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Top 100 Common Greek Verbs: A Complete Handbook

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When it comes to Greek verbs, many people focus only on the grammar aspect, neglecting to really expand their vocabulary. 

In this blog post, we aim to provide you with the top 100 most essential Greek verbs. In order to achieve this, we’ve divided the verbs into meaningful categories and have provided an example of how to use each one. 

This is your ultimate guide to the huge variety of Greek verbs! 

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Useful Verbs in Greek Table of Contents
  1. An Introduction to Greek Verbs Usage
  2. Greek Verbs of Motion
  3. Sport-Related Verbs
  4. Verbs of Communication
  5. Study-Related Verbs
  6. Verbs of the Mind
  7. Verbs of Sentiments
  8. Auxiliary Verbs
  9. Linking (or Copular) Verbs
  10. Conclusion

1. An Introduction to Greek Verbs Usage

Top Verbs

From a grammar perspective, Greek verbs present two major conjugations: Conjugation A and Conjugation B. 

Conjugation A includes verbs ending in:

  • -ω | Active Voice
  • -ομαι | Passive Voice

e.g. λύν-ω / λύν-ομαι

Conjugation B includes verbs ending in: 

  • -ώ | Active Voice
  • -ιέμαι / – ούμαι | Passive Voice

e.g. αγαπ-ώ / αγαπ-ιέμαι | θεωρώ / θεωρ-ούμαι

In order to understand the Greek verb conjugation rules in depth, you can take a look at our relevant article.

From a syntax perspective, Greek verbs are placed similarly to how they are in English syntax, following the SVO (Subject – Verb – Object) rule. However, what intrigues most students is that the subject may be omitted, especially if it’s a personal pronoun. This phenomenon is very common in the Greek language since the suffix of the verb usually reveals the subject. 

In the examples demonstrated below, you’ll be able to familiarize yourself with Greek language verb conjugation, as well as the syntax of each sentence.

2. Greek Verbs of Motion

More Essential Verbs
1Greek: πηγαίνω
Romanization: piyéno
Translation: “to go”
Example:

Greek: Κάθε μέρα πηγαίνω στη δουλειά.
Romanization: Káthe méra piyéno sti duliá.
Translation: “Every day, I go to work.”
2Greek: παίρνω
Romanization: pérno
Translation: “to get” / “to take”
Example:

Greek: Παίρνω παντού το κινητό μου μαζί μου.
Romanization: Pérno padú to kinitó mu mazí mu.
Translation: “I take my mobile phone everywhere with me.”
3Greek: φτιάχνω
Romanization: ftiáhno
Translation: “to make”
Example:

Greek: Η μητέρα μου φτιάχνει τυρόπιτα.
Romanization: I mitéra mu ftiáhni tirópita.
Translation: “My mother is making cheese pie.”
4Greek: κάνω
Romanization: káno
Translation: “to do”
Example:

Greek: Θα κάνω ό,τι μου πεις.
Romanization: Tha káno ó,ti mu pis.
Translation: “I will do whatever you tell me.”
5Greek: δουλεύω
Romanization: dulévo
Translation: “to work”
Example:

Greek: Συνήθως δουλεύω πέντε ημέρες την εβδομάδα.
Romanization: Siníthos dulévo pénde iméres tin evdomáda.
Translation: “Normally, I work five days per week.”
6Greek: βάζω
Romanization: vázo
Translation: “to put”
Example:

Greek: Βάλε το παγωτό στην κατάψυξη.
Romanization: Vále to pagotó stin katápsixi.
Translation: “Put the ice cream in the freezer.”
7Greek: βοηθώ
Romanization: voithó
Translation: “to help”
Example:

Greek: Μπορείς να με βοηθήσεις λίγο;
Romanization: Borís na me voithísis lígo?
Translation: “Could you help me a bit?”
8Greek: μετακινώ
Romanization: metakinó
Translation: “to move something”
Example:

Greek: Αν μετακινήσουμε λίγο το τραπέζι, θα υπάρχει περισσότερος χώρος.
Romanization: An metakinísume lígo to trapézi, tha ipárhi perisóteros hóros.
Translation: “If we move the table a bit, there will be more space.”
9Greek: ακολουθώ
Romanization: akoluthó
Translation: “to follow”
Example:

Greek: Παρακαλώ ακολουθήστε με, για να σας δείξω το δωμάτιό σας.
Romanization: Parakaló akoluthíste me, ya na sas díxo to domátió sas.
Translation: “Please follow me so I can show you your room.”
10Greek: αλλάζω
Romanization: alázo
Translation: “to change”
Example:

Greek: Ο καιρός άλλαξε πολύ γρήγορα.
Romanization: O kerós álaxe polí grígora.
Translation: “The weather changed very quickly.”
11Greek: ψάχνω
Romanization: psáhno
Translation: “to search” / “to look for”
Example:

Greek: Αυτό που ψάχνω είναι καλά κρυμμένο.
Romanization: Aftó pu psáhno íne kalá kriméno.
Translation: “What I am looking for is well-hidden.”
12Greek: οργανώνω
Romanization: organóno
Translation: “to organize”
Example:

Greek: Οργάνωσα τα ρούχα στην ντουλάπα μου.
Romanization: Orgánosa ta rúha stin dulápa mu.
Translation: “I organized the clothes in my wardrobe.”
13Greek: πιάνω
Romanization: piáno
Translation: “to catch” / “to grip”
Example:

Greek: Πιάσε με, αν μπορείς!
Romanization: Piáse me, an borís!
Translation: “Catch me if you can!”
14Greek: ακουμπάω / ακουμπώ
Romanization: akumbáo / akumbó
Translation: “to touch”
Example:

Greek: Δεν μου αρέσει να με ακουμπάνε.
Romanization: Den mu arési na me akumbáne.
Translation: “I don’t like to be touched.”
15Greek: κάθομαι
Romanization: káthome
Translation: “to sit”
Example:

Greek: Στον κινηματογράφο μου αρέσει να κάθομαι στην τελευταία σειρά.
Romanization: Ston kinimatográfo mu arési na káthome stin teleftéa sirá.
Translation: “At the cinema, I like to sit in the last row.”
16Greek: σηκώνομαι
Romanization: sikónome
Translation: “to get/stand up”
Example:

Greek: Τώρα θα σηκωθώ, για να πάω για τρέξιμο.
Romanization: Τóra tha sikothó, ya na páo ya tréximo.
Translation: “Now I will get up in order to go running.”
17Greek: ανοίγω
Romanization: anígo
Translation: “to open”
Example:

Greek: Μπορείς να ανοίξεις το παράθυρο, σε παρακαλώ;
Romanization: Borís na aníxis to paráthiro, se parakaló?
Translation: “Can you open the window, please?”
18Greek: κλείνω
Romanization: klíno
Translation: “to close”
Example:

Greek: Μπορείς να κλείσεις την πόρτα, σε παρακαλώ;
Romanization: Borís na klísis tin pórta, se parakaló?
Translation: “Can you close the door, please?”
19Greek: κόβω
Romanization: kóvo
Translation: “to cut”
Example:

Greek: Όταν μαγειρεύω, κόβω τα λαχανικά σε μικρά κομμάτια.
Romanization: Ótan mayirévo, kóvo ta lahaniká se mikrá komátia.
Translation: “When I cook, I cut the vegetables into small pieces.”
20Greek: κουβαλάω / κουβαλώ
Romanization: kuvaláo / kuvaló
Translation: “to carry”
Example:

Greek: Αυτό είναι πολύ βαρύ. Θα με βοηθήσεις να το κουβαλήσουμε;
Romanization: Aftó íne polí varí. Tha me voithísis na to kuvalísume?
Translation: “This is too heavy. Will you help me carry it?”
21Greek: κρατώ
Romanization: krató
Translation: “to hold” / “to keep”
Example:

Greek: Το παιδί κρατούσε σφιχτά το χέρι της μητέρας του.
Romanization: To pedí kratúse sfihtá to héri tis mitéras tu.
Translation: “The kid was holding tight to his mother’s hand.”
22Greek: πατάω / πατώ
Romanization: patáo / pató
Translation: “to press”
Example:

Greek: Πατήστε οποιοδήποτε κουμπί, για να συνεχίσετε.
Romanization: Patíste opiodípote kubí, ya na sinehísete.
Translation: “Press any button to continue.”
23Greek: πέφτω
Romanization: péfto
Translation: “to fall”
Example:

Greek: Αν πέσεις από εκεί, θα τραυματιστείς.
Romanization: An pésis apó ekí, tha travmatistís.
Translation: “If you fall from there, you’ll get injured.”
24Greek: τρώω
Romanization: tróo
Translation: “to eat”
Example:

Greek: Από κρέας τρώω μόνο κοτόπουλο.
Romanization: Apó kréas tróo móno kotópulo.
Translation: “As for meat, I only eat chicken.”
25Greek: πίνω
Romanization: píno
Translation: “to drink”
Example:

Greek: Δεν πίνω αλκοόλ.
Romanization: Den píno alkoól.
Translation: “I don’t drink alcohol.”

3. Sport-Related Verbs

Kids in Sports Clothes Running in a Field
26Greek: περπατάω / περπατώ
Romanization: perpatáo / perpató
Translation: “to walk”
Example:

Greek: Στόχος μου είναι να περπατώ για τουλάχιστον δύο χιλιόμετρα κάθε μέρα.
Romanization: Stóhos mu íne na perpató ya tuláhiston dío hiliómetra káthe méra.
Translation: “My goal is to walk for at least two kilometers every day.”
27Greek: τρέχω
Romanization: trého
Translation: “to run”
Example:

Greek: Μου αρέσει να τρέχω στην εξοχή.
Romanization: Mu arési na trého stin exohí.
Translation: “I like running in the countryside.”
28Greek: πηδάω / πηδώ
Romanization: pidáo / pidó
Translation: “to jump”
Example:

Greek: Ο αθλητής πηδούσε τα εμπόδια με ευκολία.
Romanization: O athlitís pidúse ta embódia me efkolía.
Translation: “The athlete was jumping over the obstacles with ease.”
29Greek: παίζω
Romanization: pézo
Translation: “to play”
Example:

Greek: Ο γιος μου μπορεί να παίζει ποδόσφαιρο όλη μέρα.
Romanization: O yos mu borí na pézi podósfero óli méra.
Translation: “My son could play football all day long.”
30Greek: σκαρφαλώνω
Romanization: skarfalóno
Translation: “to climb”
Example:

Greek: Όταν ήμουν μικρός, μου άρεσε να σκαρφαλώνω σε δέντρα.
Romanization: Ótan ímun mikrós, mu árese na skarfalóno se dédra.
Translation: “When I was young, I used to like climbing on trees.”
31Greek: κολυμπάω / κολυμπώ
Romanization: kolimbáo / kolimbó
Translation: “to swim”
Example:

Greek: Το καλοκαίρι κολυμπάω στη θάλασσα κάθε μέρα.
Romanization: To kalokéri kolimbáo sti thálasa káthe méra.
Translation: “During the summer, I swim in the sea every day.”
32Greek: αθλούμαι
Romanization: athlúme
Translation: “to exercise”
Example:

Greek: Αθλούμαι καθημερινά, για να διατηρούμαι σε φόρμα.
Romanization: Athlúme kathimeriná, ya na diatirúme se fórma.
Translation: “I exercise everyday in order to stay fit.”
33Greek: κερδίζω
Romanization: kerdízo
Translation: “to win”
Example:

Greek: Η ομάδα που θα κερδίσει θα περάσει στον τελικό.
Romanization: I omáda pu tha kerdísi tha perási ston telikó.
Translation: “The team that wins will proceed to the finals.”
34Greek: χάνω
Romanization: háno
Translation: “to lose”
Example:

Greek: Η ομάδα που θα χάσει θα αποκλειστεί.
Romanization: I omáda pu tha hási tha apoklistí.
Translation: “The team that loses will be eliminated.”

4. Verbs of Communication

A Man in Casual Clothes Explaining Something to Another Man
35Greek: επικοινωνώ
Romanization: epikinonó
Translation: “to communicate”
Example:

Greek: Η δουλειά μου είναι να επικοινωνώ καθημερινά με πελάτες.
Romanization: I duliá mu íne na epikinonó kathimeriná me pelátes.
Translation: “My job is to communicate with customers daily.”
36Greek: λέω
Romanization: léo
Translation: “to tell”
Example:

Greek: Πάντα λέω αυτό που σκέφτομαι.
Romanization: Pánda léo aftó pu skéftome.
Translation: “I always say what I am thinking.”
37Greek: μιλάω / μιλώ
Romanization: miláo / miló
Translation: “to talk”
Example:

Greek: Πρέπει να μιλήσουμε.
Romanization: Prépi na milísume.
Translation: “We need to talk.”
38Greek: ρωτάω / ρωτώ
Romanization: rotáo / rotó
Translation: “to ask”
Example:

Greek: Αν δεν καταλαβαίνεις κάτι, απλώς ρώτα με.
Romanization: An den katalavénis káti, aplós róta me.
Translation: “If you don’t understand something, just ask me.”
39Greek: συζητάω / συζητώ
Romanization: sizitáo / sizitó
Translation: “to discuss”
Example:

Greek: Θα πρέπει να συζητάμε όλα τα προβλήματα και να βρίσκουμε λύσεις.
Romanization: Tha prépi na sizitáme óla ta provlímata ke na vrískume lísis.
Translation: “We will have to discuss all problems and find solutions.”
40Greek: φωνάζω
Romanization: fonázo
Translation: “to yell”
Example:

Greek: Δεν χρειάζεται να φωνάζεις. Το κατάλαβα.
Romanization: Den hriázete na fonázis. To katálava.
Translation: “There’s no need to yell. I got it.”
41Greek: ανακοινώνω
Romanization: anakinóno
Translation: “to announce”
Example:

Greek: Θα θέλαμε να σας ανακοινώσουμε ότι παντρευόμαστε.
Romanization: Tha thélame na sas anakinósume óti pandrevómaste.
Translation: “We would like to announce that we’re getting married.”
42Greek: απαντάω / απαντώ
Romanization: apandáo / apandó
Translation: “to reply” / “to answer”
Example:

Greek: Θα σας απαντήσω το συντομότερο δυνατόν.
Romanization: Tha sas apandíso to sindomótero dinatón.
Translation: “I will answer you as soon as possible.”
43Greek: παρουσιάζω
Romanization: parusiázo
Translation: “to present”
Example:

Greek: Σας παρουσιάζω τα αποτελέσματα της έρευνάς μου.
Romanization: Sas parusiázo ta apotelézmata tis érevnás mu.
Translation: “I am presenting you with the results of my research.”
44Greek: ενημερώνω
Romanization: enimeróno
Translation: “to inform”
Example:

Greek: Θα ήθελα να σας ενημερώσω ότι θα είμαι σε επαγγελματικό ταξίδι την επόμενη εβδομάδα.
Romanization: Tha íthela na sas enimeróso óti tha íme se epangelmatikó taxídi tin epómeni evdomáda.
Translation: “I would like to inform you that I will be on a business trip next week.”
45Greek: καλώ
Romanization: kaló
Translation: “to call”
Example:

Greek: Εάν έχετε οποιαδήποτε απορία, καλέστε μας στο +30 2101234567.
Romanization: Eán éhete opiadípote aporía, kaléste mas sto +30 2101234567.
Translation: “If you have any questions, call us at +30 2101234567.”

5. Study-Related Verbs

A Woman Studying
46Greek: διαβάζω
Romanization: diavázo
Translation: “to read”
Example:

Greek: Διαβάστε το κείμενο πολλές φορές πριν απαντήσετε τις ερωτήσεις.
Romanization: Diaváste to kímeno polés forés prin apandísete tis erotísis.
Translation: “Read the text many times before you answer the questions.”
47Greek: διδάσκω
Romanization: didásko
Translation: “to teach”
Example:

Greek: Η κυρία Άννα διδάσκει ελληνικά.
Romanization: I kiría Ánna didáski eliniká.
Translation: “Mrs. Anna teaches Greek.”
48Greek: μαθαίνω
Romanization: mathéno
Translation: “to learn”
Example:

Greek: Μου αρέσει να μαθαίνω ξένες γλώσσες.
Romanization: Mu arési na mathéno xénes glóses.
Translation: “I like learning foreign languages.”
49Greek: μελετάω / μελετώ
Romanization: meletáo / meletó
Translation: “to study”
Example:

Greek: Μελετάω τουλάχιστον δύο ώρες κάθε μέρα.
Romanization: Meletáo tuláhiston dío óres káthe méra.
Translation: “I study at least two hours per day.”
50Greek: γράφω
Romanization: gráfo
Translation: “to write”
Example:

Greek: Αυτήν τη φορά γράφω ένα μυθιστόρημα.
Romanization: Aftín ti forá gráfo éna mithistórima.
Translation: “This time I am writing a novel.”
51Greek: σβήνω
Romanization: zvíno
Translation: “to erase” / “to delete”
Example:

Greek: Έσβησα όλη την άσκηση, γιατί δεν ήταν σωστή.
Romanization: Ézvisa óli tin áskisi, yatí den ítan sostí.
Translation: “I erased the whole exercise because it was not correct.”
52Greek: διορθώνω
Romanization: diorthóno
Translation: “to correct”
Example:

Greek: Πρέπει να διορθώσεις τα λάθη σου.
Romanization: Prépi na diorthósis ta láthi su.
Translation: “You must correct your mistakes.”
53Greek: λύνω
Romanization: líno
Translation: “to solve” / “to untie”
Example:

Greek: Πρέπει να λύσεις όλες τις ασκήσεις σου.
Romanization: Prépi na lísis óles tis askísis su.
Translation: “You should solve all your exercises.”
54Greek: αποστηθίζω
Romanization: apostithízo
Translation: “to learn by heart” / “memorize”
Example:

Greek: Πρέπει να αποστηθίσεις τα πιο σημαντικά κομμάτια.
Romanization: Prépi na apostithísis ta pio simandiká komátia .
Translation: “You should memorize the most important parts.”
55Greek: βελτιώνω / βελτιώνομαι
Romanization: veltióno / veltiónome
Translation: “to improve” / “to be improved”
Example:

Greek: Χαίρομαι που βελτιώνεσαι μέρα με τη μέρα.
Romanization: Hérome pu veltiónese méra me ti méra.
Translation: “I am glad you are improving day by day.”
56Greek: εκτυπώνω
Romanization: ektipóno
Translation: “to print”
Example:

Greek: Θα ήθελα να εκτυπώσω αυτές τις δύο σελίδες.
Romanization: Tha íthela na ektipóso aftés tis dío selídes.
Translation: “I would like to print these two pages.”
57Greek: αξιολογώ / αξιολογούμαι
Romanization: axiologó / axiologúme
Translation: “to assess” / “to be assessed”
Example:

Greek: Θα αξιολογηθείτε μέχρι το τέλος του μαθήματος.
Romanization: Tha axioloyithíte méhri to télos tu mathímatos.
Translation: “You will be assessed by the end of the lesson.”

6. Verbs of the Mind

A Woman Meditating
58Greek: σκέφτομαι
Romanization: skéftome
Translation: “to think” / “to consider”
Example:

Greek: Σκέφτομαι να τα παρατήσω.
Romanization: Skéftome na ta paratíso.
Translation: “I am thinking about quitting.”
59Greek: νομίζω
Romanization: nomízo
Translation: “to think”
Example:

Greek: Νομίζω πως έχεις δίκιο.
Romanization: Nomízo pos éhis díkio.
Translation: “I think you are right.”
60Greek: πιστεύω
Romanization: pistévo
Translation: “to believe”
Example:

Greek: Πιστεύω στον Θεό.
Romanization: Pistévo ston Theó.
Translation: “I believe in God.”
61Greek: αισθάνομαι
Romanization: esthánome
Translation: “to feel”
Example:

Greek: Αισθάνομαι λίγο ζαλισμένος.
Romanization: Esthánome lígo zalizménos.
Translation: “I feel a bit dizzy.”
62Greek: ξέρω / γνωρίζω
Romanization: xéro / gnorízo
Translation: “to know”
Example:

Greek: Το ξέρω ότι είσαι κουρασμένος.
Romanization: To xéro óti íse kurazménos.
Translation: “I know you are tired.”
63Greek: θέλω
Romanization: thélo
Translation: “to want”
Example:

Greek: Θέλω να πάμε διακοπές στην Ελλάδα.
Romanization: Thélo na páme diakopés stin Eláda. 
Translation: “I want us to go for vacation in Greece.”
64Greek: αμφισβητώ
Romanization: amfizvitó
Translation: “to doubt”
Example:

Greek: Το ξέρω ότι έχεις δίκιο. Δεν το αμφισβητώ.
Romanization: To xélo óti éhis díkio. Den to amfizvitó. 
Translation: “I know you are right. I don’t doubt this.”
65Greek: καταλαβαίνω
Romanization: katalavéno
Translation: “to understand”
Example:

Greek: Σε παρακαλώ, μίλα αργά, για να σε καταλαβαίνω.
Romanization: Se parakaló, míla argá, ya na se katalavéno. 
Translation: “Please, talk slowly so I can understand you.”
66Greek: θυμάμαι
Romanization: thimáme
Translation: “to remember”
Example:

Greek: Θυμάσαι εκείνο το ξενοδοχείο στη Μύκονο;
Romanization: Thimáse ekíno to xenodohío sti Míkono? 
Translation: “Do you remember that hotel in Mykonos?”
67Greek: ξεχνάω / ξεχνώ
Romanization: xehnáo / xehnó
Translation: “to forget”
Example:

Greek: Ξέχασα να κάνω εκείνη την άσκηση. 
Romanization: Xéhasa na káno ekíni tin áskisi. 
Translation: “I forgot to do that exercise.”

7. Verbs of Sentiments

A Love Letter
68Greek: αγαπάω / αγαπώ
Romanization: agapáo / agapó
Translation: “to love”
Example:

Greek: Σε αγαπώ πολύ.
Romanization: Se agapó polí. 
Translation: “I love you very much.”
69Greek: λατρεύω
Romanization: latrévo
Translation: “to adore”
Example:

Greek: Σε λατρεύω.
Romanization: Se latrévo. 
Translation: “I adore you.”
70Greek: θαυμάζω
Romanization: thavmázo
Translation: “to admire”
Example:

Greek: Θαυμάζω τον δάσκαλό μου για την υπομονή του.
Romanization: Thavmázo ton dáskaló mu ya tin ipomoní tu. 
Translation: “I admire my teacher for his patience.”
71Greek: φοβάμαι
Romanization: fováme
Translation: “to be afraid”
Example:

Greek: Φοβάμαι μην σε χάσω.
Romanization: Fováme min se háso. 
Translation: “I am afraid to lose you.”
72Greek: μισώ
Romanization: misó
Translation: “to hate”
Example:

Greek: Μισώ όλα όσα τον θυμίζουν.
Romanization: Misó óla ósa ton thimízun.
Translation: “I hate everything that reminds me of him.”
73Greek: λυπάμαι
Romanization: lipáme
Translation: “to be sorry”
Example:

Greek: Λυπάμαι γι’ αυτό που σου συνέβη.
Romanization: Lipáme yi’ aftó pu su sinévi. 
Translation: “I am sorry for what happened to you.”
74Greek: δακρύζω
Romanization: dakrízo
Translation: “to tear up”
Example:

Greek: Αυτή η ταινία με έκανε να δακρύσω λίγο.
Romanization: Aftí i tenía me ékane na dakríso lígo.
Translation: “This movie made me tear up a bit.”
75Greek: κλαίω
Romanization: kléo
Translation: “to cry”
Example:

Greek: Όσο μεγαλώνουμε, κλαίμε όλο και πιο σπάνια.
Romanization: Óso megalónume, kléme ólo ke pio spánia.
Translation: “As we grow up, we cry less and less.”
76Greek: στεναχωριέμαι
Romanization: stenahoriéme
Translation: “to be sad”
Example:

Greek: Μην στεναχωριέσαι. Όλα θα πάνε καλά.
Romanization: Min stenahoriése. Óla tha páne kalá.
Translation: “Don’t be sad. Everything’s going to be alright.”
77Greek: χαίρομαι
Romanization: hérome
Translation: “to be happy”
Example:

Greek: Χάρηκα πολύ που πήρες προαγωγή.
Romanization: Hárika polí pu píres proagoyí.
Translation: “I am very happy that you got promoted.”
78Greek: απολαμβάνω
Romanization: apolamváno
Translation: “to enjoy”
Example:

Greek: Το καλοκαίρι απολαμβάνω τη θάλασσα.
Romanization: To kalokéri apolamváno ti thálasa.
Translation: “During the summer, I enjoy the sea.”
79Greek: γοητεύω
Romanization: goitévo 
Translation: “to charm” / “to fascinate”
Example:

Greek: Αυτή η γυναίκα με γοήτευσε.
Romanization: Aftí i yinéka me goítefse.
Translation: “This woman fascinated me.”
80Greek: απογοητεύω / απογοητεύομαι
Romanization: apogoitévo / apogoitévome
Translation: “to disappoint” / “to be disappointed”
Example:

Greek: Μην απογοητεύεσαι. Μπορείς πάντα να ξαναπροσπαθήσεις.
Romanization: Min apogoitévese. Borís pánda na xanaprospathísis,
Translation: “Don’t be disappointed. You can always try again.”
81Greek: γελάω / γελώ
Romanization: yeláo / yeló
Translation: “to laugh”
Example:

Greek: Γέλασα πολύ με αυτήν την κωμωδία.
Romanization: Yélasa polí me aftín tin komodía.
Translation: “I laughed a lot with this comedy.”
82Greek: χαμογελάω / χαμογελώ
Romanization: hamoyeláo / hamoyeló
Translation: “to smile”
Example:

Greek: Χαμογελάω πάντα το πρωί στον καθρέφτη και γεμίζω με θετική ενέργεια.
Romanization: Hamoyeláo pánda to proí ston kathréfti ke yemízo me thetikí enéryia.
Translation: “I always smile at the mirror in the morning and I get charged with positive energy.”
83Greek: θυμώνω
Romanization: thimóno
Translation: “to get angry”
Example:

Greek: Ο πατέρας μου θυμώνει πολύ εύκολα.
Romanization: O patéras mu thimóni polí éfkola.
Translation: “My father gets angry very easily.”

8. Auxiliary Verbs

There are only two Greek auxiliary verbs: έχω (ého), meaning “to have,” and είμαι (íme), meaning “to be.” They’re called “auxiliary” because apart from their individual use, they can help (hence the term “auxiliary”) form various Greek verb forms. More specifically, the verb έχω (ého) can also be used as a formation element of verbs in the perfect tenses, while είμαι (íme) can also be used before a passive voice participle to form various verb forms.

84Greek: έχω
Romanization: ého
Translation: “to have”
Example:

Greek: Θα έχω τελειώσει τα μαθήματά μου μέχρι τότε.
Romanization: Tha ého teliósi ta mathímatá mu méhri tóte.
Translation: “I will have finished my homework by then.”
85Greek: είμαι
Romanization: íme
Translation: “to be”
Example:

Greek: Είμαι ικανοποιημένος με το αποτέλεσμα.
Romanization: Íme ikanopiiménos me to apotélezma.
Translation: “I am satisfied with the result.”

9. Linking (or Copular) Verbs

Negative Verbs

A linking verb connects the subject or the object with a word or phrase that gives more information

about it. The verb είμαι (íme), meaning “to be,” that we saw above as an auxiliary verb, is also a linking verb.

Greek: είμαι
Romanization: íme
Translation: “to be”
Example:

Greek: Είναι πολύ όμορφος.
Romanization: Íne polí ómorfos.
Translation: “He is very handsome.”

Some groups of linking verbs are:

9.1 Verbs of Existence

86Greek: γίνομαι
Romanization: yínome
Translation: “to become”
Example:

Greek: Γίνομαι όλο και πιο οργανωμένος όσο περνά ο καιρός.
Romanization: Yínome ólo ke pio organoménos óso perná o kerós.
Translation: “I am becoming more and more organized as time passes by.”
87Greek: γεννιέμαι
Romanization: yeniéme
Translation: “to be born”
Example:

Greek: Γεννήθηκα έτοιμος γι’ αυτό.
Romanization: Yeníthika étimos yi’ aftó.
Translation: “I was born ready for this.”
88Greek: υπάρχω
Romanization: ipárho
Translation: “to exist” / “(to happen) to be”
Example:

Greek: Υπήρξα απρόσεκτος στο παρελθόν.
Romanization: Ipírxa aprósektos sto parelthón.
Translation: “I happened to be/was careless in the past.”
89Greek: στέκομαι
Romanization: stékome
Translation: “to stand up” (literally) / “(to happen) to be” (secondary meaning, usually in the past tense)
Example:

Greek: Στάθηκα τυχερός κατά το παρελθόν.
Romanization: Státhika tiherós katá to parelthón.
Translation: “I happened to be/was lucky in the past.”

9.2 Verbs of Reckoning

90Greek: φαίνομαι
Romanization: fénome
Translation: “to look” / “to seem
Example:

Greek: Φαίνεται έξυπνος, αλλά μερικές φορές κάνει τον χαζό.
Romanization: Fénete éxipnos, alá merikés forés káni ton hazó.
Translation: “He seems to be smart, but sometimes he acts dumb.”
91Greek: θεωρούμαι
Romanization: theorúme
Translation: “to be considered (as)”
Example:

Greek: Θεωρείται έξυπνος, αλλά στην ουσία δεν είναι.
Romanization: Theoríte éxipnos, allá stin usía den íne.
Translation: “Ηe is considered to be smart, but in reality he is not.”

9.3 Verbs of Reference

92Greek: βρίσκομαι
Romanization: vrískome
Translation: “to be located” / “to be”
Example:

Greek: Βρίσκομαι στο αεροδρόμιο αυτήν τη στιγμή.
Romanization: Vrískome sto aerodrómio aftín ti stigmí.
Translation: “I am at the airport right now.”
93Greek: μοιάζω
Romanization: miázo
Translation: “to look like” / “to seem to be”
Example:

Greek: Μοιάζεις πολύ με τον μπαμπά σου.
Romanization: Miázis polí me ton babá su.
Translation: “You look a lot like your father.”
94Greek: αποδεικνύομαι
Romanization: apodikníome
Translation: “to prove to be”
Example:

Greek: Η άσκηση που έλυσα αποδείχθηκε λάθος.
Romanization: I áskisi pu élisa apodíhthike láthos.
Translation: “The exercise I solved was proven to be wrong.”

9.4 Vocative Verbs

95Greek: λέγομαι
Romanization: légome
Translation: “to be said/called”
Example:

Greek: Πώς λέγεσαι;
Romanization: Pós léyese?
Translation: “What’s your name?” (lit. “How are you called?”)
96Greek: ονομάζω / ονομάζομαι
Romanization: onomázo / onomázome
Translation: “to name” / “to be named” (= “my name is”)
Example:

Greek: Ονομάζομαι Γιώργος. Εσένα πώς σε λένε;
Romanization: Onomázome Yórgos. Eséna pós se léne?
Translation: “My name is George. What’s your name?”
97Greek: καλώ / καλούμαι
Romanization: kaló / kalúme
Translation: “to call” / “to be called”
Example:

Greek: Aν συνεχίσετε τη φασαρία, θα καλέσω την αστυνομία!
Romanization: An sinehísete ti fasaría, tha kaléso tin astinomía!
Translation: “If you continue this racket, I’m going to call the police!”

9.5 Verbs of Election

98Greek: διορίζω / διορίζομαι
Romanization: diorízo / diorízome
Translation: “to appoint” / “to be appointed”
Example:

Greek: Διορίστηκε δάσκαλος σε ένα μικρό ελληνικό νησί. 
Romanization: Diorístike dáskalos se éna mikró elinikó nisí.
Translation: “He was appointed teacher on a small Greek island.”
99Greek: εκλέγω / εκλέγομαι
Romanization: eklégo / eklégome
Translation: “to elect” / “to be elected”
Example:

Greek: Εκλέχθηκε δήμαρχος της πόλης. 
Romanization: Ekléhthike dímarhos tis pólis.
Translation: “He was elected mayor of the city.”
100Greek: κρίνομαι
Romanization: krínome
Translation: “to be deemed”
Example:

Greek: Το κτίριο κρίθηκε μη ασφαλές μετά τον σεισμό. 
Romanization: To ktírio kríthike mi asfalés metá ton sizmó.
Translation: “The building was deemed unsafe after the earthquake.”

10. Conclusion

This was just the beginning: A comprehensive guide for the top 100 most essential Greek verbs. 

There’s still a lot to learn after you memorize this Greek verbs list. If you feel ready to dig into Greek verbs a little bit more, check out our article about how to conjugate Greek verbs that we linked to earlier. Otherwise, we encourage you to read our Top 100 Nouns and Top 100 Adjectives articles, which will be quite useful in expanding your vocabulary. 

In the meantime, is there a verb that troubles you or a Greek verb we didn’t mention? 

Let us know in the comments section below!

On GreekPod101.com, we aim to provide you with everything you need to know about the Greek language in a fun and interesting way. Articles like this one, word lists, grammar tips, and even YouTube videos are waiting for you to discover them! And if you prefer a one-on-one learning experience, you can use our MyTeacher Messenger before heading over to our online community to discuss lessons with other students.

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All About Greek Pronouns: Ultimate Greek Pronouns List

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Pronouns are such useful little words! They normally substitute nouns, making written and verbal language less boring by enhancing their flow. 

If we could choose one thing to begin studying when you first start learning any new language, it would probably be its pronouns. They’re so useful that you’d find it difficult to construct a full sentence in any language without using them. 

In Greek, as in English, the pronouns are divided into various categories. So, in this article, we’ll demonstrate all the tips and tricks about personal, demonstrative, interrogative, and indefinite Greek pronouns, setting the base for your further studies.

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Beginner Vocabulary in Greek Table of Contents
  1. Personal Pronouns in Greek
  2. Demonstrative Pronouns in Greek
  3. Interrogative Pronouns in Greek
  4. Indefinite Pronouns in Greek
  5. Relative Pronouns in Greek
  6. Conclusion

1. Personal Pronouns in Greek

An Owl Pointing at Another Owl

Image Description: An owl pointing at another owl

One of the first things you need to know when you begin studying the Greek language is the use of Greek personal pronouns. From a syntax perspective, personal pronouns are most commonly used as a subject or an object within a sentence. Therefore, it’s almost impossible to engage in a simple dialogue without them.

Let’s have a look at some Greek pronouns in the nominative case, which can be used as a subject within a sentence.

  • εγώ (egó) — “I”
  • εσύ (esí) — “you”
  • αυτός (aftós) — “he”
  • αυτή (aftí) — “she”
  • αυτό (aftó) — “it”
  • εμείς (emís) — “we”
  • εσείς (esís) — “you”
  • αυτοί (aftí) — “they” (masculine)
  • αυτές (aftés) — “they” (feminine)
  • αυτά (aftá) — “they” (neutral)

As you might have noticed, there are three different third-person forms of the personal pronoun in plural, according to the gender of the name or noun that’s substituted. Indeed, when the word that’s substituted is masculine, for example άνδρες (ándres), meaning men, then αυτοί should be used. Similarly, when the word is feminine, for example γυναίκες (ginékes), meaning “women,” then αυτές should be used. Last, but not least, when the word is neutral, for example παιδιά (pediá), meaning “children,” then αυτά should be used.

Now, let’s study some more-complex example sentences, which demonstrate the use of Greek personal pronouns in the nominative case.

Examples:

Greek: Εμείς μένουμε στο ξενοδοχείο, Ελένη. Εσείς που μένετε;

Romanization: Emís ménume sto xenodohío, Eléni. Esís pu ménete?

Translation: “We are staying at the hotel, Eleni. Where are you staying?”

Greek: Αυτοί θέλουν να πάνε σε μια ταβέρνα, όμως εμείς θέλουμε να πάμε για μπάνιο.

Romanization: Aftí thélun na páne se mia tavérna, ómos emís thélume na páme ya bánio.

Translation: “They want to go to a restaurant, but we want to go swimming.”

Greek: Τα παιδιά φορούσαν ελληνικές παραδοσιακές στολές και χόρευαν. Αυτά φαίνονταν πολύ χαρούμενα.

Romanization: Ta pediá forúsan ellinikés paradosiakés stolés ke hórevan. Aftá fénodan polí harúmena.

Translation: “Children were wearing traditional Greek suits and were dancing. They seemed very happy.”

Note that in sentences like in the example above, the pronoun Αυτά (Aftá) can also be omitted when it’s understood by the context whom we’re talking about. While in English, it’s indispensable to use the pronoun “they,” in Greek, it can be omitted. This is because the form of the verb indicates what person we’re talking about, in this case the third-person plural.

A characteristic of these pronouns is that they can stand alone in speech, just like in the second sentence of the following example.

Greek: 

  • Ποιος θα πάει να φέρει ψωμί; 
  • Εγώ.

Romanization: 

  • Pios tha pái na féri psomí? 
  • Egó.

Translation: 

  • “Who’s going to get some bread?” 
  • “I will.”
Introducing Yourself


Now, what happens when we need to use these personal pronouns as the object of a verb within a sentence? The answer lies below, where the Greek personal pronouns are demonstrated in the objective cases, that is the accusative case (used more often for objects) and the genitive case (used less often for objects) accordingly.

  • εμένα (eména) — “me” in both cases
  • εσένα (eséna) — “you” in both cases
  • αυτόν (aftón) / αυτού (aftú) — “him”
  • αυτή(ν) (aftí(n)) / αυτής (aftís) — “her”
  • αυτό (aftó) / αυτού (aftú) — “it”
  • εμάς (emás) — “us” in both cases
  • εσάς (esás) — “you” in both cases
  • αυτούς (aftús) / αυτών (aftón) — “them” (masculine)
  • αυτές (aftés) / αυτών (aftón) — “them” (feminine)
  • αυτά (aftá) / αυτών (aftón) — “them” (neutral)

Examples: 

Greek: Η γυναίκα είπε αυτής να φύγει.

Romanization: I yinéka ípe aftís na fíyi.

Translation: “The woman told her to leave.”

Greek: Μην ακούς αυτούς. Εμένα να ακούς.

Romanization: Min akús aftús. Eména na akús.

Translation: “Don’t listen to them. Listen to me.”

Greek: Ο διευθυντής επέλεξε εμένα, για να κάνω αυτή τη δουλειά.

Romanization: O diefthindís epélexe eména, ya na káno aftí ti duliá.

Translation: “The director chose me to do this job.”

Greek: Ποιον επέλεξε; Εμένα.

Romanization: Pion epélexe? Eména.

Translation: “Whom did he choose? Me.”

As you can see in the second sentence of the last example, these pronouns can also stand alone in speech. The forms of the personal pronouns that we saw are called “strong” forms for that reason—they’re strong enough to maintain themselves alone in a sentence. They’re also called “emphatic,” as they’re used to emphasize a specific person as opposed to someone else. (“He chose me. Not someone else.”)

You might be wondering that since there are strong forms of the Greek personal pronouns, there might be “weak” forms as well. Well, there are, and these are used more often in speech but never alone; they need a verb to sustain themselves. In the accusative and genitive cases respectively, those are:

  • με (me) / μου (mu) — “me”
  • σε (se) / σου (su) — “you”
  • τον (ton) / του (tu) — “him”
  • τη(ν) (tin(n)) / της (tis) — “her”
  • το (to) / του (tu) — “it”
  • μας (mas) / μας (mas) — “us”
  • σας (sas) / σας (sas) — “you”
  • τους (tus) / τους (tus) — “them”
  • τις  or τες* (tis or tes) / τους (tus) — “them”
  • τα (ta) / τους (tus) — “them”


* τις is used before a verb, τες after a verb.

Greek: Σε βλέπω!

Romanization: Se vlépo!

Translation: “I see you!”

Greek: Της μιλάει.

Romanization: Tis milái.

Translation: “He is talking to her.”

However, what happens when we need to express possession? Then, we use the above weak personal pronouns in the genitive case to create Greek possessive pronouns:

Greek: Το φαγητό μου.

Romanization: To fayitó mu.

Translation: “My food.”

Greek: Αυτό είναι το σπίτι σας.

Romanization: Aftó íne to spíti sas.

Translation: “This is your house.”

To make these weak possessive forms strong and emphatic so they can stand alone in speech, we need to add the adjective δικός / -ή / -ό (dikós / -í / -ó) in front of them in the masculine, feminine, and neuter gender respectively. This depends on the gender of the person, animal, or thing that we’re talking about.

  • (δικός / -ή / -ό) μου (dikós / -í / -ó mu) — “my” (weak) / “mine” (strong)
  • (δικός / -ή / -ό) σου (dikós / -í / -ó su) — “your” (weak) / “yours”
  • (δικός / -ή / -ό) του (dikós / -í / -ó tu) — “his” (weak and strong)
  • (δικός / -ή / -ό) της (dikós / -í / -ó tis) — “her” (weak) / “hers” (strong)
  • (δικός / -ή / -ό) του (dikós / -í / -ó tu) — “its” (weak and strong)
  • (δικός / -ή / -ό) μας (dikós / -í / -ó mas) — “our” (weak) / “ours” (strong)
  • (δικός / -ή / -ό) σας (dikós / -í / -ó sas) — “your” (weak) / “yours” (strong)
  • (δικός / -ή / -ό) τους (dikós / -í / -ó tus) — “their” (weak) / “theirs” (strong)

Compare the following examples with the two previous ones to understand their exact use and differences.

Greek: Το φαγητό είναι δικό μου.

Romanization: To fayitó íne dikó mu.

Translation: “The food is mine.” (and no one else’s, emphatic)

Greek: Αυτό το σπίτι είναι δικό σας.

Romanization: Aftó to spíti íne dikó sas.

Translation: “This house is yours.” (it doesn’t belong to anyone else, emphatic)

It’s pretty clear, right? Mind, however, the following two examples:

Greek: Το δικό μου φαγητό είναι ανάλατο.

Romanization: To dikó mu fayitó íne análato.

Translation: “My food is unsalted.” (my food as opposed to someone else’s, emphatic)

Greek: Το δικό σας σπίτι είναι πολύ καθαρό.

Romanization: To dikó sas spíti íne polí katharó.

Translation: “Your house is very clean.” (your house as opposed to someone else’s, emphatic)

When the strong possessive pronoun goes before the noun, it’s translated using the weak English possessive pronoun.

2. Demonstrative Pronouns in Greek

A Finger Pointing at Something

Pointing at an object by extending your index is totally fine in Greece as a gesture. However, when it comes to pointing at people, it’s considered rude, and you should probably avoid this. If you’re into learning more about gestures in Greek culture, you can read our related article.

Here are some useful Greek demonstrative pronouns:

  • Greek: αυτός (masculine); αυτή (feminine); αυτό (neutral)
  • Romanization: aftós; aftí; aftó
  • Translation: “this”
  • Greek: αυτοί (masculine plural); αυτές (feminine plural); αυτά (neutral plural)
  • Romanization: aftí; aftés; aftá
  • Translation: “these”
  • Greek: εκείνος (masculine); εκείνη (feminine); εκείνο (neutral)
  • Romanization: ekínos; ekíni; ekíno
  • Translation: “that”
  • Greek: εκείνοι (masculine plural); εκείνες (feminine plural); εκείνα (neutral plural)
  • Romanization: ekíni; ekínes; ekína
  • Translation: “those”

Example:

Greek: Αυτός ο δάσκαλος φαίνεται πολύ αυστηρός, ενώ εκείνη η δασκάλα είναι πολύ γλυκιά.

Romanization: Aftós o dáskalos fénete polí afstirós, enó ekíni i daskála íne polí glikiá.

Translation: “This (male) teacher seems very strict, whereas that (female) teacher is very sweet.”

3. Interrogative Pronouns in Greek

Basic Questions

Almost every question includes an interrogative word. This statement alone highlights the importance of interrogative pronouns, not only in Greek, but in every language. The use of Greek interrogative pronouns is quite similar to the use of their English equivalents in terms of syntax and grammar.

Let’s begin with the basics.

  • Greek: Τι;
  • Romanization: Ti?
  • Translation: “What?”

Examples: 

Greek: Τι είναι αυτό εκεί;

Romanization: Ti íne aftó ekí?

Translation: “What is that over there?”

Greek: Τι συμβαίνει;

Romanization: Ti simvéni?

Translation: “What is going on?”

However, if you had to choose from a variety of objects, you would use “which,” right? Here is its Greek equivalent. 

  • Greek: Ποιο;
  • Romanization: Pio?
  • Translation: “Which?”

Example: 

Greek: Ποιο παντελόνι μου πηγαίνει καλύτερα;

Romanization: Pio pandelóni mu piyéni kalítera?

Translation: “Which trousers suit me better?”

A slight change is observed when asking “who.” In Greek, there are two forms, one for men and one for women. The one you use depends on the gender of the corresponding noun or name.

  • Greek: Ποιος (masculine) / Ποια (feminine);
  • Romanization: Pios / Pia?
  • Translation: “Who?”

Example: 

Greek: Ποιος μπορεί να με βοηθήσει;

Romanization: Pios borí na me voithísi?

Translation: “Who can help me?”

When asking a general question, the masculine form is preferred, as shown in the example above. In this case, the answer is either a woman or a man.

  • Greek: Ποιου/Ποιανού (masculine & neutral) / Ποιας/Ποιανής (feminine);
  • Romanization: Piu/Pianú / Pias/Pianís ?
  • Translation: “Whose…?”

So, this part might be a bit tricky. When referring to the interrogative pronoun “whose” in Greek, there are two types that can be used. The first one (ποιου, ποιας) is the more formal type, whereas the second one (ποιανού, ποιανής) is an informal type that’s mainly used in oral speech. Both types are correct and can be used interchangeably based on the occasion. Let’s have a look at some examples below.

Greek: Ποιου/Ποιανού είναι αυτό το παντελόνι;

Romanization: Piu/Pianú íne aftó to padelóni?

Translation: “Whose trousers are these?”

In questions like this one, we use the generic masculine type (ποιου, ποιανού), regardless of whether the answer refers to a male or a female. Therefore, “these trousers” could belong to either a man or a woman. 

Another important note on the above example, which isn’t related to pronouns, is that the word παντελόνι in Greek is singular, although in English it’s plural.

  • Greek: Ποιον (masculine) / Ποια (feminine);
  • Romanization: Pion / Pia ?
  • Translation: “Whom…?”

Greek: Σε ποιον θέλεις να αναθέσεις αυτήν την εργασία;

Romanization: Se pion thélis na anathésis aftín tin ergasía?

Translation: “To whom would you like to assign this?”

Again, in this case, the masculine form is used as a generic form.

4. Indefinite Pronouns in Greek

Two Girls Holding a Notebook

Now, here’s a quick list of Greek indefinite pronouns you can use when you don’t need to be very specific. 

  • Greek: κάποιος
  • Romanization: kápios
  • Translation: “someone” (masculine)
  • Greek: κάποια
  • Romanization: kápia
  • Translation: “someone” (feminine)
  • Greek: κάποιο
  • Romanization: kápio
  • Translation: “someone” / “something” (neutral)
  • Greek: κάτι
  • Romanization: káti
  • Translation: “something”

Example: 

Greek: Κάποιος πρέπει να κάνει κάτι.

Romanization: Kápios prépi na káni káti.

Translation: “Someone has to do something.”

  • Greek: κανείς / κανένας
  • Romanization: kanís / kanénas
  • Translation: “no one” / “nobody” (masculine)
  • Greek: καμιά / καμία
  • Romanization: kamiá / kamía
  • Translation: “nobody” (feminine)
  • Greek: κανένα
  • Romanization: kanéna
  • Translation: “nobody” (neutral)

Example:

Greek: Κανένας άνδρας, καμία γυναίκα και κανένα παιδί δεν πρέπει να πεινούν.

Romanization: Kanénas ándras, kamía yinéka ke kanéna pedí den prépi na pinún.

Translation: “No man, no woman, and no child should be left starving.”

  • Greek: τίποτα
  • Romanization: típota
  • Translation: “nothing,” “anything,” “something,” “any”

Example:

Greek: Δεν θέλει τίποτα.

Romanization: Den théli típota.

Translation: “He doesn’t want anything.”

5. Relative Pronouns in Greek

Again, in the case of Greek relative pronouns, there’s a distinction when it comes to different genders. 

  • Greek: ο οποίος
  • Romanization: o opíos
  • Translation: “who” (masculine)

Example: 

Greek: Αυτός είναι ο άνδρας ο οποίος με βοήθησε να κουβαλήσω τη βαλίτσα μου.

Romanization: Aftós íne o ándras o opíos me voíthise na kuvalíso ti valítsa mu.

Translation: “This is the man who helped me carry my suitcase.”

  • Greek: η οποία
  • Romanization: i opía
  • Translation: “who” (feminine)

Example: 

Greek: Η Μαρία είναι κοπέλα η οποία δουλεύει στο ξενοδοχείο.

Romanization: I María íne i kopéla i opía dulévi sto xenodohío.

Translation: “Maria is the girl who works at the hotel.”

  • Greek: το οποίο
  • Romanization: to opío
  • Translation: “whο” (neutral) / “which”

Examples:

Greek: Αυτό είναι το παιδί το οποίο γλίστρησε και χτύπησε στην παιδική χαρά.

Romanization: Aftó íne to pedí, to opío glístrise ke htípise stin pedikí hará.

Translation: “This is the child who slipped and fell over at the playground.”

Greek: Αυτό είναι το σπίτι το οποίο είχαμε νοικιάσει πέρυσι.

Romanization: Aftó íne to spíti, to opío íhame nikiási périsi.

Translation: “This is the house which we rented last year.”

Feeling a bit confused? 

Not sure which type you should use in each case?

We’ve got the solution for you: The magic word is που (pu), which means “that,” and is often used to substitute ο οποίος / η οποία / το οποίο, offering the advantage that it doesn’t change according to the gender of the noun.

  • Greek: που
  • Romanization: pu
  • Translation: “that” (for all genders)

Now, let’s adjust the above examples by using the word που. 

Greek: Αυτός είναι ο άνδρας που με βοήθησε να κουβαλήσω τη βαλίτσα μου.

Romanization: Aftós íne o ándras pu me voíthise na kuvalíso ti valítsa mu.

Translation: “This is the man that helped me carry my suitcase.”

Greek: Η Μαρία είναι κοπέλα που δουλεύει στο ξενοδοχείο.

Romanization: I María íne i kopéla pu dulévi sto xenodohío.

Translation: “Maria is the girl that works at the hotel.”

Greek: Αυτό είναι το παιδί που γλίστρησε και χτύπησε στην παιδική χαρά.

Romanization: Aftó íne to pedí pu glístrise ke htípise stin pedikí hará.

Translation: “This is the child that slipped and fell over at the playground.”

Greek: Αυτό είναι το σπίτι που είχαμε νοικιάσει πέρυσι.

Romanization: Aftó íne to spíti pu íhame nikiási périsi.

Translation: “This is the house that we rented last year.”

And here are some more Greek relative pronouns: 

  • Greek: οποιοσδήποτε
  • Romanization: opiosdípote
  • Translation: “anyone” (masculine)
  • Greek: οποιαδήποτε
  • Romanization: opiadípote
  • Translation: “anyone” (feminine)
  • Greek: οποιοδήποτε
  • Romanization: opiodípote
  • Translation: “anyone” (neutral)
  • Greek: οτιδήποτε
  • Romanization: otidípote
  • Translation: “anything”

6. Conclusion

Improve Listening

Greek pronouns are part of the core of the language. By learning them, you’ll definitely find it easier to express yourself in Greek and you’ll be able to construct meaningful sentences in no time. 

So, what else will you probably need in order to enhance your vocabulary? Nouns and adjectives, of course. We’ve got you covered on this, as well. Just take a look at our Greek Nouns and Greek Adjectives articles and learn everything you need to know.

Did our Greek language pronouns guide help you out? Is there a pronoun that troubles you, or one we forgot?

Let us know in the comments section below!

At GreekPod101.com, we aim to provide you with everything you need to know about the Greek language in a fun and interesting way. Articles like this one, word lists, grammar tips, and even YouTube videos are waiting for you to discover them! And if you prefer a one-on-one learning experience, you can use our MyTeacher Messenger before heading over to our online community to discuss lessons with other students.

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Premium PLUS: The Golden Ticket for Language-Learning

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Do you remember the moment you fell in love with languages?

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Pronunciation is an essential ingredient in language-learning. Proper pronunciation prompts clear understanding during conversations with native speakers.

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I was given a similar task on JapanesePod101.com with the “Ultimate Japanese Pronunciation Guide” pathway. My Japanese language teacher tested my pronunciation of the Japanese characters kana. My completion of the two pathways boosted my confidence in speaking.

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어디에 살고 있습니까?

eodieseo salgo isseumnikka

“Where do you live?”

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도쿄에 살고 있습니다.

Tokyo-e salgo isseumnida.

“I live in Tokyo.”

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After studying a number of flashcards, I change the card types to listening comprehension and/or production. Then I test myself by writing the translation of the word or the spoken word or phrase.

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Every weekend, I review by re-reading those written sentences. It helps me remember sentence structures, grammar points, and vocabulary to apply in real-world contexts.

Furthermore, I can track my progress with language portfolios every trimester. It’s like a midterm exam that tests my listening, speaking, reading, and writing skills.

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My language teachers cater to my goals with personalized and achievable learning programs. The tangible support of my online language teachers makes it evident that we share common goals.

Once I share a short-term or long-term goal with my teacher, we establish a plan or pathway that will ultimately result in success. I coordinate with my teachers regularly to ensure the personalized learning programs are prosperous. For example, during my JLPT studies, my Japanese language tutor assigned me practice tests.

Your language tutor is available for outside help as well. When I bought drama CDs in Japan, I had difficulty transliterating the dialogue. My Japanese teacher forwarded me the script to read along as I listened.

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A remarkable thing happened to me in South Korea. I was stressed about opening a bank account with limited Korean. I sought help from my Korean teacher. She forwarded me a script of a bank conversation.

After two days, I visited the local bank. It all started with my opening sentence:

은행 계좌를 만들고 싶어요

eunhaeng gyejwaleul mandeulgo sip-eoyo.

I want to open a bank account.

Everything went smoothly, and I exited the bank with a new account!

The MyTeacher Messenger allows me to share visuals with my teachers for regular interaction, including videos to critique my pronunciation mechanisms. I improve my listening and speaking skills by exchanging audio with my teachers. In addition to my written homework assignments, I exchange messages with my language teachers in my target language. This connection with my teachers enables me to experience the culture as well as the language.

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Greek Word Order: The Basic Sentence Structure

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If you’ve been following us, it’s for sure that you’ve learned a bunch of Greek words and phrases. 

Well done!

However, random words and phrases can’t mean anything unless they’re placed in the correct order. This is why we’ve created a dedicated blog post showcasing the correct Greek word order.

While ancient Greek word order was a bit more complicated, things in modern Greek are much simpler. 

After reading this article, you’ll be able to construct full sentences in Greek like a native speaker.

Now, let’s have a look at some basic rules and comprehensive examples.

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Beginner Vocabulary in Greek Table of Contents
  1. Overview of Word Order in Greek
  2. Basic Word Order with Subject, Verb, and Object (or Predicate)
  3. Word Order with Adverbial Phrases
  4. Word Order with Modifiers
  5. How to Change a Sentence into a Yes-or-No Question
  6. How to Form Long Sentences Step-by-Step
  7. Conclusion

1. Overview of Word Order in Greek

Handwritten Words on Paper

The basic word order in Greek sentences follows the SVO pattern. However, the sentence structure is flexible, and many other variations exist.

Overall, the sentence structure is the same as that in the English language. A major difference is that the subject can sometimes be omitted in Greek, as the form of the verb itself indicates the first, second, or third person so that the subject is often understood from the context. This is due to the conjugation of Greek verbs, according to which, the suffix of the verb changes based upon the person and the number of the subject.

2. Basic Word Order with Subject, Verb, and Object (or Predicate)

In this section, we’ll focus on the basic word order in modern Greek and its variations.

2.1 The Basic Word Order 

Greek: Εγώ μελετώ ελληνικά.

Romanization: Egó meletó eliniká.

Translation: “I study Greek.”

Subject: Εγώ (Egó) | Verb: μελετώ (meletó) | Object: ελληνικά (eliniká)

Greek: Η Μαρία οδηγεί ένα αυτοκίνητο.

Romanization: I María odiyí éna aftokínito.

Translation: “Maria drives a car.”

Subject: Η Μαρία (I María) | Verb: οδηγεί (odiyí) | Object: ένα αυτοκίνητο (éna aftokínito)

Greek: Ο πατέρας μου είναι δάσκαλος.

Romanization: O patéras mu íne dáskalos.

Translation: “My father is a teacher.”

Subject: Ο πατέρας μου (O patéras mu) | Verb: είναι (íne) | Predicate: δάσκαλος (dáskalos)

Greek: Το ξενοδοχείο είναι μεγάλο.

Romanization: To xenodohío íne megálo.

Translation: “The hotel is big.”

Subject: Το ξενοδοχείο (To xenodohío) | Verb: είναι (íne) | Predicate: μεγάλο (megálo)

2.2 Word Order with Emphasis on the Object

Now, let’s take a look at what happens when we need to emphasize the object.

An Individual Writing in a Notebook

When we want to emphasize the object, we place the object at the beginning of the sentence, followed by the verb and the subject. This can also be perceived as a reversal of the basic sentence components, which in this case follow the OVS pattern, as shown in the examples below.

Greek: Ελληνικά μελετώ εγώ.

Romanization: Eliniká meletó egó.

Translation: “Greek (is what) I study.”

Subject: εγώ (egó) | Verb: μελετώ (meletó) | Object: Ελληνικά (Eliniká)

Greek: Ένα αυτοκίνητο οδηγεί η Μαρία.

Romanization: Éna aftokínito odiyí i María.

Translation: “(It is) a car (that) Maria drives.”*

Subject: η Μαρία (i María) | Verb: οδηγεί (odiyí) | Object: Ένα αυτοκίνητο (Éna aftokínito)

* This would be the answer to the question: Τι οδηγεί η Μαρία; (Ti odiyí i María?), or “What is Maria driving?” It indicates that she’s driving a car as opposed to a bus, for example.

Greek: Δάσκαλος είναι ο πατέρας μου.

Romanization: Dáskalos íne o patéras mu.

Translation: “(A) teacher is (what) my father (is).”

Subject: ο πατέρας μου (o patéras mu) | Verb: είναι (íne) | Predicate: Δάσκαλος (Dáskalos)

Greek: Μεγάλο είναι το ξενοδοχείο.

Romanization: Megálo íne to xenodohío.

Translation: “Big is (what) the hotel (is).”

Subject: το ξενοδοχείο (to xenodohío) | Verb: είναι (íne) | Predicate: Μεγάλο (Megálo)

3. Word Order with Adverbial Phrases

Improve Pronunciation

When it comes to adverbial phrases, Greek word order is almost identical to English. Adverbial phrases indicate information about the verb, such as “when,” “where,” or “how” something happened. These are normally placed at the end of the sentence. They can be single words (e.g. an adverb) or whole phrases (e.g. a prepositional phrase). If you want to learn more about Greek adverbs, visit our Top 100 Greek Adverbs article.

Greek: Εγώ μελετώ ελληνικά κάθε μέρα.

Romanization: Egó meletó eliniká káthe méra.

Translation: “I study Greek everyday.”

Subject: Εγώ (Egó) | Verb: μελετώ (meletó) | Object: ελληνικά (eliniká) | Adverbial phrase answering “When?”: κάθε μέρα (káthe méra)

Greek: Εγώ μελετώ ελληνικά στο σπίτι.

Romanization: Egó meletó eliniká sto spíti.

Translation: “I study Greek at home.”

Subject: Εγώ (Egó) | Verb: μελετώ (meletó) | Object: ελληνικά (eliniká) | Adverbial phrase answering “Where?”: στο σπίτι (sto spíti)

Greek: Εγώ μελετώ ελληνικά με το GreekPod101.com.

Romanization: Egó meletó eliniká me to GreekPod101.com.

Translation: “I study Greek with GreekPod101.com.”

Subject: Εγώ (Egó) | Verb: μελετώ (meletó) | Object: ελληνικά (eliniká) | Adverbial phrase answering “How?”: με το GreekPod101.com (to GreekPod101.com)

When more than one adverbial phrase needs to be included, their order is flexible. Let’s have a

look at some examples below:

Greek: Εγώ μελετώ ελληνικά κάθε μέρα στο σπίτι με το GreekPod101.com.

Romanization: Egó meletó eliniká káthe méra sto spíti me to GreekPod101.com.

Translation: “I study Greek everyday at home with GreekPod101.com.”

Subject: Εγώ (Egó) | Verb: μελετώ (meletó) | Object: ελληνικά (eliniká) | Adverbial Phrase 1: κάθε μέρα (káthe méra) [indicating time] | Adverbial Phrase 2: στο σπίτι (sto spíti me) [indicating place] | Adverbial Phrase 3: με το GreekPod101.com (to GreekPod101.com) [indicating manner]

However, it would be equally correct to use any of the following variations, with no change in the

meaning or usage.

Greek: Εγώ μελετώ ελληνικά στο σπίτι κάθε μέρα με το GreekPod101.com.

Romanization: Egó meletó eliniká sto spíti káthe méra me to GreekPod101.com.

Translation: “I study Greek at home everyday with GreekPod101.com.”

Greek: Εγώ μελετώ ελληνικά στο σπίτι με το GreekPod101.com κάθε μέρα.

Romanization: Egó meletó eliniká sto spíti me to GreekPod101.com káthe méra.

Translation: “I study Greek at home with GreekPod101.com everyday.”

Greek: Εγώ μελετώ ελληνικά με το GreekPod101.com στο σπίτι κάθε μέρα .

Romanization: Egó meletó eliniká me to GreekPod101.com sto spíti káthe méra.

Translation: “I study Greek with GreekPod101.com at home everyday.”

4. Word Order with Modifiers

A Woman Thinking of Various Phrases

4.1 Word Order with Adjectives

In Greek language word order, adjectives are usually placed before the noun they modify. In addition, they must follow the gender, case, and the number of the noun. The same rule applies to numerals. 

Greek: Εγώ γράφω με μπλε στιλό.

Romanization: Egó gráfo me ble stiló.

Translation: “I write with a blue pen.”

Learn the Top 100 Most Common Greek Adjectives in our relevant article!

4.2 Word Order with Adverbs

Adverbs are generally placed after the verb they modify, or at the end of the sentence.

Greek: Εγώ γράφω πιο καθαρά με μπλε στιλό.

Romanization: Egó gráfo pio kathará me ble stiló.

Translation: “I write more clearly with a blue pen.”

Greek: Εγώ γράφω με μπλε στιλό πιο καθαρά.

Romanization: Egó gráfo me ble stiló pio kathará.

Translation: “I write with a blue pen more clearly.”

Do you want to learn the most common Greek adverbs? Check out our Top 100 Greek Adverbs article!

4.3 Word Order with Relative Clauses

Relative clauses are placed within a sentence, after the word they refer to, like in English.

Greek: Ο καφές που παρήγγειλα ήταν κρύος.

Romanization: O kafés pu paríngila ítan kríos.

Translation: “The coffee that I ordered was cold.”

4.4 Word Order with Possessive Pronouns

Possessive pronouns are placed after the noun they refer to, as opposed to in English where they’re placed before the noun.

Greek: Ο καφές μου ήταν κρύος.

Romanization: O kafés mu ítan kríos.

Translation: “My coffee was cold.”

Practice makes perfect! Study the Top 100 Greek Pronouns in our article!

5. How to Change a Sentence into a Yes-or-No Question

A Sketch of a Man’s Head Filled with Questions in Post-it Papers

Changing a sentence into a yes-or-no question is really easy in Greek. Usually, just adding a

question mark at the end will do the job, as demonstrated in the examples below:

Original Affirmative Sentence

Greek: Εγώ μελετώ ελληνικά κάθε μέρα.

Romanization: Egó meletó eliniká káthe méra.

Translation: “I study Greek everyday.”

Conversion into a Yes-or-No Question:

Greek: Εγώ μελετώ ελληνικά κάθε μέρα;

Romanization: Egó meletó eliniká káthe méra?

Translation: “Do I study Greek everyday?”

As you can see, there’s no change in the sentence structure other than the addition of a question mark

at the end, which in Greek looks like an English semicolon.

6. How to Form Long Sentences Step-by-Step

An Open Book with Glasses on the Top

The key to constructing longer and more complex sentences in Greek is to take into account everything we’ve covered so far. Here’s an example of how to construct a longer sentence in Greek, step-by-step:

Step 1: Just choose a simple SVO sentence first.

Greek: Εσύ ήπιες νερό.

Romanization: Esí ípies neró.

Translation: “You drank water.”

Note: The verb should comply with the person and number of the subject and be formed in the correct tense and mood, since Greek verbs conjugate.

Step 2: Add an adverbial phrase.

Greek: Εσύ ήπιες νερό πριν από δέκα λεπτά.

Romanization: Esí ípies neró prin apó déka leptá.

Translation: “You drank water ten minutes ago.”

Note: The adverbial phrase is placed at the end of the sentence.

Step 3: Add modifiers in the sentence.

Greek: Εσύ ήπιες δύο μικρά μπουκάλια νερό πριν από δέκα λεπτά.

Romanization: Esí ípies dío mikrá bukália neró prin apó déka leptá.

Translation: “You drank two small bottles of water ten minutes ago.”

Note: Take into account that the numeral is placed before the noun and before the adjective (if the noun has one), just like in English.

Step 4: Conversion to a Question

Greek: Εσύ ήπιες δύο μικρά μπουκάλια νερό πριν από δέκα λεπτά;

Romanization: Esí ípies dío mikrá bukália neró prin apó déka leptá?

Translation: “Did you drink two small bottles of water ten minutes ago?”

7. Conclusion

Improve Listening

Unlike the vast Greek grammar, which consists of many rules and exceptions, Greek syntax is way easier to learn. 

As you might have noticed, there are only a few things you should keep in mind when it comes to modern Greek word order. 

Start learning Greek today in a consistent and organized manner by creating a free lifetime account on GreekPod101.com. Tons of free vocabulary lists, YouTube videos, and grammar tips are waiting for you to discover. 
In the meantime, is there a sentence structure that troubles you? Check out our Must-Know Greek Sentence Structures series. If you have any questions, let us know in the comments and we’d be happy to help!

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Telling Time in Modern Greek: The Greek Word for Time & More

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Time is a human invention. It’s used to make our everyday lives easier, since it helps us communicate effectively. 

Ever wondered how to tell the hours, minutes, and seconds in Greek? Or about the Greek word for time? 

Even if you’ve never wondered, you’ll certainly need this knowledge while visiting Greece or when talking with your Greek friends. 

From arranging a business appointment to arranging a date with someone you really like, telling the time in Greek is a pretty important skill to learn. 

Telling the time in Greek is very similar to English, so this is considered an easy chapter. The first thing you need to know is that Greece uses both the twenty-four-hour format and the twelve-hour format, the latter of which is more often used in verbal speech. Secondly, you need to familiarize yourself with the Greek numbers.  

Thirdly, just keep reading and all of your questions around how to tell the time in Greek will be answered.

Log in to Download Your Free Cheat Sheet - Time Phrases in Greek Table of Contents
  1. How to Ask for the Time in Greek
  2. The Hours in Greek
  3. Minutes and Seconds in Greek
  4. The Hours Divided into Minute-Packages
  5. General Time Reference Throughout the Day
  6. Time Adverbs in Greek
  7. Greek Proverbs and Sayings Related to Time
  8. Conclusion

1. How to Ask for the Time in Greek

A Table Alarm Clock

Asking for the time in Greek is probably the most important aspect of time-telling you need to know. 

  • Greek: Τι ώρα είναι;
  • Romanization: Ti óra íne?
  • Translation: “What time is it?”

Pretty easy, right?

Now let’s have a look at how to ask for the time of a specific event. 

  • Greek: Τι ώρα είναι ο αγώνας / η συγκέντρωση / το ραντεβού;
  • Romanization: Ti óra íne o agónas / i singéndrosi / to randevú?
  • Translation: “What time is the game / the gathering / the appointment?”

Now let’s assume your phone battery is dead and you’re not wearing a watch. How could you possibly find out what time it is? The answer lies right below.

  • Greek: Μήπως έχετε ώρα, παρακαλώ;
  • Romanization: Mípos éhete óra, parakaló?
  • Translation: “Do you have the time, please?”

The question above is widely used and it’s considered pretty polite when you’re not sure if someone has a watch or when you don’t know each other. The answer here would be the current time, thus this phrase can be used as an alternative to the simple Τι ώρα είναι; question. 

2. The Hours in Greek

A Young Woman Holding and Pointing at an Alarm Clock

First things first, let’s have a look at how to say the hours in Greek. 

  • Greek: η ώρα
  • Romanization: i óra
  • Translation: “hour” / “o’ clock”
  • Greek: ακριβώς
  • Romanization: akrivós
  • Translation: “sharp”

So, when you need to tell the hour, you can use the sentence below.

  • Greek: Είναι……………….. η ώρα (ακριβώς).
  • Romanization: Íne ………………….. i óra (akrivós).
  • Translation: “It’s ……………………….. o’clock (sharp).”

While the addition of ακριβώς is optional, you can fill the blank space above with one of the hours below. 

Hours in Greek:

  • μία (mía) — “one”
  • δύο (dío) — “two”
  • τρεις (tris) — “three”
  • τέσσερις (téseris) — “four”
  • πέντε (péde) — “five”
  • έξι (éxi) — “six”
  • επτά/εφτά (eptá/eftá) — “seven”
  • οκτώ/οχτώ (októ/ohtó) — “eight”
  • εννέα/εννιά (enéa/eniá) — “nine”
  • δέκα (déka) — “ten”
  • έντεκα (édeka) — “eleven”
  • δώδεκα (dódeka) — “twelve”

In verbal speech in Greece, the most common way to tell the time is based on the twelve-hour clock. However, in written speech, it’s more common to use the twenty-four-hour clock.

3. Minutes and Seconds in Greek

A Solar Clock

Time flies. With GreekPod101.com, you won’t realize how quickly you’ll be an expert in Greek. As minutes and seconds pass by, you get a little bit closer to your Greek learning goals!

So, here’s how to say the minutes and the seconds in Greek. It will take only a minute to learn this!

  • Greek: το λεπτό / τα λεπτά
  • Romanization: to leptó / ta leptá
  • Translation: “minute” / “minutes”
  • Greek: το δευτερόλεπτο / τα δευτερόλεπτα
  • Romanization: to defterólepto / ta defterólepta
  • Translation: “second” / “seconds”
  • Greek: και
  • Romanization: ke
  • Translation: equivalent to “and” / “past” in English
  • Greek: παρά
  • Romanization: pará
  • Translation: equivalent to “to” in English

Now, let’s have a look at how to tell the time through some comprehensive examples:

  • Greek: Είναι τρεις και δεκαοκτώ (03:18 / 15:18).
  • Romanization: Íne tris ke dekaoktó.
  • Translation: “It’s eighteen past three.”
  • Greek: Είναι δύο παρά εικοσιπέντε (01:35 / 13:35).
  • Romanization: Íne dío pará ikosipénde.
  • Translation: “It’s twenty-five to two.”

4. The Hours Divided into Minute-Packages

A Clock Indicating a Quarter of an Hour
  • Greek: μισή
  • Romanization: misí
  • Translation: “half”
  • Greek: τέταρτο
  • Romanization: tétarto
  • Translation: “quarter”

There is no Greek equivalent for “a third” of the hour. This can be translated in Greek as και είκοσι

or παρά είκοσι, as referenced in the previous section of this article. 

Here are some helpful phrases for telling time in Greek this way:

  • Greek: Είναι έξι και τέταρτο.
  • Romanization: Íne éxi ke tétarto.
  • Translation: “It’s a quarter past six.”
  • Greek: Είναι οκτώ παρά τέταρτο.
  • Romanization: Íne októ pará tétarto.
  • Translation: “It’s a quarter to eight.”
  • Greek: Είναι έξι και μισή.
  • Romanization: Íne éxi ke misí.
  • Translation: “It’s half past six.”

5. General Time Reference Throughout the Day

Time

Since the twelve-hour clock is preferred in oral speech in Greece, when someone says “at nine o’clock,” you probably need to know if they’re referring to the morning or the evening. This is indicated by using the phrases below.

  • Greek: το πρωί
  • Romanization: to proí
  • Translation: “in the morning”

Example:

Greek: Στις έξι (η ώρα) το πρωί. 

Romanization: Stis éxi (i óra) to proí.

Translation: “At six (o’clock) in the morning.”

  • Greek: το απόγευμα
  • Romanization: to apóyevma
  • Translation: “the afternoon”

Example:

Greek: Στις τρεις (η ώρα) το απόγευμα. 

Romanization: Stis tris (i óra) to apóyevma.

Translation: “At three (o’clock) in the afternoon.”

  • Greek: το βράδυ
  • Romanization: to vrádi
  • Translation: “the night”

Example:

Greek: Στις δέκα (η ώρα) το βράδυ. 

Romanization: Stis déka (i óra) to vrádi.

Translation: “At ten (o’clock) at night.”

While the words above are common in everyday speech, in formal situations—for example, in the news—the way to indicate the exact time in Greek is by using the appropriate phrase from the list below.

  • Greek: προ μεσημβρίας (π.μ.)
  • Romanization: pro mesimvrías
  • Translation: “ante meridiem” (a.m.) / “before midday”
  • Greek: μετά μεσημβρίαν (μ.μ.)
  • Romanization: metá mesimvrían
  • Translation: “post meridiem” (p.m.) / “after midday”

However, at this point, you should note that in Greek you need to say the full phrase instead of just the initials. 

Here are some more time reference phrases you can use to indicate different time periods throughout the day. 

  • Greek: το μεσημέρι
  • Romanization: to mesiméri
  • Translation: “noon” / “midday”

Example:

Greek: Στις δώδεκα το μεσημέρι. 

Romanization: Stis dódeka to mesiméri.

Translation: “At twelve o’clock noon.”

  • Greek: τα μεσάνυχτα
  • Romanization: ta mesánihta
  • Translation: “midnight”

Example:

Greek: Είναι δώδεκα τα μεσάνυχτα. 

Romanization: Íne dódeka ta mesánihta.

Translation: “It’s twelve o’clock midnight.”

  • Greek: το ξημέρωμα / τα ξημερώματα
  • Romanization: to ximéroma / ta ximerómata
  • Translation: “dawn/early morning hours”

Example:

Greek: Ήρθε στις πέντε η ώρα τα ξημερώματα. 

Romanization: Írthe stis pénde i óra ta ximerómata.

Translation: “He came at five o’clock in the morning.”

6. Time Adverbs in Greek

In this section, we present you with a list of some useful time adverbs in Greek to cover each and every case. All of these words for time in Greek can answer the question “When?”

A Spiral Clock
  • Greek: τώρα
  • Romanization: tóra
  • Translation: “now”
  • Greek: αυτήν τη στιγμή
  • Romanization: aftín ti stigmí
  • Translation: “currently” / “at this moment”
  • Greek: εν τω μεταξύ
  • Romanization: en to metaxí
  • Translation: “meanwhile”
  • Greek: πριν
  • Romanization: prin
  • Translation: “before”
  • Greek: μετά
  • Romanization: metá
  • Translation: “after” / “later”
  • Greek: σύντομα
  • Romanization: síndoma
  • Translation: “soon”
  • Greek: σχεδόν
  • Romanization: schedón
  • Translation: “almost”
  • Greek: σε λίγο / σε λιγάκι
  • Romanization: se lígo / se ligáki
  • Translation: “in a bit” / “in a little while”
  • Greek: το συντομότερο δυνατό
  • Romanization: to sindomótero dinató
  • Translation: “as soon as possible”
  • Greek: οποιαδήποτε στιγμή
  • Romanization: opiadípote stigmí
  • Translation: “anytime”
  • Greek: για πολύ καιρό
  • Romanization: ya polí keró
  • Translation: “for a long time”

7. Greek Proverbs and Sayings Related to Time

Improve Listening

Learning some proverbs always takes you a step further into getting to know the Greek culture. Therefore, here are some of the most popular proverbs, sayings, and time expressions in Greek.

  • Greek: Ο χρόνος είναι χρήμα.
  • Romanization: O hrónos íne hríma.
  • Translation: “Time is money.”
  • Greek: Ο χρόνος είναι ο καλύτερος γιατρός.
  • Romanization: O hrónos íne o kalíteros yatrós.
  • Translation: “Time is the best doctor (corresponding to ‘Time heals all wounds.’).”
  • Greek: Ο χρόνος πίσω δεν γυρνά.
  • Romanization: O hrónos píso den yirná.
  • Translation: “Time doesn’t come back.”
  • Greek: Ή τώρα ή ποτέ.
  • Romanization: Í tóra i poté.
  • Translation: “It’s either now or never.”

8. Conclusion

Basic Questions

O χρόνος πίσω δεν γυρνά. This is certain. 

So start learning Greek today with GreekPod101.com!

Ή τώρα ή ποτε!

Start by practicing the pronunciation of some of the most important words included in this article. Then, we suggest that you read our blog post on Dates in Greek to gain a more spherical knowledge on the subject. 

Then, you can create a free personal account and browse through our wide variety of educational material. You can also upgrade to Premium Plus and take advantage of our MyTeacher program to learn Greek with your own personal tutor, who will answer any questions you might have!

In the meantime… What time is it now while you read this blog post? Write the current hour in Greek in the comments section below.

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How to Give Directions in Greek: “South” in Greek & More



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Ever wondered how to say “north” or “south” in Greek?

Or how about asking for some directions in Greek or providing them?

Getting around a new and unfamiliar city such as Athens, or even a small island, can be tricky. But in Greece, kind-hearted and welcoming people are always eager to help you find exactly what you’re looking for!

Although the majority of Greek people speak English at a conversational level, it’s always good to know the basics.

In this blog post, we’ll present you with some of the most popular words and ready-to-use phrases, as well as useful examples, so you can learn everything you need to know about asking for or giving directions in Greek.

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Table of Contents
  1. Directions on the Map
  2. Directions on the Road
  3. Important Places and Landmarks
  4. Must-Know Phrases for Asking for Directions
  5. Must-Know Phrases for Giving Directions
  6. Example Dialogue for Asking and Providing Directions in Greek
  7. Conclusion

1. Directions on the Map


Directions

The position of Greece on the map is characterized by many as strategic. This is no surprise, as Greece is located at the crossroads of Europe, Asia, and Africa.

Let’s have a look at some of the most important Greek words for describing a place on the map. Knowing the cardinal directions in Greek will be of great help as you try to navigate the area you’re in.

– ο βορράς (o vorás) — “the north” [noun]


Example:

  • Greek: Η Σουηδία βρίσκεται στον βορρά.
  • Romanization: I Suidía vrískete ston vorá.
  • Translation: “Sweden is in the north.”

– βόρειος (vórios) — “northern” [adjective]


Example:

  • Greek: Ο βόρειος άνεμος είναι κρύος.
  • Romanization: O vórios ánemos íne kríos.
  • Translation: “The northern wind is cold.”

– βόρεια (vória) — “north” [adverb]


Example:

  • Greek: Βόρεια της Ελλάδας βρίσκεται η Βουλγαρία.
  • Romanization: Vória tis Eládas vrískete i Vulgaría.
  • Translation: “North of Greece lies Bulgaria.”

Similarly, you can use all of the compass directions in Greek as follows:

  • Greek: o νότος [noun]
  • Romanization: o nótos
  • Translation: “the south”


  • Greek: νότιος [adj.]
  • Romanization: nótios
  • Translation: “southern”


  • Greek: νότια [adverb]
  • Romanization: nótia
  • Translation: “south”


  • Greek: η ανατολή [noun]
  • Romanization: i anatolí
  • Translation: “the east”


  • Greek: ανατολικός [adj.]
  • Romanization: anatolikós
  • Translation: “eastern”


  • Greek: ανατολικά [adverb]
  • Romanization: anatoliká
  • Translation: “east”


  • Greek: η δύση [noun]
  • Romanization: i dísi
  • Translation: “the west”


  • Greek: δυτικός [adj.]
  • Romanization: ditikós
  • Translation: “western”


  • Greek: δυτικά [adverb]
  • Romanization: ditiká
  • Translation: “west”


  • Greek: βορειοανατολικός [adj.]
  • Romanization: vorioanatolikós
  • Translation: “northeastern”


  • Greek: βορειοανατολικά [adverb]
  • Romanization: vorioanatoliká
  • Translation: “northeast”


  • Greek: βορειοδυτικός [adj.]
  • Romanization: vorioditikós
  • Translation: “northwestern”


  • Greek: βορειοδυτικά [adverb]
  • Romanization: vorioditiká
  • Translation: “northwest”


  • Greek: νοτιοανατολικός [adj.]
  • Romanization: notioanatolikós
  • Translation: “southeastern”


  • Greek: νοτιοανατολικά [adverb]
  • Romanization: notioanatoliká
  • Translation: “southeast”


  • Greek: νοτιοδυτικός [adj.]
  • Romanization: otioditikós
  • Translation: “southwestern”


  • Greek: νοτιοδυτικά [adverb]
  • Romanization: notioditiká
  • Translation: “southwest”

Example:

  • Greek: Η Ελλάδα βρίσκεται στη νότια Ευρώπη. Πιο συγκεκριμένα, βρίσκεται δυτικά της Τουρκίας, νότια της Βουλγαρίας, νοτιοανατολικά της Αλβανίας και ανατολικά της Ιταλίας.
  • Romanization: I Eláda vrískete sti nótia Evrópi. Pio singekriména, vrískete ditiká tis Turkías, nótia tis Vulgarías, notioanatoliká tis Alvanías ke anatoliká tis Italías.
  • Translation: “Greece is located in southern Europe. More specifically, it is located east of Turkey, south of Bulgaria, southeast of Albania, and east of Italy.”

As you might have noticed, you can choose to use either the appropriate noun, adjective, or adverb, based on the context of each sentence. However, you should pay attention, because there’s a high risk of confusion.

Our suggestion is that you write down many examples to familiarize yourself with each.

2. Directions on the Road


A Directions Sign

Getting around on the road, though, might be more useful during your trip in Greece. Therefore, we’ve gathered here all the basics on this subject.

  • Greek: μπροστά
  • Romanization: brostá
  • Translation: “front”


  • Greek: πίσω
  • Romanization: píso
  • Translation: “back” / “behind”


  • Greek: αριστερά
  • Romanization: aristerá
  • Translation: “left”


  • Greek: δεξιά
  • Romanization: dexiá
  • Translation: “right”

Example:

  • Greek: Το σούπερ μάρκετ είναι πίσω από το ταχυδρομείο και αριστερά από την τράπεζα.
  • Romanization: To súper márket íne píso apó to tahidromío ke aristerá apó tin trápeza.
  • Translation: “The supermarket is located behind the post office and on the left of the bank.”

Other useful location-related words can be found below:

  • Greek: κοντά
  • Romanization: kondá
  • Translation: “near”


  • Greek: μακριά
  • Romanization: makriá
  • Translation: “far”


  • Greek: μακριά από
  • Romanization: makriá apó
  • Translation: “away from”

Example:

  • Greek: Πόσο μακριά είναι το μετρό από το ξενοδοχείο;
  • Romanization: Póso makriá íne to metró apó to xenodohío?
  • Translation: “How far away is the metro from the hotel?”

As you might have noticed, many location-related adverbs are accompanied by the word από. This corresponds to the English word “from,” so you can add it when you feel it’s appropriate.

  • Greek: δίπλα (σε / στον / στην / στο)
  • Romanization: dípla (se / ston / stin / sto)
  • Translation: “next to”


  • Greek: απέναντι από
  • Romanization: apénandi apó
  • Translation: “across the street from”


  • Greek: στη γωνία
  • Romanization: vsti gonía
  • Translation: “at the corner”


  • Greek: στη διασταύρωση
  • Romanization: sti diastávrosi
  • Translation: “at the intersection”

Example:

  • Greek: Το νοσοκομείο βρίσκεται δίπλα στο σούπερ μάρκετ και απέναντι από το ταχυδρομείο. Πιο συγκεκριμένα, βρίσκεται ακριβώς στη γωνία της διασταύρωσης.
  • Romanization: To nosokomío vrískete dípla sto súper márket ke apénandi apó to tahidromío. Pio singekriména, vrískete akrivós sti gonía tis diastávrosis.
  • Translation: “The hospital is located next to the supermarket and across the street from the post office. More specifically, it is located at the corner, right at the intersection.”

3. Important Places and Landmarks


A GPS Screenshot with Location Pins

In this section, you’ll find some of the most important places and landmarks in Greek towns. These words can be used to enhance your knowledge on giving and receiving directions.

  • Greek: αεροδρόμιο
  • Romanization: aerodrómio
  • Translation: “airport”


  • Greek: μετρό
  • Romanization: metró
  • Translation: “metro” / “subway”


  • Greek: το κέντρο της πόλης
  • Romanization: to kéndro tis pólis
  • Translation: “the center of the city”


  • Greek: πάρκο
  • Romanization: párko
  • Translation: “park”


  • Greek: ξενοδοχείο
  • Romanization: xenodohío
  • Translation: “hotel”


  • Greek: νοσοκομείο
  • Romanization: nosokomío
  • Translation: “hospital”


  • Greek: τράπεζα
  • Romanization: trápeza
  • Translation: “bank”

And here are some more important words to get around at ease during your holiday or vacation.

  • Greek: τουαλέτα
  • Romanization: tualéta
  • Translation: “restroom”


  • Greek: φανάρια
  • Romanization: fanária
  • Translation: “traffic lights”


  • Greek: ασανσέρ
  • Romanization: asansér
  • Translation: “elevator”

4. Must-Know Phrases for Asking for Directions


Asking Directions

We couldn’t omit some ready-to-use phrases about how to ask for directions in Greek. You can practice using these, or you can transform them and create similar sentences on your own by mixing and matching all of the words you’ve learned so far.

  • Greek: Συγγνώμη, μπορώ να κάνω μια ερώτηση;
  • Romanization: Signómi, boró na káno mia erótisi?
  • Translation: “Excuse me, may I ask something?”


  • Greek: Πού είναι η τουαλέτα;
  • Romanization: Pu íne i tualéta?
  • Translation: “Where is the restroom?”


  • Greek: Πώς μπορώ να πάω στο σούπερ μάρκετ;
  • Romanization: Pos boró na páo sto súper márket?
  • Translation: “How can I get to the supermarket?”


  • Greek: Πόσο μακριά είναι η παραλία;
  • Romanization: Póso makriá íne i paralía?
  • Translation: “How far is the beach?”


  • Greek: Σας ευχαριστώ πολύ!
  • Romanization: Sas efharistó polí!
  • Translation: “Thank you very much!” (Politely in plural)


  • Greek: Ευχαριστώ για τη βοήθεια!
  • Romanization: Efharistó ya ti voíthia!
  • Translation: “Thanks for the help!”

5. Must-Know Phrases for Giving Directions


Showing Directions on the Map

It’s not always about asking for directions, though. There can be situations where you need to give someone directions, for example to a taxi driver.

Take a look at some more ready-to-use phrases, which can be used to give directions.

  • Greek: Συνεχίστε ευθεία.
  • Romanization: Sinehíste efthía.
  • Translation: “Keep going straight ahead.”


  • Greek: Κάντε αναστροφή.
  • Romanization: Kánde anastrofí.
  • Translation: “Make a U-turn.”


  • Greek: Στρíψτε δεξιά / αριστερά.
  • Romanization: Strípste dexiá / aristerá.
  • Translation: “Turn right / left.”


  • Greek: Θα πάτε στον τρίτο όροφο.
  • Romanization: Tha páte ston tríto órofo.
  • Translation: “You should go to the third floor.”


  • Greek: Συνεχίστε.
  • Romanization: Sinehíste.
  • Translation: “Keep going.”


  • Greek: Βιαστείτε, παρακαλώ.
  • Romanization: Viastíte, parakaló.
  • Translation: “Hurry up, please.”


  • Greek: Πιο αργά, παρακαλώ.
  • Romanization: Pio argá, parakaló.
  • Translation: “Slower, please.”

6. Example Dialogue for Asking and Providing Directions in Greek


Basic Questions

While taking a ride in a taxi…

Greek:

A: Καλησπέρα σας, θα ήθελα να με πάτε στο Ξενοδοχείο Μαρία, παρακαλώ.

B: Καλησπέρα! Που ακριβώς βρίσκεται το ξενοδοχείο;

A: Είναι στην οδό Ηλία Βενέζη 15, δίπλα από το σούπερ μάρκετ Βασιλόπουλος. Απέναντί του βρίσκεται η Εθνική Τράπεζα.

B: Ωραία, κατάλαβα, σας ευχαριστώ.

Romanization:

A: Kalispéra sas, tha íthela na me páte sto Xenodohío María, parakaló.

B: Kalispéra! Pu akrivós vrískete to xenodohío?

A: Íne stin odó Ilía Venézi dekapéde, dípla sto súper márket Vasilópulos. Apénadi tu vrískete i Ethnikí Trápeza.

B: Oréa, katálava, sas efharistó.

Translation:

A: “Good afternoon, I would like you to take me to Maria Hotel, please.”

B: “Good afternoon! Where exactly is the hotel?”

A: “It is on Ilia Venezi street number 15, next to the supermarket Vasilopulos. Across the street from the National Bank.”

B: “Great, I get it, thank you.”

7. Conclusion


Asking for directions while wandering around can save you time and lots of meters of walking distance. In this article, we tried to make it easier for you to ask for directions, or even provide some.

If you feel like studying some more, here’s our article on Popular Greek Travel Phrases.

GreekPod101.com offers you high-quality, practical knowledge about the Greek language.

At GreekPod101.com, we aim to provide you with everything you need to know about the Greek language in a fun and interesting way. Articles like this one, word lists, grammar tips, and even YouTube videos are waiting for you to discover them! You can even delve into a one-on-one learning experience with your own personal Greek teacher upon subscription to Premium Plus!

In the meantime, can you think of any other phrase related to directions that we haven’t included in this article? Let us know in the comments!

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Compliments in Greek: Ultimate Guide to Greek Compliments

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Who doesn’t enjoy a heartfelt compliment?

I don’t know about you, but Greeks do enjoy compliments very much!

Giving and receiving compliments is what brings people closer.

Whether between friends, colleagues, or even lovers, complimenting is an integral part of everyday life.

In this article, we’ve gathered the best Greek compliments, along with what they mean and how to use them! By the time you finish reading, you’ll be able to share everything you’ve always wanted with the people you appreciate. We’ll explore how to compliment someone’s looks, work, and skills, with relevant examples.

So, are you ready to begin complimenting in Greek? Then continue reading.

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Table of Contents

  1. An Introduction to Greek Compliments
  2. Complimenting Someone’s Look
  3. Complimenting Someone’s Work
  4. Complimenting Someone’s Skills
  5. How to Make Your Compliments Sound More Sincere
  6. What to Expect After Giving Compliments
  7. Conclusion

1. An Introduction to Greek Compliments

Compliments

First things first, let’s have a look at how to say the word “compliment” as a noun in Greek.

  • Greek: (το) κομπλιμέντο
  • Romanization: kompliméndo
  • Translation: “compliment”

Did you notice anything interesting?

I’m sure you did:

The Greek word κομπλιμέντο (or κοπλιμέντο) is very similar to its English equivalent. The explanation is really simple: both words are borrowed from Italian. At this point, we should note that this term is widely used in everyday conversations.

However, there’s another Greek word for “compliment,” demonstrated below.

  • Greek: (η) φιλοφρόνηση
  • Romanization: filofrónisi
  • Translation: “compliment”

This term is an original Greek compound word. More specifically, it consists of the words φίλος (fílos), meaning “friend” + φρονώ (fronó), meaning “to think” or “to consider.” It’s a very scholarly word, so it’s not widely used in everyday conversations; however, you might encounter it in Greek books and literature.

Now let’s take a look at how to say “giving a compliment” in Greek.

  • Greek: Κάνω ένα κομπλιμέντο.
  • Romanization: Káno éna kompliméndo.
  • Literal Translation: “I do a compliment.”
  • Meaning: “I give a compliment.” / “I compliment.”

Whereas in English, we can simply use “compliment” as a verb, there’s no equivalent verb in Greek. So the same meaning can be expressed by using the phrase κάνω ένα κομπλιμέντο (káno éna kompliméndo), which literally means “I do a compliment.” Please note the difference, since in English, the verb “to give” is used in this case (instead of “to do”), which might confuse novice Greek learners.

2. Complimenting Someone’s Look

A Man Complimenting a Woman through a Window
Image Description:

Complimenting someone on their looks can really cheer them up!

In Greek, however, it’s more common to compliment someone’s look when flirting, rather than between friends. Nevertheless, this is definitely not a constraint, as many close friends also compliment each other.

You can find the most common Greek phrases for complimenting someone’s look below.

  • Greek: Τα μαλλιά σου είναι πολύ ωραία σήμερα.
  • Romanization: Ta maliá su íne polí oréa símera.
  • Translation: “Your hair is very nice today.”
  • Example Situation: When you want to compliment someone (male or female) on their hair.
  • Greek: Μου αρέσει η μπλούζα σου.
  • Romanization: Mu arési i blúza su.
  • Translation: “I like your blouse/shirt.”
  • Example Situation: When you want to compliment someone (male or female) on their blouse/shirt.
  • Greek: Έχεις όμορφο χαμόγελο.
  • Romanization: Éhis ómorfo hamóyelo.
  • Translation: “You’ve got a pretty smile.”
  • Example Situation: When you want to compliment someone (male or female) on their smile.
  • Greek: Είσαι πολύ γλυκός!
  • Romanization: Íse polí glikós.
  • Translation: “You are very sweet!”
  • Example Situation: When you want to compliment someone (male) on his personality.
  • Greek: Είσαι η πιο όμορφη γυναίκα που έχω γνωρίσει.
  • Romanization: Íse i pio ómorfi yinéka pu ého gnorísi.
  • Translation: “You are the most beautiful woman I have ever met.”
  • Example Situation: When you want to compliment someone (female) on her beauty.

Please note that giving such personal compliments to someone of the opposite sex might be perceived as flirting, so use them wisely. Within the same context, Greek men tend to give many compliments…even to random women in the streets. There’s nothing to be afraid of, though. Just smile and say thank you.

If you want to learn more about Greek flirting, take a look at our list of the Top 15 Love Phrases.

3. Complimenting Someone’s Work

People Looking at a Sheet of Statistics

Another context where complimenting is really important is in our work environment. After all, we tend to spend a third of our life in our workspace. So, giving and receiving work-related compliments is crucial for bonding with colleagues, as well as for making progress.

Here are the most common Greek compliments that can be used in a work environment:

  • Greek: Μπράβο!
  • Romanization: Brávo!
  • Translation: “Bravo!”
  • Example Situation: When you want to praise someone.
  • Greek: Συγχαρητήρια!
  • Romanization: Siharitíria!
  • Translation: “Congratulations!”
  • Example Situation: When you want to congratulate someone.
  • Greek: Έχεις κάνει πολύ καλή δουλειά.
  • Romanization: Éhis káni polí kalí duliá.
  • Translation: “You’ve done a very good job.”
  • Example Situation: When you want to praise someone for their work.
  • Greek: Είσαι πολύ εργατικός / εργατική!
  • Romanization: Íse polí ergatikós / ergatikí!
  • Translation: “You are very hardworking!”
  • Example Situation: When you want to praise someone for their hard work.
  • Greek: Η παρουσίασή σου ήταν πολύ καλή.
  • Romanization: I parusíasi su ítan polí kalí.
  • Translation: “Your presentation was very good.”
  • Example Situation: When you want to praise someone who has just finished their presentation.
  • Greek: Η ιδέα σου ήταν εξαιρετική.
  • Romanization: Ι idéa su ítan exeretikí.
  • Translation: “Your idea was excellent.”
  • Example Situation: When you want to praise someone for their idea.

4. Complimenting Someone’s Skills

A Chef Cutting Some Vegetables

Excellent skills are hard to find. Therefore, we should recognize them and praise those who have them accordingly. This acknowledgement is what keeps people going and becoming better and better.

Below are some of the most common Greek compliments on someone’s skills.

  • Greek: Έχεις πολύ ταλέντο!
  • Romanization: Éhis polí talédo!
  • Translation: “You are very talented!”
  • Example Situation: When you want to praise someone (male or female) for their skills.
  • Greek: Είσαι εξαιρετικός μάγειρας!
  • Romanization: Íse exeretikós máyiras!
  • Translation: “You are an exceptional cook!”
  • Example Situation: When you want to praise someone (male) for his cooking skills.
  • Greek: Είσαι εξαιρετική μαγείρισσα!
  • Romanization: Íse exeretikí mayírisa!
  • Translation: “You are an exceptional cook!”
  • Example Situation: When you want to praise someone (female) for her cooking skills.
  • Greek: Βγάζεις πολύ ωραίες φωτογραφίες!
  • Romanization: Vgázis polí orées fotografíes!
  • Translation: “You take very nice shots!”
  • Example Situation: When you want to praise someone (male or female) for their photos.
  • Note: In Greek, the expression is βγάζω φωτογραφία, which is literally translated as “take out photos.”
  • Greek: Μιλάς πολύ καλά ελληνικά.
  • Romanization: Milás polí kalá eliniká.
  • Translation: “You speak very good Greek.”
  • Example Situation: When you want to praise someone (male or female) for their language skills.
  • Greek: Είσαι σίγουρος/-η ότι δεν είσαι επαγγελματίας;
  • Romanization: Íse síguros/-i óti den íse epaggelmatías?
  • Translation: “Are you sure you’re not a professional?”
  • Example Situation: When you want to praise someone (male or female) for their skills in a specific sector.

5. How to Make Your Compliments Sound More Sincere

A Smiling Woman Working at a bakery

Although compliments should always be honest, there are a few things you can do to seem more sincere. In Greece, there isn’t anything specific you should do while giving compliments, but here are a few useful tips:

  • A shining smile is always a good way to show that you really mean the compliment. Just wear your best smile and say something honest and nice.
  • Looking the other party in the eye is another way to express your honesty. In Greece, it’s considered to be the best way to detect if someone is lying.
  • Feel free to clap if you’re excited. While this isn’t appropriate for more personal comments, it’s perfectly fine when giving compliments about someone’s skills or work-related achievements.

6. What to Expect After Giving Compliments

A Woman with a Bright Smile

When receiving a compliment, most people kindly smile and say thank you.

Here are some relevant phrases you can use when receiving compliments in Greek.

  • Greek: Ευχαριστώ πολύ!
  • Romanization: Efharistó polí!
  • Translation: “Thank you very much!”
  • Greek: Ευχαριστώ πολύ για το κομπλιμέντο!
  • Romanization: Efharistó polí ya to kompliméndo!
  • Translation: “Thank you very much for the compliment!”
  • Greek: Υπερβάλλεις!
  • Romanization: Ipervális!
  • Translation: “You are exaggerating!”

Positive Feelings

7. Conclusion

Giving a compliment is always a nice gesture; it makes people happy and brightens their day. In Greek, there are no special phrases, and at this point we could say that complimenting in Greek is very similar to complimenting in English. Indeed, even in the context of gestures, no significant differences have been found.

Put on your best smile and make others happy!

Just a short note to self: Compliment others more—even in Greek!

Is there another compliment in Greek you want to learn? Let us know in the comments!

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Celebrating the Greek Orthodox Saturday of Souls in Greece

While Greece is a country of many religions, over ninety percent of the Greek population identifies as Eastern Orthodox Christian. This makes all related holidays a huge deal here, and today we’re going to tell you about what you can expect on a Greek Orthodox Saturday of Souls.

You’ll learn about the basics of Soul Saturday, Orthodox traditions that usually take place, and lots of useful vocabulary words.

Let’s get started.

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1. What is the Greek Saturday of Souls?

Within the Greek Orthodox Church, there’s a tradition of praying for the νεκρός (nekrós), or “dead,” every Saturday. This is done in memoriam of when Jesus died on the Great and Holy Saturday.

However, there are also two specific days set aside each year, which are often called Soul Saturday or Saturday of the Souls. On each Soul Saturday, Greek Orthodox Christians Τιμώ τους νεκρούς (Timó tus nekrús), or “honor the deceased,” and pray for their forgiveness. This is done specifically for those who have died but—for whatever reason—never had a proper memorial service.

Even before Christianity entered Greece, it was very common for the Greek people to hold memorials for their dead, in which they offered sacrifices and prayed in order to ensure the deceased’s forgiveness.

    → Check out our Religion vocabulary list for some useful words!

2. When are the Soul Saturday Dates?

A Wheat Field

The dates of Soul Saturday vary each year, based on the Eastern Orthodox religious calendar.

There are two main Soul Saturdays. The first one is on the Σάββατο πριν την Κυριακή της Απόκρεω (Sávato prin tin Kiriakí tis Apókreo), or “Saturday before Meatfare Sunday.” The second one is on the Σάββατο πριν την Κυριακή της Πεντηκοστής (Sávato prin tin Kiriakí tis Pendikostís), or “Saturday before Pentecost Sunday.”

For your convenience, here’s a list of this holiday’s dates for the next ten years.

Year First Soul Saturday
(Saturday of Souls Before
Meatfare Sunday)
Second Soul Saturday
(Saturday of Souls Before
Pentecost)
2020 February 22 June 6
2021 March 6 June 19
2022 February 26 June 11
2023 February 18 June 3
2024 March 9 June 22
2025 February 22 June 7
2026 February 14 May 30
2027 March 6 June 19
2028 February 19 June 3
2029 February 10 May 26

3. How Do the Greeks Celebrate Soul Saturday?

A Woman Visiting a Cemetery

The most common Saturday of Souls traditions include μνημόσυνο (mnimósino), or “memorial services,” and an accompanying τρισάγιο (trisáyio), or “special memorial prayer.” As we mentioned earlier, this is a time to pray for the deceased’s forgiveness so that they can αναπαύομαι εν ειρήνη (anapávome en iríni), or “rest in peace.” For a typical memorial service, the event will first be publicized via printed announcements; during the actual service, the Divine Liturgy will be given, followed by the memorial prayer.

In Greece, Saturday of Souls is also an opportunity for people to visit the μνήμα (mníma), or “tomb,” of a loved one. Here, they show respect to the deceased by cleaning the tombstone, taking care of the land around it, leaving flowers, burning incense, and lighting the καντήλι (kandíli), or “vigil oil lamp.”

Another popular tradition is that of eating koliva. This is a delicious dessert that consists of boiled σιτάρι (sitári), or “wheat,” raisins, cinnamon, nuts, pomegranate, and powdered sugar. This dish is handed out after a memorial service, and if there are any leftovers, they’re given to friends and family; this allows the dead to be symbolically forgiven. This custom is thought to have originated in Ancient Greece, because the Ancient Greeks used to offer the dead a similar dish of wheat and nuts.

Crete has a custom for Soul Saturday (and the day preceding it), in which people don’t cut down trees. This is because they believe there are souls sitting on the branches, and cutting the trees down would disturb them.

4. Koliva from Strangers

There’s a Greek proverb, which means in English: “He is having a memorial with koliva from strangers.” What does that mean?

Usually, when someone says this, they’re referring to the fact that someone is pretending to be generous when they’re actually giving away someone else’s money or resources!

5. Must-Know Soul Saturday Vocabulary

A Lit Vigil Oil Lamp

Let’s review some of the vocabulary words from this article!

  • Σιτάρι (Sitári) — “Wheat” [n. neut]
  • Ψυχοσάββατο (Psihosávato) — “Soul Saturday” [neut]
  • Σάββατο πριν την Κυριακή της Απόκρεω (Sávato prin tin Kiriakí tis Apókreo) — “Saturday before Meatfare Sunday”
  • Σάββατο πριν την Κυριακή της Πεντηκοστής (Sávato prin tin Kiriakí tis Pendikostís) — “Saturday before Pentecost Sunday”
  • Νεκρός (Nekrós) — “Dead” [n. masc]
  • Αναπαύομαι εν ειρήνη (Anapávome en iríni) — “Rest in peace”
  • Μνημόσυνο (Mnimósino) — “Memorial services” [n. neut]
  • Μνήμα (Mníma) — “Tomb” [n. neut]
  • Καντήλι (Kandíli) — “Vigil oil lamp” [n. neut]
  • Αγγελτήριο (Angeltírio) — “Printed announcement” [n. neut]
  • Τρισάγιο (Trisáyio) — “Special memorial prayer” [n. neut]
  • Θεία Λειτουργία (Thía Lituryía) — “Divine Liturgy” [fem]
  • Κόλλυβα (Kóliva) — “Koliva” [n. neut]
  • Ζάχαρη άχνη (Záhari áhni) — “Powdered sugar” [fem]
  • Λιβανίζω (Livanízo) — “cense” [v.]
  • Τιμώ τους νεκρούς (Timó tus nekrús) — “Honor the deceased”

If you want to hear the pronunciation of each word and phrase listed above, be sure to visit our Greek Soul Saturday vocabulary list!

Final Thoughts

We hope you enjoyed learning about the Saturday of Souls, Greek Orthodox Church traditions and customs for it, and some vocab you can start using today!

Does your country have a Soul Saturday holiday, or another holiday for commemorating the deceased? Please tell us about it in the comments; we love hearing from you!

To continue learning about Greek culture and the language, GreekPod101.com has several free resources for you, straight from our blog:

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Your Guide to Gender in Greek Grammar

Thumbnail

In the Greek language, there are three genders: masculine, feminine, and neuter. Each noun in Greek has a specific gender and—unlike in English—these genders don’t only apply exclusively to nouns referring to people, but also to nouns that refer to things or animals. Therefore, gender should be viewed as a grammatical attribute of a noun and not necessarily as the sex of a person, animal, or thing.

The gender roles in Greek society are deeply influenced by the patriarchal family model, although it has been modernized over the past few decades, attempting to ensure that women are equal to men. If you take a look at Greek mythology, the gods normally represent physical power, whereas goddesses represent wisdom, love, and organization. However, today’s Greek society is quite balanced when it comes to the differences between the two genders.

In this article, we’ve gathered all the tips and tricks to help you understand grammatical Greek genders.

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Table of Contents

  1. The Word “Gender” in Greek
  2. Articles in Greek According to Their Gender
  3. Guessing the Gender of a Word in Greek
  4. Memorizing the Gender of a Noun in Greek
  5. Gender Variations for Adjectives
  6. Conclusion

1. The Word “Gender” in Greek

Male and Female Signs Painted on a Blackboard with Chalk

  • Greek: γένος
  • Romanization: yénos
  • Translation: “gender”

The word above is utilized in grammar to express the gender of a noun or an adjective.

  • Greek: φύλο
  • Romanization: fílo
  • Translation: “gender”

This one is utilized in everyday speech to express the gender/sex of a person.

In Greek grammar, we use the word γένος, therefore there are three genders, which are: αρσενικό (arsenikó) meaning “masculine,” θηλυκό (thilikó) meaning “feminine,” and ουδέτερο (udétero) meaning “neuter.” These genders characterize nouns, adjectives, articles, and some pronouns and participles.

2. Articles in Greek According to Their Gender

A Female and Male Sign on a Transparent Door

The definitive articles in Greek are: ο (masculine), η (feminine), and το (neuter). They change depending on the grammatical case, though they all translate to the English word “the.”

Masculine Definitive Article:
Nominative: ο
Genitive: του
Accusative: τον

Feminine Definitive Article:
Nominative: η
Genitive: της
Accusative: τη(ν)

Neuter Definitive Article:
Nominative: το
Genitive: του
Accusative: το

Here’s an example of how these definite articles can be used in everyday conversations.

  • Greek: Στο εστιατόριο ο άντρας κοιτούσε τον κατάλογο, η γυναίκα κοιτούσε το κινητό και το παιδί έπαιζε με τα παιχνίδια του.
  • Romanization: Sto estiatório o ándras kitúse ton katálogo, i yinéka kitúse to kinitó ke to pedí épeze me ta pehnídia tu.
  • Translation: “In the restaurant, the man was looking at the menu, the woman was looking at the phone, and the child was playing with his toys.”

The indefinite articles in Greek are: ένας (masculine), μια/μία (feminine), and ένα (neuter). They also get inflected according to the case.

Masculine Indefinite Article:
Nominative: ένας
Genitive: ενός
Accusative: έναν

Feminine Indefinite Article:
Nominative: μια
Genitive: μιας
Accusative: μια

Neuter Indefinite Article:
Nominative: ένα
Genitive: ενός
Accusative: ένα

Here’s an example of how to use indefinite articles.

  • Greek: Ένας άντρας, μια γυναίκα και ένα παιδί έκατσαν στο δίπλα τραπέζι.
  • Romanization: Énas ándras, mia yinéka ke éna pedí ékatsan sto dípla trapézi.
  • Translation: “A man, a woman, and a child sat on the nearby table.”

3. Guessing the Gender of a Word in Greek

Male and Female Underpants

Recognizing the gender of a noun in Greek can be tricky, since all of these get inflected, resulting in different endings depending on the case they’re used in. However, in this section, we’ll refer to the most popular masculine, feminine, and neuter noun endings in the nominative case (i.e. the dictionary form).

Masculine endings:

-ος      Examples: ο άνθρωπος (o ánthropos) meaning “the human”; ο καιρός (o kerós) meaning “the weather”; ο ήλιος (o ílios) meaning “the sun”; ο κόσμος (o kózmos) meaning “the world.”

-ας      Examples: ο μπαμπάς (o babás) meaning “the father”; ο άντρας (o ándras) meaning “the man”; ο κανόνας (o kanónas) meaning “the rule”; ο ελέφαντας (o eléfandas) meaning “the elephant.”

-ης      Examples: ο λογιστής (o loyistís) meaning “the accountant”; ο υπολογιστής (o ipoloyistís) meaning “the computer”; ο πελάτης (o pelátis) meaning “the customer”; ο μαθητής (o mathitís) meaning “the student.”

-ες      Examples: ο καφές (o kafés) meaning “the coffee”; ο λεκές (o lekés) meaning “the stain.”

-ούς      Examples: ο παππούς (o papús) meaning “the grandfather.”

-έας      Examples: ο γραμματέας (o gramatéas) meaning “the secretary.”

Feminine endings:

-ος      Examples: η μέθοδος (i méthodos) meaning “the method”; η άνοδος (i ánodos) meaning “the rise”; η κάθοδος (i káthodos) meaning “the descent”; η οδός (i odós) meaning “the street”; η λεωφόρος (i leofóros) meaning “the avenue.”

      Examples: η μητέρα (i mitéra) meaning “the mother”; η καρέκλα (i karékla) meaning “the chair”; η θάλασσα (i thálasa) meaning “the sea”; η ώρα (i óra) meaning “the hour”; η αγελάδα (i ageláda) meaning “the cow.”

      Examples: η λέξη (i léxi) meaning “the word”; η αγάπη (i agápi) meaning “the love”; η ψυχή (i psihí) meaning “the soul”; η ζάχαρη (i záhari) meaning “the sugar”; η οθόνη (i othóni) meaning “the monitor.”

-ού      Examples: η μαϊμού (i maimú) meaning “the monkey.”

      Examples: η ηχώ (i ihó) meaning “the echo.”

Neuter endings:

-ος      Examples: το λάθος (to láthos) meaning “the passion”; το γεγονός (to yegonós) meaning “the incident.”

-ο      Examples: το φυτό (to fitó) meaning “the plant”; το βιβλίο (to vivlío) meaning “the book”; το γραφείο (to grafío) meaning “the office”; το ξενοδοχείο (to xenodohío) meaning “the hotel”; το λεωφορείο (to leoforío) meaning “the bus.”

      Examples: το σπίτι (to spíti) meaning “the house”; το κουτί (to kutí) meaning “the box”; το πουλί (to pulí) meaning “the bird.”

      Examples: το πρόβλημα (to próvlima) meaning “the problem”; το μάθημα (to máthima) meaning “the lesson”; το θέμα (to théma) meaning “the subject.”

-ιμο      Examples: το φταίξιμο (to ftéximo) meaning “the fault”; το πλύσιμο (to plísimo) meaning “the washing.”

Major Exception:
There are some neuter nouns ending in -υ, which are the following:

  • βράδυ (vrádi) — “night”
  • στάχυ (stáhi) — “ear; the plant”
  • δόρυ (dóri) — “spear”
  • οξύ (oxí) — “acid”
  • δίχτυ (díhti) — “net”
  • δάκρυ (dákri) — “tear”

For more information on how to tell the gender of a noun, check out this video lesson.

4. Memorizing the Gender of a Noun in Greek

A Man Being Confused and Skeptical

As you might have noticed, the -ος (-os) ending is found in nouns of all three genders, so it’s difficult to guess the gender by the ending. In this case, you should try to find another nearby word, preferably an article, which indicates the gender of the noun.

But what if there’s no indication of the noun’s gender around? Then, you can check if the noun is stressed on its last syllable; if it is, you can at least be sure that it’s not a neutral noun.

Another tricky part of the Greek language gender rules which confuses a lot of learners is the fact that there are many nouns that end with -ος (-os), which can be either masculine or feminine. Those usually indicate a profession, such as ο/η γιατρός (o/i yatrós) meaning “doctor” or ο/η δικηγόρος (o/i dikigóros) meaning “lawyer.”

It’s easy to guess the gender of some Greek nouns that refer directly to a specific sex, like the words μητέρα or μπαμπάς, because they follow their sex. But that’s not always the case. For example, το αγόρι (to agóri) meaning “the boy” is not a masculine noun; it’s neuter!

The best thing you can do to memorize the gender of a noun in Greek is to learn the noun in its dictionary form together with its article. For example, the word γάλα (gála) meaning “milk” which ends in -α could give the impression that it’s feminine—but it’s neuter. So memorizing it as το γάλα (to gála) instead could help you avoid that confusion.

5. Gender Variations for Adjectives

Two Adjacent People Out of Paper

Adjectives can vary depending on the gender of the noun they define. Each adjective changes its ending in a different manner.

Let’s have a look at some examples below.

Normally, when the male adjective ends in -ος, then the feminine ending will be -η and the neuter ending will be -ο.

– καλ-ός / καλ-ή / καλ-ό

  • Greek: Αυτός o δάσκαλος είναι πολύ καλός.
  • Romanization: Aftós o dáskalos íne polí kalós.
  • Translation: “This (masculine) teacher is very good.”
  • Greek: Αυτή ή δασκάλα είναι πολύ καλή.
  • Romanization: Aftí i daskála íne polí kalí.
  • Translation: “This (feminine) teacher is very good.”
  • Greek: Αυτό το παιδί είναι πολύ καλό.
  • Romanization: Aftó to pedí íne polí kaló.
  • Translation: “This kid is very good.”

In the same manner, indicatively, the following adjectives change their ending when referring to masculine, feminine, or neuter nouns:

ελεύθερος (eléftheros) — “free”
άρρωστος (árrostos) — “sick”
όμορφος (ómorfos) — “good-looking”
άσχημος (áschimos) — “ugly”
έξυπνος (éxipnos) — “smart”

Another common category of adjectives includes masculine adjectives ending in -ος, changing the feminine to -α and the neuter to -ο.

– άδει-ος / άδει-α / άδει-ο

  • Greek: Ο χώρος ήταν άδειος.
  • Romanization: O hóros ítan ádios.
  • Translation: “The space was empty.”
  • Greek: Η αίθουσα ήταν άδεια.
  • Romanization: I éthusa ítan ádia.
  • Translation: “The classroom was empty.”
  • Greek: Το κουτί ήταν άδειο.
  • Romanization: To kutí ítan ádio.
  • Translation: “The box was empty.”

In the same manner, indicatively, the following adjectives change their ending when referring to masculine, feminine, or neuter nouns:

ωραίος (oréos) — “nice”
άγριος (ágrios) — “wild”
γαλάζιος (galázios) — “light blue”
γελοίος (yelíos) — “ridiculous”
αιώνιος (eónios) — “eternal”

Another category of adjectives affected by the gender of the noun is as follows:

– βαθ-ύς / βαθ-ιά / βαθ-ύ

  • Greek: Ο βαθύς ποταμός.
  • Romanization: O vathís potamós.
  • Translation: “The deep river”
  • Greek: Η βαθιά λίμνη.
  • Romanization: I vathiá límni.
  • Translation: “The deep lake”
  • Greek: Το βαθύ πηγάδι.
  • Romanization: To vathí pigádi.
  • Translation: “The deep water well”

In the same manner, the following adjectives change their endings when defining masculine, feminine, or neuter nouns:

ελαφρύς (elafrís) — “light”
βαρύς (varís) — “heavy”
μακρύς (makrís) — “long”
πλατύς (platís) — “wide”
παχύς (pahís) — “thick”

If you’re interested in learning more about Greek adjectives, you’re in luck!

Just take a look at our article on the Top 100 Greek Adjectives. And if you feel like digging deeper into Greek grammar, check out lessons 13-17 of our Intermediate series.

6. Conclusion

Recognizing the gender of each noun in Greek isn’t easy. We get it. However, if you follow the above tips and tricks, you’ll be able to guess the gender of a noun or an adjective accurately in most cases. With experience, practice, and study, we’re sure you’ll soon become a master of Greek noun gender.

At GreekPod101.com, we aim to provide you with everything you need to know about the Greek language in a fun and interesting way. Stay tuned for more articles like this one, word lists, grammar tips, and even YouTube videos, which are waiting for you to discover them!

You can also upgrade to Premium Plus and take advantage of our MyTeacher program to learn Greek with your own personal teacher, who will answer any questions you might have!

In the meantime, is there a noun or adjective that troubles you? Let us know in the comments.

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Learn the Greek Word for Anger & More Angry Expressions

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People in Greece might be welcoming, generous, and hospitable. However, they can also be pretty tense. A walk around Athens can resolve all your doubts. You’ll definitely encounter some people shouting at each other while driving, or even groups of teenagers arguing about their favorite artist.

This is a characteristic of almost all cultures around the Mediterranean Sea. Greek culture closely resembles those of the Italian and the Spanish. However, this phenomenon normally can’t be characterized as anger; it’s really just vivid talking. In this article, we’ll be going over the Greek word for anger, as well as how to express negative emotions in Greek.

Anger is an emotion that Greeks have tried to understand and explain since ancient times. The concept of anger is prominent in ancient Greek mythology, as the 12 Gods of Olympus showcased the same behavioral traits as the mortals. Indeed, they could be jealous, intimidated, and even angered—and believe me, you don’t want to see an angry Greek god!

A Thunderbolt during a Storm

When a thunderstorm hit, Greeks perceived it as an expression of Zeus’s anger. Within the same context, a storm at sea was believed to be the release of tension of Poseidon, the God of the Seas. As for earthquakes, there was the angry God Enceladus, one of the Giants, who made the Earth shiver due to his bad temper.

In the Homeric epics Iliad and Odyssey, anger is the reason for war and many other bad things that happen to the heroes. Since antiquity, it was believed that anger could make a man “blind” in the sense that he would be unable to think and act straight, thus leading to poor decision-making. One of Aristotle’s most-known quotes is:

“Anybody can become angry—that is easy, but to be angry with the right person and to the right degree and at the right time and for the right purpose, and in the right way—that is not within everybody’s power and is not easy.”

From ancient Greece until today, anger is always present in our lives.

So, how is anger in modern Greek culture? Well, here’s the word for “anger” in Greek:

Greek: (o) θυμός
Romanization: thimós
Translation: “anger” (masculine)

This is a masculine noun, but there’s also a feminine noun that you can use for more intense anger:

Greek: (η) οργή
Romanization: oryí
Translation: “rage” (feminine)

In this article, we’ll demonstrate some of the most common angry Greek phrases and expressions. Nevertheless, we don’t encourage you to use them frequently, because who wants to be angry, after all?

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Table of Contents

  1. Angry Imperatives
  2. Angry Warnings
  3. Angry Blames
  4. Describing How You Feel
  5. How to Calm Someone Down
  6. Conclusion

1. Angry Imperatives

Two Men in a Business Setting Arguing

Imperatives can be rude. So, while we don’t advise the use of the following phrases, it’s always good to know a thing or two—just in case. As you might notice, the phrases used are pretty similar to the English ones, which makes them easier to remember.

  • Greek: Σκάσε!
  • Romanization: Skáse!
  • Translation: “Shut up!”
  • Example Situation: When someone is talking constantly and you can’t stand it anymore.
  • Additional Notes: This is an imperative form of the verb σκάω (skáo). This phrase is considered particularly rude and you should avoid using it.
  • Greek: Άντε / Άι χάσου!
  • Romanization: Áde / Ái hásu!
  • Translation: “Get lost!”
  • Example Situation: When someone has angered you so much that you can’t stand seeing him/her.
  • Additional Notes: This is an imperative form of the verb χάνομαι (hánome), meaning “to get lost.” The first word, άντε, which is often used as άι, is an interjection and acts as a prompt meaning “go ahead” or “go on.” This is another phrase that should be avoided, as it’s considered pretty rude.

You’re probably wondering “Avoid this…avoid that…which phrase can I actually use when I’m angry?” Here are some milder examples of ways to express that you’re angry in Greek:

  • Greek: Σταμάτα!
  • Romanization: Stamáta!
  • Translation: “Stop (it)!”
  • Example Situation: When someone does something annoying.
  • Additional Notes: This is an imperative form of the verb σταματάω / σταματώ (stamatáo / stamató), meaning “to stop.”
  • Greek: Κόφ’ το!
  • Romanization: Kóf’ to!
  • Translation: “Cut it out!”
  • Example Situation: When someone does something annoying.
  • Additional Notes: The first word comes from the verb κόβω (kóvo), meaning “to cut,” which has been contracted before the pronoun το (to). το (to) means “it” and serves as an object here, due to a phonological phenomenon called apocope. Keep in mind that this is a slang expression, so it’s more suitable in casual situations.
  • Greek: Παράτα με!
  • Romanization: Paráta me!
  • Translation: “Leave me alone!”
  • Example Situation: When someone keeps talking to you or keeps doing something annoying.
  • Additional Notes: This is an imperative form of the verb παρατάω / παρατώ (paratáo / parató), which means “abandon” / “quit” / “leave.” The word με is the weak form of the personal pronoun εμένα (eména), meaning “me” in the accusative.

2. Angry Warnings

An Angry Parent Warning Their Child

Warning someone can be a good tactic to avoid becoming angry in the first place. These are some phrases you can use to make your point as clear as the Greek blue sky.

  • Greek: Μην ανακατεύεσαι!
  • Romanization: Min anakatévese!
  • Translation: “Stay out of it!”
  • Example Situation: When someone gets in the way or intervenes on a matter that doesn’t concern them.
  • Greek: Δεν θέλω να σε ξαναδώ.
  • Romanization: Den thélo na se xanadó.
  • Translation: “I don’t want to see you again.”
  • Example Situation: When you break up with someone.
  • Greek: Μη με κάνεις να το ξαναπώ.
  • Romanization: Mi me kánis na to xanapó.
  • Translation: “Don’t make me say it again.”
  • Example Situation: When you’ve said something over and over again, but the other individual doesn’t go along with it.
  • Greek: Δεν θα το ανεχτώ!
  • Romanization: Den tha to anehtó!
  • Translation: “I won’t tolerate that!”
  • Example Situation: When something happens that goes well and beyond your limits.

3. Angry Blames

Negative Verbs

We couldn’t leave angry blames out of this list. This is simply because the phrases below can be used to set your limits, express your anger about a situation that’s beyond your control, or make a point clear.

  • Greek: Μα καλά, τι σκεφτόσουν;
  • Romanization: Ma kalá, ti skeftósun?
  • Translation: “What were you thinking?”
  • Example Situation: When someone does something so stupid that you can’t even understand what led to this.
  • Additional Notes: The phrase μα καλά literally means “But well.” However, its meaning here is different. It’s used as an exclamatory phrase to express surprise over something unthinkable.
  • Greek: Εσύ φταις!
  • Romanization: Esí ftés!
  • Translation: “It’s your fault!”
  • Example Situation: When someone does something bad.
  • Greek: Ποιος νομίζεις πώς είσαι;
  • Romanization: Pios nomízis pos íse?
  • Translation: “Who do you think you are?”
  • Example Situation: When someone acts in such a way that it suggests they think too highly of themselves.
  • Greek: Αυτό που έκανες ήταν απαράδεκτο!
  • Romanization: Aftó pu ékanes ítan aparádekto!
  • Translation: “What you did was unacceptable!”
  • Example Situation: When someone does something inappropriate.
  • Greek: Είσαι τρελός / τρελή;
  • Romanization: Íse trelós / trelí?
  • Translation: “Are you crazy?”
  • Example Situation: When someone does something crazy.
  • Greek: Πας καλά;
  • Romanization: Pas kalá?
  • Translation: “Are you in your right mind?”
  • Example Situation: When someone does something crazy and you think something is wrong with them. This expression literally means “Are you going well?” in the sense of “Are you functioning well (mentally)?”

4. Describing How You Feel

Complaints

Many people find it difficult to express their feelings. What you should keep in mind is that without expressing ourselves, others might misinterpret our actions or feelings. In many cases, being straightforward is a good move for avoiding anger. Here are some to-the-point phrases you can use to say “I am angry” in Greek, or to express other negative emotions:

  • Greek: Είμαι πολύ θυμωμένος / θυμωμένη!
  • Romanization: Íme polí thimoménos / thimoméni!
  • Translation: “I am very angry!”
  • Example Situation: When you’re very angry.
  • Additional Notes: θυμωμένος is masculine and θυμωμένη is feminine.
  • Greek: Έχω μπουχτίσει!
  • Romanization: Ého buhtísi!
  • Translation: “I am fed up!”
  • Example Situation: When you feel like you can’t take it anymore.
  • Additional Notes: The verb μπουχτίζω corresponds to the phrasal verb “feed up.”
  • Greek: Ποτέ δεν έχω υπάρξει τόσο απογοητευμένος / απογοητευμένη.
  • Romanization: Poté den ého ipárxi tóso apogoitevménos / apogoitevméni.
  • Translation: “I’ve never been so disappointed.”
  • Example Situation: When you feel deeply disappointed.
  • Greek: Δεν μπορώ άλλο.
  • Romanization: Den boró állo.
  • Translation: “I can’t take it anymore.”
  • Example Situation: When you feel you can’t take it anymore.

5. How to Calm Someone Down

A Woman Meditating

Calming someone down is not about charisma. It’s knowing what to say and when to say it. Here are some relevant examples of Greek phrases and expressions, which can be used for this purpose:

  • Greek: Πάρε μια βαθιά ανάσα.
  • Romanization: Páre mia vathiá anása.
  • Translation: “Take a deep breath.”
  • Example Situation: Trying to calm someone down who is very upset or in shock.
  • Greek: Έλα, ηρέμησε.
  • Romanization: Éla, irémise.
  • Translation: “Come on, calm down.”
  • Example Situation: Trying to calm someone down who is very upset.
  • Greek: Πρέπει να προσπαθήσεις να ηρεμήσεις.
  • Romanization: Prépi na prospathísis na iremísis.
  • Translation: “You should try to calm down.”
  • Example Situation: Suggesting to someone that being angry won’t do any good.

6. Conclusion

As the Greek historian Plutarch pointed out: “The characteristic of a wise man is the ability to avoid every conflict and anger.” This is indeed a wise move, although we understand that it can be difficult to stay calm in some situations.

That’s why we’ve outlined some of the most common Greek phrases and expressions related to anger—that feeling which can make you behave without thinking through all aspects of a situation.

In the end, our suggestion is the following: Every time you feel anger, just take a step back and breathe. Give it a second thought. Then, and only then, you can reach true wisdom.

However, if you feel the urge to speak, we’ve got you covered! At GreekPod101.com, we focus on practical learning, providing you with useful sentences, expressions, and word lists!

What do you do to calm down when angry?

Let us know in the comments!

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