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Lesson Transcript

Hi everybody, this is Stefania! Welcome to Greekpod101.com’s Alfaveeto made easy.
The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn the Greek alphabet: the alfaveeto!
Great job on making it this far! After this lesson, you will have learned half of the Greek alphabet; yes, in this lesson we will learn our twelfth letter. That is, 12 out of 24!
Let’s do a quick review of our previous letters. They were “Alpha”, “Mee”, “Taf”, “Yota”, “Kappa”, “Omikron”, “Pee”, “Seegma”, “Eeta” and “Psee”. Have you been practicing them regularly? So I’m sure you have figured out their small quirks and are ready for two more; one very similar to English and one unique to Greek.
Let’s start from the exotic one! It is the consonant, “Gama” which makes a “g” sound and might be a little difficult for English speakers since it doesn’t have an exact English equivalent. Most people treat it like a “g” but it is softer; more like the “y” sound in “you” or “young”.
Here’s the uppercase form of “Gama”.
It is handwritten like this:
And here’s the lowercase form of “Gama”. This might seem a little difficult to remember since there is no similarity between the uppercase and the lowercase form so all you can do is learn it by heart!
It is handwritten like this:
Let’s do it again- Here’s the uppercase form:
And here’s the lowercase form:
Ok, the hard part is over so let’s get to something more familiar! How about the “eh” sound as in the English “them”? In Greek it’s represented by the vowel “Epseelon”, sometimes called “epsilon” in English.
Here is the uppercase version.
It is handwritten like this:
And this is what the lowercase “Epseelon” looks like. It’s not that different than the uppercase “Epseelon” --just more rounded. Sort of like how you would write a backwards “3”
It is handwritten like this:
Let’s do it again- Here’s the uppercase form:
And here’s the lowercase form:
Not that hard, was it? I mean, you already knew the uppercase from English; as for the lowercase, well it’s just a squiggly line, isn’t it?
Let’s use something new and something old to write a short but very important word. It is “Γη” and it means “Earth”. It’s written using today’s “Gama” and Lesson 5’s “Eeta”. Here we go:
This was short so let’s write something bigger like “full”. In Greek it’s “γεμάτος” and it’s written like this:
Notice though that this is the masculine form. For the feminine you should use “Γεμάτη” and for the neutral “Γεμάτο”:
So let’s recap the first half of the Greek alphabet: “Alpha”, “Mee”, “Taf”, “Yota”, “Kappa”, “Omikron”, “Pee”, “Sigma”, “Eeta”, “Psee”, “Gama” and “Epseelon”. These are all familiar by now, right?
Now it's time for Stefania’s insights.
Like I said in the beginning, we have covered half of the Greek alphabet. This is no small feat and I hope you feel proud! Even though we are still missing some important letters, the ones we have covered so far are enough to be able to read and write hundreds of Greek words so please don’t neglect your reading and practicing! Furthermore, I’d like to suggest something: using the letters you know, try to read a Greek text and try to guess the ones you don’t. It might sound strange but it will help your Greek because it will hone your instinct for the language.
Besides air, food and water, there is something else you can’t live without -can you guess what it is? The answer (and the way to write it) is in the next Alfaveeto made easy lesson so don’t miss it!
Ya hara!


Please to leave a comment.
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GreekPod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 10:10 PM
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Hi S,

I guess you really enjoyed the lesson! Keep it up :)


Team GreekPod101.com

Tuesday at 03:53 AM
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GreekPod101.com Verified
Monday at 10:44 AM
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Hi Christopher,

Thank you for contacting us.

Yes, there is a lesson that focuses on the pronunciation of consonants, Γγ included.


It will explain its pronunciation variations, however, if you still have any questions after watching the video lesson, let me know. Remember, it takes some time to master making new sounds with our mouths so don't give up and keep practising!

All the best,


Team GreekPod101.com

Christopher Gilbertson
Sunday at 07:51 PM
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I'm really struggling with Γγ, When I try the "g" sound it sounds as if I'm gargling and I don't know when to sound it "g" "y" or "w".

Is there a lesson that gives me more practise or maybe goes into more detail?



GreekPod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 11:05 AM
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Hi Elias,



Team GreekPod101.com

Tuesday at 01:39 AM
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Thank you so much for your kind and detailed answer and i appreciate it a lot. I guess i need to think more about the names.

Best of luck.

GreekPod101.com Verified
Monday at 12:44 PM
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Hi Elias,

Achilles is only a first name in Greece. So you might have to change your first name from Elias to Achilles for that purpose, and leave your last name intact. It wouldn't be offensive or weird or old style or anything. Lots of people are called like that. If you still want to change your last name, however, the only possible last name I could think of and that it actually exists (although very rare) and sounds similar is Αχιλλόπουλος (Achillopoulos). I'm not sure if you like it:unamused:.

Also keep in mind that the actual hero in Greece is not pronounced Achilles but Ahiléas (Αχιλλέας). If your identity documents will have your name or last name written as Achilles, then in Greece they MIGHT render it as Αχήλλες in official documents which is not a real name! I'm not sure if it could be "translated" into Αχιλλέας. What I know for sure is that for passports, the Greek authorities use a specific transliteration system called ΕLΟΤ 743. For more info, try to translate the following page into English:


Here I found a transliteration tool for you that uses the ELOT system:


In that page it is mentioned: "The United Nations recommended system was approved in 1987 (resolution V/19), based on the ELOT 743 conversion system of the Greek Standardization Organization."

You might have to do more research about this so you won't get any funny surprises in the future in case you move to Greece. Of course, when you introduce yourself, you can say that your name is Αχιλλέας despite of what your ID says, so it's up to you to do whatever makes you happy:smile:!

I hope my insight is useful!



Team GreekPod101.com

Saturday at 01:39 AM
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Hello dears.

I have a technical question for you. I am so obsessed with Greece that i want to change my last name to my hero and favorite warrior ACHILLES. I want to know if i change my last name to ACHILLES and if someday i move to Greece, the name would be ok there and it would not be offensive or disrespectful. Do Greeks use this name for themselves positively today?

GreekPod101.com Verified
Thursday at 05:37 AM
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Hello Nicolas Sibarani,

Thank you for your comment.

The Greek γ (not G, which would be γγ or γκ as you will see in a later lesson) can have two sounds:

1) When combined with the vowels α, ο, ου its sound comes from the throat, similar to the way the French pronounce the R, but of course not completely the same.

2) When combined with ι (η, υ, ει, οι) and ε (αι) sounds it is pronounced more forward in the mouth, like the "y" in English words such as "yes" or "Yiddish".

As for the videos on Youtube of this series, we post only the first few lessons as a free sample to viewers of what GreekPod101.com can offer them.

I hope the above information helps! Let us know if you have more questions. We are here to help.

Kind regards,


Nicolas Sibarani
Wednesday at 07:30 PM
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Nice lesson. Was the G was sounded like French G? If yes, please add lesson 6-8 to YouTube. Efharisto