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Lesson Transcript

Hi everybody, this is Stefania! Welcome to GreekPod101.com’s Alfaveeto made easy. The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn the Greek alphabet: the alfaveeto!
Welcome to the 11th lesson of our Greek writing series; you’ll be happy to hear that we are almost done with the Greek alphabet. Actually, we will be finished with new letters in the next lesson, but we have three more lessons dealing with punctuation, accents and double letters. Don’t let that worry you, though; if you have been practicing what we have seen until now, it’s almost certain that you will go through all those very easily.
So let’s learn two more consonants in this lesson!
Our first letter is “Theeta”, often called “theta” in English. Its sound is “th” as in “thorough”.
As you can see, there is a striking similarity between uppercase and lowercase.
This is the uppercase “Theeta”.
It is handwritten like this: Θ
And this is the lowercase “Theeta”.
It is handwritten like this: θ
So they’re both circles with a line in the middle. You can write the lowercase pretty much like the uppercase –just a little more narrow.
Let’s do it again- Here’s the uppercase form: Θ
And here’s the lowercase form: θ
I’m sure this wasn’t too hard now, was it? There are many words in the Greek language that use “Theeta” so you’ll get used to it in no time. Now let’s see our next letter, another unique consonant called “Fee”. The sound is “f” and it looks like this:
It looks like a “Theeta” turned on its side, doesn’t it? Be sure to notice the ends of the line protruding from the top and the bottom though!
This is the uppercase “Fee”.
It is handwritten like this: Φ
And this is that lowercase “Fee”.
It is handwritten like this: φ
The sound is not going to be a problem since it is the same as the English “F” so you can concentrate on the writing.
Let’s do it again- Here’s the uppercase form: Φ
And here’s the lowercase form: φ
“Fee” and “Theeta” are a little hard to combine so for our words in this lesson, we will employ some of the letters we have learned already –luckily now we have lots to chose from!
The first word is something we use every day and which is particularly interesting in Greece –tasty also! Yes, we are talking about “food” and the Greek word for it is: φαγητο. Let’s write it together.
Got it? It isn’t a big word but it’s something you’ll hear many times in Greek so it’s good to know it! Do you feel confident with your “Fee”? Do you think we could try something a little more ambitious? How about a word with both “Fee” and “Theeta”? One very common word is “φθηνος” meaning “cheap”. Let’s write it.
So let’s recap. So far, we have learned 22 letters: “Alpha”, “Mee”, “Taf”, “Yota”, “Kappa”, “Omikron”, “Pee”, “Sigma”, “Eeta”, “Psee”, “Gama”, “Epseelon”, “Ro”, “Hee”, “Nee”, “Omega”, “Delta”, “Lamda”, “Veeta”, “Ipsilon”, “Theeta” and “Fee”. If you’re still hanging in there, great job! You’ve almost learned them all.
Now it's time for Stefania’s insights.
You’ve got 22 Greek letters floating around in your brain. At this point it is very important to single out which ones are easily confused and come up with a trick to remember them. Try to associate them with the Greek words we learned using them and, if possible, an English word that might relate to them. For example, this lesson’s “fageetoh” can be combined with the English word “food”; they start with the same sound so by over-pronouncing the initial Fee sound you can mentally connect the words and the letters. Try it and see if it helps!
So, what are the last two letters going to be? Don’t you want to complete your set and also learn how to write an important word like “life? Check out the next lesson and complete your collection!
See you there!
Ya hara!


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GreekPod101.com Verified
Wednesday at 04:12 PM
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Hi Tea!

Thank you for asking.

It could be the handwriting but I can't tell unless I see how you were writing it. You can write these letters on a paper, scan it, and share the file with me here with a link if you upload it on a site like Dropbox. Or you can open the file on your computer, make a screenshot with some online program, and send me the link. You can even email the file to contactus@GreekPod101.com and ask the staff to forward your message to me. I'll reply you through them via email then.

I hope this helps!

Kind regards,


Tuesday at 10:53 PM
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I had Ancient Greek in high school and we used to write some letters, like lowercase thita or vita, a bit different than what is shown in these lessons. I'm guessing it's because the writing has changed, but could it simply be the matter of the handwriting? The lowercase vita I was thought looked like this [β]. The lowercase thita didn't look like the uppercase one, but unfortunately I can't show it here.



GreekPod101.com Verified
Thursday at 12:43 PM
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Hi Beat,

Thank you for asking about this.

Perhaps it's not clearly heard in the audio but it is an /f/ sound. We never pronounce φ (ex. φαγητό) as π (ex. παγητό).

I hope this helps! If you ever have any more questions, they are all welcome :)

All the best for you Greek learning!


Team GreekPod101.com

Beat Koch
Thursday at 01:09 AM
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I notice that the last word in the vocabulary φαγητό is pronounced as pagito instead of fagito. Is this an error or another option for the pronunciation?

And tanks for your excellent presentation!


GreekPod101.com Verified
Friday at 03:58 PM
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Hi Anne,

What I am saying is "Γεια χαρά!", a casual say to say a simple goodbye.

Χαρά, although it means "joy", it doesn't have that meaning here. The whole phrase is just like a "bye-bye".

Αντίο is a bit more like "goodbye for good" or "goodbye for a long time".

I hope this helps!


Team GreekPod101.com

Friday at 02:08 AM
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I was wondering, what is the word you say at the end of each video? I know that (I'm spelling this in English letters the way it sounds in Greek) adio is a way to say goodbye right? I can't figure out what what you are saying means.