Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Iro: I’m Iro.
Judith: Judith here. Absolute Beginner Season 1 Lesson 13 You’re on Greek Time.
Iro: Hello Everyone. I’m Iro and welcome to GreekPod101.com.
Judith: With us, you’ll learn to speak Greek with fun and effective lessons.
Iro: We also provide you with cultural insights.
Judith: And tips you won’t find in a textbook. In this lesson, you will learn how to tell the time in Greek.
Iro: This conversation takes place at a hotel in Athens.
Judith: The conversation is between Ellie and Petros.
Iro: The speakers are a couple. Therefore, they will be speaking informal Greek.
Judith: Let’s listen to the conversation.
DIALOGUES
Έλλη: Είναι δέκα παρά πέντε. Φεύγω. Πάω στην Ακρόπολη.
Πέτρος: Πάμε για καφέ; Και πηγαίνεις στην Ακρόπολη στις έντεκα ή στις δώδεκα.
Έλλη: Στις δώδεκα κάνει πολλή ζέστη.
Πέτρος: Καλά... Τότε πάω για καφέ και μετά στο φίλο μου το Βασίλη. Έχουμε ραντεβού στις έντεκα και μισή.
Έλλη: Πάμε για φαγητό στις δύο-δυόμισι;
Πέτρος: Είναι λίγο νωρίς. Πάμε στις τρεις;
Έλλη: Πολύ αργά... Καλά. Το βράδυ έχουμε τη συναυλία στο Ηρώδειο.
Πέτρος: Ωχ, τι ώρα;
Έλλη: Στις εννιά, αλλά πρέπει να είμαστε εκεί στις οκτώ και τέταρτο, οκτώ και είκοσι...
Πέτρος: Έχει ποδόσφαιρο στις εννιά και μισή. Μήπως...
Έλλη: Πέτρο!!!
Πέτρος: Καλά, καλά...
English Host: Let’s hear the conversation one time slowly.
Έλλη: Είναι δέκα παρά πέντε. Φεύγω. Πάω στην Ακρόπολη.
Πέτρος: Πάμε για καφέ; Και πηγαίνεις στην Ακρόπολη στις έντεκα ή στις δώδεκα.
Έλλη: Στις δώδεκα κάνει πολλή ζέστη.
Πέτρος: Καλά... Τότε πάω για καφέ και μετά στο φίλο μου το Βασίλη. Έχουμε ραντεβού στις έντεκα και μισή.
Έλλη: Πάμε για φαγητό στις δύο-δυόμισι;
Πέτρος: Είναι λίγο νωρίς. Πάμε στις τρεις;
Έλλη: Πολύ αργά... Καλά. Το βράδυ έχουμε τη συναυλία στο Ηρώδειο.
Πέτρος: Ωχ, τι ώρα;
Έλλη: Στις εννιά, αλλά πρέπει να είμαστε εκεί στις οκτώ και τέταρτο, οκτώ και είκοσι...
Πέτρος: Έχει ποδόσφαιρο στις εννιά και μισή. Μήπως...
Έλλη: Πέτρο!!!
Πέτρος: Καλά, καλά...
English Host: Now let’s hear it with the English translation.
Έλλη: Είναι δέκα παρά πέντε. Φεύγω. Πάω στην Ακρόπολη.
Judith: It's five to ten. I'm leaving. I'm going to the Acropolis.
Πέτρος: Πάμε για καφέ; Και πηγαίνεις στην Ακρόπολη στις έντεκα ή στις δώδεκα.
Judith: Shall we go for coffee? And you go to the Acropolis at eleven or twelve.
Έλλη: Στις δώδεκα κάνει πολλή ζέστη.
Judith: At twelve it's very hot.
Πέτρος: Καλά... Τότε πάω για καφέ και μετά στο φίλο μου το Βασίλη. Έχουμε ραντεβού στις έντεκα και μισή.
Judith: Well... Then I'm going for coffee and then to my friend Vasilis's. We have a meeting at eleven-thirty.
Έλλη: Πάμε για φαγητό στις δύο-δυόμισι;
Judith: Shall we go for food at two, two-thirty?
Πέτρος: Είναι λίγο νωρίς. Πάμε στις τρεις;
Judith: That's a little early. Shall we go at three?
Έλλη: Πολύ αργά... Καλά. Το βράδυ έχουμε τη συναυλία στο Ηρώδειο.
Judith: Too late... Well. In the evening, we have the concert at the Odeon.
Πέτρος: Ωχ, τι ώρα;
Judith: Oh, what time?
Έλλη: Στις εννιά, αλλά πρέπει να είμαστε εκεί στις οκτώ και τέταρτο, οκτώ και είκοσι...
Judith: At nine, but we have to be there at a quarter past eight, eight-twenty...
Πέτρος: Έχει ποδόσφαιρο στις εννιά και μισή. Μήπως...
Judith: There's soccer at nine-thirty. Maybe...
Έλλη: Πέτρο!!!
Judith: Peter!!!
Πέτρος: Καλά, καλά...
Judith: Fine, fine...
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Judith: Okay. What can we say about the time in Greece?
Iro: Greece, like the United States, uses the 12-hour clock and not the 24-hour one.
Judith: What about mealtimes?
Iro: Mealtimes in Greece depend on whether or not you work, study, are retired or work in the public or private sector. Greeks usually skip breakfast. Instead, they just have a coffee and have a snack later at work.
Judith: What time would you say are you having lunch?
Iro: Lunchtime is generally from 2:00 to 4:00.
Judith: It’s not like in Spain where people just take a nap afterward?
Iro: Well, not all of them, but a lot of Greeks love to take a siesta after 3 o’clock when they get back home after they finish work.
Judith: Are there particular times that I should be aware of?
Iro: Yes. You know, there is noise pollution that is a serious problem, especially in big cities. Therefore, citizens must keep their homes quiet by law during certain times of the day and night.
Judith: Like what times?
Iro: For example, at night, after 11:00 pm, you should be somehow quiet. You can’t have loud music in your apartment or walk with your heels or screaming or moving furniture, et cetera. People have the right to call the police if you don’t stop.
Judith: Okay, I see. That’s pretty similar to Germany actually. Is it the same on Sundays? I mean, are there more restrictions on Sundays?
Iro: Actually they don’t have to, because somehow, most of the people are quieter on Sundays.
VOCAB LIST
Judith: Let’s take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson. The first word we shall see is...
Iro: παρά
Judith: Minus.
Iro: παρά
Judith: Next.
Iro: φεύγω
Judith: To leave.
Iro: φεύγω
Judith: Next.
Iro: τότε
Judith: Then.
Iro: τότε
Judith: Next.
Iro: φίλος
Judith: Friend.
Iro: φίλος
Judith: This word is masculine. Next.
Iro: ραντεβού
Judith: “Appointment” or “rendezvous”.
Iro: ραντεβού
Judith: This word is neuter. Next.
Iro: λίγο
Judith: A little.
Iro: λίγο
Judith: Next.
Iro: νωρίς
Judith: Early.
Iro: νωρίς
Judith: Next.
Iro: αργά
Judith: Late.
Iro: αργά
Judith: Next.
Iro: συναυλία
Judith: “Concert”, “show”.
Iro: συναυλία
Judith: This word is feminine. Next.
Iro: πρέπει
Judith: “It is necessary”, “must”
Iro: πρέπει
Judith: This word is never conjugated. If you say “I must” it’s still πρέπει. Next.
Iro: εκεί
Judith: There.
Iro: εκεί
Judith: Next.
Iro: τέταρτο
Judith: Quarter.
Iro: τέταρτο
Judith: Next.
Iro: ποδόσφαιρο
Judith: Soccer.
Iro: ποδόσφαιρο
Judith: This word is neuter. Next.
Iro: μισή
Judith: Half.
Iro: μισή
KEY VOCAB AND PHRASES
Judith: Okay. Let’s take a closer look at the usage for some of the usage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson.
Iro: The first word we’ll look at is "πάω". This is another way to say "πηγαίνω", “to go”.
Judith: The meaning of the two verbs is the same and they’re used in many of the same situations. The main advantage of "πάω" is that it’s shorter. So it comes up more often in colloquial talk.
Iro: The name "Πέτρος" change to simply, "Πέτρο" when you’re addressing him. Similarly, the names Νίκος, Γιώργος, Σπύρος and even Βασίλης also lose their final “S”. Petros's friend’s full name is Βασίλης even though he’s addressed as Βασίλη.
Judith: "στο φίλο μου το Βασίλη" means “to my friend Vassilis” the construction is a bit different than in English. A word by word translation of the Greek "στο φίλο μου το Βασίλη" is “to the friend my, the Vassilis”, “to my friend Vassilis”.
Iro: "Ηρώδειο" is what Athenians call the Odeum of Herodes Atticus. It’s an ancient marble theater near the Acropolis and it is still being used for musical performances.
GRAMMAR POINT
Judith: The focus of this lesson is telling time. If you aren’t completely comfortable with the Greek numbers yet, you have another opportunity to practice them now. Knowing the numbers is essential for today’s topic which is telling time.
Iro: To indicate the full hour, just say "στις," as in "στις πέντε".
Judith: At 5 o’clock.
Iro: You may want to add the word "ακριβώς".
Judith: Exactly.
Iro: To mean “at 5’oclock sharp”. "Στις πέντε ακριβώς".
Judith: If it is some minutes after the full hour simply use "και," as in "στις πέντε και δέκα", “at 5:10.”
Iro: However, if it’s approaching the next hour already, use "παρά" minus as in "στις έξι παρά δέκα".
Judith: “At 10 to 6:00” that is 5:50. Additionally, you should the words ‘τέταρτο’ and ‘μισή’.
Iro: Στις πέντε και τέταρτο
Judith: “At quarter past five” that is 5:15.
Iro: Στις έξι παρά τέταρτο
Judith: “At quarter to six” 5:45. So και τέταρτο is “quarter past” and παρά τέταρτο is “quarter to”.
Iro: Στις πέντε και μισή
Judith: “At half past five” 5:30.
Iro: Know that in colloquial speech, people often say, "στις πεντέμισι" instead. Leaving out the "και" and combining "πέντε" and "μισή." Similarly, 12:30 is δωδεκάμισι, 1:30 is μιάμιση, 2:30 is δυόμισι and so on.
Judith: That just about does it for today.
Iro: Looking for a word definition? Find exactly what you’re looking for with the Instant Word Finder. Search the word dictionary in the top right corner of our site to find the word you’re looking for. You can search in English or Greek.
Judith: We will also display related audio lessons in our archive. Add the word directly to your word bank.
Iro: Enjoy yourself with My Word Bank Flashcards.
Judith: Go to GreekPod101.com and try it now.

Outro

Judith: We hope you enjoyed this lesson. See you next week!
Iro: Γεια σας!

37 Comments

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GreekPod101.com Verified
Monday at 06:30 PM
Pinned Comment
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Please tell us what time is it now! In Greek, of course!

GreekPod101.com Verified
Wednesday at 09:07 PM
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Γεια σου Τρέβορ!


I'm so glad you were able to find the book I wrote useful, hehe!

I'd recommend you copy and paste this information somewhere handy because like you said, you will probably come back to it later.


As for the blog error, thank you for providing the link. I've forwarded this to the corresponding team.


All the best :)


Stefania

Team GreekPod101.com

Trevor
Wednesday at 04:56 AM
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Γεια σου Στεφανία,


Wow! Thank you for your very detailed response. I was able to understand all of it in concept, but I haven't used the genitive case or full masculine numeral declensions yet, so I'll come back to some of it later. Fortunately, as it seems the feminine declensions for the accusative are the same as for the nominative, telling time with these numbers should be pretty straightforward now :)


As for the blog post with the "contracted είκοσι πέντε", it's here: https://www.greekpod101.com/blog/2020/07/31/telling-time-in-greek/#3. The last example in that third section contains the following sample: "Είναι δύο παρά εικοσιπέντε".


Ευχαριστλώ!

GreekPod101.com Verified
Wednesday at 01:34 AM
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Hi Trevor,


I'm glad you asked about this so I can clarify. However, note that going deep into these colloquial numerals might be overwhelming for an absolute beginner level because you need to know declension. I suggest you stick to number + και μισή expressions if the below notes seem complicated at the moment.


These colloquial numerals are compound words that use the adjective μισός-μισή-μισό to denote "half" but it takes the form -ήμισι (after a consonant) και -μισι (after a vowel), ex. δυόμισι, πεντέμισι, τρεισήμισι, τεσσερισήμισι.


The lesson had some typos I've corrected.


There are some exceptions though. If the first compound is the masculine number ένας or the feminine number μία, then it is written with an -η(ς) ending. In all other cases, it would be spelled with -ι. For example:


- Ο ενάμισης χρόνος.

- Η μιάμιση ώρα.

- Το ενάμισι λεπτό.


Note how the neuter one is different.


The masculine and feminine forms are declinable, while the neuter remains indeclinable. For example:


- Ο ενάμισης χρόνος, του ενάμιση χρόνου, τον ενάμιση χρόνο.

- Η μιάμιση ώρα, της μιάμισης ώρας, τη μιάμιση ώρα.

- Το / του ενάμισι (indeclinable) λεπτό/-ού.


Δυόμισι is indeclinable, while τρεισήμισι (common for both masculine and feminine), τριάμισι (neuter) as well as τεσσερισήμισι (masculine/feminine), and τεσσεράμισι (neuter) might vary in gender, but not in the different case system of declension when they define nouns. For example:


-Δυόμισι τόνοι - τόνων- τόνους (m) / ώρες- ωρών (f) / κιλά- κιλών (n).

-Τρεισήμισι τόνοι - τόνων - τόνους (m) / ώρες- ωρών (f)

-Τριάμισι κιλά- κιλών (n). (NOT τρεισήμισι κιλά- κιλών)


Similarly:


-Τεσσερισήμισι μήνες- μηνών (m) /ώρες - ωρών (f).

-Τεσσεράμισι κιλά- κιλών (n). (NOT τεσσερισήμισι κιλά- κιλών)


Similar variations we have for all numbers that end in 3 or 4:


δεκατρεισήμισι - δεκατριάμισι / δεκατεσσερισήμισι - δεκατεσσεράμισι.


The rest of the numerals are indeclinable:

πεντέμισι, εξίμισι, επτάμισι ... δεκαεννιάμισι...


The forms from μιάμιση until δωδεκάμισι are often used when telling the time and since they refer to η ώρα, the feminine forms are used when ώρα is implied. The article for the form μιάμιση is στη (because it's singular) for all other forms, it is στις (which is plural). For example:


-Στη μιάμιση (NOT στις μιάμιση).

-Στις τρεισήμισι (NOT στις τριάμισι.)

-Στις τεσσερισήμισι NOT (στις τεσσεράμισι.)


I hope you are doing OK after all this read 😅. To be honest, it's a very common mistake even among Greeks because it is quite complex, so don't worry too much about it if it feels super complicated to remember.


As for εικοσιπέντε, it should be two different words. Είκοσι πέντε. Perhaps if you send me the link I could forward this to the corresponding team for review and correction.


All the best.


Stefania

Team GreekPod101.com

Trevor
Saturday at 05:34 AM
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Γεια σου,


I have two questions about the numeral forms used for telling time.


Firstly, this lesson mentions that instead of "πέντε και μισή" we can say "πεντέμιση". The accent moved in the new word, and the same thing seems to happen with "δύο και μισή", giving "δυόμιση". Strangely, when I Googled for these words, all I could find was a few incomplete dictionary entries for forms like "επτάμισι" spelled with iota instead of ita. Is there a standard way to form these contractions? If so, how are they spelled?


Also, when I was reading a GreekPod101.com article I encountered some contracted numbers over twenty such as εικοσιπέντε. Are they typically used?


I apologize for these detailed questions.


Ευχαριστώ!

GreekPod101.com Verified
Friday at 03:31 AM
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Γεια σου Ράλιτζα!


Εδώ είναι δώδεκα και μισή ακριβώς :)


Γεια χαρά!


Στεφανία

Team GreekPod101.com

Ralitza
Thursday at 04:44 PM
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Γεια σου ,


εδώ είναι δέκα παρά τέταρτο.


Γεια χαρά,


Ράλιτζα

GreekPod101.com Verified
Saturday at 05:25 AM
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Γεια σου Ντέιλ,


ελπίζω να σε δω σύντομα λοιπόν στο Premium Plus πρόγραμμα!


Γεια χαρά,


Στεφανία

Team GreekPod101.com

Dale Grote
Friday at 07:30 PM
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Τέλεια! -Dale

GreekPod101.com Verified
Friday at 08:39 AM
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Hi Dale,


I'm really honoured to receive such positive feedback from you! Thank you! It really motivates me to keep doing what I do 😄


If you really want to go for it, you can upgrade and see if you will get assigned to me (I'm also a P+ tutor). If not, you can always email the company (contactus@greekpod101.com) and request to be assigned to me.


As for the types of questions you are describing, that's what the P+ service is for. The good thing is that for longer explanations, audio messages can be exchanged so communication is easier.


I would be very happy to have you as my student! The choice is yours 😉


Kind regards,


Stefania

Team GreekPod101.com

Dale Grote
Thursday at 09:56 PM
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Hello again, Stephania,


On a slightly different issue, currently I'm a Premium member only, and I've been thinking of upgrading to Premium Plus.


The company said I would be assigned a tutor with whom I could correspond. That sounds fine to me, but you probably realize that the kinds of questions I have tend to get into pretty detailed matters of grammar and syntax. You've been able to field them admirably because you're so well trained in Ancient Greek, as well as being a native speaker of Modern Greek.


What I'm getting at is that I'm not sure that just any native speaker would be a right fit for me at the Premium Plus level. Now if if YOU'RE the Greek Pod 101 tutor, I'd have no hesitations at all about upgrading.


What's your sense of this?


Dale