Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
John: Hi everyone, I'm John.
Chrissi: And I'm Chrissi.
John: And this is Must-Know Greek Sentence Structures, Season 1, Lesson 6. Using the Verb "To have".
John: In this lesson, you'll learn how to use a sentence pattern for talking about belongings.
PATTERN
John: For example,
John: "You have a large suitcase."
Chrissi: (Εσύ) έχεις μια μεγάλη βαλίτσα. ((Esí) éhis mia megáli valítsa.)
Chrissi: [slow] (Εσύ) έχεις μια μεγάλη βαλίτσα. ((Esí) éhis mia megáli valítsa.)
John: The pattern for talking about belongings has three elements. First, a strong personal pronoun in the nominative meaning "you".
Chrissi: Εσύ (Esí).
John: Second, the verb "to have" in the 2nd person singular meaning "you have".
Chrissi: έχεις (éhis).
John: Third, the feminine noun phrase in the accusative meaning "a large suitcase".
Chrissi: μια μεγάλη βαλίτσα (mia megáli valítsa).
John: Altogether, we have... "You have a large suitcase."
Chrissi: (Εσύ) έχεις μια μεγάλη βαλίτσα. ((Esí) éhis mia megáli valítsa.) [slow] (Εσύ) έχεις μια μεγάλη βαλίτσα. ((Esí) éhis mia megáli valítsa.) [normal] (Εσύ) έχεις μια μεγάλη βαλίτσα. ((Esí) éhis mia megáli valítsa.)
John: This sentence pattern starts with the subject of your sentence; a noun phrase in the nominative that may consist of a pronoun, such as "I,"
Chrissi: Εγώ (egó)...
John: ...although you can use any noun or name with an article to talk about the belongings of someone else. Remember, you can even omit the subject altogether, if it is understood by the context.
Chrissi: Next, use the verb "to have," έχω (ého,) in the correct person and number.
John: Finish with a simple or an extended noun phrase in the accusative case to express what you or someone else has. The noun phrase needs to be in the accusative because it is the direct object of the verb.
Chrissi: (Εσύ) έχεις μια μεγάλη βαλίτσα. ((Esí) éhis mia megáli valítsa.)
John: So remember to talk about belongings, start with a noun phrase in the nominative case, then use the verb "to have,"
Chrissi: έχω (ého)...
John: ...in the correct form, followed by a noun phrase in the accusative case to express what it is that you or someone else has.
John: Here is another example: "I have five apples." First, the verb "to have" in the 1st person singular meaning "I have".
Chrissi: Έχω (Ého).
John: Second, the neuter noun phrase in the accusative meaning "five apples".
Chrissi: πέντε μήλα (pénde míla).
John: Altogether we have...
Chrissi: Έχω πέντε μήλα. (Ého pénde míla.) [slow] Έχω πέντε μήλα. (Ého pénde míla.) [normal] Έχω πέντε μήλα. (Ého pénde míla.)
John: "I have five apples."
[pause]
Chrissi: Έχω πέντε μήλα. (Ého pénde míla.)
John: How do you say - "I have a dog." To give you a hint, "a dog" is...
Chrissi: έναν σκύλο (énan skílo). [slow] έναν σκύλο (énan skílo). [normal] έναν σκύλο (énan skílo).
John: "I have a dog."
[pause]
Chrissi: Έχω έναν σκύλο. (Ého énan skílo.) [slow] Έχω έναν σκύλο. (Ého énan skílo.) [normal] Έχω έναν σκύλο. (Ého énan skílo.)
[pause]
Chrissi: Έχω έναν σκύλο. (Ého énan skílo.)
REVIEW
John: Let's review the sentences from this lesson. I will tell you the English equivalent of the phrase and you are responsible for shouting it out loud in Greek. Here we go.
John: "You have a large suitcase."
[pause]
Chrissi: (Εσύ) έχεις μια μεγάλη βαλίτσα. ((Esí) éhis mia megáli valítsa.)
[pause]
Chrissi: (Εσύ) έχεις μια μεγάλη βαλίτσα. ((Esí) éhis mia megáli valítsa.)
John: "I have five apples."
[pause]
Chrissi: Έχω πέντε μήλα. (Ého pénde míla.)
[pause]
Chrissi: Έχω πέντε μήλα. (Ého pénde míla.)
John: "I have a dog."
[pause]
Chrissi: Έχω έναν σκύλο. (Ého énan skílo.)
[pause]
Chrissi: Έχω έναν σκύλο. (Ého énan skílo.)

Outro

John: Okay. That's all for this lesson. You learned a pattern for talking about belongings, as in...
Chrissi: (Εσύ) έχεις μια μεγάλη βαλίτσα. ((Esí) éhis mia megáli valítsa.)
John: meaning "You have a large suitcase."
John: You can find more vocab or phrases that go with this sentence pattern in the lesson notes. So please be sure to check them out on GreekPod101.com. Thanks everyone, see you next time!
Chrissi: Γεια χαρά!

5 Comments

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GreekPod101.com Verified
Monday at 06:30 PM
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What do you have with you now?

GreekPod101.com Verified
Friday at 05:32 PM
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Γεια σου Alain,


παρακαλώ! Yes, there is a looooot to learn. Καλή δύναμη😅!


Στεφανία

Team GreekPod101.com

Alain Côté
Thursday at 03:44 AM
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Ευχαριστώ πoλύ!


I was able to pick up on the "του" being genitive, but couldnt find the declension for the noun. Very informative, but obviously there is a lot to learn and remember!


Alain

GreekPod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 03:10 AM
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Hi Alain,


You expected right! Του προγράμματος is in the genitive indeed. Το πρόγραμμα belongs to the following category of Greek nouns: imparisyllabic -μα ending neuter nouns. These are inflected like so: https://screencast.com/t/Gyqy4h3Ic


They are called imparisyllabic (=non-equal number of syllables) because the number of syllables changes sometimes.


But don't be fooled by the -ος ending! There are even feminine nouns that in the nominative they end in -ος, for example, η άμμος (sand), η έξοδος (exit), η Βίβλος (Bible), η μέθοδος (method) and many more.


And sometimes a masculine noun might end in -α. For example, ο επιχειρηματίας, του επιχειρηματία, τον επιχειρηματία, (ω) επιχειρηματία.


There are many different noun groups each with their own declension patterns that you will eventually learn.


Kind regards,


Stefania

Team GreekPod101.com

Alain
Monday at 09:27 AM
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Hello,

I don't understand the form of the phrase Η αλλαγή του προγράμματος in one of the example phrases. In particular, I would have expected the word προγράμματος to be in the genitive, which I think is indicated by the article "του". I thought that του was the genitive, either masculine or neuter, form of the article and am surprised by the ending in "ος" that follows. Can you explain?


Ευχαριστώ


Alain