Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Iro: Γεια σας, εγώ είμαι η Ηρώ.
Judith: Judith here. Upper Beginner, Season 1, Lesson 25 - Remembering a Hectic Greek Holiday. Welcome back to Greekpod101. Welcome back to Greekpod101.
Iro: This is our last lesson.
Judith: The last lesson of the Upper Beginner Series.
Iro: Have you studied these lessons carefully and learned all the vocabulary?
Judith: You should now be ready for the Lower Intermediate level lessons.
Iro: You’re making progress.
Judith: Congratulations. But, there is one more lesson to go through. In this lesson, you’ll learn how to write an email in Greek.
Iro: This conversation takes place at Rhea’s and Alexis’s home.
Judith: The conversation is between Rhea and Alexis and you will also hear Fotini and Stefanos.
Iro: The speakers are friends, therefore they will be speaking informal Greek.
Judith: Let’s listen to the conversation. Ok. Maybe you can talk a little bit about the after wedding traditions. Is there anything that is different from America?
DIALOGUE
Ρέα: Έχω mail από τη Φωτεινή!
Φ: “Γεια σου Ρέα! Ελπίζω να είσαι καλά. Εμείς είμαστε στο Ηράκλειο.
Φ: Πήγαμε για δέκα μέρες στο Πήλιο και περάσαμε υπέροχα! Είχε βέβαια λίγο κρύο αλλά ήταν πολύ ωραία.
Φ: Το βράδυ κοιμόμασταν κατά τις δώδεκα και το πρωί ξυπνούσαμε στις επτά και αρχίζαμε τις βόλτες.
Φ: Κάθε μέρα επισκεπτόμασταν και διαφορετικό χωριό και τρώγαμε παραδοσιακά φαγητά σε ωραία ταβερνάκια.
Φ: Δεν ξεκουραζόμασταν πολύ, αλλά δεν πειράζει. Μια φορά είναι ο μήνας του μέλιτος!
Φ: Σου στέλνω μερικές φωτογραφίες. Πολλά φιλιά, Φωτεινή.”
Α: Κι εγώ έχω mail από το Στέφανο.
Σ: “Γεια σου φίλε, τι νέα; Γυρίσαμε χθες από το ταξίδι.
Σ: Εγώ κοιμόμουν μόνο πέντε ώρες και δεν ξεκουραζόμουν καθόλου!
Σ: Η Φωτεινή ξυπνούσε πρωί πρωί, σηκωνόταν αμέσως και τρέχαμε μες στο κρύο στα χωριά γιατί έπρεπε να τα δούμε όλα μέσα σε δέκα μέρες!
Σ: Εσύ τι κάνεις; Μίλησες με τη Ναταλία; Τα λέμε.”
Ρέα: Έχω mail από τη Φωτεινή!
Φ: “Γεια σου Ρέα! Ελπίζω να είσαι καλά. Εμείς είμαστε στο Ηράκλειο.
Φ: Πήγαμε για δέκα μέρες στο Πήλιο και περάσαμε υπέροχα! Είχε βέβαια λίγο κρύο αλλά ήταν πολύ ωραία.
Φ: Το βράδυ κοιμόμασταν κατά τις δώδεκα και το πρωί ξυπνούσαμε στις επτά και αρχίζαμε τις βόλτες.
Φ: Κάθε μέρα επισκεπτόμασταν και διαφορετικό χωριό και τρώγαμε παραδοσιακά φαγητά σε ωραία ταβερνάκια.
Φ: Δεν ξεκουραζόμασταν πολύ, αλλά δεν πειράζει. Μια φορά είναι ο μήνας του μέλιτος!
Φ: Σου στέλνω μερικές φωτογραφίες. Πολλά φιλιά, Φωτεινή.”
Α: Κι εγώ έχω mail από το Στέφανο.
Σ: “Γεια σου φίλε, τι νέα; Γυρίσαμε χθες από το ταξίδι.
Σ: Εγώ κοιμόμουν μόνο πέντε ώρες και δεν ξεκουραζόμουν καθόλου!
Σ: Η Φωτεινή ξυπνούσε πρωί πρωί, σηκωνόταν αμέσως και τρέχαμε μες στο κρύο στα χωριά γιατί έπρεπε να τα δούμε όλα μέσα σε δέκα μέρες!
Σ: Εσύ τι κάνεις; Μίλησες με τη Ναταλία; Τα λέμε.”
Ρέα: Έχω mail από τη Φωτεινή!
Rea: I have an e-mail from Foteini!
Φ: “Γεια σου Ρέα! Ελπίζω να είσαι καλά. Εμείς είμαστε στο Ηράκλειο.
F: "Hello, Rea! I hope you're well. We're in Iraklion.
Φ: Πήγαμε για δέκα μέρες στο Πήλιο και περάσαμε υπέροχα! Είχε βέβαια λίγο κρύο αλλά ήταν πολύ ωραία.
F: We went to Pelion for ten days, and we had a wonderful time! It was a little cold, of course, but it was very nice.
Φ: Το βράδυ κοιμόμασταν κατά τις δώδεκα και το πρωί ξυπνούσαμε στις επτά και αρχίζαμε τις βόλτες.
F: In the evening, we would go to bed [were sleeping] around twelve, and in the mornings we would wake up at seven and start the rounds.
Φ: Κάθε μέρα επισκεπτόμασταν και διαφορετικό χωριό και τρώγαμε παραδοσιακά φαγητά σε ωραία ταβερνάκια.
F: Every day, we visited a different village and would eat traditional foods in nice little cafés.
Φ: Δεν ξεκουραζόμασταν πολύ, αλλά δεν πειράζει. Μια φορά είναι ο μήνας του μέλιτος!
F: We didn't relax very much, but it doesn't matter. It's only your [the] honeymoon once!
Φ: Σου στέλνω μερικές φωτογραφίες. Πολλά φιλιά, Φωτεινή.”
F: I'm sending you some photos. Lots of kisses, Foteini."
Α: Κι εγώ έχω mail από το Στέφανο.
A: And I have an e-mail from Stefanos.
Σ: “Γεια σου φίλε, τι νέα; Γυρίσαμε χθες από το ταξίδι.
S: "Hello, friend, what's new? We got back from the trip yesterday.
Σ: Εγώ κοιμόμουν μόνο πέντε ώρες και δεν ξεκουραζόμουν καθόλου!
S: I slept only five hours, and I didn't relax at all!
Σ: Η Φωτεινή ξυπνούσε πρωί πρωί, σηκωνόταν αμέσως και τρέχαμε μες στο κρύο στα χωριά γιατί έπρεπε να τα δούμε όλα μέσα σε δέκα μέρες!
S: Foteini would wake up early in the morning [morning morning] and would get up immediately, and we would run in the cold to the villages because we had to see everything in ten days!
Σ: Εσύ τι κάνεις; Μίλησες με τη Ναταλία; Τα λέμε.”
S: How are you? Did you talk with Natalia? See you."
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Iro: The 13th day period after the wedding is called: Μήνας του μέλιτος.
Judith: Literally, the month of honey. For that, many people go to exotic destinations such as Bali or Militia and there special travel agencies that offer honeymoon packages.
Iro: Most of the expenses are covered by the money that the couple received as wedding presents. Many years ago, the destination was a secret. Nobody was supposed to know where the couple was. During the first year after the wedding, the bride was also not allowed to go to a funeral.
Judith: That’s pretty crazy. What another wedding tradition?
Iro: If they made their wedding list, the couple must collect the presents from the store and send the “Thank you.” notes to the people right after the wedding.
Judith: Within 40 days, the couple must change their civil status to “married”. If they don’t, they will have to pay a fine.
Iro: Women either may keep their family name and can also give it to their children, but they must declare their intent to do so on the day of their wedding otherwise the children take the man’s last name by default. Most women, even if they wish to give their family name to their future children, just let them take their husband’s name in order to avoid having to deal with the bureaucracy.
Judith: Ok, now let’s take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson. The first word that we shall see is?
VOCAB LIST
Iro: Ελπίζω
Judith: To hope.
Iro: Ελπίζω
Judith: Next...
Iro: Κατά
Judith: “Around” or “about”.
Iro: Κατά
Judith: Next...
Iro: Ξυπνάω
Judith: To wake up.
Iro: Ξυπνάω
Judith: Next...
Iro: Βόλτα
Judith: “Walk” or “sprawl”.
Iro: Βόλτα
Judith: Next...
Iro: Επισκέπτομαι
Judith: To visit.
Iro: Επισκέπτομαι
Judith: Next...
Iro: Διαφορετικός
Judith: Different.
Iro: Δοαφορετικός
Judith: Next...
Iro: Παραδοσιακός
Judith: Traditional.
Iro: Παραδοσιακός
Judith: Next...
Iro: Ξεκουράζομαι
Judith: To relax.
Iro: Ξεκουράζομαι
Judith: Next...
Iro: Μέλι
Judith: Honey.
Iro: Μέλι
Judith: Next...
Iro: Μήνας του μέλιτος
Judith: Honeymoon.
Iro: Μήνας του μέλιτος
Judith: Next...
Iro: Σηκώνομαι
Judith: To get up.
Iro: Σηκώνομαι
Judith: Next...
Iro: Τρέχω
Judith: “To run” or “race”
Iro: Τρέχω
Judith: Ok, let’s have a closer look at the usage for some of these words and phrases from this lesson.
VOCAB AND PHRASE USAGE
Iro: The first phrase we’ll look at is Κατά τις δώδεκα.
Judith: This means “Around 12 o’clock.”
Iro: If you had wanted to say “At 12 o’clock”, that would be στις δώδεκα.
Judith: So, κατά gives you some lead way.
Iro: Μήνας του μέλιτος means “month of honey”.
Judith: It’s a set expression. You can’t omit the μήνας even if the planned honeymoon is less than a month long.
Iro: Μεσ΄το κρύο is colloquial Greek. Normally, you should say μέσα στο κρύο, but μέσα στο is often abbreviated to μεσ΄στο.

Lesson focus

Judith: The focus of this lesson is the Past Tense of medium-passive verbs.
Iro: In this lesson, we’ve encountered that some medium-passive verbs used in the Past Tense.
Judith: These verbs are marked with special endings for the Present Tense, so it is natural that they also need special endings for the Past Tense. Otherwise, the distinction between active and medium-passive verbs would be lost.
Iro: Let’s recap the Present Tense forms for these verbs, first. Our example verb is ντύνομαι.
Judith: To get dressed.
Iro: Ντύνομαι
Judith: I get dressed.
Iro: Ντύνεσαι
Judith: You get dressed.
Iro: Ντύνεται
Judith: He gets dressed.
Iro: Ντυνόμαστε
Judith: We get dressed.
Iro: Ντύνεστε
Judith: You all get dressed.
Iro: Ντύνονται
Judith: “They get dressed”. And, now, the Past Tense, the new stuff.
Iro: Ντυνόμουν
Judith: I got dressed.
Iro: Ντυνόσουν
Judith: You got dressed.
Iro: Ντυνόταν
Judith: He got dressed.
Iro: Ντυνόμασταν
Judith: We got dressed.
Iro: Ντυνόσασταν
Judith: You all got dressed.
Iro: Ντύνονταν
Judith: “They got dressed”. Say it more again?
Iro: Ντυνόμουν, ντυνόσου, ντυνόταν, ντυνόμασταν, ντυνόσασταν, ντύνονταν.

Outro

Judith: Now, listeners, can you find all the Past medium-passive forms in today’s dialogue? That just does it for today. Like our podcasts?
Iro: Then like our Facebook page, too.
Judith: Get lesson updates, our Greek word of the day and news on Facebook.
Iro: Just search for GreekPod101.com and like our fan page.
Judith: And if you like a lesson or a series on GreekPod101.com…
Iro: Let us know.
Judith: By clicking the “Like” button next to the lesson or series. Well, that’s it for this season. We hope you enjoyed it. Let us know. Goodbye.
Iro: Γεια σας.

12 Comments

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GreekPod101.com Verified
Thursday at 07:09 AM
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Γεια σου Alain,


παρακαλώ!


Στεφανία

Team GreekPod101.com

Alain Côté
Wednesday at 07:35 AM
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Γεια σου Στεφανία,


πολύ βοηθητικός, ευχαριστώ.


Alain

GreekPod101.com Verified
Monday at 09:02 PM
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Hi Alain,


Those are all fair questions.


Πηγαίνω is an irregular verb so it acts, well, a bit cuckoo!


Just think of the present tense πάω in the indicative as the weirdo of the bunch, like a joker card that functions as a wild card (we call that μπαλαντέρ in Greek). It's the one that creates all the confusion here.


Also think of this verb like this:

present indicative AND subjunctive: πηγαίνω (those are always supposed to be identical for all verbs, that's a fact)

aorist indicative: πήγα

aorist subjunctive: πάω


Now, that weirdo πάω in the indicative is just an alternative and more casual form of πηγαίνω. You can tell these two apart from the use of words that indicate the subjunctive such as να, ας and so on.


I hope this helps :)


Stefania

Team GreekPod101.com

Alain Côté
Saturday at 11:23 AM
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Στεφανία,


After reviewing the verb, I have to admit I am stil somewhat lost. In the Indicative present, it seems that πάω and πηγαίνω are equally correct, wheras the aorist is πήγα (see https://moderngreekverbs.com/pigaino/)? Is there a different use or meaning in the indicative present between πάω and πηγαίνω ? But in the subjunctive, one form is the present and the other is the aorist? Any help in understanding or even ways to remember the difference would be helpful.


Ευχαριστώ

Alain Côté
Saturday at 10:59 AM
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Ευχαριστώ! I think more studying is what is needed! Although I understand the use cases, it is the memory of which is subjunctive and which one isn't that is the problem!

GreekPod101.com Verified
Thursday at 02:23 AM
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Hi Alain,


Good question.


I'm afraid πηγαίνω wouldn't be correct here. You see, first of all, you have να, and να indicates that the verb is in the subjunctive. The subjunctive indicates an intention, wish, advice or desire. Here the whole sentence indicates a desire (θέλω...what? να πάω/να πάμε...I want to go). Also, grammatically speaking, the subjunctive has only three tenses:


present

aorist

present perfect


These tenses though don't really express time (past, present, future), instead, they express whether that action (intention, wish, advice, desire, etc.) is:


continuous or repetitive (present)

momentary or one-off (aorist)

or perfective (present perfect)


Since the sentence is about ONE single trip abroad that the speaker intends to go (not many trips), we need to use the momentary subjunctive, i.e. the one that is in the aorist tense.


Πηγαίνω is in the present tense so να πηγαίνω expresses a continuous action. Θέλω να πηγαίνω = literally "I want to be going" (often, all the time) so this clashes with "a trip" (I want to be going to a trip. WRONG)


So your only choice here would be πάω which is in the aorist tense or any other person (depending on the test requirements and context) in that same tense, ex. πάμε.


More info on the subjunctive here:

https://www.greekpod101.com/lesson/mustknow-greek-sentence-structures-19-using-the-auxiliary-verb-can/

https://www.greekpod101.com/lesson/mustknow-greek-sentence-structures-20-using-verbs-in-subjunctive-form/?lp=97


I hope this explains your question :)


Happy studying,


Stefania

Team GreekPod101.com

Alain Côté
Wednesday at 09:11 AM
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Γεια σου Στεφανία,


Can you help me with the following exam question. When asked to complete the sentence "Θέλω να _____ ένα ταξίδι στο εξωτερικό", I selected "πηγαίνω", but the correct answer was "πάμε". I would have thought that both answers work, although they have a slightly different meaning. Am I incorrect?


Ευχαριστώ


Alain

GreekPod101.com
Monday at 02:29 PM
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Hi elizazj!


Yes, you are right!


The more you learn about the Greek verb conjugation, the more you'll realize that some patterns are similar. If you do a methodic studying of those patterns, it will become much easier to conjugate verbs. :)


Keep it up!


Stefania

Team GreekPod101.com

elizazj
Thursday at 04:24 PM
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i notise that this kind of medium-passive verbs used in the Past Tense,the endings are almost the same as the endings appearing in the verb ειμαι

ειμαι ἠμουν

εισαι ἠσουν

ειναι ἠταν

ειμαστε ἠμασταν

εισαστε/ειστε ἠσασταν

ειναι ἠταν


Greekpod101.com Verified
Friday at 09:55 AM
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Γεια σου Κάτι!


Συγχαρητήρια!:smile::thumbsup: Το επόμενο βήμα είναι η σειρά Lower intermediate.

It's a series about nouns, adjectives, word production etc. so it will be good for your vocabulary. The grammar is spread between the lessons. You just have to go through them one by one. If you are interested in verbs, they will be examined in detail from their basics in the Intermediate series and then in the Upper Intermediate which is a continuation of the first.


There are also some grammar points available at our grammar banks but these compliment the lessons rather than include all the available grammar there is on the site. We constantly try to add more grammar banks though.


I hope this information is helpful!


Stefania

Team GreekPod101.com