Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Judith: Judith here. Upper Beginner, Season 1, Lesson 12 - After the Greek Wedding.
Iro: Hello, everyone. I’m Iro and welcome to GreekPod101.com.
Judith: With us, you’ll learn to speak Greek with fun and effective lessons.
Iro: We also provide you with cultural insights.
Judith: And tips you won’t find in any textbook. In this lesson, you will learn how to describe people.
Iro: This conversation takes place after the wedding, during the reception.
Judith: The conversation is between several guests.
Iro: The speakers know each other therefore they’ll be speaking informal Greek.
Judith: Let’s listen to the conversation. Ok, let’s talk some more about Greek weddings. Do you also have this distinction between religious weddings and civil weddings?
DIALOGUE
Narrator: Μετά τον γάμο οι καλεσμένοι συζητούν.
Μια κυρία: Πολύ ωραία ήταν η νύφη. Κομψή και χαριτωμένη. Και το νυφικό της πολύ όμορφο και απλό.
Ένας κύριος: Και ο Στέφανος ήταν ωραίος. Λίγο σοβαρός, αλλά ωραίος.
Μια κυρία: Στον γάμο μας δεν ήταν τόσος κόσμος!
Ένας κύριος: Αυτό ήταν σαράντα χρόνια πριν!
Κυρία: Ναι. Θυμάσαι; Ήσουν τόσο ωραίος γαμπρός! Με το ωραίο σου μαύρο κοστούμι... Και ήσουν τόσο λεπτός!
Κύριος: Κι εσύ ήσουν λεπτή και είχες ξανθά μακριά μαλλιά.
Κυρία: Ε, ήμουν και είκοσι πέντε χρονών τότε...
...
Α: Ποια είναι αυτή η κοπέλα;
Ρ: Η Ναταλία, η ξαδέρφη του Στέφανου. Ήμασταν μαζί στο Πανεπιστήμιο
Α: Ήσασταν μαζί στο Πανεπιστήμιο; Δηλαδή την ξέρεις;
Ρ: Τη Ναταλία δεν ξέρω; Ναταλία, Ναταλία!
Ν: Ρέα, τι κάνεις; Ήσουν στον γάμο;
Ρ: Ναι. Από δω ο αδερφός μου ο Αλέξης.
Ν: Χάρηκα. Θα πάτε στο τραπέζι;
Ρ: Ναι.
Ν: Θέλετε να πάμε μαζί; Έχω αυτοκίνητο και είμαι μόνη μου.
Ρ: Ναι, ευχαριστούμε.
Ν: Πάμε, από ‘δω.
Judith: Now one time slowly.
Narrator: Μετά τον γάμο οι καλεσμένοι συζητούν.
Μια κυρία: Πολύ ωραία ήταν η νύφη. Κομψή και χαριτωμένη. Και το νυφικό της πολύ όμορφο και απλό.
Ένας κύριος: Και ο Στέφανος ήταν ωραίος. Λίγο σοβαρός, αλλά ωραίος.
Μια κυρία: Στον γάμο μας δεν ήταν τόσος κόσμος!
Ένας κύριος: Αυτό ήταν σαράντα χρόνια πριν!
Κυρία: Ναι. Θυμάσαι; Ήσουν τόσο ωραίος γαμπρός! Με το ωραίο σου μαύρο κοστούμι... Και ήσουν τόσο λεπτός!
Κύριος: Κι εσύ ήσουν λεπτή και είχες ξανθά μακριά μαλλιά.
Κυρία: Ε, ήμουν και είκοσι πέντε χρονών τότε...
...
Α: Ποια είναι αυτή η κοπέλα;
Ρ: Η Ναταλία, η ξαδέρφη του Στέφανου. Ήμασταν μαζί στο Πανεπιστήμιο
Α: Ήσασταν μαζί στο Πανεπιστήμιο; Δηλαδή την ξέρεις;
Ρ: Τη Ναταλία δεν ξέρω; Ναταλία, Ναταλία!
Ν: Ρέα, τι κάνεις; Ήσουν στον γάμο;
Ρ: Ναι. Από δω ο αδερφός μου ο Αλέξης.
Ν: Χάρηκα. Θα πάτε στο τραπέζι;
Ρ: Ναι.
Ν: Θέλετε να πάμε μαζί; Έχω αυτοκίνητο και είμαι μόνη μου.
Ρ: Ναι, ευχαριστούμε.
Ν: Πάμε, από ‘δω.
Judith: Now let’s hear it with the English translation.
Narrator: Μετά τον γάμο οι καλεσμένοι συζητούν.
Narrator: After the wedding, the guests converse.
Μια κυρία: Πολύ ωραία ήταν η νύφη. Κομψή και χαριτωμένη. Και το νυφικό της πολύ όμορφο και απλό.
A lady: The bride was very beautiful. Elegant and graceful. And her wedding dress very beautiful and simple.
Ένας κύριος: Και ο Στέφανος ήταν ωραίος. Λίγο σοβαρός, αλλά ωραίος.
A gentleman: Stefanos was handsome too. A bit serious, but handsome.
Μια κυρία: Στον γάμο μας δεν ήταν τόσος κόσμος!
A lady: At our wedding, there weren't so many people!
Ένας κύριος: Αυτό ήταν σαράντα χρόνια πριν!
A gentleman: That was forty years ago!
Κυρία: Ναι. Θυμάσαι; Ήσουν τόσο ωραίος γαμπρός! Με το ωραίο σου μαύρο κοστούμι... Και ήσουν τόσο λεπτός!
Lady: Yes. You do remember? You were such a handsome groom. With your nice black suit... And you were so thin!
Κύριος: Κι εσύ ήσουν λεπτή και είχες ξανθά μακριά μαλλιά.
Gentleman: You were also thin and had long, blonde hair.
Κυρία: Ε, ήμουν και είκοσι πέντε χρονών τότε…
Lady: Hey, I was only twenty-five years old then.
...
Α: Ποια είναι αυτή η κοπέλα;
A: Who is that girl?
Ρ: Η Ναταλία, η ξαδέρφη του Στέφανου. Ήμασταν μαζί στο Πανεπιστήμιο
R: Natalia, Stefanos's cousin. We were at university together.
Α: Ήσασταν μαζί στο Πανεπιστήμιο; Δηλαδή την ξέρεις;
A: You were at university together? In other words, you know her?
Ρ: Τη Ναταλία δεν ξέρω; Ναταλία, Ναταλία!
R: I don't know, Natalia? Natalia, Natalia!
Ν: Ρέα, τι κάνεις; Ήσουν στον γάμο;
N: Rea, how are you? Were you at the wedding?
Ρ: Ναι. Από δω ο αδερφός μου ο Αλέξης.
R: Yes. This is my brother Alexis.
Ν: Χάρηκα. Θα πάτε στο τραπέζι;
N: Pleasure. Will you go to the reception dinner [table]?
Ρ: Ναι.
R: Yes.
Ν: Θέλετε να πάμε μαζί; Έχω αυτοκίνητο και είμαι μόνη μου.
N: Do you want to go together? I have a car, and I'm alone.
Ρ: Ναι, ευχαριστούμε.
R: Yes, thank you.
Ν: Πάμε, από ‘δω.
N: Let's go, this way.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Iro: Yes. The couple can choose to have either one, and both are valid.
Judith: For a civil wedding, the ceremony takes place at the City Hall. The couple may invite their family and friends, but they only need two witnesses.
Iro: The ceremony lasts for 10 to 15 minutes. The vice mayor, who administers the ceremony, reads a text out loud about the obligations of the new couple.
Judith: How about a religious orthodox wedding?
Iro: According to the orthodox doctrine, the wedding is considered a mystery that is one of the seven sacraments. The service is conducted by a priest. There’s also at least one best man or woman.
Judith: What are the objects that I would see in this religious ceremony?
Iro: Well, there is a special table, there are two candles, both symbolize Jesus Christ, the light that would enlighten the couple and there’re also two crowns joined by union.
Judith: Crowns?
Iro: Yes. The best man or woman will put them on the heads of the bride and the groom three times. This act symbolizes the union of the couple and the beginning of their common life, their own kingdom.
Judith: And the priest?
Iro: The priest reads extracts from the Bible that have to do with the obligations of the man and the woman. Then the couple drinks red wine from the same coup and shares a spoon full of honey and nuts, implying that they are ready to share both happiness and sorrow in their new life together.
Judith: That’s an interesting tradition.
Iro: There’s more. The priest leads the couple three times around the table which is termed “The dance of Isaiah” and symbolizes the eternity of marriage. At the same time, the guests throw rice at the couple in order for the marriage to have solid roots. However, some priests forbid the throwing of rice in the Church because it is too messy. At the end of the ceremony, the priest picks up the crowns from the heads of the newlyweds and separates their clapped hands with the Bible showing that from this moment only God can get between the couple. What God had joined together, let man not separate.
Judith: I know what comes next. After the ceremony, the guests are offered traditional almond sweets called κουφέτα, and they go to the reception dinner.
Iro: If they have been invited that is. The reception can be more intimate than the ceremony itself.
Judith: Let’s take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson.
VOCAB LIST
Iro: Συζητώ
Judith: To converse.
Iro: Συζητώ
Judith: Next?
Iro: Νύφη
Judith: Bride.
Iro: Νύφη
Judith: Next?
Iro: Κομψός
Judith: “Elegant” or “stylish”.
Iro: Κομψός
Judith: Next?
Iro: Χαριτωμένος
Judith: Graceful.
Iro: Χαριτωμένος
Judith: Next?
Iro: Νυφικό
Judith: Wedding dress.
Iro: Νυφικό
Judith: Next?
Iro: Απλός
Judith: Simple.
Iro: Απλός
Judith: Next?
Iro: Σοβαρός
Judith: Serious.
Iro: Σοβαρός
Judith: Next?
Iro: Γαμπρός
Judith: Groom.
Iro: Γαμπρός
Judith: Next?
Iro: Κοστούμι
Judith: Suit.
Iro: Κοστούμι
Judith: Next?
Iro: Λεπτός
Judith: Thin.
Iro: Λεπτός
Judith: Next?
Iro: Ξανθός
Judith: Blonde.
Iro: Ξανθός
Judith: Next?
Iro: Μαλλιά
Judith: Hair.
Iro: Μαλλιά
Judith: Next?
Iro: Δηλαδή
Judith: That is to say “in other words”.
Iro: Δηλαδή
Judith: Let’s have a closer look at the usage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson.
VOCAB AND PHRASE USAGE
Iro: The first phrase we’ll look at is ήμουν είκοσι πέντε χρονών.
Judith: This is how you say: “I was 25 years old” in Greek.
Iro: Note that χρόνος is in the plural genitive here χρονών. So, this phrase could literally be translated as “I was 25 of years.”
Judith: It’s interesting we are thinking about it, but… just takes a little bit of getting used to.
Iro: είχες means “you had”.
Judith: It’s the past tense of έχεις.
Iro: Μακριά μαλλιά.
Judith: “Long hair”.
Iro: It’s a bit strange to describe long hair as “far” - μακριά, but that’s how you say it in Greek.
Judith: It’s one of those idiom sequences that you have to accept when learning a new language.

Lesson focus

Judith: Ok, for the grammar today, the focus is the Imperfect Past Tense of “to be”. It’s time to learn to talk about the past. We’ll start with the most useful verb first: the verb “to be”. Iro, can you tell us the forms of “to be” in the Past Tense?
Iro: Sure. Ήμουν
Judith: I was.
Iro: Ήσουν
Judith: “You were”, in the singular.
Iro: Ήταν
Judith: He/She/It was.
Iro: Ήμασταν
Judith: We were.
Iro: Ήσασταν
Judith: “You were”, either talking to several people or talking formally.
Iro: Ήταν
Judith: “They were”. Say them all again?
Iro: Ήμουν, ήσουν, ήταν, ήμασταν, ήσασταν, ήταν.

Outro

Judith: Note that ήταν can mean either “he/she/it was” or “they were”. It’s just like in the Present Tense, where είναι is also the same for both. Ok. That just does it for today. Like our podcasts?
Iro: Then like our Facebook page too.
Judith: Get lesson updates or a Greek word of the day and news on Facebook.
Iro: Just search for GreekPod101.com and like our fan page.
Judith: And, if you like a lesson or a series on GreekPod101.com…
Iro: Let us know.
Judith: By clicking the Like button next to lesson or series. All right, see you next time.
Iro: Γεια σας, τα λέμε την επόμενη φορά.

22 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

GreekPod101.com Verified
Friday at 09:05 PM
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Γεια σου Chen!


The correct is with lowercase because it's a common noun. Thank you for bringing this to me attention. It has been corrected.


All the best,


Stefania

Team GreekPod101.com

Chen
Thursday at 12:07 AM
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Γεια σας!


Έχω μια ερώτηση για ' Ήμασταν μαζί στο Πανεπιστήμιο'.

Here why Π has to be capital in the word university?

I have seen this in many places, but sometimes it is also written ...στο πανεπιστήμιο.

Ευχαριστώ!!

GreekPod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 11:43 AM
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Hi David,


Thank you for contacting us.


1. Could you please let me know which assignment exactly is the one you are referring to? I had a quick look to review it, but I couldn't find any question related to "να ζήσετε".

2. Να ζήσετε has the aorist stem because it's like saying "may you live a long life", not "may you be living a long life". Even in English it feels natural to use the non-continuous verb form. I guess this is from the point of view after death, when people look back and say "they lived a long life". Until the moment they die, we can't tell if they lived a long life. The wish simply wishes them to live a long life (result after death). It's not a wish to a continuous state of being. But that's just my personal speculation 😅 and understanding of the nuance of this standard expression.


Kind regards,


Stefania

Team GreekPod101.com

David Shochat
Friday at 10:36 AM
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In the assessment, we're asked to choose what to say to newlyweds. The correct answer was "Να ζήσετε!" (I had chosen "Να ζείτε!").

1. Where is this explained in the lessons?

2. It seems odd to me that we would want the aorist stem. Wouldn't we want them to live for a long time?

GreekPod101.com Verified
Thursday at 01:57 AM
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Hi Veada,


Thank you for contacting us about this. The typos have been corrected.


Kind regards,


Stefania

Team GreekPod101.com

Veada
Wednesday at 12:17 AM
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Hi,


This is from the lesson transcript:


Iro: Sure. Είμουν

Judith: I was.

Iro: Είσουν

Judith: “You were”, in the singular.

Iro: Ήταν

Judith: He/She/It was.

Iro: Είμασταν

Judith: We were.

Iro: Είσασταν


Is the spelling of the 1st and 2nd person singular and plural here correct?

Thanks in advance.

GreekPod101.com Verified
Thursday at 02:59 AM
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Hi Ayisha!


Great😄!


Stefania

Team GreekPod101.com

Ayisha
Wednesday at 03:16 PM
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I'll be waiting 😊.

GreekPod101.com Verified
Wednesday at 06:06 AM
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Hi Ayisha,


Those come out at the end of every month. So I think those will be available at the end of June... probably during the last weekend of June or so.


Kind regards,


Stefania

Team GreekPod101.com

Ayisha
Sunday at 10:11 PM
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This is the best website for learning Greek.


Plus, when will we get the next free gift of the month ? I'm waiting.