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Lesson Transcript

Geia, legomai Chrissi Hi everybody! I’m Chrissi.
Welcome to GreekPod101.com’s “Ελληνικά σε 3 λεπτά”. The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn Greek.
In the last lesson, we learned how to talk about your plans. In this lesson, we are going to deal with the verb “to be” in Greek, eimai.
We will also discuss how to talk about your nationality.
When you meet a new person in Greece, they might ask you Apo pou eisai? which is an almost word-to-word translation of "Where are you from?" Let’s break it down:
Apo means “from”
Pou means “where”
Eisai? means “you are” –here, by raising the tone in the first syllable, we make it a question. So instead of “you are”, we end up with “are you”. You might have noticed that there is no actual “you” in there; the verb itself provides the person, in this case the second person singular which, as we have mentioned in previous lessons, is the casual way to address someone. If you want to use the polite form, you replace eisai with eiste.
All together it's Apo pou eisai?
[slowly] Apo pou eisai?
Or for the polite form
Apo pou eiste?
[slowly] Apo pou eiste?
Answering this question is very easy! You just say Είμαι, which means "I am", then your nationality.
For example: Eimai amerikanós
[slowly] Eimai amerikanós
Just replace “Amerikanós” with your own nationality.
"I am German" is Eimai Germanos
"I am Italian" is Eimai Italos
Be careful, because this is how you refer to your nationality if you are male. For the feminine form, the words change a little-
Amerikanos becomes Amerikanida,
Germanos becomes Germanida and
Italos becomes Italida
Let’s say these ones separately...
If you are an American woman, you will say – Eimai amerikanida
German women will say-
Eimai germanida
And Italian women will say-
Eimai italida.
To return the question you can simply say Esy? which is "You?" in a casual way. If you want to ask in the polite way, you can say Eseis?
Now it’s time for Chrissi’s Insights.
The question Apo pou eisai? we learned in this lesson isn’t only used for nationalities; you can also use it to ask from which part of Greece the other person is from. Since the word “pou” is generic enough, it can apply to any location, within the country or international. Some hardcore Athenians even use it to ask from which particular part of the city the other person is from, while it is very common in the Greek countryside to mean “which village do you come from?”
In this lesson we learned how to talk about nationalities. In the next lesson, we will look at the verb “eimai” some more and how it is used to talk about locations. By the way, do you know how to ask someone where they are in Greek? I'll be waiting for you with the answer in the next lesson!
Tha ta ksanapoume sto epomeno mathima!

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GreekPod101.com Verified
Wednesday at 04:23 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi Lyudmyla, good evening (or day) to you too!


Thank you for your kind message :)


As for your questions:


1. I am Ukrainian (feminine) = Είμαι Ουκρανή.

I am from Ukraine. = Είμαι από την Ουκρανία.


2. In Greek there are quite a few adjective groups and each group has its own distinct ending pattern. Those are to be studied in separate lessons here on GreekPod101.com throughout different series.


With Greek adjectives the person doesn't matter. What matters is whether it's plural, the gender and the case (nominative, genitive, accusative, vocative)


So for:

"we are kind" we say είμαστε καλοί (masculine or a group of men and women) OR είμαστε καλές (a group of women)

"we are polite" we say είμαστε ευγενικοί (masculine or a group of men and women) OR είμαστε ευγενικές (a group of women)

"they are beautiful" we say είναι όμορφοι (masculine or a group of men and women) OR είναι όμορφες (a group of women)


In case you are interested, the following lessons contain all the adjective groups:

https://www.greekpod101.com/lesson/intermediate-13-are-we-there-yet/?lp=39

https://www.greekpod101.com/lesson/intermediate-14-arriving-at-the-santorini-hotel/?lp=39

https://www.greekpod101.com/lesson/intermediate-15-a-greek-dilemma-museum-or-beach/?lp=39

https://www.greekpod101.com/lesson/intermediate-16-this-is-the-life-in-greece/?lp=39


Happy studying!


Stefania

Team GreekPod101.com

Lyudmyla
Wednesday at 12:35 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Good evening to you !


I enjoy learning Greek language very much. Thank you for all your nice lessons. They are indeed very useful and interesting.

I have 2 questions for you, please :

1. How would you say in Greek : I am Ukrainian (feminine) and I am from Ukraine.

2. It would be interesting to know the correct endings to be used in the adjectives with the 1st person (plural) and the 3rd person (plural).

For example: how would you say in Greek: we are kind or we are polite ; they are beautiful.


Thank you in advance!

Lyudmyla.

GreekPod101.com Verified
Monday at 01:49 PM
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Hi Hannah!


I'm glad you are enjoying learning my language!


You can say: Είμαι Κορεάτισσα. (assuming from your name that you are a female)


Kind regards,


Stefania

Team GreekPod101.com

Hannah
Saturday at 04:21 PM
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Hello!!

How do I say "I'm Korean." ??


I will never stop saying how fun learning Greek is. ??

GreekPod101.com Verified
Monday at 06:57 PM
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Hey Elisabeth,


Thank you very much for your message and your kind feedback.


“I am Norwegian” in Greek would be “Είμαι Νορβηγίδα (Íme Norvigída) (feminine) and “Είμαι Νορβηγός” (Íme Νorvigós) (masculine). You can also say “Είμαι από τη Νορβηγία” (Íme apó ti Norvigía), which means “I am from Norway”.


If you have further questions, please let us know.


All the best,

Nektarios

Team GreekPod101.com

Elisabeth
Saturday at 05:41 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi

How about "Norwegian"?


(By the way, this really is the most fun way to learn Greek! I visit your site twice a day, and I really enjoy it. ?

GreekPod101.com Verified
Thursday at 01:01 PM
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Hey João!


You can say:


Είμαι Πορτογάλος. (masculine)

Είμαι Πορτογαλέζα. (feminine)


OR


Είμαι από την Πορτογαλία. "I'm from Portugal." (for either gender)


Cheers!


Stefania

Team GreekPod101.com

João
Thursday at 07:16 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hey!

How can I say " I'm portuguese" both in feminine and masculine?

thank you :smile:

GreekPod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 04:55 PM
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Γεια σου Cita!


If you are a woman: Είμαι Σλοβένα.

If you are a man: Είμαι Σλοβένος.

Or you can say: Είμαι από τη Σλοβενία - I am from Slovenia.


Cheers!:smile:


Stefania,

Team GreekPod101.com

Cita
Monday at 08:41 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Γεια σου!


How do you say I'm Slovenian?


Thanks! :smile: