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Lesson Transcript

Hi everybody, this is Stefania! Welcome to GreekPod101.com’s Alfaveeto made easy. The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn the Greek alphabet: the alfaveeto!
In our previous lesson, we learnt two letters, “Alpha” and “Mee”. Remember them? Good! In this lesson we’ll move on to two more letters, see how they are written, and what we can do with them!
Our first letter this time is “Taf” –a consonant, and its sound is “t”. You may have heard it called “tau”, which is its usual name in English. I’m sure its uppercase form will seem very familiar since it is the same as the English “T”
This is what Taf looks like in uppercase and lowercase:
Here is Taf in uppercase. You should already be an expert at this shape!
It is handwritten like this: T
And this is what the lowercase Taf looks like when it’s printed. I think it’s easier than the lowercase “t” in English since it’s just an uppercase “T” but smaller!
When it is handwritten, the shape looks a little different -- like this:
Let’s do it again- Here’s the uppercase form: Τ
And here’s the lowercase form: τ
Did you get it? I’m sure you already knew how to write this, didn’t you?
Let's move on to our second letter for this lesson. This is a vowel that you may have heard called Iota. In Greek, though it is called “Yota” and it makes the sound “ee”. Again, this will look very familiar since its appearance is the same as the English “I”. Here’s what Yota looks like in uppercase and lowercase:
This is what the uppercase Yota looks like –as I said before, it’s exactly the same as the English “I”.
It is handwritten like this: I
And this is what the lowercase Yota looks like. Notice how the bottom curves slightly when it is handwritten.
Let’s do it again- Here’s the uppercase form: I
And here’s the lowercase form: ι
All these were pretty easy, weren’t they? Let’s see what we can do with them. By themselves, Taf and Yota spell only one word in Greek: “τι”. Even though it’s a very small word, it’s very important and used all the time in Greek because it means “what”! For example the first word in the question “τι ώρα είναι;” which means “what time is it?”. Other examples of its use are “τι θα φάμε;” or “what will we eat?”. This word is also used in “τι κάνεις;” which means “how are you?”
[H screen]
So, let’s write this very important two-letter word!
Since these were super-easy, let’s try something using the all four letters we know. Do you remember the first two? They were Alpha and Mee, right? Let’s see them once again!
And if we put these together with Taf and Yota, what do we have? “μάτι” (“mati”) which means “eye”. Easy, huh? And if we add another Alpha in the end, we get “μάτια” (“matia”) which is the plural of “eye”: “eyes”. Let’s write this together!
Now it's time for Stefania’s insights.
As we said in our previous lesson, the best way to master the Alfaveeto, the Greek alphabet is by writing it as much as you can. So please, don’t neglect this!
Another great help would be to start trying to recognize the letters you’ve learned so far in Greek texts; if you can’t find any texts, you can always check out the transcripts on GreekPod101.com’s Advanced Audio Blog lessons. Don’t worry if you can’t understand the words yet, you *will* be able to practice recognizing the letters you’re learning here!
That’s it for this lesson! Do you know how to write “OK” in Greek? Check our next lesson and see for yourselves (hint, it won’t be difficult).
See you in the next Alfaveeto made easy lesson! Ya hara!


Please to leave a comment.
😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

GreekPod101.com Verified
Saturday at 12:17 AM
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Hi Meredith,

Please, no need to apologize! It's normal to ask this when starting with Greek but worry not because I have the solution for you. Simply follow the following guide to install the Greek keyboard on your device:


If you have any more questions, please let us know.

All the best,


Team GreekPod101.com

Thursday at 05:56 AM
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How do I type in Greek on the quizzes from my standard English keyboard? (I saw below questions about typing the accented letters, but I don't know how to type any of them.) Forgive my ignorance.

GreekPod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 07:20 AM
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Hi Martins,

Thank you for the ❤️️!

All the best,


Team GreekPod101.com

Sunday at 03:19 PM
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GreekPod101.com Verified
Friday at 01:12 AM
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Hi Alexander,

Thank you for reaching out!

As Yoda himself would say:

"You must unlearn what you have learned." ...

The "t" is not silent so don't try to make it silent. Perhaps it sounds less plosive than the English speaking "t" but it's definitely not silent. If you put your finger in front of your mouth while pronouncing "tea" you will feel the air hitting your fingers.

The Greek "t" wouldn't require so much air to come out. In fact, when I say "yota" I don't feel any air in my fingers. To achieve that, rather than pronouncing "t" pushing air through the small gap between your teeth rows, try to touch the back of your upper teeth with your tongue and quickly pull the tongue behind while you vocalize.

[Yoda quotes alert!]

"Named must be your fear before banish it you can." ...

"Fear is the path to the dark side. ...

"That is why you fail." ...

Don't be afraid to make pronunciation mistakes! Don't feel bad your pronunciation is not perfect. Cut yourself some slack. Just stick to continuous practice, little by little every day and you will witness beautiful things happening! Your tongue muscles will start bending in new ways never experienced before, your ears will hear sounds you never made before either. It's all very fascinating if you just embrace errors and how your mouth will adapt to the new language slowly slowly. It's like a journey, at least to me when I study the pronunciation of sounds from other languages.

"The greatest teacher, failure is." ...

"Pass on what you have learned."

Happy practicing!


Team GreekPod101.com

P.S.: Yes, I'm a nerd 😄!

Alexander Wimbush
Thursday at 03:29 PM
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I keep saying Yoda instead of Yota becasu i try too make the t silent so i can get the accent.😞

My pronunciation is bad.

GreekPod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 01:45 AM
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Hi Liz,

The lesson quiz can be found here:


If you are on Level 1 pathway, the assignment that includes taf and yota is the one found right under the first lesson:


I hope this helps!


Team GreekPod101.com

Sunday at 01:13 AM
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where can I find the quiz for Taf and Yota?



GreekPod101.com Verified
Monday at 09:57 AM
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Hi Burdun,

Thank you for contacting us.

Many users ask us the same questions as you did so we have created some video lessons to help out a bit. Please check out the following links:



I hope these lessons will help. As for ε and αι, it's not so easy to come up with rules. It's a matter of memorization.

Let us know if you have any more questions!

Kind regards,


Team GreekPod101.com

Monday at 08:14 AM
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Γεια σου, Στεφανία,

How do we know when to use ι - υ - η - ει - οι inside a certain word? What about ε - αι and ο - ω?

Ευχαριστώ πολύ!