs

5.1 Confirmation Adverbs

92939495
Greek: ναι
Romanization: ne
Translation: “yes”
Greek: σίγουρα
Romanization: sígura
Translation: “surely” / “for sure”
Greek: βέβαια / βεβαίως
Romanization: vévea / vevéos
Translation: “certainly”
Greek: μάλιστα
Romanization: málista
Translation: “indeed”

5.2 Hesitation Adverbs

9697
Greek: ίσως
Romanization: ísos
Translation: “maybe”
Greek: πιθανόν
Romanization: pithanón
Translation: “perhaps” / “probably”

5.3 Negation Adverbs

9899100
Greek: όχι
Romanization: óhi
Translation: “no”
Greek: δεν
Romanization: den
Translation: “not” (with a verb in the indicative mood)
Greek: μη(ν)
Romanization: min
Translation: “not” (with a verb in the subjunctive mood)

6. Conclusion

Learning how to describe various actions is an integral part of your studies. In this article, we’ve tried to cover a wide range of modern Greek adverbs which will be useful in everyday life.

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Greek Verb Conjugations: A Mystery of Tenses, Voices & Moods Unraveled

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Do you know why Greek is considered a hard language to learn?

(Yes, we know that you might be thinking of many different answers!)

Nevertheless, a perfectly acceptable answer here would be: Verb conjugation!

Greek verbs tend to change according to the person(s) they refer to, the number, the tense, the mood, the voice, and the conjugation group they belong to. Greek verb conjugation is difficult—we get it. However, it’s not a true mystery. There are several rules that can help you categorize regular verbs and conjugate them correctly, but at the same time, there are several irregular verbs you should probably learn by heart.

In this blog post, we’ll focus on the regular Greek verbs’ conjugations, presenting you with tips, tricks, and examples.

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Useful Verbs in Greek Table of Contents
  1. What is Conjugation?
  2. Verb Conjugation Groups
  3. Conjugation Examples
  4. It’s Quiz Time!
  5. Conclusion

1. What is Conjugation?

Top Verbs
Conjugation is a phenomenon describing various changes happening to a verb, commonly based on the person(s), the number, the tense, the mood, and the voice. These changes create different pattern sets called conjugation groups, and verbs are categorized according to those groups.

In Greek, adjectives, pronouns, nouns, and articles change as well. However, in this article, we’ll focus on the Greek verbs and their conjugation, which is one of the most complicated chapters of Greek grammar. 

1.1 The Person(s) and Numbers

A Smart Kid

Before we begin, take a look at this brief Greek conjugation chart:

GreekRomanizationTranslation
1st Person Singularεγώegó“I”
2nd Person Singularεσύesí“you”
3rd Person Singularαυτός / αυτή / αυτόaftós / aftí / aftó“he” / “she” / “it”
1st Person Pluralεμείςemís“we”
2nd Person Pluralεσείςesís“you”
3rd Person Pluralαυτοί / αυτές / αυτάaftí / aftés / aftá“they” (male / female / neutral)

Our first stop on the journey of modern Greek verb conjugation is the person(s) and numbers. Greek verbs, just like English verbs, get conjugated according to the first, second, and third person in the singular and plural. To create all these different verb forms, the only thing you need to do is change its suffix (i.e. its ending). 

For example: 

  • εγώ λύνω (egó líno) — “I solve”
  • εσύ λύνεις (esí línis) —  “you solve”

As you might have noticed, this change can be very tricky for English-speakers, since the verb in English remains unchanged, regardless of the person. That’s surely one major difference between Greek and English grammar, so you’ll need time and a lot of practice to get used to this.

1.2 The Tenses

A Road Sign Showing the Present, the Past, and the Future

Lucky for you, the Greek tenses have many similarities with those in English. Let’s have a look at the table below.

Greek TenseRomanizationCorresponding English TenseUsage
ΕνεστώταςEnestótasSimple Present & 
Present Continuous
For an action that is happening in the present, either continuously or repeatedly, or just once.
ΠαρατατικόςParatatikósPast ContinuousFor an action that was happening continuously or repeatedly in the past.
ΑόριστοςAóristosSimple PastFor an action that happened in the past once or momentarily.
Στιγμιαίος ΜέλλονταςStigmiéos MélondasSimple FutureFor an action that will happen in the future just once or momentarily.
Εξακολουθητικός ΜέλλονταςExakoluthitikós MélondasFuture ContinuousFor an action that will be happening in the future continuously or repeatedly.
ΠαρακείμενοςParakímenosPresent PerfectFor an action that began in the past and has been completed by the present time.
ΥπερσυντέλικοςIpersidélikosPast PerfectFor an action that began in the past and was completed before a specific moment (or other action) in the past.
Συντελεσμένος ΜέλλονταςSindelezménos MélondasFuture PerfectFor an action that will have been completed by a specific time in the future.

For example:

  • εγώ προσπαθώ (egó prospathó) — “I try” / “I am trying” | ενεστώτας (enestótas, “present tense”)
  • εγώ προσπάθησα (egó prospáthisa) — “I tried” | αόριστος (aóristos, “simple past tense” or “aorist tense”)

All future tenses (στιγμιαίος, εξακολουθητικός & συντελεσμένος μέλλοντας) make use of the particle θα (tha), meaning “will. Moreover, Συντελεσμένος Μέλλοντας & Παρακείμενος make use of the auxiliary verb έχω (ého), meaning “have, whereas Υπερσυντέλικος makes use of είχα (íha), meaning “had.

1.3 The Moods

In Greek, there are five distinct verb moods, which have to do with how the verb’s action is presented in order to show the intention of the speaker. The Greek moods and their usage are demonstrated in the table below.

Greek MoodsRomanizationTranslationUsage
Οριστική

e.g. Εγώ παίζω.
Oristikí

e.g. Egó pézo.
Indicative

E.g. “I play.”
Indicates that the action is something certain, real, a fact.
Υποτακτική

e.g. Εσύ πρέπει να κοιμηθείς.
Ipotaktikí

e.g. Esí prépi na kimithís.
Subjunctive

e.g. “You must sleep.”
Indicates that the action is something wanted or expected, such as a wish, a desire, or an intention.
Προστακτική

e.g. Πήγαινε τώρα!
Prostaktikí

e.g. Píyene tóra!
Imperative

E.g. “Go now!”
Indicates a command, an order, or a request.
Μετοχή

A) e.g. Παίζοντας πέρασε γρήγορα η ώρα.

B) e.g. Τα πιάτα είναι πλυμένα.
Metohí

A) e.g. Pézondas pérase grígora i óra.


B) e.g. Ta piáta íne pliména.
Participle

A) e.g. “By playing, the time passed quickly.”

B) e.g. “The dishes are washed.”
A) An uninflected verb form commonly used as an adverb to indicate time, manner, cause, condition, etc.

B) An inflected verb form commonly used as an adjective, giving a noun, pronoun, or name a certain attribute.
Απαρέμφατο

e.g. Έχω διαβάσει αυτό το βιβλίο.
Aparémfato

e.g. Ého diavási aftó to vivlío.
Infinitive

e.g. “I have read this book.”
An uninflected verb form used as a verb formation element in the present perfect, past perfect, and the future perfect tense.

Please, keep in mind that the mood υποτακτική (Ipotaktikí) usually makes use of the particle να, among other words, in order to be formed as shown in the relative example.

1.4 The Voices

As in English, there are two voices in Greek:

Greek VoicesRomanizationCorresponding English Voice
Ενεργητική φωνήEneryitikí foníActive voice
Παθητική φωνήPathitikí foníPassive voice

For example:

  • Active Voice:
    Η αδερφή μου αγόρασε το μήλο. (I aderfí mu agórase to mílo.) — “My sister bought the apple.
  • Passive Voice:
    Το μήλο αγοράστηκε από την αδερφή μου. (To mílo agorástike apó tin aderfí mu.) — “The apple was bought by my sister.”

2. Verb Conjugation Groups

A List of English Conjugations

Now, for conjugation in Greek, there are two major conjugation groups: Conjugation A and Conjugation B.

Conjugation A includes verbs ending in:

  • | Active Voice
  • -ομαι | Passive Voice

For example: λύν / λύν-ομαι (líno / línome) — “to solve” / “to be solved”

Conjugation Β includes verbs ending in:

  • | Active Voice
  • -ιέμαι [first class] / -ούμαι, -άμαι, or -ώμαι [second class] | Passive Voice

For example: 

  • Conjugation B [first class]:
    αγαπ / αγαπ-ιέμαι (agapó / agapiéme) — “to love” / “to be loved”
  • Conjugation B [second class]:
    θεωρ / θεωρ-ούμαι (theoró / theorúme) — “to think” / “to be thought”
    κοιμ-άμαι (kimáme) — “to sleep” (in the passive voice only)
    διερωτ-ώμαι (dierotóme) — “to ask myself” (in the passive voice only)

As you saw above, Conjugation B verbs are divided into two classes: those conjugating like αγαπώ [first class] and those like θεωρώ [second class].

Indeed, these two major conjugation groups act as a rule for the majority of regular verbs. When it comes to determining to which category each verb belongs, a rule of thumb is to notice whether the -ω at the end of the verb in the active voice is accentuated. If there’s no accent mark, then the verb follows the Conjugation A model. Otherwise, if the -ώ is accentuated, it follows the Conjugation B model.

Greek verb conjugation is not that easy. There are many irregular verbs and many verb forms, some of which were integrated into modern Greek from ancient Greek. Therefore, in practice, learning how to conjugate verbs according to the two conjugation groups only won’t cover all cases. It’s really necessary to study Greek verb conjugation rules for irregular verbs as well. 

3. Conjugation Examples

A Woman Thinking about Something

In the following sections, we’ll be looking at a few Greek conjugation tables to give you a good idea of what to expect.

3.1 Conjugation A

In this category, we find Greek verbs ending in in the active voice, and -ομαι in the passive voice. Below, you can find the complete conjugation of the verb λύνω (líno), meaning “to solve.”

Other Conjugation A verbs that are conjugated in the same way are: 

  • χάνω (háno) — “to lose”
  • πληρώνω (pliróno) — “to pay”
  • ντύνω (díno) — “to dress”

Active Voice

Indicative
PresentPast ContinuousSimple PastSimple FutureFuture ContinuousFuture PerfectPresent PerfectPast Perfect
εγώλύνωέλυναέλυσαθα λύσωθα λύνωθα έχω λύσειέχω λύσειείχα λύσει
εσύλύνειςέλυνεςέλυσεςθα λύσειςθα λύνειςθα έχεις λύσειέχεις λύσεείχες λύσει
 αυτή / αυτόλύνειέλυνεέλυσεθα λύσειθα λύνειθα έχει λύσειέχει λύσειείχε λύσει
εμείςλύνουμελύναμελύσαμεθα λύσουμεθα λύνουμεθα έχουμε λύσειέχουμε λύσειείχαμε λύσει
εσείςλύνετελύνατελύσατεθα λύσετεθα λύνετεθα έχετε λύσειέχετε λύσειείχατε λύσει
αυτοί / αυτές / αυτάλύνουν(ε)έλυναν
or λύνανε
έλυσαν
or λύσανε
θα λύσουν(ε)θα λύνουν(ε)θα έχουν(ε) λύσειέχουν(ε) λύσειείχαν(ε) λύσει
Subjunctive
PresentPast ContinuousSimple PastSimple FutureFuture ContinuousFuture PerfectPresent PerfectPast Perfect
εγώνα λύνωνα λύσωνα έχω λύσει
εσύνα λύνειςνα λύσειςνα έχεις λύσει
αυτός / αυτή / αυτόνα λύνεινα λύσεινα έχει λύσει
εμείςνα λύνουμενα λύσουμενα έχουμε λύσει
εσείςνα λύνετενα λύσετενα έχετε λύσει
αυτοί / αυτές / αυτάνα λύνουν(ε)να λύσουν(ε)να έχουν(ε) λύσει
ImperativeThe participleThe infinitive
PresentSimple PastPresentSimple Past
εσύλύνελύσελύνονταςλύσει
εσείςλύνετελύστε

Passive Voice

Indicative
PresentPast ContinuousSimple PastSimple FutureFuture ContinuousFuture PerfectPresent PerfectPast Perfect
εγώλύνομαιλυνόμουν(α)λύθηκαθα λυθώθα λύνομαιθα έχω λυθείέχω λυθείείχα λυθεί
εγώλύνεσαιλυνόσουν(α)λύθηκεςθα λυθείςθα λύνεσαιθα έχεις λυθείέχεις λυθείείχες λυθεί
αυτός / αυτή / αυτόλύνεταιλυνόταν(ε)λύθηκεθα λυθείθα λύνεταιθα έχει λυθείέχει λυθείείχε λυθεί
εμείςλυνόμαστελυνόμαστανλυθήκαμεθα λυθούμεθα λυνόμαστεθα έχουμε λυθείχουμε λυθείείχαμε λυθεί
εσείςλύνεστε
or λυνόσαστε
λυνόσαστανλυθήκατεθα λυθείτεθα λύνεστε
or
θα λυνόσαστε
θα έχετε λυθείέχετε λυθείείχατε λυθεί
αυτοί / αυτές / αυτάλύνονταιλύνονταν
or λυνόντουσαν
λύθηκαν
or
λυθήκανε
θα λυθούν(ε)θα λύνονταιθα έχουν(ε) λυθείέχουν(ε) λυθείείχαν(ε) λυθεί
Subjunctive
PresentPast ContinuousSimple PastSimple FutureFuture ContinuousFuture PerfectPresent PerfectPast Perfect
εγώνα λύνομαινα λυθώνα έχω λυθεί
εσύνα λύνεσαινα λυθείςνα έχεις λυθεί
αυτός / αυτή / αυτόνα λύνεταινα λυθείνα έχει λυθεί
εμείςνα λυνόμαστενα λυθούμενα έχουμε λυθεί
εσείςνα λύνεστε
or
να λυνόσαστε
να λυθείτενα έχετε λυθεί
αυτοί / αυτές / αυτάνα λύνονταινα λυθούν(ε)να έχουν(ε) λυθεί
ImperativeThe participleThe infinitive
PresentSimple PastPresentSimple Past
εσύλύσουλυμμένος / / -ολυθεί
εσείςλυθείτε

3.2 Conjugation B

First Class

In this category are the Greek verbs ending in in the active voice, and -ιέμαι in the passive voice. Below, you can find the complete conjugation of the verb αγαπώ (agapó), meaning “to love.”

Other Conjugation Β [first class] verbs that are conjugated in the same way are:

  • απαντώ (apandó) — “to answer”
  • μιλώ (miló) — “to talk”
  • ρωτώ (rotó) — “to ask”

Active Voice

Indicative
PresentPast ContinuousSimple PastSimple FutureFuture ContinuousFuture PerfectPresent PerfectPast Perfect
εγώθεωρώθεωρούσαθεώρησαθα θεωρήσωθα θεωρώθα έχω θεωρήσειέχω θεωρήσειείχα θεωρήσει
εσύθεωρείςθεωρούσεςθεώρησαθα θεωρήσειςθα θεωρείςθα έχεις θεωρήσειέχεις θεωρήσειείχες θεωρήσει
αυτός / αυτή / αυτόθεωρείθεωρούσεθεώρησεθα θεωρήσειθα θεωρείθα έχει θεωρήσειέχει θεωρήσειείχε θεωρήσει
εμείςθεωρούμεθεωρούσαμεθεωρήσαμεθα θεωρήσουμεθα θεωρούμεθα έχουμε θεωρήσειέχουμε θεωρήσειείχαμε θεωρήσει
εσείςθεωρείτεθεωρούσατεθεωρήσατεθα θεωρήσετεθα θεωρείτεθα έχετε θεωρήσειέχετε θεωρήσειείχατε θεωρήσει
αυτοί / αυτές / αυτάθεωρούν(ε)θεωρούσαν(ε)θεώρησανθα θεωρήσουν(ε)θα θεωρούν(ε)θα έχουν(ε) θεωρήσειέχουν(ε) θεωρήσειείχαν(ε) θεωρήσει
Subjunctive
PresentPast ContinuousSimple PastSimple FutureFuture ContinuousFuture PerfectPresent PerfectPast Perfect
εγώνα θεωρώνα θεωρήσωνα έχω θεωρήσει
εσύνα θεωρείςνα θεωρήσειςνα έχεις θεωρήσει
αυτός / αυτή / αυτόνα θεωρείνα θεωρήσεινα έχει θεωρήσει
εμείςνα θεωρούμενα θεωρήσουμενα έχουμε θεωρήσει
εσείςνα θεωρείτενα θεωρήσετενα έχετε θεωρήσει
αυτοί / αυτές / αυτάνα θεωρούννα θεωρήσουν(ε)να έχουν(ε) θεωρήσει
ImperativeThe participleThe infinitive
PresentSimple PastPresentSimple Past
εσύθεώρησεθεωρώνταςθεωρήσει
εσείςθεωρείτεθεωρήστε

Passive Voice

Indicative
PresentPast ContinuousSimple PastSimple FutureFuture ContinuousFuture PerfectPresent PerfectPast Perfect
εγώαγαπιέμαιαγαπιόμουν(α)αγαπήθηκαθα αγαπηθώθα αγαπιέμαιθα έχω αγαπηθείέχω αγαπηθείείχα αγαπηθεί
εσύαγαπιέσαιαγαπιόσουν(α)αγαπήθηκεςθα αγαπηθείςθα αγαπιέσαιθα έχεις αγαπηθείέχεις αγαπηθείείχες αγαπηθεί
αυτός / αυτή / αυτόαγαπιέταιαγαπιόταν(ε)αγαπήθηκεθα αγαπηθείθα αγαπιέταιθα έχει αγαπηθείέχει αγαπηθείείχε αγαπηθεί
εμείςαγαπιόμαστεαγαπιόμασταν / αγαπιόμαστεαγαπηθήκαμεθα αγαπηθούμεθα αγαπιόμαστεθα έχουμε αγαπηθείέχουμε αγαπηθείείχαμε αγαπηθεί
εσείςαγαπιέστε or αγαπιόσαστεαγαπιόσασταν or αγαπιόσαστεαγαπηθήκατεθα αγαπηθείτεθα αγαπιέστε or αγαπιόσαστεθα έχετε αγαπηθείέχετε αγαπηθείείχατε αγαπηθεί
αυτοί / αυτές / αυτάαγαπιέστε or αγαπιόσαστεαγαπιούνταν(ε)αγαπήθηκανθα αγαπηθούν(ε)θα αγαπιούνταιθα έχουν(ε) αγαπηθείέχουν(ε) αγαπηθείείχαν(ε) αγαπηθεί
Subjunctive
PresentPast ContinuousSimple PastSimple FutureFuture ContinuousFuture PerfectFuture PerfectPast Perfect
εγώνα αγαπιέμαινα αγαπηθώνα έχω αγαπηθεί
εσύνα αγαπιέσαινα αγαπηθείςνα έχεις αγαπηθεί
αυτός / αυτή / αυτόνα αγαπιέταινα αγαπηθείνα έχει αγαπηθεί
εμείςνα αγαπιόμαστενα αγαπηθούμενα έχουμε αγαπηθεί
εσείςνα αγαπιέστε or αγαπιόσαστενα αγαπηθείτενα έχετε αγαπηθεί
αυτοί / αυτές / αυτάνα αγαπιούνταινα αγαπηθούν(ε)να έχουν(ε) αγαπηθεί
ImperativeThe participleThe infinitive
PresentSimple PastPresentSimple Past
εσύαγαπήσουαγαπημένος / / -οαγαπηθεί
εσείςαγαπιέστεαγαπηθείτε

Second Class

Included in this category are the Greek verbs ending in in the active voice, and -ούμαι, -άμαι, or -ώμαι in the passive voice. Below, you can find the complete conjugation of the verb θεωρώ (theoró), meaning “to think” or “to consider.”

Other Conjugation Β [second class] verbs that are conjugated in the same way are:

  • μπορώ (boró) — “can” / “to be able to”
  • ζω (zo) — “to live”
  • παρακαλώ (parakaló) — “to request” / “to beg”

Active Voice

Indicative
PresentPast ContinuousSimple PastSimple FutureFuture ContinuousFuture PerfectPresent PerfectPast Perfect
εγώθεωρούμαιθεωρήθηκαθα θεωρηθώθα θεωρούμαιθα έχω θεωρηθείέχω θεωρηθείείχα θεωρηθεί
εσύθεωρείσαιθεωρήθηκεςθα θεωρηθείςθα θεωρείσαιθα έχεις θεωρηθείέχεις θεωρηθείείχες θεωρηθεί
αυτός / αυτή / αυτόθεωρείταιθεωρούνταν(ε)θεωρήθηκεθα θεωρηθείθα θεωρηθείθα έχει θεωρηθείέχει θεωρηθείείχε θεωρηθεί
εμείςθεωρούμαστεθεωρηθήκαμεθα θεωρηθούμεθα θεωρηθούμεθα έχουμε θεωρηθείέχουμε θεωρηθείείχαμε θεωρηθεί
εσείςθεωρείστεθεωρηθήκατεθα θεωρηθείτεθα θεωρηθείτεθα έχετε θεωρηθείέχετε θεωρηθείείχατε θεωρηθεί
αυτοί / αυτές / αυτάθεωρούνταιθεωρούνταν(ε)θεωρήθηκαν(ε)θα θεωρηθούν(ε)θα θεωρηθούν(ε)θα έχουν(ε) θεωρηθείέχουν(ε) θεωρηθείείχαν(ε) θεωρηθεί
Subjunctive
PresentPast ContinuousSimple PastSimple FutureFuture ContinuousFuture PerfectPresent PerfectPast Perfect
εγώνα θεωρούμαινα θεωρηθώνα έχω θεωρηθεί
εσύνα θεωρείσαινα θεωρηθείςνα έχεις θεωρηθεί
αυτός / αυτή / αυτόνα θεωρείταινα θεωρηθείνα έχει θεωρηθεί
εμείςνα θεωρούμαστενα θεωρηθούμενα έχουμε θεωρηθεί
εσείςνα θεωρείστενα θεωρηθείτενα έχετε θεωρηθεί
αυτοί / αυτές / αυτάνα θεωρούνταινα θεωρηθούν(ε)να έχουν(ε) θεωρηθεί
ImperativeThe participleThe infinitive
PresentSimple PastPresentSimple Past
εσύθεωρήσουθεωρημένος / / -οθεωρηθεί
εσείςθεωρηθείτε

Passive Voice

Indicative
PresentPast ContinuousSimple PastSimple FutureFuture ContinuousFuture PerfectPresent PerfectPast Perfect
εγώθεωρούμαιθεωρήθηκαθα θεωρηθώθα θεωρούμαιθα έχω θεωρηθείέχω θεωρηθείείχα θεωρηθεί
εσύθεωρείσαιθεωρήθηκεςθα θεωρηθείςθα θεωρείσαιθα έχεις θεωρηθείέχεις θεωρηθείείχες θεωρηθεί
αυτός / αυτή / αυτόθεωρείταιθεωρούνταν(ε)θεωρήθηκεθα θεωρηθείθα θεωρείταιθα έχει θεωρηθείέχει θεωρηθείείχε θεωρηθεί
εμείςθεωρούμαστεθεωρηθήκαμεθα θεωρηθούμεθα θεωρούμαστεθα έχουμε θεωρηθείέχουμε θεωρηθείείχαμε θεωρηθεί
εσείςθεωρείστεθεωρηθήκατεθα θεωρηθείτεθα θεωρείστεθα έχετε θεωρηθείέχετε θεωρηθείείχατε θεωρηθεί
αυτοί / αυτές / αυτάθεωρούνταιθεωρούνταν(ε)θεωρήθηκαν(ε)θα θεωρηθούν(ε)θα θεωρούνταιθα έχουν(ε) θεωρηθείέχουν(ε) θεωρηθείείχαν(ε) θεωρηθεί
Subjunctive
PresentPast ContinuousSimple PastSimple FutureFuture ContinuousFuture PerfectPresent PerfectPast Perfect
εγώνα θεωρούμαινα θεωρηθώνα έχω θεωρηθεί
εσύνα θεωρείσαινα θεωρηθείςνα έχεις θεωρηθεί
αυτός / αυτή / αυτόνα θεωρείταινα θεωρηθείνα έχει θεωρηθεί
εμείςνα θεωρούμαστενα θεωρηθούμενα έχουμε θεωρηθεί
εσείςνα θεωρείστενα θεωρηθείτενα έχετε θεωρηθεί
αυτοί / αυτές / αυτάνα θεωρούνταινα θεωρηθούν(ε)να έχουν(ε) θεωρηθεί
ImperativeThe participleThe infinitive
PresentSimple PastPresentSimple Past
εσύθεωρήσουθεωρημένος / / -οθεωρηθεί
εσείςθεωρηθείτε

Verbs ending in -ώμαι and -άμαι follow the traditional conjugation model of -ούμαι ending verbs, except for certain forms which we’ll see below. The participles may or may not vary from the traditional model.

Let’s see the forms in which the verb εγγυώμαι (engióme), meaning “to guarantee,” varies.

IndicativeSubjunctive
PresentPast ContinuousFuture ContinuousPresent
εγώεγγυώμαιεγγυόμουνθα εγγυώμαινα εγγυώμαι
εσύεγγυάσαιεγγυόσουνθα εγγυάσαινα εγγυάσαι
αυτός / αυτή / αυτόεγγυάταιεγγυότανθα εγγυάταινα εγγυάται
εμείςεγγυόμαστε or
εγγυώμεθα (archaic)
εγγυόμαστανθα εγγυόμαστε or
θα εγγυώμεθα (archaic)
να εγγυόμαστε or
να εγγυώμεθα (archaic)
εσείςεγγυάστε or
εγγυάσθε (archaic)
εγγυόσαστανθα εγγυάστε or
θα εγγυάσθε (archaic)
να εγγυάστε or
να εγγυάσθε (archaic)
αυτοί / αυτές / αυτάεγγυούνται or
εγγυώνται (archaic)
εγγυόνταν or
εγγυούνταν
θα εγγυούνται or
θα εγγυώνται (archaic)
να εγγυούνται or
να εγγυώνται (archaic)

And lastly, let’s see the forms in which the verb κοιμάμαι (kimáme), meaning “to sleep,” varies.

IndicativeSubjunctive
PresentPast ContinuousFuture ContinuousPresent
εγώκοιμάμαι or
κοιμούμαι
κοιμόμουν(α)θα κοιμάμαι or
θα κοιμούμαι
να κοιμάμαι or
να κοιμούμαι
εσύκοιμάσαικοιμόσουν(α)θα κοιμάσαινα κοιμάσαι
αυτός / αυτή / αυτόκοιμάταικοιμόταν(ε)θα κοιμάταινα κοιμάται
εμείςκοιμόμαστε or
κοιμούμαστε
κοιμόμαστανθα κοιμόμαστε or
θα κοιμούμαστε
να κοιμόμαστε or
να κοιμούμαστε
εσείςκοιμάστε or
κοιμόσαστε
κοιμόσαστανθα κοιμάστε or
θα κοιμόσαστε
να κοιμάστε or
να κοιμόσαστε
αυτοί / αυτές / αυτάκοιμούνταικοιμ-ούνταν or
κοιμόντουσαν
also κοιμ-όντανε (colloquial, rare)
θα κοιμούνταινα κοιμούνται

4. It’s Quiz Time!

A Woman Thinking of How to Answer Questions

How much do you remember about the conjugation of Greek verbs? If you feel like testing your knowledge, please go ahead and answer the following multiple choice questions. 

Θέλω να __________ (λύνω) αυτήν την άσκηση τώρα.
a. λύνω
b. λύσω
c. είχα λύσει
d. έχω λύσει

Εμείς _________ (μένω) στο ξενοδοχείο Athina Hotel.
a. μένουν
b. μένω
c. έμενα
d. μένουμε

Εγώ σε ________ (αγαπώ) πολύ.
a. αγάπη
a. αγάπη
a. αγάπη
a. αγάπη

Αυτός _______________ (ταξιδεύω) σε πολλές χώρες.
a. έχω ταξιδέψει
b. έχει ταξιδέψει
c. είχα ταξιδέψει
d. ταξιδέψαμε

Εσύ _________(πιστεύω) ότι πρέπει να πάμε πιο νωρίς στο σινεμά;
a. πιστεύεις
b. πίστευα
c. πιστεύετε
d. πιστέψαμε

Do you have any questions? Let us know in the comments!

5. Conclusion

Feeling overwhelmed? Just take one step at a time.

This article aimed to cover the conjugation of Greek regular verbs. We also gave you a short presentation of the verb properties, such as the person, number, tense, mood, voice, and conjugation group. All of these verb properties are at the core of this chapter of Greek grammar. For more information on verb conjugation, check out the Intermediate and Upper Intermediate series on GreekPod101.com.

Greek grammar is vast indeed, and we get that you might feel a little dizzy after reading all this new information. So, how would you feel if you had a personal teacher to guide you all the way through this grammar labyrinth? In addition to our great selection of free learning resources, we also offer a personalized premium service, MyTeacher, where you can enjoy a unique one-on-one learning experience!

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Useful Verbs in Greek

Top 100 Common Greek Verbs: A Complete Handbook

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When it comes to Greek verbs, many people focus only on the grammar aspect, neglecting to really expand their vocabulary. 

In this blog post, we aim to provide you with the top 100 most essential Greek verbs. In order to achieve this, we’ve divided the verbs into meaningful categories and have provided an example of how to use each one. 

This is your ultimate guide to the huge variety of Greek verbs! 

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Useful Verbs in Greek Table of Contents
  1. An Introduction to Greek Verbs Usage
  2. Greek Verbs of Motion
  3. Sport-Related Verbs
  4. Verbs of Communication
  5. Study-Related Verbs
  6. Verbs of the Mind
  7. Verbs of Sentiments
  8. Auxiliary Verbs
  9. Linking (or Copular) Verbs
  10. Conclusion

1. An Introduction to Greek Verbs Usage

Top Verbs

From a grammar perspective, Greek verbs present two major conjugations: Conjugation A and Conjugation B. 

Conjugation A includes verbs ending in:

  • -ω | Active Voice
  • -ομαι | Passive Voice

e.g. λύν-ω / λύν-ομαι

Conjugation B includes verbs ending in: 

  • -ώ | Active Voice
  • -ιέμαι / – ούμαι | Passive Voice

e.g. αγαπ-ώ / αγαπ-ιέμαι | θεωρώ / θεωρ-ούμαι

In order to understand the Greek verb conjugation rules in depth, you can take a look at our relevant article.

From a syntax perspective, Greek verbs are placed similarly to how they are in English syntax, following the SVO (Subject – Verb – Object) rule. However, what intrigues most students is that the subject may be omitted, especially if it’s a personal pronoun. This phenomenon is very common in the Greek language since the suffix of the verb usually reveals the subject. 

In the examples demonstrated below, you’ll be able to familiarize yourself with Greek language verb conjugation, as well as the syntax of each sentence.

2. Greek Verbs of Motion

More Essential Verbs
1Greek: πηγαίνω
Romanization: piyéno
Translation: “to go”
Example:

Greek: Κάθε μέρα πηγαίνω στη δουλειά.
Romanization: Káthe méra piyéno sti duliá.
Translation: “Every day, I go to work.”
2Greek: παίρνω
Romanization: pérno
Translation: “to get” / “to take”
Example:

Greek: Παίρνω παντού το κινητό μου μαζί μου.
Romanization: Pérno padú to kinitó mu mazí mu.
Translation: “I take my mobile phone everywhere with me.”
3Greek: φτιάχνω
Romanization: ftiáhno
Translation: “to make”
Example:

Greek: Η μητέρα μου φτιάχνει τυρόπιτα.
Romanization: I mitéra mu ftiáhni tirópita.
Translation: “My mother is making cheese pie.”
4Greek: κάνω
Romanization: káno
Translation: “to do”
Example:

Greek: Θα κάνω ό,τι μου πεις.
Romanization: Tha káno ó,ti mu pis.
Translation: “I will do whatever you tell me.”
5Greek: δουλεύω
Romanization: dulévo
Translation: “to work”
Example:

Greek: Συνήθως δουλεύω πέντε ημέρες την εβδομάδα.
Romanization: Siníthos dulévo pénde iméres tin evdomáda.
Translation: “Normally, I work five days per week.”
6Greek: βάζω
Romanization: vázo
Translation: “to put”
Example:

Greek: Βάλε το παγωτό στην κατάψυξη.
Romanization: Vále to pagotó stin katápsixi.
Translation: “Put the ice cream in the freezer.”
7Greek: βοηθώ
Romanization: voithó
Translation: “to help”
Example:

Greek: Μπορείς να με βοηθήσεις λίγο;
Romanization: Borís na me voithísis lígo?
Translation: “Could you help me a bit?”
8Greek: μετακινώ
Romanization: metakinó
Translation: “to move something”
Example:

Greek: Αν μετακινήσουμε λίγο το τραπέζι, θα υπάρχει περισσότερος χώρος.
Romanization: An metakinísume lígo to trapézi, tha ipárhi perisóteros hóros.
Translation: “If we move the table a bit, there will be more space.”
9Greek: ακολουθώ
Romanization: akoluthó
Translation: “to follow”
Example:

Greek: Παρακαλώ ακολουθήστε με, για να σας δείξω το δωμάτιό σας.
Romanization: Parakaló akoluthíste me, ya na sas díxo to domátió sas.
Translation: “Please follow me so I can show you your room.”
10Greek: αλλάζω
Romanization: alázo
Translation: “to change”
Example:

Greek: Ο καιρός άλλαξε πολύ γρήγορα.
Romanization: O kerós álaxe polí grígora.
Translation: “The weather changed very quickly.”
11Greek: ψάχνω
Romanization: psáhno
Translation: “to search” / “to look for”
Example:

Greek: Αυτό που ψάχνω είναι καλά κρυμμένο.
Romanization: Aftó pu psáhno íne kalá kriméno.
Translation: “What I am looking for is well-hidden.”
12Greek: οργανώνω
Romanization: organóno
Translation: “to organize”
Example:

Greek: Οργάνωσα τα ρούχα στην ντουλάπα μου.
Romanization: Orgánosa ta rúha stin dulápa mu.
Translation: “I organized the clothes in my wardrobe.”
13Greek: πιάνω
Romanization: piáno
Translation: “to catch” / “to grip”
Example:

Greek: Πιάσε με, αν μπορείς!
Romanization: Piáse me, an borís!
Translation: “Catch me if you can!”
14Greek: ακουμπάω / ακουμπώ
Romanization: akumbáo / akumbó
Translation: “to touch”
Example:

Greek: Δεν μου αρέσει να με ακουμπάνε.
Romanization: Den mu arési na me akumbáne.
Translation: “I don’t like to be touched.”
15Greek: κάθομαι
Romanization: káthome
Translation: “to sit”
Example:

Greek: Στον κινηματογράφο μου αρέσει να κάθομαι στην τελευταία σειρά.
Romanization: Ston kinimatográfo mu arési na káthome stin teleftéa sirá.
Translation: “At the cinema, I like to sit in the last row.”
16Greek: σηκώνομαι
Romanization: sikónome
Translation: “to get/stand up”
Example:

Greek: Τώρα θα σηκωθώ, για να πάω για τρέξιμο.
Romanization: Τóra tha sikothó, ya na páo ya tréximo.
Translation: “Now I will get up in order to go running.”
17Greek: ανοίγω
Romanization: anígo
Translation: “to open”
Example:

Greek: Μπορείς να ανοίξεις το παράθυρο, σε παρακαλώ;
Romanization: Borís na aníxis to paráthiro, se parakaló?
Translation: “Can you open the window, please?”
18Greek: κλείνω
Romanization: klíno
Translation: “to close”
Example:

Greek: Μπορείς να κλείσεις την πόρτα, σε παρακαλώ;
Romanization: Borís na klísis tin pórta, se parakaló?
Translation: “Can you close the door, please?”
19Greek: κόβω
Romanization: kóvo
Translation: “to cut”
Example:

Greek: Όταν μαγειρεύω, κόβω τα λαχανικά σε μικρά κομμάτια.
Romanization: Ótan mayirévo, kóvo ta lahaniká se mikrá komátia.
Translation: “When I cook, I cut the vegetables into small pieces.”
20Greek: κουβαλάω / κουβαλώ
Romanization: kuvaláo / kuvaló
Translation: “to carry”
Example:

Greek: Αυτό είναι πολύ βαρύ. Θα με βοηθήσεις να το κουβαλήσουμε;
Romanization: Aftó íne polí varí. Tha me voithísis na to kuvalísume?
Translation: “This is too heavy. Will you help me carry it?”
21Greek: κρατώ
Romanization: krató
Translation: “to hold” / “to keep”
Example:

Greek: Το παιδί κρατούσε σφιχτά το χέρι της μητέρας του.
Romanization: To pedí kratúse sfihtá to héri tis mitéras tu.
Translation: “The kid was holding tight to his mother’s hand.”
22Greek: πατάω / πατώ
Romanization: patáo / pató
Translation: “to press”
Example:

Greek: Πατήστε οποιοδήποτε κουμπί, για να συνεχίσετε.
Romanization: Patíste opiodípote kubí, ya na sinehísete.
Translation: “Press any button to continue.”
23Greek: πέφτω
Romanization: péfto
Translation: “to fall”
Example:

Greek: Αν πέσεις από εκεί, θα τραυματιστείς.
Romanization: An pésis apó ekí, tha travmatistís.
Translation: “If you fall from there, you’ll get injured.”
24Greek: τρώω
Romanization: tróo
Translation: “to eat”
Example:

Greek: Από κρέας τρώω μόνο κοτόπουλο.
Romanization: Apó kréas tróo móno kotópulo.
Translation: “As for meat, I only eat chicken.”
25Greek: πίνω
Romanization: píno
Translation: “to drink”
Example:

Greek: Δεν πίνω αλκοόλ.
Romanization: Den píno alkoól.
Translation: “I don’t drink alcohol.”

3. Sport-Related Verbs

Kids in Sports Clothes Running in a Field
26Greek: περπατάω / περπατώ
Romanization: perpatáo / perpató
Translation: “to walk”
Example:

Greek: Στόχος μου είναι να περπατώ για τουλάχιστον δύο χιλιόμετρα κάθε μέρα.
Romanization: Stóhos mu íne na perpató ya tuláhiston dío hiliómetra káthe méra.
Translation: “My goal is to walk for at least two kilometers every day.”
27Greek: τρέχω
Romanization: trého
Translation: “to run”
Example:

Greek: Μου αρέσει να τρέχω στην εξοχή.
Romanization: Mu arési na trého stin exohí.
Translation: “I like running in the countryside.”
28Greek: πηδάω / πηδώ
Romanization: pidáo / pidó
Translation: “to jump”
Example:

Greek: Ο αθλητής πηδούσε τα εμπόδια με ευκολία.
Romanization: O athlitís pidúse ta embódia me efkolía.
Translation: “The athlete was jumping over the obstacles with ease.”
29Greek: παίζω
Romanization: pézo
Translation: “to play”
Example:

Greek: Ο γιος μου μπορεί να παίζει ποδόσφαιρο όλη μέρα.
Romanization: O yos mu borí na pézi podósfero óli méra.
Translation: “My son could play football all day long.”
30Greek: σκαρφαλώνω
Romanization: skarfalóno
Translation: “to climb”
Example:

Greek: Όταν ήμουν μικρός, μου άρεσε να σκαρφαλώνω σε δέντρα.
Romanization: Ótan ímun mikrós, mu árese na skarfalóno se dédra.
Translation: “When I was young, I used to like climbing on trees.”
31Greek: κολυμπάω / κολυμπώ
Romanization: kolimbáo / kolimbó
Translation: “to swim”
Example:

Greek: Το καλοκαίρι κολυμπάω στη θάλασσα κάθε μέρα.
Romanization: To kalokéri kolimbáo sti thálasa káthe méra.
Translation: “During the summer, I swim in the sea every day.”
32Greek: αθλούμαι
Romanization: athlúme
Translation: “to exercise”
Example:

Greek: Αθλούμαι καθημερινά, για να διατηρούμαι σε φόρμα.
Romanization: Athlúme kathimeriná, ya na diatirúme se fórma.
Translation: “I exercise everyday in order to stay fit.”
33Greek: κερδίζω
Romanization: kerdízo
Translation: “to win”
Example:

Greek: Η ομάδα που θα κερδίσει θα περάσει στον τελικό.
Romanization: I omáda pu tha kerdísi tha perási ston telikó.
Translation: “The team that wins will proceed to the finals.”
34Greek: χάνω
Romanization: háno
Translation: “to lose”
Example:

Greek: Η ομάδα που θα χάσει θα αποκλειστεί.
Romanization: I omáda pu tha hási tha apoklistí.
Translation: “The team that loses will be eliminated.”

4. Verbs of Communication

A Man in Casual Clothes Explaining Something to Another Man
35Greek: επικοινωνώ
Romanization: epikinonó
Translation: “to communicate”
Example:

Greek: Η δουλειά μου είναι να επικοινωνώ καθημερινά με πελάτες.
Romanization: I duliá mu íne na epikinonó kathimeriná me pelátes.
Translation: “My job is to communicate with customers daily.”
36Greek: λέω
Romanization: léo
Translation: “to tell”
Example:

Greek: Πάντα λέω αυτό που σκέφτομαι.
Romanization: Pánda léo aftó pu skéftome.
Translation: “I always say what I am thinking.”
37Greek: μιλάω / μιλώ
Romanization: miláo / miló
Translation: “to talk”
Example:

Greek: Πρέπει να μιλήσουμε.
Romanization: Prépi na milísume.
Translation: “We need to talk.”
38Greek: ρωτάω / ρωτώ
Romanization: rotáo / rotó
Translation: “to ask”
Example:

Greek: Αν δεν καταλαβαίνεις κάτι, απλώς ρώτα με.
Romanization: An den katalavénis káti, aplós róta me.
Translation: “If you don’t understand something, just ask me.”
39Greek: συζητάω / συζητώ
Romanization: sizitáo / sizitó
Translation: “to discuss”
Example:

Greek: Θα πρέπει να συζητάμε όλα τα προβλήματα και να βρίσκουμε λύσεις.
Romanization: Tha prépi na sizitáme óla ta provlímata ke na vrískume lísis.
Translation: “We will have to discuss all problems and find solutions.”
40Greek: φωνάζω
Romanization: fonázo
Translation: “to yell”
Example:

Greek: Δεν χρειάζεται να φωνάζεις. Το κατάλαβα.
Romanization: Den hriázete na fonázis. To katálava.
Translation: “There’s no need to yell. I got it.”
41Greek: ανακοινώνω
Romanization: anakinóno
Translation: “to announce”
Example:

Greek: Θα θέλαμε να σας ανακοινώσουμε ότι παντρευόμαστε.
Romanization: Tha thélame na sas anakinósume óti pandrevómaste.
Translation: “We would like to announce that we’re getting married.”
42Greek: απαντάω / απαντώ
Romanization: apandáo / apandó
Translation: “to reply” / “to answer”
Example:

Greek: Θα σας απαντήσω το συντομότερο δυνατόν.
Romanization: Tha sas apandíso to sindomótero dinatón.
Translation: “I will answer you as soon as possible.”
43Greek: παρουσιάζω
Romanization: parusiázo
Translation: “to present”
Example:

Greek: Σας παρουσιάζω τα αποτελέσματα της έρευνάς μου.
Romanization: Sas parusiázo ta apotelézmata tis érevnás mu.
Translation: “I am presenting you with the results of my research.”
44Greek: ενημερώνω
Romanization: enimeróno
Translation: “to inform”
Example:

Greek: Θα ήθελα να σας ενημερώσω ότι θα είμαι σε επαγγελματικό ταξίδι την επόμενη εβδομάδα.
Romanization: Tha íthela na sas enimeróso óti tha íme se epangelmatikó taxídi tin epómeni evdomáda.
Translation: “I would like to inform you that I will be on a business trip next week.”
45Greek: καλώ
Romanization: kaló
Translation: “to call”
Example:

Greek: Εάν έχετε οποιαδήποτε απορία, καλέστε μας στο +30 2101234567.
Romanization: Eán éhete opiadípote aporía, kaléste mas sto +30 2101234567.
Translation: “If you have any questions, call us at +30 2101234567.”

5. Study-Related Verbs

A Woman Studying
46Greek: διαβάζω
Romanization: diavázo
Translation: “to read”
Example:

Greek: Διαβάστε το κείμενο πολλές φορές πριν απαντήσετε τις ερωτήσεις.
Romanization: Diaváste to kímeno polés forés prin apandísete tis erotísis.
Translation: “Read the text many times before you answer the questions.”
47Greek: διδάσκω
Romanization: didásko
Translation: “to teach”
Example:

Greek: Η κυρία Άννα διδάσκει ελληνικά.
Romanization: I kiría Ánna didáski eliniká.
Translation: “Mrs. Anna teaches Greek.”
48Greek: μαθαίνω
Romanization: mathéno
Translation: “to learn”
Example:

Greek: Μου αρέσει να μαθαίνω ξένες γλώσσες.
Romanization: Mu arési na mathéno xénes glóses.
Translation: “I like learning foreign languages.”
49Greek: μελετάω / μελετώ
Romanization: meletáo / meletó
Translation: “to study”
Example:

Greek: Μελετάω τουλάχιστον δύο ώρες κάθε μέρα.
Romanization: Meletáo tuláhiston dío óres káthe méra.
Translation: “I study at least two hours per day.”
50Greek: γράφω
Romanization: gráfo
Translation: “to write”
Example:

Greek: Αυτήν τη φορά γράφω ένα μυθιστόρημα.
Romanization: Aftín ti forá gráfo éna mithistórima.
Translation: “This time I am writing a novel.”
51Greek: σβήνω
Romanization: zvíno
Translation: “to erase” / “to delete”
Example:

Greek: Έσβησα όλη την άσκηση, γιατί δεν ήταν σωστή.
Romanization: Ézvisa óli tin áskisi, yatí den ítan sostí.
Translation: “I erased the whole exercise because it was not correct.”
52Greek: διορθώνω
Romanization: diorthóno
Translation: “to correct”
Example:

Greek: Πρέπει να διορθώσεις τα λάθη σου.
Romanization: Prépi na diorthósis ta láthi su.
Translation: “You must correct your mistakes.”
53Greek: λύνω
Romanization: líno
Translation: “to solve” / “to untie”
Example:

Greek: Πρέπει να λύσεις όλες τις ασκήσεις σου.
Romanization: Prépi na lísis óles tis askísis su.
Translation: “You should solve all your exercises.”
54Greek: αποστηθίζω
Romanization: apostithízo
Translation: “to learn by heart” / “memorize”
Example:

Greek: Πρέπει να αποστηθίσεις τα πιο σημαντικά κομμάτια.
Romanization: Prépi na apostithísis ta pio simandiká komátia .
Translation: “You should memorize the most important parts.”
55Greek: βελτιώνω / βελτιώνομαι
Romanization: veltióno / veltiónome
Translation: “to improve” / “to be improved”
Example:

Greek: Χαίρομαι που βελτιώνεσαι μέρα με τη μέρα.
Romanization: Hérome pu veltiónese méra me ti méra.
Translation: “I am glad you are improving day by day.”
56Greek: εκτυπώνω
Romanization: ektipóno
Translation: “to print”
Example:

Greek: Θα ήθελα να εκτυπώσω αυτές τις δύο σελίδες.
Romanization: Tha íthela na ektipóso aftés tis dío selídes.
Translation: “I would like to print these two pages.”
57Greek: αξιολογώ / αξιολογούμαι
Romanization: axiologó / axiologúme
Translation: “to assess” / “to be assessed”
Example:

Greek: Θα αξιολογηθείτε μέχρι το τέλος του μαθήματος.
Romanization: Tha axioloyithíte méhri to télos tu mathímatos.
Translation: “You will be assessed by the end of the lesson.”

6. Verbs of the Mind

A Woman Meditating
58Greek: σκέφτομαι
Romanization: skéftome
Translation: “to think” / “to consider”
Example:

Greek: Σκέφτομαι να τα παρατήσω.
Romanization: Skéftome na ta paratíso.
Translation: “I am thinking about quitting.”
59Greek: νομίζω
Romanization: nomízo
Translation: “to think”
Example:

Greek: Νομίζω πως έχεις δίκιο.
Romanization: Nomízo pos éhis díkio.
Translation: “I think you are right.”
60Greek: πιστεύω
Romanization: pistévo
Translation: “to believe”
Example:

Greek: Πιστεύω στον Θεό.
Romanization: Pistévo ston Theó.
Translation: “I believe in God.”
61Greek: αισθάνομαι
Romanization: esthánome
Translation: “to feel”
Example:

Greek: Αισθάνομαι λίγο ζαλισμένος.
Romanization: Esthánome lígo zalizménos.
Translation: “I feel a bit dizzy.”
62Greek: ξέρω / γνωρίζω
Romanization: xéro / gnorízo
Translation: “to know”
Example:

Greek: Το ξέρω ότι είσαι κουρασμένος.
Romanization: To xéro óti íse kurazménos.
Translation: “I know you are tired.”
63Greek: θέλω
Romanization: thélo
Translation: “to want”
Example:

Greek: Θέλω να πάμε διακοπές στην Ελλάδα.
Romanization: Thélo na páme diakopés stin Eláda. 
Translation: “I want us to go for vacation in Greece.”
64Greek: αμφισβητώ
Romanization: amfizvitó
Translation: “to doubt”
Example:

Greek: Το ξέρω ότι έχεις δίκιο. Δεν το αμφισβητώ.
Romanization: To xélo óti éhis díkio. Den to amfizvitó. 
Translation: “I know you are right. I don’t doubt this.”
65Greek: καταλαβαίνω
Romanization: katalavéno
Translation: “to understand”
Example:

Greek: Σε παρακαλώ, μίλα αργά, για να σε καταλαβαίνω.
Romanization: Se parakaló, míla argá, ya na se katalavéno. 
Translation: “Please, talk slowly so I can understand you.”
66Greek: θυμάμαι
Romanization: thimáme
Translation: “to remember”
Example:

Greek: Θυμάσαι εκείνο το ξενοδοχείο στη Μύκονο;
Romanization: Thimáse ekíno to xenodohío sti Míkono? 
Translation: “Do you remember that hotel in Mykonos?”
67Greek: ξεχνάω / ξεχνώ
Romanization: xehnáo / xehnó
Translation: “to forget”
Example:

Greek: Ξέχασα να κάνω εκείνη την άσκηση. 
Romanization: Xéhasa na káno ekíni tin áskisi. 
Translation: “I forgot to do that exercise.”

7. Verbs of Sentiments

A Love Letter
68Greek: αγαπάω / αγαπώ
Romanization: agapáo / agapó
Translation: “to love”
Example:

Greek: Σε αγαπώ πολύ.
Romanization: Se agapó polí. 
Translation: “I love you very much.”
69Greek: λατρεύω
Romanization: latrévo
Translation: “to adore”
Example:

Greek: Σε λατρεύω.
Romanization: Se latrévo. 
Translation: “I adore you.”
70Greek: θαυμάζω
Romanization: thavmázo
Translation: “to admire”
Example:

Greek: Θαυμάζω τον δάσκαλό μου για την υπομονή του.
Romanization: Thavmázo ton dáskaló mu ya tin ipomoní tu. 
Translation: “I admire my teacher for his patience.”
71Greek: φοβάμαι
Romanization: fováme
Translation: “to be afraid”
Example:

Greek: Φοβάμαι μην σε χάσω.
Romanization: Fováme min se háso. 
Translation: “I am afraid to lose you.”
72Greek: μισώ
Romanization: misó
Translation: “to hate”
Example:

Greek: Μισώ όλα όσα τον θυμίζουν.
Romanization: Misó óla ósa ton thimízun.
Translation: “I hate everything that reminds me of him.”
73Greek: λυπάμαι
Romanization: lipáme
Translation: “to be sorry”
Example:

Greek: Λυπάμαι γι’ αυτό που σου συνέβη.
Romanization: Lipáme yi’ aftó pu su sinévi. 
Translation: “I am sorry for what happened to you.”
74Greek: δακρύζω
Romanization: dakrízo
Translation: “to tear up”
Example:

Greek: Αυτή η ταινία με έκανε να δακρύσω λίγο.
Romanization: Aftí i tenía me ékane na dakríso lígo.
Translation: “This movie made me tear up a bit.”
75Greek: κλαίω
Romanization: kléo
Translation: “to cry”
Example:

Greek: Όσο μεγαλώνουμε, κλαίμε όλο και πιο σπάνια.
Romanization: Óso megalónume, kléme ólo ke pio spánia.
Translation: “As we grow up, we cry less and less.”
76Greek: στεναχωριέμαι
Romanization: stenahoriéme
Translation: “to be sad”
Example:

Greek: Μην στεναχωριέσαι. Όλα θα πάνε καλά.
Romanization: Min stenahoriése. Óla tha páne kalá.
Translation: “Don’t be sad. Everything’s going to be alright.”
77Greek: χαίρομαι
Romanization: hérome
Translation: “to be happy”
Example:

Greek: Χάρηκα πολύ που πήρες προαγωγή.
Romanization: Hárika polí pu píres proagoyí.
Translation: “I am very happy that you got promoted.”
78Greek: απολαμβάνω
Romanization: apolamváno
Translation: “to enjoy”
Example:

Greek: Το καλοκαίρι απολαμβάνω τη θάλασσα.
Romanization: To kalokéri apolamváno ti thálasa.
Translation: “During the summer, I enjoy the sea.”
79Greek: γοητεύω
Romanization: goitévo 
Translation: “to charm” / “to fascinate”
Example:

Greek: Αυτή η γυναίκα με γοήτευσε.
Romanization: Aftí i yinéka me goítefse.
Translation: “This woman fascinated me.”
80Greek: απογοητεύω / απογοητεύομαι
Romanization: apogoitévo / apogoitévome
Translation: “to disappoint” / “to be disappointed”
Example:

Greek: Μην απογοητεύεσαι. Μπορείς πάντα να ξαναπροσπαθήσεις.
Romanization: Min apogoitévese. Borís pánda na xanaprospathísis,
Translation: “Don’t be disappointed. You can always try again.”
81Greek: γελάω / γελώ
Romanization: yeláo / yeló
Translation: “to laugh”
Example:

Greek: Γέλασα πολύ με αυτήν την κωμωδία.
Romanization: Yélasa polí me aftín tin komodía.
Translation: “I laughed a lot with this comedy.”
82Greek: χαμογελάω / χαμογελώ
Romanization: hamoyeláo / hamoyeló
Translation: “to smile”
Example:

Greek: Χαμογελάω πάντα το πρωί στον καθρέφτη και γεμίζω με θετική ενέργεια.
Romanization: Hamoyeláo pánda to proí ston kathréfti ke yemízo me thetikí enéryia.
Translation: “I always smile at the mirror in the morning and I get charged with positive energy.”
83Greek: θυμώνω
Romanization: thimóno
Translation: “to get angry”
Example:

Greek: Ο πατέρας μου θυμώνει πολύ εύκολα.
Romanization: O patéras mu thimóni polí éfkola.
Translation: “My father gets angry very easily.”

8. Auxiliary Verbs

There are only two Greek auxiliary verbs: έχω (ého), meaning “to have,” and είμαι (íme), meaning “to be.” They’re called “auxiliary” because apart from their individual use, they can help (hence the term “auxiliary”) form various Greek verb forms. More specifically, the verb έχω (ého) can also be used as a formation element of verbs in the perfect tenses, while είμαι (íme) can also be used before a passive voice participle to form various verb forms.

84Greek: έχω
Romanization: ého
Translation: “to have”
Example:

Greek: Θα έχω τελειώσει τα μαθήματά μου μέχρι τότε.
Romanization: Tha ého teliósi ta mathímatá mu méhri tóte.
Translation: “I will have finished my homework by then.”
85Greek: είμαι
Romanization: íme
Translation: “to be”
Example:

Greek: Είμαι ικανοποιημένος με το αποτέλεσμα.
Romanization: Íme ikanopiiménos me to apotélezma.
Translation: “I am satisfied with the result.”

9. Linking (or Copular) Verbs

Negative Verbs

A linking verb connects the subject or the object with a word or phrase that gives more information

about it. The verb είμαι (íme), meaning “to be,” that we saw above as an auxiliary verb, is also a linking verb.

Greek: είμαι
Romanization: íme
Translation: “to be”
Example:

Greek: Είναι πολύ όμορφος.
Romanization: Íne polí ómorfos.
Translation: “He is very handsome.”

Some groups of linking verbs are:

9.1 Verbs of Existence

86Greek: γίνομαι
Romanization: yínome
Translation: “to become”
Example:

Greek: Γίνομαι όλο και πιο οργανωμένος όσο περνά ο καιρός.
Romanization: Yínome ólo ke pio organoménos óso perná o kerós.
Translation: “I am becoming more and more organized as time passes by.”
87Greek: γεννιέμαι
Romanization: yeniéme
Translation: “to be born”
Example:

Greek: Γεννήθηκα έτοιμος γι’ αυτό.
Romanization: Yeníthika étimos yi’ aftó.
Translation: “I was born ready for this.”
88Greek: υπάρχω
Romanization: ipárho
Translation: “to exist” / “(to happen) to be”
Example:

Greek: Υπήρξα απρόσεκτος στο παρελθόν.
Romanization: Ipírxa aprósektos sto parelthón.
Translation: “I happened to be/was careless in the past.”
89Greek: στέκομαι
Romanization: stékome
Translation: “to stand up” (literally) / “(to happen) to be” (secondary meaning, usually in the past tense)
Example:

Greek: Στάθηκα τυχερός κατά το παρελθόν.
Romanization: Státhika tiherós katá to parelthón.
Translation: “I happened to be/was lucky in the past.”

9.2 Verbs of Reckoning

90Greek: φαίνομαι
Romanization: fénome
Translation: “to look” / “to seem
Example:

Greek: Φαίνεται έξυπνος, αλλά μερικές φορές κάνει τον χαζό.
Romanization: Fénete éxipnos, alá merikés forés káni ton hazó.
Translation: “He seems to be smart, but sometimes he acts dumb.”
91Greek: θεωρούμαι
Romanization: theorúme
Translation: “to be considered (as)”
Example:

Greek: Θεωρείται έξυπνος, αλλά στην ουσία δεν είναι.
Romanization: Theoríte éxipnos, allá stin usía den íne.
Translation: “Ηe is considered to be smart, but in reality he is not.”

9.3 Verbs of Reference

92Greek: βρίσκομαι
Romanization: vrískome
Translation: “to be located” / “to be”
Example:

Greek: Βρίσκομαι στο αεροδρόμιο αυτήν τη στιγμή.
Romanization: Vrískome sto aerodrómio aftín ti stigmí.
Translation: “I am at the airport right now.”
93Greek: μοιάζω
Romanization: miázo
Translation: “to look like” / “to seem to be”
Example:

Greek: Μοιάζεις πολύ με τον μπαμπά σου.
Romanization: Miázis polí me ton babá su.
Translation: “You look a lot like your father.”
94Greek: αποδεικνύομαι
Romanization: apodikníome
Translation: “to prove to be”
Example:

Greek: Η άσκηση που έλυσα αποδείχθηκε λάθος.
Romanization: I áskisi pu élisa apodíhthike láthos.
Translation: “The exercise I solved was proven to be wrong.”

9.4 Vocative Verbs

95Greek: λέγομαι
Romanization: légome
Translation: “to be said/called”
Example:

Greek: Πώς λέγεσαι;
Romanization: Pós léyese?
Translation: “What’s your name?” (lit. “How are you called?”)
96Greek: ονομάζω / ονομάζομαι
Romanization: onomázo / onomázome
Translation: “to name” / “to be named” (= “my name is”)
Example:

Greek: Ονομάζομαι Γιώργος. Εσένα πώς σε λένε;
Romanization: Onomázome Yórgos. Eséna pós se léne?
Translation: “My name is George. What’s your name?”
97Greek: καλώ / καλούμαι
Romanization: kaló / kalúme
Translation: “to call” / “to be called”
Example:

Greek: Aν συνεχίσετε τη φασαρία, θα καλέσω την αστυνομία!
Romanization: An sinehísete ti fasaría, tha kaléso tin astinomía!
Translation: “If you continue this racket, I’m going to call the police!”

9.5 Verbs of Election

98Greek: διορίζω / διορίζομαι
Romanization: diorízo / diorízome
Translation: “to appoint” / “to be appointed”
Example:

Greek: Διορίστηκε δάσκαλος σε ένα μικρό ελληνικό νησί. 
Romanization: Diorístike dáskalos se éna mikró elinikó nisí.
Translation: “He was appointed teacher on a small Greek island.”
99Greek: εκλέγω / εκλέγομαι
Romanization: eklégo / eklégome
Translation: “to elect” / “to be elected”
Example:

Greek: Εκλέχθηκε δήμαρχος της πόλης. 
Romanization: Ekléhthike dímarhos tis pólis.
Translation: “He was elected mayor of the city.”
100Greek: κρίνομαι
Romanization: krínome
Translation: “to be deemed”
Example:

Greek: Το κτίριο κρίθηκε μη ασφαλές μετά τον σεισμό. 
Romanization: To ktírio kríthike mi asfalés metá ton sizmó.
Translation: “The building was deemed unsafe after the earthquake.”

10. Conclusion

This was just the beginning: A comprehensive guide for the top 100 most essential Greek verbs. 

There’s still a lot to learn after you memorize this Greek verbs list. If you feel ready to dig into Greek verbs a little bit more, check out our article about how to conjugate Greek verbs that we linked to earlier. Otherwise, we encourage you to read our Top 100 Nouns and Top 100 Adjectives articles, which will be quite useful in expanding your vocabulary. 

In the meantime, is there a verb that troubles you or a Greek verb we didn’t mention? 

Let us know in the comments section below!

On GreekPod101.com, we aim to provide you with everything you need to know about the Greek language in a fun and interesting way. Articles like this one, word lists, grammar tips, and even YouTube videos are waiting for you to discover them! And if you prefer a one-on-one learning experience, you can use our MyTeacher Messenger before heading over to our online community to discuss lessons with other students.

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All About Greek Pronouns: Ultimate Greek Pronouns List

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Pronouns are such useful little words! They normally substitute nouns, making written and verbal language less boring by enhancing their flow. 

If we could choose one thing to begin studying when you first start learning any new language, it would probably be its pronouns. They’re so useful that you’d find it difficult to construct a full sentence in any language without using them. 

In Greek, as in English, the pronouns are divided into various categories. So, in this article, we’ll demonstrate all the tips and tricks about personal, demonstrative, interrogative, and indefinite Greek pronouns, setting the base for your further studies.

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Beginner Vocabulary in Greek Table of Contents
  1. Personal Pronouns in Greek
  2. Demonstrative Pronouns in Greek
  3. Interrogative Pronouns in Greek
  4. Indefinite Pronouns in Greek
  5. Relative Pronouns in Greek
  6. Conclusion

1. Personal Pronouns in Greek

An Owl Pointing at Another Owl

Image Description: An owl pointing at another owl

One of the first things you need to know when you begin studying the Greek language is the use of Greek personal pronouns. From a syntax perspective, personal pronouns are most commonly used as a subject or an object within a sentence. Therefore, it’s almost impossible to engage in a simple dialogue without them.

Let’s have a look at some Greek pronouns in the nominative case, which can be used as a subject within a sentence.

  • εγώ (egó) — “I”
  • εσύ (esí) — “you”
  • αυτός (aftós) — “he”
  • αυτή (aftí) — “she”
  • αυτό (aftó) — “it”
  • εμείς (emís) — “we”
  • εσείς (esís) — “you”
  • αυτοί (aftí) — “they” (masculine)
  • αυτές (aftés) — “they” (feminine)
  • αυτά (aftá) — “they” (neutral)

As you might have noticed, there are three different third-person forms of the personal pronoun in plural, according to the gender of the name or noun that’s substituted. Indeed, when the word that’s substituted is masculine, for example άνδρες (ándres), meaning men, then αυτοί should be used. Similarly, when the word is feminine, for example γυναίκες (ginékes), meaning “women,” then αυτές should be used. Last, but not least, when the word is neutral, for example παιδιά (pediá), meaning “children,” then αυτά should be used.

Now, let’s study some more-complex example sentences, which demonstrate the use of Greek personal pronouns in the nominative case.

Examples:

Greek: Εμείς μένουμε στο ξενοδοχείο, Ελένη. Εσείς που μένετε;

Romanization: Emís ménume sto xenodohío, Eléni. Esís pu ménete?

Translation: “We are staying at the hotel, Eleni. Where are you staying?”

Greek: Αυτοί θέλουν να πάνε σε μια ταβέρνα, όμως εμείς θέλουμε να πάμε για μπάνιο.

Romanization: Aftí thélun na páne se mia tavérna, ómos emís thélume na páme ya bánio.

Translation: “They want to go to a restaurant, but we want to go swimming.”

Greek: Τα παιδιά φορούσαν ελληνικές παραδοσιακές στολές και χόρευαν. Αυτά φαίνονταν πολύ χαρούμενα.

Romanization: Ta pediá forúsan ellinikés paradosiakés stolés ke hórevan. Aftá fénodan polí harúmena.

Translation: “Children were wearing traditional Greek suits and were dancing. They seemed very happy.”

Note that in sentences like in the example above, the pronoun Αυτά (Aftá) can also be omitted when it’s understood by the context whom we’re talking about. While in English, it’s indispensable to use the pronoun “they,” in Greek, it can be omitted. This is because the form of the verb indicates what person we’re talking about, in this case the third-person plural.

A characteristic of these pronouns is that they can stand alone in speech, just like in the second sentence of the following example.

Greek: 

  • Ποιος θα πάει να φέρει ψωμί; 
  • Εγώ.

Romanization: 

  • Pios tha pái na féri psomí? 
  • Egó.

Translation: 

  • “Who’s going to get some bread?” 
  • “I will.”
Introducing Yourself


Now, what happens when we need to use these personal pronouns as the object of a verb within a sentence? The answer lies below, where the Greek personal pronouns are demonstrated in the objective cases, that is the accusative case (used more often for objects) and the genitive case (used less often for objects) accordingly.

  • εμένα (eména) — “me” in both cases
  • εσένα (eséna) — “you” in both cases
  • αυτόν (aftón) / αυτού (aftú) — “him”
  • αυτή(ν) (aftí(n)) / αυτής (aftís) — “her”
  • αυτό (aftó) / αυτού (aftú) — “it”
  • εμάς (emás) — “us” in both cases
  • εσάς (esás) — “you” in both cases
  • αυτούς (aftús) / αυτών (aftón) — “them” (masculine)
  • αυτές (aftés) / αυτών (aftón) — “them” (feminine)
  • αυτά (aftá) / αυτών (aftón) — “them” (neutral)

Examples: 

Greek: Η γυναίκα είπε αυτής να φύγει.

Romanization: I yinéka ípe aftís na fíyi.

Translation: “The woman told her to leave.”

Greek: Μην ακούς αυτούς. Εμένα να ακούς.

Romanization: Min akús aftús. Eména na akús.

Translation: “Don’t listen to them. Listen to me.”

Greek: Ο διευθυντής επέλεξε εμένα, για να κάνω αυτή τη δουλειά.

Romanization: O diefthindís epélexe eména, ya na káno aftí ti duliá.

Translation: “The director chose me to do this job.”

Greek: Ποιον επέλεξε; Εμένα.

Romanization: Pion epélexe? Eména.

Translation: “Whom did he choose? Me.”

As you can see in the second sentence of the last example, these pronouns can also stand alone in speech. The forms of the personal pronouns that we saw are called “strong” forms for that reason—they’re strong enough to maintain themselves alone in a sentence. They’re also called “emphatic,” as they’re used to emphasize a specific person as opposed to someone else. (“He chose me. Not someone else.”)

You might be wondering that since there are strong forms of the Greek personal pronouns, there might be “weak” forms as well. Well, there are, and these are used more often in speech but never alone; they need a verb to sustain themselves. In the accusative and genitive cases respectively, those are:

  • με (me) / μου (mu) — “me”
  • σε (se) / σου (su) — “you”
  • τον (ton) / του (tu) — “him”
  • τη(ν) (tin(n)) / της (tis) — “her”
  • το (to) / του (tu) — “it”
  • μας (mas) / μας (mas) — “us”
  • σας (sas) / σας (sas) — “you”
  • τους (tus) / τους (tus) — “them”
  • τις  or τες* (tis or tes) / τους (tus) — “them”
  • τα (ta) / τους (tus) — “them”


* τις is used before a verb, τες after a verb.

Greek: Σε βλέπω!

Romanization: Se vlépo!

Translation: “I see you!”

Greek: Της μιλάει.

Romanization: Tis milái.

Translation: “He is talking to her.”

However, what happens when we need to express possession? Then, we use the above weak personal pronouns in the genitive case to create Greek possessive pronouns:

Greek: Το φαγητό μου.

Romanization: To fayitó mu.

Translation: “My food.”

Greek: Αυτό είναι το σπίτι σας.

Romanization: Aftó íne to spíti sas.

Translation: “This is your house.”

To make these weak possessive forms strong and emphatic so they can stand alone in speech, we need to add the adjective δικός / -ή / -ό (dikós / -í / -ó) in front of them in the masculine, feminine, and neuter gender respectively. This depends on the gender of the person, animal, or thing that we’re talking about.

  • (δικός / -ή / -ό) μου (dikós / -í / -ó mu) — “my” (weak) / “mine” (strong)
  • (δικός / -ή / -ό) σου (dikós / -í / -ó su) — “your” (weak) / “yours”
  • (δικός / -ή / -ό) του (dikós / -í / -ó tu) — “his” (weak and strong)
  • (δικός / -ή / -ό) της (dikós / -í / -ó tis) — “her” (weak) / “hers” (strong)
  • (δικός / -ή / -ό) του (dikós / -í / -ó tu) — “its” (weak and strong)
  • (δικός / -ή / -ό) μας (dikós / -í / -ó mas) — “our” (weak) / “ours” (strong)
  • (δικός / -ή / -ό) σας (dikós / -í / -ó sas) — “your” (weak) / “yours” (strong)
  • (δικός / -ή / -ό) τους (dikós / -í / -ó tus) — “their” (weak) / “theirs” (strong)

Compare the following examples with the two previous ones to understand their exact use and differences.

Greek: Το φαγητό είναι δικό μου.

Romanization: To fayitó íne dikó mu.

Translation: “The food is mine.” (and no one else’s, emphatic)

Greek: Αυτό το σπίτι είναι δικό σας.

Romanization: Aftó to spíti íne dikó sas.

Translation: “This house is yours.” (it doesn’t belong to anyone else, emphatic)

It’s pretty clear, right? Mind, however, the following two examples:

Greek: Το δικό μου φαγητό είναι ανάλατο.

Romanization: To dikó mu fayitó íne análato.

Translation: “My food is unsalted.” (my food as opposed to someone else’s, emphatic)

Greek: Το δικό σας σπίτι είναι πολύ καθαρό.

Romanization: To dikó sas spíti íne polí katharó.

Translation: “Your house is very clean.” (your house as opposed to someone else’s, emphatic)

When the strong possessive pronoun goes before the noun, it’s translated using the weak English possessive pronoun.

2. Demonstrative Pronouns in Greek

A Finger Pointing at Something

Pointing at an object by extending your index is totally fine in Greece as a gesture. However, when it comes to pointing at people, it’s considered rude, and you should probably avoid this. If you’re into learning more about gestures in Greek culture, you can read our related article.

Here are some useful Greek demonstrative pronouns:

  • Greek: αυτός (masculine); αυτή (feminine); αυτό (neutral)
  • Romanization: aftós; aftí; aftó
  • Translation: “this”
  • Greek: αυτοί (masculine plural); αυτές (feminine plural); αυτά (neutral plural)
  • Romanization: aftí; aftés; aftá
  • Translation: “these”
  • Greek: εκείνος (masculine); εκείνη (feminine); εκείνο (neutral)
  • Romanization: ekínos; ekíni; ekíno
  • Translation: “that”
  • Greek: εκείνοι (masculine plural); εκείνες (feminine plural); εκείνα (neutral plural)
  • Romanization: ekíni; ekínes; ekína
  • Translation: “those”

Example:

Greek: Αυτός ο δάσκαλος φαίνεται πολύ αυστηρός, ενώ εκείνη η δασκάλα είναι πολύ γλυκιά.

Romanization: Aftós o dáskalos fénete polí afstirós, enó ekíni i daskála íne polí glikiá.

Translation: “This (male) teacher seems very strict, whereas that (female) teacher is very sweet.”

3. Interrogative Pronouns in Greek

Basic Questions

Almost every question includes an interrogative word. This statement alone highlights the importance of interrogative pronouns, not only in Greek, but in every language. The use of Greek interrogative pronouns is quite similar to the use of their English equivalents in terms of syntax and grammar.

Let’s begin with the basics.

  • Greek: Τι;
  • Romanization: Ti?
  • Translation: “What?”

Examples: 

Greek: Τι είναι αυτό εκεί;

Romanization: Ti íne aftó ekí?

Translation: “What is that over there?”

Greek: Τι συμβαίνει;

Romanization: Ti simvéni?

Translation: “What is going on?”

However, if you had to choose from a variety of objects, you would use “which,” right? Here is its Greek equivalent. 

  • Greek: Ποιο;
  • Romanization: Pio?
  • Translation: “Which?”

Example: 

Greek: Ποιο παντελόνι μου πηγαίνει καλύτερα;

Romanization: Pio pandelóni mu piyéni kalítera?

Translation: “Which trousers suit me better?”

A slight change is observed when asking “who.” In Greek, there are two forms, one for men and one for women. The one you use depends on the gender of the corresponding noun or name.

  • Greek: Ποιος (masculine) / Ποια (feminine);
  • Romanization: Pios / Pia?
  • Translation: “Who?”

Example: 

Greek: Ποιος μπορεί να με βοηθήσει;

Romanization: Pios borí na me voithísi?

Translation: “Who can help me?”

When asking a general question, the masculine form is preferred, as shown in the example above. In this case, the answer is either a woman or a man.

  • Greek: Ποιου/Ποιανού (masculine & neutral) / Ποιας/Ποιανής (feminine);
  • Romanization: Piu/Pianú / Pias/Pianís ?
  • Translation: “Whose…?”

So, this part might be a bit tricky. When referring to the interrogative pronoun “whose” in Greek, there are two types that can be used. The first one (ποιου, ποιας) is the more formal type, whereas the second one (ποιανού, ποιανής) is an informal type that’s mainly used in oral speech. Both types are correct and can be used interchangeably based on the occasion. Let’s have a look at some examples below.

Greek: Ποιου/Ποιανού είναι αυτό το παντελόνι;

Romanization: Piu/Pianú íne aftó to padelóni?

Translation: “Whose trousers are these?”

In questions like this one, we use the generic masculine type (ποιου, ποιανού), regardless of whether the answer refers to a male or a female. Therefore, “these trousers” could belong to either a man or a woman. 

Another important note on the above example, which isn’t related to pronouns, is that the word παντελόνι in Greek is singular, although in English it’s plural.

  • Greek: Ποιον (masculine) / Ποια (feminine);
  • Romanization: Pion / Pia ?
  • Translation: “Whom…?”

Greek: Σε ποιον θέλεις να αναθέσεις αυτήν την εργασία;

Romanization: Se pion thélis na anathésis aftín tin ergasía?

Translation: “To whom would you like to assign this?”

Again, in this case, the masculine form is used as a generic form.

4. Indefinite Pronouns in Greek

Two Girls Holding a Notebook

Now, here’s a quick list of Greek indefinite pronouns you can use when you don’t need to be very specific. 

  • Greek: κάποιος
  • Romanization: kápios
  • Translation: “someone” (masculine)
  • Greek: κάποια
  • Romanization: kápia
  • Translation: “someone” (feminine)
  • Greek: κάποιο
  • Romanization: kápio
  • Translation: “someone” / “something” (neutral)
  • Greek: κάτι
  • Romanization: káti
  • Translation: “something”

Example: 

Greek: Κάποιος πρέπει να κάνει κάτι.

Romanization: Kápios prépi na káni káti.

Translation: “Someone has to do something.”

  • Greek: κανείς / κανένας
  • Romanization: kanís / kanénas
  • Translation: “no one” / “nobody” (masculine)
  • Greek: καμιά / καμία
  • Romanization: kamiá / kamía
  • Translation: “nobody” (feminine)
  • Greek: κανένα
  • Romanization: kanéna
  • Translation: “nobody” (neutral)

Example:

Greek: Κανένας άνδρας, καμία γυναίκα και κανένα παιδί δεν πρέπει να πεινούν.

Romanization: Kanénas ándras, kamía yinéka ke kanéna pedí den prépi na pinún.

Translation: “No man, no woman, and no child should be left starving.”

  • Greek: τίποτα
  • Romanization: típota
  • Translation: “nothing,” “anything,” “something,” “any”

Example:

Greek: Δεν θέλει τίποτα.

Romanization: Den théli típota.

Translation: “He doesn’t want anything.”

5. Relative Pronouns in Greek

Again, in the case of Greek relative pronouns, there’s a distinction when it comes to different genders. 

  • Greek: ο οποίος
  • Romanization: o opíos
  • Translation: “who” (masculine)

Example: 

Greek: Αυτός είναι ο άνδρας ο οποίος με βοήθησε να κουβαλήσω τη βαλίτσα μου.

Romanization: Aftós íne o ándras o opíos me voíthise na kuvalíso ti valítsa mu.

Translation: “This is the man who helped me carry my suitcase.”

  • Greek: η οποία
  • Romanization: i opía
  • Translation: “who” (feminine)

Example: 

Greek: Η Μαρία είναι κοπέλα η οποία δουλεύει στο ξενοδοχείο.

Romanization: I María íne i kopéla i opía dulévi sto xenodohío.

Translation: “Maria is the girl who works at the hotel.”

  • Greek: το οποίο
  • Romanization: to opío
  • Translation: “whο” (neutral) / “which”

Examples:

Greek: Αυτό είναι το παιδί το οποίο γλίστρησε και χτύπησε στην παιδική χαρά.

Romanization: Aftó íne to pedí, to opío glístrise ke htípise stin pedikí hará.

Translation: “This is the child who slipped and fell over at the playground.”

Greek: Αυτό είναι το σπίτι το οποίο είχαμε νοικιάσει πέρυσι.

Romanization: Aftó íne to spíti, to opío íhame nikiási périsi.

Translation: “This is the house which we rented last year.”

Feeling a bit confused? 

Not sure which type you should use in each case?

We’ve got the solution for you: The magic word is που (pu), which means “that,” and is often used to substitute ο οποίος / η οποία / το οποίο, offering the advantage that it doesn’t change according to the gender of the noun.

  • Greek: που
  • Romanization: pu
  • Translation: “that” (for all genders)

Now, let’s adjust the above examples by using the word που. 

Greek: Αυτός είναι ο άνδρας που με βοήθησε να κουβαλήσω τη βαλίτσα μου.

Romanization: Aftós íne o ándras pu me voíthise na kuvalíso ti valítsa mu.

Translation: “This is the man that helped me carry my suitcase.”

Greek: Η Μαρία είναι κοπέλα που δουλεύει στο ξενοδοχείο.

Romanization: I María íne i kopéla pu dulévi sto xenodohío.

Translation: “Maria is the girl that works at the hotel.”

Greek: Αυτό είναι το παιδί που γλίστρησε και χτύπησε στην παιδική χαρά.

Romanization: Aftó íne to pedí pu glístrise ke htípise stin pedikí hará.

Translation: “This is the child that slipped and fell over at the playground.”

Greek: Αυτό είναι το σπίτι που είχαμε νοικιάσει πέρυσι.

Romanization: Aftó íne to spíti pu íhame nikiási périsi.

Translation: “This is the house that we rented last year.”

And here are some more Greek relative pronouns: 

  • Greek: οποιοσδήποτε
  • Romanization: opiosdípote
  • Translation: “anyone” (masculine)
  • Greek: οποιαδήποτε
  • Romanization: opiadípote
  • Translation: “anyone” (feminine)
  • Greek: οποιοδήποτε
  • Romanization: opiodípote
  • Translation: “anyone” (neutral)
  • Greek: οτιδήποτε
  • Romanization: otidípote
  • Translation: “anything”

6. Conclusion

Improve Listening

Greek pronouns are part of the core of the language. By learning them, you’ll definitely find it easier to express yourself in Greek and you’ll be able to construct meaningful sentences in no time. 

So, what else will you probably need in order to enhance your vocabulary? Nouns and adjectives, of course. We’ve got you covered on this, as well. Just take a look at our Greek Nouns and Greek Adjectives articles and learn everything you need to know.

Did our Greek language pronouns guide help you out? Is there a pronoun that troubles you, or one we forgot?

Let us know in the comments section below!

At GreekPod101.com, we aim to provide you with everything you need to know about the Greek language in a fun and interesting way. Articles like this one, word lists, grammar tips, and even YouTube videos are waiting for you to discover them! And if you prefer a one-on-one learning experience, you can use our MyTeacher Messenger before heading over to our online community to discuss lessons with other students.

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Telling Time in Modern Greek: The Greek Word for Time & More

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Time is a human invention. It’s used to make our everyday lives easier, since it helps us communicate effectively. 

Ever wondered how to tell the hours, minutes, and seconds in Greek? Or about the Greek word for time? 

Even if you’ve never wondered, you’ll certainly need this knowledge while visiting Greece or when talking with your Greek friends. 

From arranging a business appointment to arranging a date with someone you really like, telling the time in Greek is a pretty important skill to learn. 

Telling the time in Greek is very similar to English, so this is considered an easy chapter. The first thing you need to know is that Greece uses both the twenty-four-hour format and the twelve-hour format, the latter of which is more often used in verbal speech. Secondly, you need to familiarize yourself with the Greek numbers.  

Thirdly, just keep reading and all of your questions around how to tell the time in Greek will be answered.

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Time Phrases in Greek Table of Contents
  1. How to Ask for the Time in Greek
  2. The Hours in Greek
  3. Minutes and Seconds in Greek
  4. The Hours Divided into Minute-Packages
  5. General Time Reference Throughout the Day
  6. Time Adverbs in Greek
  7. Greek Proverbs and Sayings Related to Time
  8. Conclusion

1. How to Ask for the Time in Greek

A Table Alarm Clock

Asking for the time in Greek is probably the most important aspect of time-telling you need to know. 

  • Greek: Τι ώρα είναι;
  • Romanization: Ti óra íne?
  • Translation: “What time is it?”

Pretty easy, right?

Now let’s have a look at how to ask for the time of a specific event. 

  • Greek: Τι ώρα είναι ο αγώνας / η συγκέντρωση / το ραντεβού;
  • Romanization: Ti óra íne o agónas / i singéndrosi / to randevú?
  • Translation: “What time is the game / the gathering / the appointment?”

Now let’s assume your phone battery is dead and you’re not wearing a watch. How could you possibly find out what time it is? The answer lies right below.

  • Greek: Μήπως έχετε ώρα, παρακαλώ;
  • Romanization: Mípos éhete óra, parakaló?
  • Translation: “Do you have the time, please?”

The question above is widely used and it’s considered pretty polite when you’re not sure if someone has a watch or when you don’t know each other. The answer here would be the current time, thus this phrase can be used as an alternative to the simple Τι ώρα είναι; question. 

2. The Hours in Greek

A Young Woman Holding and Pointing at an Alarm Clock

First things first, let’s have a look at how to say the hours in Greek. 

  • Greek: η ώρα
  • Romanization: i óra
  • Translation: “hour” / “o’ clock”
  • Greek: ακριβώς
  • Romanization: akrivós
  • Translation: “sharp”

So, when you need to tell the hour, you can use the sentence below.

  • Greek: Είναι……………….. η ώρα (ακριβώς).
  • Romanization: Íne ………………….. i óra (akrivós).
  • Translation: “It’s ……………………….. o’clock (sharp).”

While the addition of ακριβώς is optional, you can fill the blank space above with one of the hours below. 

Hours in Greek:

  • μία (mía) — “one”
  • δύο (dío) — “two”
  • τρεις (tris) — “three”
  • τέσσερις (téseris) — “four”
  • πέντε (péde) — “five”
  • έξι (éxi) — “six”
  • επτά/εφτά (eptá/eftá) — “seven”
  • οκτώ/οχτώ (októ/ohtó) — “eight”
  • εννέα/εννιά (enéa/eniá) — “nine”
  • δέκα (déka) — “ten”
  • έντεκα (édeka) — “eleven”
  • δώδεκα (dódeka) — “twelve”

In verbal speech in Greece, the most common way to tell the time is based on the twelve-hour clock. However, in written speech, it’s more common to use the twenty-four-hour clock.

3. Minutes and Seconds in Greek

A Solar Clock

Time flies. With GreekPod101.com, you won’t realize how quickly you’ll be an expert in Greek. As minutes and seconds pass by, you get a little bit closer to your Greek learning goals!

So, here’s how to say the minutes and the seconds in Greek. It will take only a minute to learn this!

  • Greek: το λεπτό / τα λεπτά
  • Romanization: to leptó / ta leptá
  • Translation: “minute” / “minutes”
  • Greek: το δευτερόλεπτο / τα δευτερόλεπτα
  • Romanization: to defterólepto / ta defterólepta
  • Translation: “second” / “seconds”
  • Greek: και
  • Romanization: ke
  • Translation: equivalent to “and” / “past” in English
  • Greek: παρά
  • Romanization: pará
  • Translation: equivalent to “to” in English

Now, let’s have a look at how to tell the time through some comprehensive examples:

  • Greek: Είναι τρεις και δεκαοκτώ (03:18 / 15:18).
  • Romanization: Íne tris ke dekaoktó.
  • Translation: “It’s eighteen past three.”
  • Greek: Είναι δύο παρά εικοσιπέντε (01:35 / 13:35).
  • Romanization: Íne dío pará ikosipénde.
  • Translation: “It’s twenty-five to two.”

4. The Hours Divided into Minute-Packages

A Clock Indicating a Quarter of an Hour
  • Greek: μισή
  • Romanization: misí
  • Translation: “half”
  • Greek: τέταρτο
  • Romanization: tétarto
  • Translation: “quarter”

There is no Greek equivalent for “a third” of the hour. This can be translated in Greek as και είκοσι

or παρά είκοσι, as referenced in the previous section of this article. 

Here are some helpful phrases for telling time in Greek this way:

  • Greek: Είναι έξι και τέταρτο.
  • Romanization: Íne éxi ke tétarto.
  • Translation: “It’s a quarter past six.”
  • Greek: Είναι οκτώ παρά τέταρτο.
  • Romanization: Íne októ pará tétarto.
  • Translation: “It’s a quarter to eight.”
  • Greek: Είναι έξι και μισή.
  • Romanization: Íne éxi ke misí.
  • Translation: “It’s half past six.”

5. General Time Reference Throughout the Day

Time

Since the twelve-hour clock is preferred in oral speech in Greece, when someone says “at nine o’clock,” you probably need to know if they’re referring to the morning or the evening. This is indicated by using the phrases below.

  • Greek: το πρωί
  • Romanization: to proí
  • Translation: “in the morning”

Example:

Greek: Στις έξι (η ώρα) το πρωί. 

Romanization: Stis éxi (i óra) to proí.

Translation: “At six (o’clock) in the morning.”

  • Greek: το απόγευμα
  • Romanization: to apóyevma
  • Translation: “the afternoon”

Example:

Greek: Στις τρεις (η ώρα) το απόγευμα. 

Romanization: Stis tris (i óra) to apóyevma.

Translation: “At three (o’clock) in the afternoon.”

  • Greek: το βράδυ
  • Romanization: to vrádi
  • Translation: “the night”

Example:

Greek: Στις δέκα (η ώρα) το βράδυ. 

Romanization: Stis déka (i óra) to vrádi.

Translation: “At ten (o’clock) at night.”

While the words above are common in everyday speech, in formal situations—for example, in the news—the way to indicate the exact time in Greek is by using the appropriate phrase from the list below.

  • Greek: προ μεσημβρίας (π.μ.)
  • Romanization: pro mesimvrías
  • Translation: “ante meridiem” (a.m.) / “before midday”
  • Greek: μετά μεσημβρίαν (μ.μ.)
  • Romanization: metá mesimvrían
  • Translation: “post meridiem” (p.m.) / “after midday”

However, at this point, you should note that in Greek you need to say the full phrase instead of just the initials. 

Here are some more time reference phrases you can use to indicate different time periods throughout the day. 

  • Greek: το μεσημέρι
  • Romanization: to mesiméri
  • Translation: “noon” / “midday”

Example:

Greek: Στις δώδεκα το μεσημέρι. 

Romanization: Stis dódeka to mesiméri.

Translation: “At twelve o’clock noon.”

  • Greek: τα μεσάνυχτα
  • Romanization: ta mesánihta
  • Translation: “midnight”

Example:

Greek: Είναι δώδεκα τα μεσάνυχτα. 

Romanization: Íne dódeka ta mesánihta.

Translation: “It’s twelve o’clock midnight.”

  • Greek: το ξημέρωμα / τα ξημερώματα
  • Romanization: to ximéroma / ta ximerómata
  • Translation: “dawn/early morning hours”

Example:

Greek: Ήρθε στις πέντε η ώρα τα ξημερώματα. 

Romanization: Írthe stis pénde i óra ta ximerómata.

Translation: “He came at five o’clock in the morning.”

6. Time Adverbs in Greek

In this section, we present you with a list of some useful time adverbs in Greek to cover each and every case. All of these words for time in Greek can answer the question “When?”

A Spiral Clock
  • Greek: τώρα
  • Romanization: tóra
  • Translation: “now”
  • Greek: αυτήν τη στιγμή
  • Romanization: aftín ti stigmí
  • Translation: “currently” / “at this moment”
  • Greek: εν τω μεταξύ
  • Romanization: en to metaxí
  • Translation: “meanwhile”
  • Greek: πριν
  • Romanization: prin
  • Translation: “before”
  • Greek: μετά
  • Romanization: metá
  • Translation: “after” / “later”
  • Greek: σύντομα
  • Romanization: síndoma
  • Translation: “soon”
  • Greek: σχεδόν
  • Romanization: schedón
  • Translation: “almost”
  • Greek: σε λίγο / σε λιγάκι
  • Romanization: se lígo / se ligáki
  • Translation: “in a bit” / “in a little while”
  • Greek: το συντομότερο δυνατό
  • Romanization: to sindomótero dinató
  • Translation: “as soon as possible”
  • Greek: οποιαδήποτε στιγμή
  • Romanization: opiadípote stigmí
  • Translation: “anytime”
  • Greek: για πολύ καιρό
  • Romanization: ya polí keró
  • Translation: “for a long time”

7. Greek Proverbs and Sayings Related to Time

Improve Listening

Learning some proverbs always takes you a step further into getting to know the Greek culture. Therefore, here are some of the most popular proverbs, sayings, and time expressions in Greek.

  • Greek: Ο χρόνος είναι χρήμα.
  • Romanization: O hrónos íne hríma.
  • Translation: “Time is money.”
  • Greek: Ο χρόνος είναι ο καλύτερος γιατρός.
  • Romanization: O hrónos íne o kalíteros yatrós.
  • Translation: “Time is the best doctor (corresponding to ‘Time heals all wounds.’).”
  • Greek: Ο χρόνος πίσω δεν γυρνά.
  • Romanization: O hrónos píso den yirná.
  • Translation: “Time doesn’t come back.”
  • Greek: Ή τώρα ή ποτέ.
  • Romanization: Í tóra i poté.
  • Translation: “It’s either now or never.”

8. Conclusion

Basic Questions

O χρόνος πίσω δεν γυρνά. This is certain. 

So start learning Greek today with GreekPod101.com!

Ή τώρα ή ποτε!

Start by practicing the pronunciation of some of the most important words included in this article. Then, we suggest that you read our blog post on Dates in Greek to gain a more spherical knowledge on the subject. 

Then, you can create a free personal account and browse through our wide variety of educational material. You can also upgrade to Premium Plus and take advantage of our MyTeacher program to learn Greek with your own personal tutor, who will answer any questions you might have!

In the meantime… What time is it now while you read this blog post? Write the current hour in Greek in the comments section below.

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Top 100 Greek Nouns: Learn Greek Noun Declension & More



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In this article, you’ll learn all the essential Greek nouns so that you can enhance your knowledge about useful, everyday words.

Before we start our modern Greek nouns list, what are Greek declensions?

In Greek, each noun has a gender, which is indicated by its article. More specifically, Greek noun declension by gender uses the following articles:

  • ο (singular) or οι (plural) — indicates a masculine noun
  • η (singular) or οι (plural) — indicates a feminine noun
  • το (singular) or τα (plural) — indicates a neutral noun


Therefore, in this guide, we’ll use the articles respectively to indicate the Greek nouns’ gender and number.

Are you ready to learn some nouns in Greek?

Let’s begin!

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Table of Contents
  1. Appliances
  2. Technology
  3. Transportation
  4. Restaurant
  5. School Essentials
  6. Occupation
  7. Family Members
  8. Body Parts
  9. Time
  10. Conclusion


1. Appliances


Some Household Appliances

1. Η τηλεόραση (i tileórasi) – “TV”


Greek: Το διαμέρισμα έχει δορυφορική τηλεόραση.
Romanization: To diamérizma éhi doriforikí tileórasi.
Translation: The apartment has satellite TV.

2. Το κλιματιστικό (to klimatistikó) – “air conditioner”


Greek: Άναψε το κλιματιστικό, γιατί έχει πολλή ζέστη εδώ μέσα.
Romanization: Ánapse to klimatistikó, yatí éhi polí zésti edó mésa.
Translation: Turn on the air conditioner because it’s very hot in here.

3. Το πλυντήριο (to plindírio) – “washing machine” [for clothes]


Greek: Το πλυντήριο είναι καινούργιο.
Romanization: To plindírio íne kenúrio.
Translation: The washing machine is new.

4. Το στεγνωτήριο (to stegnotírio) – “dryer” [for clothes]


Greek: To στεγνωτήριο στεγνώνει τα ρούχα πολύ γρήγορα.
Romanization: To stegnotírio stegnóni ta rúha polí grígora.
Translation: The dryer dries the clothes very quickly.

5. Το πλυντήριο πιάτων (to plindírio piáton) – “dishwasher”


Greek: Ξέπλυνε τα πιάτα, πριν τα βάλεις στο πλυντήριο πιάτων.
Romanization: Xépline ta piáta, prin ta vális sto plindírio piáton.
Translation: Rinse the dishes before you put them into the dishwasher.

6. Ο φούρνος (o fúrnos) – “oven/stove”


Greek: Αυτό το φαγητό χρειάζεται ψήσιμο μόνο 30 λεπτά στον φούρνο.
Romanization: Aftó to fayitó hriázete psísimo móno triánda leptá ston fúrno.
Translation: This food needs baking for only thirty minutes in the oven.

7. Ο φούρνος μικροκυμάτων (o fúrnos mikrokimáton) – “microwave”


Greek: Ο φούρνος μικροκυμάτων ζεσταίνει το φαγητό πολύ γρήγορα.
Romanization: O fúrnos mikrokimáton zesténi to fayitó polí grígora.

Translation: The microwave heats up the food really quickly.

Nouns 1

8. Οι εστίες (i estíes) – “hot plates/burners”


Greek: Οι εστίες φαίνονται πολύ βρόμικες.
Romanization: I estíes fénode polí vrómikes.
Translation: The hot plates look very dirty.

9. Το πιστολάκι (to pistoláki) – “hair dryer”


Greek: Το καλοκαίρι αποφεύγω το πιστολάκι, επειδή ξεραίνεται το μαλλί μου.
Romanization: To kalokéri apofévgo to pistoláki, epidí xerénete to malí mu.
Translation: In the summer, I avoid using the hair dryer because it dries out my hair.

10. Ο ανεπιστήρας (o anemistíras) – “fan”


Greek: Ο ανεμιστήρας οροφής δροσίζει το δωμάτιο.
Romanization: O anemistíras orofís drosízi to domátio.
Translation: The ceiling fan cools down the room.

11. Το ψυγείο (to psiyío) – “fridge”


Greek: Βάλε τις μπύρες στο ψυγείο, για να τις πιούμε παγωμένες.
Romanization: Vále tis bíres sto psiyío, ya na tis piúme pagoménes.
Translation: Put the beers in the fridge, so that we can drink them cold.

2. Technology


A Laptop, a Tablet and a Smartphone

12. O ηλεκτρονικός υπολογιστής (o ilektronikós ipoloyistís) – “computer”


Greek: Ο ηλεκτρονικός υπολογιστής μου ήταν παλιός, οπότε αγόρασα έναν καινούργιο.
Romanization: O ilektronikós ipoloyistís mu ítan paliós, opóte agórasa énan kenúrio.
Translation: My computer was old, so I bought a new one.

13. Ο φορητός υπολογιστής (o foritós ipoloyistís) – “laptop”


Greek: Πήρα τον φορητό υπολογιστή μου και πήγα σε μια καφετέρια.
Romanization: Píra ton foritó ipoloyistí mu ke píga se mia kafetéria.
Translation: I took my laptop and went to a cafeteria.

14. Το τάμπλετ (to táblet) – “tablet”


Greek: Το τάμπλετ που αγόρασα είναι πολύ ελαφρύ.
Romanization: To táblet pu agórasa íne polí elafrí.
Translation: The tablet I bought is very lightweight.

15. To κινητό τηλέφωνο / κινητό (to kinitó tiléfono / kinitó) – “cell phone”


16. Το έξυπνο τηλέφωνο (to éxipno tiléfono) – “smartphone”


Greek: Οι περισσότεροι άνθρωποι προτιμούν ένα έξυπνο τηλέφωνο από ένα απλό κινητό.
Romanization: Oi perisóteri ánthropi protimún éna éxipno tiléfono apó éna apló kinitó.
Translation: Most people prefer a smartphone over a simple cell phone.

17. Τα ακουστικά (ta akustiká) – “headphones”



18. Ο φορτιστής (o fortistís) – “charger”


Greek: Μην ξεχάσεις να πάρεις μαζί σου τα ακουστικά και τον φορτιστή σου.
Romanization: Min xehásis na páris mazí su ta akustiká ke ton fortistí su.
Translation: Don’t forget to take your headphones and your charger with you.

19. Η ιστοσελίδα (i istoselída) – “website”



20. Ο λογαριασμός (o logariazmós) – “account”



21. Ο κωδικός πρόσβασης (o kodikós prózvasis) – “password”


Greek: Η πρόσβαση στην ιστοσελίδα γίνεται με έναν λογαριασμό και έναν κωδικό πρόσβασης.
Romanization: I prózvasi stin istoselída yínete me énan logariazmó ke énan kodikó prózvasis.
Translation: Access to the website is granted by using an account and a password.

22. Το αρχείο (to arhío) -“file”


Greek: Το αρχείο ήταν τόσο μεγάλο που δεν μπορούσα να το στείλω μέσω email.
Romanization: To arhío ítan tóso megálo pu den borúsa na to stílo méso ’email.’
Translation: The file was so big that I couldn’t send it via email.

23. Το ποντίκι (to pondíki) – “mouse”



24. Το πληκτρολόγιο (to pliktrolóyio) – “keyboard”


Greek: Αγόρασα ένα ασύρματο ποντίκι και ένα πληκτρολόγιο.
Romanization: Agórasa éna asírmato pondíki ke éna pliktrolóyio.
Translation: I bought a wireless mouse and a keyboard.

25. O εκτυπωτής (o ektipotís) – “printer”



Greek: Αυτός ο εκτυπωτής εκτυπώνει ασπρόμαυρα.
Romanization: Aftós o ektipotís ektipóni asprómavra.
Translation: This printer prints in black and white.

3. Transportation

A Yellow Taxi /Cab

26. Το αεροπλάνο (to aeropláno) – “airplane”



27. Το αεροδρόμιο (to aerodrómio) – “airport”


Greek: Το αεροπλάνο απογειώθηκε από το αεροδρόμιο της Αθήνας μετά από τρεις ώρες καθυστέρηση.
Romanization: To aeropláno apoyióthike apó to aerodrómio tis Athínas metá apó tris óres kathistérisi.
Translation: The airplane took off from the Athens airport after a three-hour delay.

28. Το τρένο (to tréno) – “train”



29. O σταθμός του τρένου (o stathmós tu trénu) – “train station”


Greek: Ο σταθμός του τρένου είχε πολύ κόσμο.
Romanization: O stathmós tu trénu íhe polí kózmo.
Translation: The train station was very crowded.

30. To λεωφορείο (to leoforío) – “bus”



31. Η στάση του λεωφορείου (i stási tu leoforíu) – “bus stop”


Greek: Η στάση του λεωφορείου είναι πολύ κοντά στο ξενοδοχείο.
Romanization: I stási tu leoforíu íne polí kondá sto xenodohío.
Translation: The bus stop is very close to the hotel.

32. Το ταξί (to taxí) – “taxi”



33. Το αυτοκίνητο (to aftokínito) – “car”


Greek: Θα πάρω ένα ταξί, γιατί το αυτοκίνητό μου είναι χαλασμένο.
Romanization: Tha páro éna taxí, yatí to aftokínitó mu íne halazméno.
Translation: I’ll take a taxi because my car has broken down.

34. Το ποδήλατο (to podílato) – “bike”



35. Η μηχανή (i mihaní) – “motorcycle”


Greek: Το ποδήλατο είναι πιο φιλικό προς το περιβάλλον από τη μηχανή.
Romanization: To podílato íne pio filikó pros to periválon apó ti mihaní.
Translation: The bike is more eco-friendly than the motorcycle.

36. Ο δρόμος (o drómos) – “road”

37. Το φανάρι (to fanári) – “traffic light”


Greek: Αυτός ο δρόμος έχει πολλές διασταυρώσεις και φανάρια.
Romanization: Aftós o drómos éhi polés diastavrósis ke fanária.
Translation: This road has many intersections and traffic lights.

4. Restaurant


A Chef Seasoning a Dish

38. Το τραπέζι (to trapézi) – “table”


Greek: Θα ήθελα ένα τραπέζι για δύο, παρακαλώ.
Romanization: Tha íthela éna trapézi ya dío, parakaló.
Translation: I would like a table for two, please.

39. Ο κατάλογος (o katálogos) – “menu”


Greek: Μπορώ να δω τον κατάλογο, παρακαλώ;
Romanization: Boró na do ton katálogo, parakaló?
Translation: May I have a look at the menu, please?

Nouns 2

40. O σερβιτόρος / Η σερβιτόρα (o servitóros / i servitóra) – “waiter” / “waitress”


Greek: Ο σερβιτόρος ήταν χαμογελαστός και πολύ ευγενικός.
Romanization: O servitóros ítan hamoyelastós ke polí evyenikós.
Translation: The waiter was smiling and was very kind.

41. Ο λογαριασμός (o logariazmós) – “bill”


Greek: Ο λογαριασμός ήταν φουσκωμένος.
Romanization: O logariazmós ítan fuskoménos.
Translation: The bill was inflated.

42. Το πιρούνι (to pirúni) – “fork”



43. Το μαχαίρι (to mahéri) – “knife”



44. Το κουτάλι (to kutáli) – “spoon”



45. Το πιάτο (to piáto) – “plate”



46. Το ποτήρι (to potíri) – “glass”


Greek: Υπήρχαν ένα πιρούνι, ένα μαχαίρι, ένα κουτάλι, ένα πιάτο και ένα ποτήρι για κάθε άτομο.
Romanization: Ipírhan éna pirúni, éna mahéri, éna kutáli, éna piáto ke éna potíri ya káthe átomo.
Translation: There was a fork, a knife, a spoon, a plate, and a glass for each person.

47. Το νερό (to neró) – “water”



48. Το κρασί (to krasí) – “wine”



49. Η μπύρα (i bíra) – “beer”


Greek: Θα θέλατε νερό, κρασί ή μπύρα με το δείπνο σας;
Romanization: Tha thélate neró, krasí i bíra me to dípno sas?
Translation: Would you like some water, wine, or beer with your dinner?

50. Το τσάι (to tsái) – “tea”


Greek: Θα θέλατε λίγο τσάι ή καφέ;
Romanization: Tha thélate lígo tsái i kafé?
Translation: Would you like some tea or coffee?

51. Τα λαχανικά (ta lahaniká) – “vegetables”



52. Το κοτόπουλο (to kotópulo) – “chicken”



53. Το χοιρινό (to hirinó) – “pork”



54. Το μοσχάρι (to moshári) – “beef”


Greek: Αυτό το πιάτο περιέχει κοτόπουλο/χοιρινό/μοσχάρι και λαχανικά
Romanization: Aftó to piáto periéhi kotópulo/hirinó/moshári ke lahaniká.
Translation: This dish consists of chicken/pork/beef and vegetables.

5. School Essentials


A School Girl Doing Math on the Whiteboard

55. Το δημοτικό (to dimotikó) – “primary school”



56. Το γυμνάσιο (to yimnásio) – “secondary school”



Greek: Η υποχρεωτική εκπαίδευση στην Ελλάδα περιλαμβάνει έξι χρόνια δημοτικό και τρία χρόνια γυμνάσιο.
Romanization: I ipohreotikí ekpédefsi stin Eláda perilamváni éxi hrónia dimotikó ke tría hrónia yimnásio.
Translation: Mandatory education in Greece includes six years of elementary school and three years of middle school.

57. Το λύκειο (to líkio) – “high school”


Greek: To λύκειο είναι προαιρετικό, αλλά οι περισσότεροι μαθητές το παρακολουθούν.
Romanization: To líkio íne proeretikó, alá i perisóteri mathités to parakoluthún.
Translation: High school is optional, however most students attend it.

58. Το πανεπιστήμιο (to panepistímio) – “university”


Greek: Το 42% των Ελλήνων έχει αποφοιτήσει από το πανεπιστήμιο.
Romanization: To saránda dío tis ekató ton Elínon éhi apofitísi apó to panepistímio.
Translation: 42% of Greeks have graduated from the university.

59. Ο δάσκαλος / Η δασκάλα (o dáskalos / i daskála) – “teacher” [male / female]


Greek: O δάσκαλος εξήγησε στα παιδιά τις ασκήσεις για το σπίτι.
Romanization: O dáskalos exíyise sta pediá tis askísis ya to spíti.
Translation: The teacher (male) explained the homework to the children.

60. Ο καθηγητής / Η καθηγήτρια (o kathiyitís / i kathiyítria) – “professor” [university] / “teacher” [middle or high school]


Greek: Η καθηγήτρια μού έβαλε άριστα στην εργασία μου.
Romanization: I kathiyítria mú évale árista stin ergasía mu.
Translation: The teacher (female) graded my assignment with A+.

61. Η τάξη (i táxi) – “classroom”


Greek: Η κάθε τάξη αποτελείται από 20 μαθητές.
Romanization: I káthe táxi apotelíte apó íkosi mathités.
Translation: Each classroom consists of twenty students.

62. Το βιβλίο (to vivlío) – “book”



63. Το τετράδιο (to tetrádio) – “notebook”



64. Το μολύβι (to molívi) – “pencil”



65. Το στιλό (to stiló) – “pen”



66. Ο μαθητής / Η μαθήτρια (o mathitís / i mathítria) – “student” [male / female] from elementary school to high school


Greek: Κάθε μαθητής είχε ένα βιβλίο, ένα τετράδιο, ένα μολύβι και ένα στιλό.
Romanization: Káthe mathitís íhe éna vivlío, éna tetrádio, éna molívi ke éna stiló.
Translation: Each student had a book, a notebook, a pencil, and a pen.

67. Ο φοιτητής / Η φοιτήτρια (o fititís / i fitítria) – “university student” [male / female]



68. Οι εξετάσεις (i exetásis) – “exams”


Greek: Οι φοιτητές στην Ελλάδα δίνουν εξετάσεις κάθε έξι μήνες.
Romanization: I fitités stin Eláda dínun exetásis káthe éxi mínes.
Translation: University students in Greece take part in exams every six months.

6. Occupation


Various Occupations

69. Ο/Η δικηγόρος (o/i dikigóros) – “lawyer” [either male or female]



70. Ο/Η γιατρός (o/i yatrós) – “doctor” [either male or female]



71. Ο νοσοκόμος / Η νοσοκόμα (o nosokómos / i nosokóma) – “nurse” [male / female]



72. Ο/Η αστυνομικός (o/i astinomikós) – “police officer” [either male or female]



73. Ο/Η υπάλληλος (o/i ipálilos) – “employee” [either male or female]



Nouns 3

74. Ο/Η επιχειρηματίας (o/i epihirimatías) – “businessman/businesswoman” [either male or female]


Greek:
— Τι δουλειά κάνεις;
— Είμαι δικηγόρος / γιατρός / νοσοκόμος / αστυνομικός / υπάλληλος / επιχειρηματίας.

Romanization:
Ti duliá kánis?
— Íme dikigóros / yatrós / nosokómos / astinomikós / ipálilos / epihirimatías.


Translation:
— What do you do for a living?
— I’m a lawyer / doctor / nurse / police officer / employee / businessman.

Can’t find your occupation in this list? No problem, we’ve got you covered!

While you’re at it, take a look at our article about finding a job in Greece, as well!

7. Family Members


description of image

75. Ο μπαμπάς (o babás) – “dad”



76. Η μαμά (i mamá) – “mom”



77. Ο παππούς (o papús) – “grandpa”



78. Η γιαγιά (i yayá) – “grandma”



79. Ο αδερφός / Η αδερφή (o aderfós / i aderfí) – “brother” / “sister”


Greek: Σε αυτήν τη φωτογραφία είναι ο μπαμπάς, η μαμά, ο παππούς, η γιαγιά, ο αδερφός και η αδερφή μου.
Romanization: Se aftín ti fotografía íne o babás, i mamá, o papús, i yayá, o aderfós ke i aderfí mu.
Translation: In this photo, there’s my father, my mother, my grandpa, my grandma, my brother, and my sister.

80. Το παιδί / Τα παιδιά (to pedí / ta pediá) – “child” / “children”


Greek: Τα περισσότερα νέα ζευγάρια κάνουν ένα ή δύο παιδιά.
Romanization: Ta perisótera néa zevgária kánun éna i dío pediá.
Translation: Most young couples have one or two children.

If you want to learn more about Greek family members, we highly suggest that you read another blog post we’ve prepared for you.

8. Body Parts


 A Young Girl Dancing in the Air

81. Το σώμα (to sóma) – “body”



82. Το κεφάλι (to kefáli) – “head”



83. O ώμος / Οι ώμοι (o ómos / i ómi) – “shoulder” / “shoulders”



84. Το χέρι / Τα χέρια (to héri / ta héria) – “hand” / “hands”



85. Το πόδι / Τα πόδια (to pódi / ta pódia) – “leg” / “legs”



86. Το πρόσωπο (to prósopo) – “face”



87. Το στήθος (to stíthos) – “chest”



88. Το μάτι / Τα μάτια (to máti / ta mátia) – “eye” / “eyes”



89. Το αυτί / Τα αυτιά (to aftí / ta aftiá) – “ear” / “ears”



90. Η μύτη (i míti) – “nose”



91. Το στόμα (to stóma) – “mouth”


Greek: Η εικόνα δείχνει ένα ανθρώπινο σώμα που αποτελείται από ένα κεφάλι, δύο ώμους, δύο χέρια, δύο πόδια, ένα πρόσωπο, ένα στήθος, δύο μάτια, δύο αυτιά, μία μύτη και ένα στόμα.
Romanization: I ikóna díhni éna anthrópino sóma pu apotelíte apó éna kefáli, dío ómus, dío héria, dío pódia, éna prósopo, éna stíthos, dío mátia, dío aftiá, mía míti ke éna stóma.
Translation: The image shows a human body that consists of a head, two shoulders, two hands, two legs, a face, a chest, two eyes, two ears, a nose, and a mouth.

9. Time


A Woman Holding and Pointing at a Clock

92. Το σήμερα (to símera) – “today”



93. Το αύριο (to ávrio) – “tomorrow”



94. Το χθες (to hthes) – “yesterday”


Greek: Το σήμερα είναι το χθες του αύριο.
Romanization: To símera íne to hthes tu ávrio.
Translation: Today is tomorrow’s yesterday.

95. Η ημέρα (i iméra) – “day”



96. Η εβδομάδα (i evdomáda) – “week”


Greek: Χθες ήταν Δευτέρα, η πρώτη ημέρα της εβδομάδας.
Romanization: Hthes ítan Deftéra, i próti iméra tis evdomádas.
Translation: Yesterday was Monday, the first day of the week.

97. Ο μήνας (o mínas) – “month”



98. Το έτος (to étos) – “year”



99. Η ώρα (i óra) – “hour”



100. Το λεπτό (to leptó) – “minute”


Greek: Κάθε έτος έχει δώδεκα μήνες και κάθε ώρα έχει εξήντα λεπτά.
Romanization: Káthe étos éhi dódeka mínes ke káthe óra éhi exínda leptá.
Translation: Every year has twelve months, and every hour has sixty minutes.

Wondering how to tell the hour or the days and months in Greek? Guess what! This knowledge is also available for you on GreekPod101.com!

Nouns 4

10.Conclusion



Learning how to describe various objects around you is the core of your study. In this article, we tried to cover a wide range of common Greek nouns, which will certainly be useful in everyday life.

But learning Greek nouns is just the beginning. GreekPod101.com offers you high-quality, practical knowledge about the Greek language.

On GreekPod101.com, we aim to provide you with everything you need to know about the Greek language in a fun and interesting way. Stay tuned for more articles like this one, word lists, grammar tips, and even YouTube videos, which are waiting for you to discover them!

You can also upgrade to Premium Plus and take advantage of our MyTeacher program to learn Greek with your own personal tutor, who will answer any questions you might have!

In the meantime, can you think of another noun not included in this list? Let us know in the comments and we’ll surely inform you about its Greek equivalent!

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Your Guide to Gender in Greek Grammar

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In the Greek language, there are three genders: masculine, feminine, and neuter. Each noun in Greek has a specific gender and—unlike in English—these genders don’t only apply exclusively to nouns referring to people, but also to nouns that refer to things or animals. Therefore, gender should be viewed as a grammatical attribute of a noun and not necessarily as the sex of a person, animal, or thing.

The gender roles in Greek society are deeply influenced by the patriarchal family model, although it has been modernized over the past few decades, attempting to ensure that women are equal to men. If you take a look at Greek mythology, the gods normally represent physical power, whereas goddesses represent wisdom, love, and organization. However, today’s Greek society is quite balanced when it comes to the differences between the two genders.

In this article, we’ve gathered all the tips and tricks to help you understand grammatical Greek genders.

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Table of Contents

  1. The Word “Gender” in Greek
  2. Articles in Greek According to Their Gender
  3. Guessing the Gender of a Word in Greek
  4. Memorizing the Gender of a Noun in Greek
  5. Gender Variations for Adjectives
  6. Conclusion

1. The Word “Gender” in Greek

Male and Female Signs Painted on a Blackboard with Chalk

  • Greek: γένος
  • Romanization: yénos
  • Translation: “gender”

The word above is utilized in grammar to express the gender of a noun or an adjective.

  • Greek: φύλο
  • Romanization: fílo
  • Translation: “gender”

This one is utilized in everyday speech to express the gender/sex of a person.

In Greek grammar, we use the word γένος, therefore there are three genders, which are: αρσενικό (arsenikó) meaning “masculine,” θηλυκό (thilikó) meaning “feminine,” and ουδέτερο (udétero) meaning “neuter.” These genders characterize nouns, adjectives, articles, and some pronouns and participles.

2. Articles in Greek According to Their Gender

A Female and Male Sign on a Transparent Door

The definitive articles in Greek are: ο (masculine), η (feminine), and το (neuter). They change depending on the grammatical case, though they all translate to the English word “the.”

Masculine Definitive Article:
Nominative: ο
Genitive: του
Accusative: τον

Feminine Definitive Article:
Nominative: η
Genitive: της
Accusative: τη(ν)

Neuter Definitive Article:
Nominative: το
Genitive: του
Accusative: το

Here’s an example of how these definite articles can be used in everyday conversations.

  • Greek: Στο εστιατόριο ο άντρας κοιτούσε τον κατάλογο, η γυναίκα κοιτούσε το κινητό και το παιδί έπαιζε με τα παιχνίδια του.
  • Romanization: Sto estiatório o ándras kitúse ton katálogo, i yinéka kitúse to kinitó ke to pedí épeze me ta pehnídia tu.
  • Translation: “In the restaurant, the man was looking at the menu, the woman was looking at the phone, and the child was playing with his toys.”

The indefinite articles in Greek are: ένας (masculine), μια/μία (feminine), and ένα (neuter). They also get inflected according to the case.

Masculine Indefinite Article:
Nominative: ένας
Genitive: ενός
Accusative: έναν

Feminine Indefinite Article:
Nominative: μια
Genitive: μιας
Accusative: μια

Neuter Indefinite Article:
Nominative: ένα
Genitive: ενός
Accusative: ένα

Here’s an example of how to use indefinite articles.

  • Greek: Ένας άντρας, μια γυναίκα και ένα παιδί έκατσαν στο δίπλα τραπέζι.
  • Romanization: Énas ándras, mia yinéka ke éna pedí ékatsan sto dípla trapézi.
  • Translation: “A man, a woman, and a child sat on the nearby table.”

3. Guessing the Gender of a Word in Greek

Male and Female Underpants

Recognizing the gender of a noun in Greek can be tricky, since all of these get inflected, resulting in different endings depending on the case they’re used in. However, in this section, we’ll refer to the most popular masculine, feminine, and neuter noun endings in the nominative case (i.e. the dictionary form).

Masculine endings:

-ος      Examples: ο άνθρωπος (o ánthropos) meaning “the human”; ο καιρός (o kerós) meaning “the weather”; ο ήλιος (o ílios) meaning “the sun”; ο κόσμος (o kózmos) meaning “the world.”

-ας      Examples: ο μπαμπάς (o babás) meaning “the father”; ο άντρας (o ándras) meaning “the man”; ο κανόνας (o kanónas) meaning “the rule”; ο ελέφαντας (o eléfandas) meaning “the elephant.”

-ης      Examples: ο λογιστής (o loyistís) meaning “the accountant”; ο υπολογιστής (o ipoloyistís) meaning “the computer”; ο πελάτης (o pelátis) meaning “the customer”; ο μαθητής (o mathitís) meaning “the student.”

-ες      Examples: ο καφές (o kafés) meaning “the coffee”; ο λεκές (o lekés) meaning “the stain.”

-ούς      Examples: ο παππούς (o papús) meaning “the grandfather.”

-έας      Examples: ο γραμματέας (o gramatéas) meaning “the secretary.”

Feminine endings:

-ος      Examples: η μέθοδος (i méthodos) meaning “the method”; η άνοδος (i ánodos) meaning “the rise”; η κάθοδος (i káthodos) meaning “the descent”; η οδός (i odós) meaning “the street”; η λεωφόρος (i leofóros) meaning “the avenue.”

      Examples: η μητέρα (i mitéra) meaning “the mother”; η καρέκλα (i karékla) meaning “the chair”; η θάλασσα (i thálasa) meaning “the sea”; η ώρα (i óra) meaning “the hour”; η αγελάδα (i ageláda) meaning “the cow.”

      Examples: η λέξη (i léxi) meaning “the word”; η αγάπη (i agápi) meaning “the love”; η ψυχή (i psihí) meaning “the soul”; η ζάχαρη (i záhari) meaning “the sugar”; η οθόνη (i othóni) meaning “the monitor.”

-ού      Examples: η μαϊμού (i maimú) meaning “the monkey.”

      Examples: η ηχώ (i ihó) meaning “the echo.”

Neuter endings:

-ος      Examples: το λάθος (to láthos) meaning “the passion”; το γεγονός (to yegonós) meaning “the incident.”

-ο      Examples: το φυτό (to fitó) meaning “the plant”; το βιβλίο (to vivlío) meaning “the book”; το γραφείο (to grafío) meaning “the office”; το ξενοδοχείο (to xenodohío) meaning “the hotel”; το λεωφορείο (to leoforío) meaning “the bus.”

      Examples: το σπίτι (to spíti) meaning “the house”; το κουτί (to kutí) meaning “the box”; το πουλί (to pulí) meaning “the bird.”

      Examples: το πρόβλημα (to próvlima) meaning “the problem”; το μάθημα (to máthima) meaning “the lesson”; το θέμα (to théma) meaning “the subject.”

-ιμο      Examples: το φταίξιμο (to ftéximo) meaning “the fault”; το πλύσιμο (to plísimo) meaning “the washing.”

Major Exception:
There are some neuter nouns ending in -υ, which are the following:

  • βράδυ (vrádi) — “night”
  • στάχυ (stáhi) — “ear; the plant”
  • δόρυ (dóri) — “spear”
  • οξύ (oxí) — “acid”
  • δίχτυ (díhti) — “net”
  • δάκρυ (dákri) — “tear”

For more information on how to tell the gender of a noun, check out this video lesson.

4. Memorizing the Gender of a Noun in Greek

A Man Being Confused and Skeptical

As you might have noticed, the -ος (-os) ending is found in nouns of all three genders, so it’s difficult to guess the gender by the ending. In this case, you should try to find another nearby word, preferably an article, which indicates the gender of the noun.

But what if there’s no indication of the noun’s gender around? Then, you can check if the noun is stressed on its last syllable; if it is, you can at least be sure that it’s not a neutral noun.

Another tricky part of the Greek language gender rules which confuses a lot of learners is the fact that there are many nouns that end with -ος (-os), which can be either masculine or feminine. Those usually indicate a profession, such as ο/η γιατρός (o/i yatrós) meaning “doctor” or ο/η δικηγόρος (o/i dikigóros) meaning “lawyer.”

It’s easy to guess the gender of some Greek nouns that refer directly to a specific sex, like the words μητέρα or μπαμπάς, because they follow their sex. But that’s not always the case. For example, το αγόρι (to agóri) meaning “the boy” is not a masculine noun; it’s neuter!

The best thing you can do to memorize the gender of a noun in Greek is to learn the noun in its dictionary form together with its article. For example, the word γάλα (gála) meaning “milk” which ends in -α could give the impression that it’s feminine—but it’s neuter. So memorizing it as το γάλα (to gála) instead could help you avoid that confusion.

5. Gender Variations for Adjectives

Two Adjacent People Out of Paper

Adjectives can vary depending on the gender of the noun they define. Each adjective changes its ending in a different manner.

Let’s have a look at some examples below.

Normally, when the male adjective ends in -ος, then the feminine ending will be -η and the neuter ending will be -ο.

– καλ-ός / καλ-ή / καλ-ό

  • Greek: Αυτός o δάσκαλος είναι πολύ καλός.
  • Romanization: Aftós o dáskalos íne polí kalós.
  • Translation: “This (masculine) teacher is very good.”
  • Greek: Αυτή ή δασκάλα είναι πολύ καλή.
  • Romanization: Aftí i daskála íne polí kalí.
  • Translation: “This (feminine) teacher is very good.”
  • Greek: Αυτό το παιδί είναι πολύ καλό.
  • Romanization: Aftó to pedí íne polí kaló.
  • Translation: “This kid is very good.”

In the same manner, indicatively, the following adjectives change their ending when referring to masculine, feminine, or neuter nouns:

ελεύθερος (eléftheros) — “free”
άρρωστος (árrostos) — “sick”
όμορφος (ómorfos) — “good-looking”
άσχημος (áschimos) — “ugly”
έξυπνος (éxipnos) — “smart”

Another common category of adjectives includes masculine adjectives ending in -ος, changing the feminine to -α and the neuter to -ο.

– άδει-ος / άδει-α / άδει-ο

  • Greek: Ο χώρος ήταν άδειος.
  • Romanization: O hóros ítan ádios.
  • Translation: “The space was empty.”
  • Greek: Η αίθουσα ήταν άδεια.
  • Romanization: I éthusa ítan ádia.
  • Translation: “The classroom was empty.”
  • Greek: Το κουτί ήταν άδειο.
  • Romanization: To kutí ítan ádio.
  • Translation: “The box was empty.”

In the same manner, indicatively, the following adjectives change their ending when referring to masculine, feminine, or neuter nouns:

ωραίος (oréos) — “nice”
άγριος (ágrios) — “wild”
γαλάζιος (galázios) — “light blue”
γελοίος (yelíos) — “ridiculous”
αιώνιος (eónios) — “eternal”

Another category of adjectives affected by the gender of the noun is as follows:

– βαθ-ύς / βαθ-ιά / βαθ-ύ

  • Greek: Ο βαθύς ποταμός.
  • Romanization: O vathís potamós.
  • Translation: “The deep river”
  • Greek: Η βαθιά λίμνη.
  • Romanization: I vathiá límni.
  • Translation: “The deep lake”
  • Greek: Το βαθύ πηγάδι.
  • Romanization: To vathí pigádi.
  • Translation: “The deep water well”

In the same manner, the following adjectives change their endings when defining masculine, feminine, or neuter nouns:

ελαφρύς (elafrís) — “light”
βαρύς (varís) — “heavy”
μακρύς (makrís) — “long”
πλατύς (platís) — “wide”
παχύς (pahís) — “thick”

If you’re interested in learning more about Greek adjectives, you’re in luck!

Just take a look at our article on the Top 100 Greek Adjectives. And if you feel like digging deeper into Greek grammar, check out lessons 13-17 of our Intermediate series.

6. Conclusion

Recognizing the gender of each noun in Greek isn’t easy. We get it. However, if you follow the above tips and tricks, you’ll be able to guess the gender of a noun or an adjective accurately in most cases. With experience, practice, and study, we’re sure you’ll soon become a master of Greek noun gender.

At GreekPod101.com, we aim to provide you with everything you need to know about the Greek language in a fun and interesting way. Stay tuned for more articles like this one, word lists, grammar tips, and even YouTube videos, which are waiting for you to discover them!

You can also upgrade to Premium Plus and take advantage of our MyTeacher program to learn Greek with your own personal teacher, who will answer any questions you might have!

In the meantime, is there a noun or adjective that troubles you? Let us know in the comments.

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Greek Life Events Phrases: Happy Birthday in Greek & More

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Ever wondered how to say Happy Birthday in Greek?

Well, now you can easily learn all the useful Greek phrases about various life events, brought to you in this article by GreekPod101.com.

Learning—and using—the most popular Greek life event messages, such as Merry Christmas in Greek and Happy New Year in Greek, can be a nice surprise for your Greek friends.

Let’s have a look at the most appropriate ready-to-use Greek congratulations phrases you can use for each of the following occasions.

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Table of Contents

  1. Birthday
  2. Pregnancy and Birth
  3. Graduation
  4. New Job or Promotion
  5. Retirement
  6. Wedding
  7. Death or Funeral
  8. Bad News
  9. Illness or Injury
  10. Holidays
  11. New Beginnings within the Year
  12. Acquiring Something New
  13. Meals
  14. Conclusion

1. Birthday

Happy Birthday

Greeks love birthdays and name-days. They often organize small feasts, during which all of their friends are gathered to celebrate. If you have a Greek friend, feel free to wish them a happy birthday in Greek by choosing one of the following Greek congratulations phrases.

Greek: Χρόνια πολλά!
Romanization: Hrónia polá!
Meaning: “Happy birthday!” / “Happy Name Day!” (Literally: [I wish you] many years [to live]!)

Greek: Και στα εκατό!
Romanization: Ke sta ekató!
Meaning: “(May you live) up to 100 years old!”

Greek: Να χαίρεσαι το όνομά σου!
Romanization: Na hérese to ónomá su!
Meaning: “Be happy for your name!”

Greek: Χρόνια πολλά, έστω και καθυστερημένα!
Romanization: Hrónia polá, ésto ke kathisteriména!
Meaning: “Happy belated birthday!” (Literally: Happy birthday, although belated!)

Greek: Να τα εκατοστήσεις!
Romanization: Na ta ekatostísis!
Meaning: “May you reach 100 years old!”

Greek: Να τα χιλιάσεις!
Romanization: Na ta hiliásis!
Meaning: “May you reach 1000 years old!”

Greek: Πολύχρονος (masculine) / Πολύχρονη (feminine)!
Romanization: Políhronos / Políhroni!
Meaning: “(May you be) long-lived!”

Greek: Ό,τι επιθυμείς!
Romanization: Ó,ti epithimís!
Meaning: “(May you get) everything you desire!”

2. Pregnancy and Birth

Talking about Age

Bringing a new human to life has always been a major event in Greece. Friends and family are really happy and tend to send gifts to the happy couple. However, unlike in other countries, Greeks do not organize baby showers.

Greek: Να σας ζήσει!
Romanization: Na sas zísi!
Meaning: “(May your baby) live long!”

Greek: Γερό και καλότυχο να είναι!
Romanization: Yeró ke kalótiho na íne!
Meaning: “(May the baby) be healthy and fortunate!”

Οther popular wishes usually said to pregnant women are shown below.

Greek: Με έναν πόνο!
Romanization: Me énan póno!
Meaning: “(May the baby come out) with one pain!”

Greek: Με το καλό!
Romanization: Me to kaló!
Meaning: “(God willing) everything will be fine!”
Additional Note: This can be used in many social situations since it’s a very generic way to wish for a positive outcome.

Greek: Καλή λευτεριά!
Romanization: Kalí lefteriá!
Meaning: “(I wish you) good freedom!”
Additional Note: This is a way of wishing a woman relief after her pregnancy.

3. Graduation

Basic Questions

Greece has one of the highest percentages of university graduates in Europe. Therefore, it’s common to celebrate one’s graduation from a university, usually with a big dinner with friends and family.

If you happen to have a friend who’s graduating, feel free to pick and use one of the following congratulations in Greek.

Greek: Συγχαρητήρια!
Romanization: Sinharitíria!
Meaning: “Congratulations!”

Greek: Και εις ανώτερα!
Romanization: Ke is anótera!
Meaning: “May you achieve greater things!”

Greek: Καλή πρόοδο!
Romanization: Kalí próodo!
Meaning: “(I wish you) good progress!”

All of the above phrases can be either formal or informal, and can be said or written in a card. In Greece, when a friend or a family member is graduating, it’s common to offer a present. It would be a nice surprise for your Greek friend to find some Greek wishes in the accompanying card!

4. New Job or Promotion

An Arrogant Businessman with a Crown

Getting a promotion is something that many people pursue, usually for many years. They deserve a happy wish, don’t they? You can choose and use one of the following.

Greek: Συγχαρητήρια για την προαγωγή σου!
Romanization: Sinharitíria ya tin proagoyí su!
Meaning: “Congratulations on your promotion!”

Greek: Σου εύχομαι καλή επιτυχία στη νέα σου θέση!
Romanization: Su éfhome kalí epitihía sti néa su thési!
Meaning: “I wish you good luck (lit. great success) on your new position!”

5. Retirement

An Aged Man Being Happy about Retirement

Retirement for some is the ultimate dream. Getting old isn’t pleasant. You get tired easier, and after so many years of work, retirement seems awesome.

Here’s an appropriate wish you can use when someone you know is retiring.

Greek: Τις καλύτερες ευχές μου για το νέο κεφάλαιο της ζωής σου!
Romanization: Tis kalíteres efhés mu ya to néo kefáleo tis zoís su!
Meaning: “Best wishes on your new chapter in life!”

6. Wedding

Marriage Proposal

Well, marriage is a big party, isn’t it? This is exactly what happens in Greece. The newlyweds normally organize a big feast after their marriage to celebrate their happiness with friends and family.

But what do you say at a Greek wedding? Below, you can find a wide variety of Greek wedding congratulations you can say to the happy couple!

Greek: Να ζήσετε!
Romanization: Na zísete!
Meaning: “(May you) live long!”

Greek: Βίον ανθόσπαρτον!
Romanization: Víon anthósparton!
Meaning: “(May your) life be full of flowers!”

Greek: Καλούς απογόνους!
Romanization: Kalús apogónus!
Meaning: “(May you have) good offspring!”

Greek: Η ώρα η καλή!
Romanization: I óra i kalí!
Meaning: “May the time of your marriage be good!”
Additional Note: This is said to the couple before getting married.

Greek: Και στα δικά σου!
Romanization: Ke sta diká su!
Meaning: “May you get married as well!”
Additional Note: This is said to the single people attending a wedding.

When the wedding party is over (or any other social gathering, really), the following expression is a very common thing for a host to say to his guests when they’re leaving:

Greek: Να πας (informal) / πάτε (formal, plural) στο καλό!
Romanization: Na pas / páte sto kaló!
Meaning: “Farewell!”
Additional Note: This is said to wish someone well when parting.

7. Death or Funeral

A Woman Mourning

A funeral in Greece comes with great grievance and it’s considered to be a major social event. Normally, funerals are organized in churches, since most Greeks are Orthodox Christians. If you need to express your condolences, you can select one of the following Greek funeral condolences.

Greek: Θεός ‘σχωρέστον! (masculine) / Θεός ‘σχωρέστην! (feminine)
Romanization: Theós ‘schoréston! / Theós ‘schoréstin!
Meaning: “May God forgive him / her!”

Greek: Ζωή σε εσάς! / Ζωή σε λόγου σας!
Romanization: Zoí se esás! / Zoí se lógu sas!
Meaning: “(May you) live long!”
Additional Note: This refers to the family of the deceased.

Greek: Να ζήσετε να τον / τη θυμάστε!
Romanization: Na zísete na ton / ti thimáste!
Meaning: “(May you) live long in order to remember him / her!”
Additional Note: This also refers to the family of the deceased.

Greek: (Τα) συλλυπητήριά (μου)!
Romanization: (Ta) silipitíriá (mu)!
Meaning: “(My) condolences!”

8. Bad News

A Woman Being Sad

Show your Greek friends that you care by using the following ready-to-use Greek condolences messages.

Greek: Λυπάμαι πολύ!
Romanization: Lipáme polí!
Meaning: “I am deeply sorry!”

Greek: Λυπάμαι πολύ για αυτό που συνέβη!
Romanization: Lipáme polí ya aftó pu sinévi!
Meaning: “I am deeply sorry for what happened!”

9. Illness or Injury

A Woman at the Hospital Being Visited by Her Children

In the unfortunate event of an injury or an illness, it’s considered kind to express your sympathy. You can easily do so with the following Greek phrases.

Greek: Περαστικά!
Romanization: Perastiká!
Meaning: “Get well soon!”

Greek: Καλή ανάρρωση!
Romanization: Kalí anárosi!
Meaning: “Have a good recovery!”

Greek: Σιδερένιος! (masculine) / Σιδερένια! (feminine)
Romanization: Siderénios! / Siderénia!
Meaning: “(Be) tough as iron (from now on)!”
Additional Note: This is usually said after a surgery or serious injury.

Greek: Να προσέχεις!
Romanization: Na proséhis!
Meaning: “Take care!”

10. Holidays

A Christmas Tree Next to a Fireplace

Holidays are all about kindness and gratitude. What do you write in a Greek Christmas card? How do you express good wishes for the holidays?

Here you can find the most popular holiday wishes, such as Merry Christmas in Greek or Happy New Year in Greek.

Greek: Καλά Χριστούγεννα!
Romanization: Kalá Hristúyena!
Meaning: “Merry Christmas!”

Greek: Καλή χρονιά!
Romanization: Kalí hroniá!
Meaning: “Happy New Year!”

Greek: Ευτυχισμένο το 2020!
Romanization: Eftihizméno to dío hiliádes íkosi!
Meaning: “Happy 2020!”

Greek: Καλή Πρωταπριλιά!
Romanization: Kalí Protapriliá!
Meaning: “Happy April Fool’s Day!”

Greek: Καλό Πάσχα!
Romanization: Kaló Páscha!
Meaning: “Happy Easter!”

11. New Beginnings within the Year

A Shuffling Calendar

Interestingly, Greeks tend to exchange wishes, even for minor events, like the beginning of a new month, or even the beginning of a new week. Have a look at the relevant phrases below.

Greek: Καλό μήνα!
Romanization: Kaló mína!
Meaning: “Have a good month!”

Greek: Καλή εβδομάδα!
Romanization: Kalí evdomáda!
Meaning: “Have a good week!”

Greek: Καλό Σαββατοκύριακο!
Romanization: Kaló Savatokíriako!
Meaning: “Have a good weekend!”

12. Acquiring Something New

A Woman Holding a Present

When a friend opens a new shop, or when they acquire something new, such as clothes, shoes, or even when they get a haircut, you might want to wish them the best. Here are some useful phrases for these situations.

Greek: Καλές δουλειές!
Romanization: Kalés duliés!
Meaning: “(May you have) good business!”
Additional Note: This can be said when attending the opening of a shop.

Greek: Με γεια!
Romanization: Me ya!
Meaning: “With health!”
Additional Note: This refers to a new acquisition, and is a wish for it to last. It’s a common expression for a new haircut or object.

Greek: Καλορίζικο!
Romanization: Kaloríziko!
Meaning: “I wish you to enjoy your new acquisition with good luck!”
Additional Note: This is often said when buying a house or opening up a store.

Greek: Καλοτάξιδο!
Romanization: Kalotáxido!
Meaning: “May it travel well!”
Additional Note: This is often said when getting a new car, boat, motorcycle, etc.).

13. Meals

A Group of Friends Eating Lunch

One of the most common occasions is having dinner with some friends. Ever wondered how to say “cheers” in Greek? Read below to find out.

Greek: Γεια μας!
Romanization: Ya mas!
Meaning: “Cheers!”

Greek: Άσπρο πάτο!
Romanization: Áspro páto!
Meaning: “Bottoms up!”

Greek: Γούρι!
Romanization: Gúri!
Meaning: “(That’s) good luck!”
Additional Note: This is usually said when someone spills some of their drink.

Greek: Θα καλοπαντρευτείς!
Romanization: Tha kalopandreftís!
Meaning: “You will have a fortunate marriage!”
Additional Note: This is usually said to someone when pouring the last drops of wine from a bottle or carafe into his or her glass.

Greek: Καλή όρεξη!
Romanization: Kalí óreksi!
Meaning: “Enjoy your meal!” (Literally: Bon appétit!)

14. Conclusion

Interested in getting to know more useful Greek phrases? Join us at GreekPod101.com!

It’s important to know most wishes in Greek language learning, as they’re an integral part of the Greek language. Many people use them when both speaking and writing.

As demonstrated in this article, most of these phrases are closely related to various historical or cultural aspects of the Greek lifestyle. By learning them, you’re more likely to avoid any potential misunderstandings, and you’ll sound like a native Greek speaker.

At GreekPod101.com, we can help you learn the Greek language beyond the basics in an interesting, motivating, and fun way. Articles like this one, word lists, grammar tips, and even YouTube videos, are waiting for you to discover them!

It’s easy, too! Start your free lifetime account today.

In the meantime, reader, let us know which of these life event messages you plan on trying out first! Good wishes for a relative’s wedding? Telling your Greek friend happy birthday in Greek? Let us know in the comments!

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Top 100 Modern Greek Adjectives List

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Adjectives are essential to every Greek learner, since they can describe the features and attributes of everything around us. In this blog post, GreekPod101.com aims to present you with a full list of all the basic adjectives you can use, in order to accurately describe all the objects or people that surround you.

When it comes to adjectives in Greek grammar, there are many suffixes that Greek adjectives may have depending on the gender of the noun they define. Usually, the Greek adjectives’ endings are:

  • or -ων if they are masculine
  • / / -ού if they are feminine
  • -ο / / / -ες / -ον if they are neuter

This is a generic rule for how to conjugate Greek adjectives, although there can be some exceptions. For example, adjectives that are common for the masculine and feminine gender, such as the ones ending in -ης or -ων.

From a syntax perspective (Greek adjective placement), adjectives in Greek are usually placed before the noun they describe, like in English. They can also follow the noun in some cases. However, that’s less common, and they need to be preceded by the definite article in such cases.

Now that we have the basics out of the way, we can start to learn Greek adjectives and move on to our modern Greek adjectives list!

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Table of Contents

  1. Describing Dimensions, Sizes, Weight & Distance
  2. Describing Value
  3. Describing Feeling & Sense
  4. Describing Personality Traits & Human Behavior
  5. Describing Speed, Difficulty & Importance
  6. Describing Colors
  7. Describing Shapes & Textures
  8. Describing the Weather
  9. Describing Taste
  10. Describing a Situation
  11. Describing a Physical Trait or a Physical Condition
  12. Describing Appearance or Condition
  13. Conclusion

1. Describing Dimensions, Sizes, Weight & Distance

Let’s start with the most common Greek adjectives: those that describe things like dimensions and distance!

A an Lifting a Small, Yet Heavy Box

  • μεγάλος (megálos) – “big”
  • μικρός (mikrós) – “small”

Example:
Greek: Αυτό είναι ένα μεγάλο / μικρό κουτί.
Romanization: Aftó íne éna megálo / mikró kutí.
Meaning: “This is a big / small box.”

  • φαρδύς (fardís) – “wide”
  • στενός (stenós) – “narrow”

Example:
Greek: Ο δρόμος είναι φαρδύς / στενός.
Romanization: O drómos íne fardís / stenós.
Meaning: “The road is wide / narrow.”

  • ψηλός (psilós) – “tall”
  • κοντός (kondós) – “short”

Example:
Greek: Αυτό είναι ένα ψηλό / κοντό δέντρο.
Romanization: Aftó íne éna psiló / kondó dédro.
Meaning: “This is a tall / short tree.”

  • βαρύς (varís) – “heavy”
  • ελαφρύς (elafrís) – “light”

Example:
Greek: Η καρέκλα είναι βαριά / ελαφριά.
Romanization: I karékla íne variá / elafriá.
Meaning: “The chair is heavy / light.”

  • κοντινός (kondinós) – “close”
  • μακρινός (makrinós) – “far”

Example:
Greek: Η Ελλάδα είναι ένας κοντινός / μακρινός προορισμός.
Romanization: I Eláda íne énas kondinós / makrinós proorizmós.
Meaning: “Greece is a close / far away destination.”

2. Describing Value

Most Common Adjectives

  • καλός (kalós) – “good”
  • κακός (kakós) – “bad”
  • εξαιρετικός (exeretikós) – “exceptional”
  • απαίσιος (apésios) – “awful”
  • μέτριος (métrios) – “mediocre”

Example:
Greek: Αυτό το εστιατόριο είναι καλό / κακό / εξαιρετικό / απαίσιο / μέτριο.
Romanization: Aftó to estiatório íne kaló / kakó / ekseretikó / apésio / métrio.
Meaning:This restaurant is good / bad / exceptional / awful / mediocre.”

3. Describing Feeling & Sense

Improve Pronunciation

  • κρύος (kríos) – “cold”
  • ζεστός (zestós) – “warm”
  • καυτός (kaftós) – “hot”
  • παγωμένος (pagoménos) – “frozen”

Example:
Greek: Ο καφές μου είναι κρύος / ζεστός / καυτός / παγωμένος.
Romanization: O kafés mu íne kríos / zestós / kaftós / pagoménos.
Meaning: “My coffee is cold / warm / hot / frozen.”

  • μαλακός (malakós) – “soft”
  • σκληρός (sklirós) – “hard”

Example:
Greek: Το ψωμί είναι μαλακό / σκληρό.
Romanization: To psomí íne malakó / skliró.
Meaning: “The bread is soft / hard.”

  • ανώδυνος (anódinos) – “painless”
  • επώδυνος (epódinos) – “painful”

Example:
Greek: Αυτή η επέμβαση είναι ανώδυνη / επώδυνη.
Romanization: Aftí i epémvasi íne anódini / epódini.
Meaning: “This procedure is painful / painless.”

4. Describing Personality Traits & Human Behavior

A Happy and a Sad Face Sketched on Pieces of Paper

Positive Traits

  • καλός (kalós) – “good”
  • ευγενικός (evyenikós) – “kind”
  • φιλικός (filikós) – “friendly”
  • χαρούμενος (harúmenos) – “happy”
  • αστείος (astíos) – “funny”

Example:
Greek: Η γυναίκα του είναι καλή / ευγενική / φιλική / χαρούμενη / αστεία.
Romanization: Ι ginéka tu íne kalí / evyenikí / filikí / harúmeni / astía.
Meaning: “His wife is good / kind / friendly / happy / funny.”

Negative Traits

  • κακός (kakós) – “bad”
  • θυμωμένος (thimoménos) – “angry”
  • αγενής (ayenís) – “rude”
  • μοναχικός (monahikós) – “lonely”
  • οξύθυμος (oxíthimos) – “irritable”

Example:
Greek: Ο αδερφός της είναι κακός / θυμωμένος / αγενής / μοναχικός / οξύθυμος.
Romanization: O aderfós tis íne kakós / thimoménos / ayenís / monahikós / oxíthimos.
Meaning:Her brother is bad / angry / rude / lonely / irritable.”

5. Describing Speed, Difficulty & Importance

  • γρήγορος (grígoros) – “fast”
  • αργός (argós) – “slow”

Example:
Greek: Το καινούριο του αυτοκίνητο είναι γρήγορο / αργό.
Romanization: To kenúrio tu aftokínito íne grígoro / argó.
Meaning: “His new car is fast / slow.”

  • εύκολος (éfkolos) – “easy”
  • δύσκολος (dískolos) – “difficult”
  • σημαντικός (simandikós) – “important”
  • ασήμαντος (asímandos) – “unimportant”
  • ακατόρθωτος (akatórthotos) – “impossible”

Example:
Greek: Η εργασία ήταν εύκολη / δύσκολη / σημαντική / ασήμαντη / ακατόρθωτη.
Romanization: I ergasía ítan éfkoli / dískoli / simandikí / asímandi / akatórthoti.
Meaning: “The assignment was easy / difficult / important / unimportant / impossible.”

6. Describing Colors

Powders of Many Different Colors

  • κόκκινο (kókino) – “red”
  • μπλε (ble) – “blue”
  • πράσινο (prásino) – “green”
  • κίτρινο (kítrino) – “yellow”
  • καφέ (kafé) – “brown”
  • μαύρο (mávro) – “black”
  • άσπρο (áspro) – “white”
  • πορτοκαλί (portokalí) – “orange”
  • ροζ (roz) – “pink”
  • γκρι (gri) – “gray”
  • μωβ (mov) – “purple”
  • ασημί (asimí) – “silver”
  • χρυσό (hrisó) – “golden”

The adjectives below are either used independently or in combination with one of the colors above.

  • σκούρο (skúro) – “dark”
  • ανοιχτό (anihtó) – “light”
  • έντονο (éndono) – “vivid”

Example:
Greek: Το τριαντάφυλλο είναι σκούρο κόκκινο και τα φύλλα του είναι έντονο πράσινο.
Romanization: To triandáfilo íne skúro kókino ke ta fíla tu íne éndono prásino.
Meaning: “The rose is dark red and its leaves are vivid green.”

7. Describing Shapes & Textures

Different Shapes on Cards

  • κυκλικό (kiklikó) – “round”
  • κυλινδρικό (kilindrikó) – “cylindrical”
  • τετραγωνισμένο (tetragonizméno) – “square”
  • κοφτερό (kofteró) – “edgy” / “sharp”
  • τραχύς (trahís) – “rough”

Example:
Greek: Το τραπέζι στην αυλή είναι κυκλικό / κυλινδρικό / τετραγωνισμένο / κοφτερό / τραχύ.
Romanization: To trapézi stin avlí íne kiklikó / kilindrikó / tetragonizméno / kofteró / trahí.
Meaning: “The table in the yard is round / cylindrical / square / edgy / rough.”

8. Describing the Weather

  • ηλιόλουστος (iliólustos) – “sunny”
  • βροχερός (vroherós) – “rainy”
  • συννεφιασμένος (sinefiazménos) – “cloudy”
  • ζεστός (zestós) – “warm”
  • κρύος (kríos) – “cold”
  • άστατος (ástatos) – “fickle”
  • ήπιος (ípios) – “mild”

Example:
Greek: Ο καιρός σήμερα είναι ηλιόλουστος / βροχερός / συννεφιασμένος / ζεστός / κρύος / άστατος / ήπιος.
Romanization: O kerós símera íne iliólustos / vroherós / sinefiazménos / zestós / kríos / ástatos / ípios.
Meaning: “The weather today is sunny / rainy / cloudy / warm / cold / fickle / mild.”

The weather in Greece is typically temperate, with warm to hot summers and mild winters. Talking about the weather is a great conversation starter. You can learn every little detail about describing the weather in Greek in our relevant blog post.

9. Describing Taste

The Reaction of a Woman While Tasting a Lemon

  • γλυκό (glikó) – “sweet”
  • αλμυρό (almiró) – “salty”
  • ξινό (xinó) – “sour”
  • πικρό (pikró) – “bitter”
  • καυτερό (kafteró) – “spicy”
  • νόστιμο (nóstimo) – “tasty”
  • τραγανό (traganó) – “crispy”
  • ανάλατο (análato) – “unsalted”

Example:
Greek: Το φαγητό είναι γλυκό / αλμυρό / ξινό / πικρό / καυτερό / νόστιμο / τραγανό / ανάλατο.
Romanization: To fayitó íne glikó / almiró / ksinó / pikró / kafteró / nóstimo / traganó / análato.
Meaning: “The food is sweet / salty / sour / bitter / spicy / tasty / crispy / unsalted.”

10. Describing a Situation

  • επικίνδυνο (epikíndino) – “dangerous”
  • ακίνδυνο (akíndino) – “safe” / “harmless”
  • βαρετό (varetó) – “boring”
  • διασκεδαστικό (diaskedastikó) – “fun” / “entertaining”
  • ασφαλές (asfalés) – “safe”

Example:
Greek: Αυτό το ταξίδι είναι επικίνδυνο / ακίνδυνο / βαρετό / διασκεδαστικό / ασφαλές.
Romanization: Aftó to taxídi íne epikíndino / akíndino / varetó / diaskedastikó / asfalés.
Meaning: “This trip is dangerous / safe / boring / fun / safe.”

11. Describing a Physical Trait or a Physical Condition

A Couple of Elderly People Having Fun at the Beach

  • νέος (néos) – “new” / “young” for people
  • ηλικιωμένος (ilikioménos) – “old” for people

Example:
Greek: Ο εγγονός είναι νέος, ενώ ο παππούς είναι ηλικιωμένος.
Romanization: O engonós íne néos, enó o papús íne ilikioménos.
Meaning: “The grandchild is young, while the grandfather is old.”

  • καινούργιος (kenúrios) – “new” for objects
  • παλιός (paliós) – “old” for objects

Example:
Greek: Αυτό το βιβλίο είναι καινούργιο / παλιό.
Romanization: Aftó to vivlío íne kenúrio / palió.
Meaning: “This book is new / old.”

  • γέρικος (gérikos) – “old” for animals

Example:
Greek: Το άλογο ήταν γέρικο και περπατούσε με δυσκολία.
Romanization: To álogo ítan yériko ke perpatúse me diskolía.
Meaning: “The horse was old and could barely walk.”

  • δυνατός (dinatós) – “strong”
  • αδύναμος (adínamos) – “weak”

Example:
Greek: Ο φίλος μου είναι πολύ δυνατός / αδύναμος.
Romanization: O fílos mu íne polí dinatós / adínamos.
Meaning: “My friend is very strong / weak.”

  • υγιής (iyiís) – “healthy”
  • άρρωστος (árostos) – “sick”

Example:
Greek: Ο σκύλος μου είναι υγιής / άρρωστος.
Romanization: O skílos mu íne iyiís / árrostos.
Meaning: “My dog is healthy / sick.”

12. Describing Appearance or Condition

Reading

  • όμορφος (ómorfos) – “handsome”
  • γοητευτικός (goiteftikós) – “charming”
  • χαριτωμένος (haritoménos) – “pretty” / “cute”
  • χοντρός (hondrós) – “fat”
  • αδύνατος (adínatos) – “slim” / “thin”
  • φτωχός (ftohós) – “poor”
  • πλούσιος (plúsios) – “rich”
  • γυμνασμένος (gimnazménos) – “trained”
  • αγύμναστος (ayímnastos) – “untrained”
  • μυώδης (miódis) – “muscular”

Example:
Greek: Ο σύντροφός της είναι όμορφος / γοητευτικός / χαριτωμένος / χοντρός / αδύνατος / φτωχός / πλούσιος / γυμνασμένος / αγύμναστος / μυώδης.
Romanization: O síntrofos tis íne ómorfos goiteftikós / haritoménos / hondrós / adínatos / ftohós / plúsios / gimnazménos / agímnastos / miódis.
Meaning: “Her boyfriend is handsome / charming / cute / fat / thin / poor / rich / trained / untrained / muscular.”

13. Conclusion

Learning how to describe features, attributes, and personality traits is essential when learning a new language. Definitely, Greek grammar complicates things, since adjectives are adjusted according to the gender, number, and case of the noun they refer to. However, the general rule demonstrated at the beginning of this article will help you tell the gender of an adjective most of the time.

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You can also upgrade to Premium Plus and take advantage of our MyTeacher program to learn Greek with your own personal teacher, who will answer any questions you might have!

In the meantime, can you think of another adjective not included in this list? Let us know in the comments and we’ll surely inform you about its Greek equivalent!

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Greek Mythology and Greek-Related Netflix Shows

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Netflix has been a huge hit over the past few years, offering a wide range of movies and TV shows. In this blog post, we’ll present you with some Greek mythology and Greek culture-related movies and TV series, which you can watch on Netflix.

Watching Greek-related movies and TV series can enhance your knowledge of Greek culture, which is really important when seeking to master the language. Getting in touch with the ancient Greek religion and the modern culture will definitely help you digest the Greek language more easily.

Unfortunately, there aren’t many of them available on Netflix, but with its rapid expansion, new content is added all the time.

So, let’s have a look at the Greek-related movies and TV series that are available on Netflix! Consider this our Greek Netflix guide!

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Table of Contents

  1. Troy (2004)
  2. Troy: Fall of a City ( TV series 2018 )
  3. Clash of the Titans (2010)
  4. Spartacus (2010-2013)
  5. Hercules (1997)
  6. Πρόμαχος (Prómahos) (2014)
  7. Greek Mythology Facts
  8. Conclusion

1. Troy (2004)

Troy is a famous 2004 movie, which can also be found on Netflix under its Greek name Τροία (Tría).

This is an epic period film based on Homer’s masterpiece, Iliad, and is one of the most popular Greek Netflix movies. Its cast is superb, with Brad Pitt, Eric Bana, and Orlando Bloom starring in this adventure.

The film focuses on the invasion of the Greek United Forces in the city of Troy, due to the taking of Helen, who was the wife of Menelaos—the king of Mycenaean Sparta.

One of the characteristic quotes from this movie is presented below.

Hector: “All my life I’ve lived by a code and the code is simple: honor the gods, love your woman, and defend your country. Troy is mother to us all. Fight for her!

2. Troy: Fall of a City ( TV series, 2018 )

If you feel like digging into the story of the mythical Trojan War a little bit more, this series might be exactly what you’re looking for.

You can also find it under its Greek name: Τροία: Η πτώση μιας πόλης (Tría: I ptósi mias pólis).

This TV series is based on the same story as the movie Troy (2004), but is far more detailed. When it comes to Greek history, Netflix shows like this one are great material.

3. Clash of the Titans (2010)

Want to learn about Greek mythology on Netflix? This movie is all about Greek mythology, as Titans were worshipped as part of the ancient Greek religion.

The plot wraps around Perseus, a demigod who is a son of Zeus, and his battle against the minions of the underworld. He aims to stop them from conquering the Heaven and Earth.

The casting of this Greek mythology Netflix film is highly respectable as it consists of Sam Worthington, Liam Neeson, and Ralph Fiennes.

One of the most iconic quotes of this movie is the moment when Zeus screams: “Release the Kraken!

4. Spartacus (2010-2013)

Spartacus, or Σπάρτακος (Spártakos) in Greek, is one of the most popular TV series of its genre. However, it’s not genuinely Greek, as it takes place in the ancient Roman Empire.

You’re probably wondering what its connection is with Greek culture. First and foremost, Greece at some point became part of the Roman Empire and the Romans left a significant impact on ancient Greek culture. Secondly, this is the story of a Greek gladiator from the Thrace region, who lead a rebellion against the Romans.

One of the most characteristic dialogue lines of the series is presented below:

Spartacus: “Is this my destiny? Blood and death?”
Sura: “You have always been destined for unfortunate things.”

5. Hercules (1997)

Who hasn’t watched the all-time classic Hercules?

This is one of the most popular Disney animation movies of the 90s, and it focuses on the ancient Greek myth of Hercules.

According to the myth, Hercules was a demigod, a son of Zeus. This joyful animated movie wraps around Hercules’ adventures and his constant battle against Hades, who wants to destroy Hercules and all the Olympian Gods.

The main story of this movie is represented by this quote:

Zeus: “For a true hero isn’t measured by the size of his strength, but by the strength of his heart.”

6. Πρόμαχος (Prómahos) (2014)

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This Greek drama Netflix movie focuses on the struggle of two Greek attorneys, who pursue the return of the Parthenon Marbles, also known as the Elgin Marbles, from England.

Interestingly, the name of the movie Πρόμαχος (Prómahos), refers to a bronze statue of Athena Promachos, which used to guard the entrance of Parthenon. This is presented as an allegory for the persistence of the two attorneys, who try to guard the Greek culture by returning the Marbles to their home.

7. Greek Mythology Facts

Improve Pronunciation

Most of the Netflix Greek mythology movies include the main Greek mythological characters, widely known as the Twelve Olympian Gods. In order to understand these movies even better, let’s take a look at a short presentation of each Greek mythology god, below.

  • Δίας (Días) — Zeus
    Zeus is the king of the gods, husband and brother to Hera, and famous for his love affairs. He’s the child of the titans Cronus and Rhea. His symbol is the thunderbolt, and he’s considered to be the most powerful god amongst the Olympians.
  • Ήρα (Íra) — Hera
    Hera is the wife of Zeus and therefore the queen of the Olympian Gods. She’s the goddess of marriage and protector of the family. As mentioned above, she is not only the wife of Zeus, but also his sister. Due to the erratic love life of Zeus, Hera is often presented as jealous and vengeful.
  • Ποσειδώνας (Posidónas) — Poseidon
    Poseidon is the brother of Zeus and Hera and protector of the seas. His symbol is often the trident, whereas he is often also considered responsible for any natural disasters, such as earthquakes and floods.
  • Δήμητρα (Dímitra) — Demeter
    Demeter is the goddess of agriculture, harvest, and fertility. She is a sister and a lover of Zeus and Poseidon. Her symbol is often the poppy or the wheat.
  • Αθηνά (Athiná) — Athena
    Athena is a daughter of Zeus, and as the myth describes, she emerged from her father’s head. She is the goddess of wisdom and knowledge, and is always wearing full battle armor.
  • Απόλλωνας (Apólonas) — Apollo
    Apollo is a son of Zeus and the twin brother of Artemis. He is the god of light, inspiration, and the arts. His symbol is the sun.
  • Άρτεμις (Ártemis) — Artemis
    Artemis is the twin sister of Apollo and the goddess of the hunt. Her symbol is often a deer or an arch.
  • Άρης (Áris) — Ares
    Ares is a legitimate child of Zeus and Hera. He is the god of war and violence. His symbol is often a boar or a spear.
  • Αφροδίτη (Aphrodíti) — Aphrodite
    Aphrodite is also a child of Zeus and is a famous goddess of love and beauty. She is married to Hephaestus, though she also had numerous love affairs. In addition, her presence is strong among Roman gods, as she is referred to as Venus.
  • Ήφαιστος (Ífestos) — Hephaestus
    Hephaestus is the favorite son of Hera and is widely known as the god of craftsmanship. He is the master blacksmith of the gods, after all.
  • Ερμής (Ermís) — Hermes
    Hermes is another son of Zeus, with the nymph Maia. He is the messenger of the gods and is always wearing his winged sandals, which allow him to fly. He is the god of travel, commerce, and communications.
  • Διόνυσος (Diónisos) — Dionysus
    Dionysus is a son of Zeus with Semele. He is the god of wine, festivity, and theatre. In ancient Greece, many festivals were organized in his name.

8. Conclusion

They say that you can’t completely understand a language until you get to learn about the culture behind it. By watching movies related to Greek mythology and history, you can achieve exactly that!

Movies allow you to see how people live in Greece now, as well as in the past. Indeed, this might be the most magical part of learning—understanding a new way of life, including customs and cultural characteristics. When it comes to many aspects of Greek life, Netflix movies like the ones above can be a useful learning tool!

Take a step closer to your language-learning goals today.

GreekPod101.com is here to help!

Take a look at our Greek Movies blog post, as well as our Greek TV Shows article, and take a step further toward mastering Greek in a fun and entertaining way.

At GreekPod101.com, we aim to provide you with everything you need to know about the Greek language in a fun and interesting way. Stay tuned for more articles like this one, word lists, grammar tips, and even YouTube videos, which are waiting for you to discover them!

Are you a fan of Greek mythology Netflix movies? If you’ve watched any of the aforementioned movies, we’d love to hear your thoughts in the comments section below. 😉

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