Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Gabriella: Hi everyone, I’m Gabriella.
Stefania: And I’m Stefania!
Gabriella: And welcome to Culture Class: Essential Greek Vocabulary, Lesson 4! In this lesson you'll learn 5 essential words related to Food and Drink. These are five popular Greek homecooked meals. Hand picked. You can find a complete list of vocabulary at GreekPod101.com
FIVE KEY VOCABULARY ITEMS
Gabriella: Stefania, what’s our first word?
Stefania: τυρόπιτα
Gabriella: cheese pie
Stefania: (slow) τυρόπιτα (regular) τυρόπιτα
Gabriella: Listeners, please repeat:
Stefania: τυρόπιτα
[pause - 5 sec.]
Gabriella: Tyropita is a type of savoury pie made either with layers of buttered phyllo or puff pastry dough and filled with a cheese and egg mixture. It is usually eaten mid-morning in Greece.
Gabriella: Now let's hear a sample sentence using this word.
Stefania: (normal) Τα πρωινά συνήθως τρώω μια τυρόπιτα πριν πάω στη δουλειά.
Gabriella: In the mornings I usually eat a cheese pie before going to work.
Stefania: (slow) Τα πρωινά συνήθως τρώω μια τυρόπιτα πριν πάω στη δουλειά.
Gabriella: Okay, what’s the next word?
Stefania: παστίτσιο
Gabriella: Greek style lasagna
Stefania: (slow) παστίτσιο (regular) παστίτσιο
Gabriella: Listeners, please repeat:
Stefania: παστίτσιο
[pause - 5 sec.]
Gabriella: Pastitsio is a version of the Italian dish "pasticcio di pasta," also known as "lasagne al forno." The typical Greek version has a bottom layer of bucatini or other tubular pasta, with cheese and egg as a binder; a middle layer of ground beef, veal or lamb with tomato and cinnamon, nutmeg or allspice; another layer of pasta; and a top layer of sauce.
Gabriella: Now let's hear a sample sentence using this word.
Stefania: (normal) Στο σουπερμάρκετ μπορεί να βρει κανείς και κατεψυγμένο παστίτσιο.
Gabriella: In the supermarket, you can find even frozen pastitsio.
Stefania: (slow) Στο σουπερμάρκετ μπορεί να βρει κανείς και κατεψυγμένο παστίτσιο.
Gabriella: Okay, what’s the next word?
Stefania: σπανακόπιτα
Gabriella: spinach pie
Stefania: (slow) σπανακόπιτα (regular) σπανακόπιτα
Gabriella: Listeners, please repeat:
Stefania: σπανακόπιτα
[pause - 5 sec.]
Gabriella:
Spanakopita is a savory pie similar to "tiropita." It’s made with phyllo or puff pastry and has a filling of chopped spinach, feta cheese, onions or scallions, egg, and seasoning.
Gabriella: Now let's hear a sample sentence using this word.
Stefania: (normal) Η μάνα μου θα φτιάξει σπανακόπιτα για το πάρτυ γενεθλίων μου.
Gabriella: My mom will make spinach pie for my birthday party.
Stefania: (slow) Η μάνα μου θα φτιάξει σπανακόπιτα για το πάρτυ γενεθλίων μου.
Gabriella: Okay, what’s the next word?
Stefania: μουσακάς
Gabriella: mousaka
Stefania: (slow) μουσακάς (regular) μουσακάς
Gabriella: Listeners, please repeat:
Stefania: μουσακάς
[pause - 5 sec.]
Gabriella: Mousaka is an eggplant based dish of the Balkans, Eastern Mediterranean, and the Middle East. The best known variation of the dish is the Greek one, which consists largely of layers of potatoes and ground beef with onion, garlic, chopped tomatoes, herbs, and spices.
Gabriella: Now let's hear a sample sentence using this word.
Stefania: (normal) Ο μουσακάς είναι πολύ δημοφιλής στους τουρίστες.
Gabriella: Mousaka is very popular among tourists.
Stefania: (slow) Ο μουσακάς είναι πολύ δημοφιλής στους τουρίστες.
Gabriella: Okay, what’s the last word?
Stefania: φασολάδα
Gabriella: bean soup
Stefania: (slow) φασολάδα (regular) φασολάδα
Gabriella: Listeners, please repeat:
Stefania: φασολάδα
[pause - 5 sec.]
Gabriella: Fasolada is a very nutritious soup made with dry white beans, olive oil, carrots, onions and parsley or celery. Unlike some other popular bean soups of Italy, Spain and Brazil, fasolada does not contain any meat.
Gabriella: Now let's hear a sample sentence using this word.
Stefania: (normal) Η φασολάδα μερικές φορές ονομάζεται το «εθνικό φαγητό» των Ελλήνων.
Gabriella: Fasolada is sometimes called the "national dish" of the Greeks.
Stefania: (slow) Η φασολάδα μερικές φορές ονομάζεται το «εθνικό φαγητό» των Ελλήνων.
QUIZ
Gabriella: Okay listeners, are you ready to be quizzed on the words you just learned? Stefania will give you the Greek – please say the English meaning out loud! Are you ready?
Stefania: τυρόπιτα
[pause]Gabriella: cheese pie
Stefania: παστίτσιο
[pause]Gabriella: Greek style lasagna
Stefania: σπανακόπιτα
[pause]Gabriella: spinach pie
Stefania: μουσακάς
[pause]Gabriella: mousaka
Stefania: φασολάδα
[pause]Gabriella: bean soup

Outro

Gabriella: There you have it – five popular homecooked meals in Greece! We have more vocab lists available at GreekPod101.com, so be sure to check them out. Thanks everyone, see you next time!
Stefania: Γεια!

15 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

GreekPod101.com Verified
Monday at 06:30 PM
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Can you cook any of these meals, listeners?

GreekPod101.com Verified
Wednesday at 01:02 AM
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Hi Elisabeth,


On behalf of Stefania, you're welcome!


In case of any questions, please feel free to contact us.


Sincerely,

Cristiane

Team GreekPod101.com

Elisabeth
Tuesday at 02:40 PM
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Thank you so much!

Yes, I also have the Greek keyboard on my ipad, but too afraid to use it yet ?

GreekPod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 10:44 AM
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Hi Elisabeth,


Oops! I'm sorry, I misread mama and not mana. Another reason to type in Greek rather than Roman characters ?!


Μάνα... hmmm... it's a special kind of word!


To me, it's like it is more emotionally charged. That's the best way I can put it. It's closer to μητέρα but depending on how it's used in speech, it may be more powerful, showing a strong bond, a deeper love for the woman who brought you into this world.


Some examples:


- As an exclamation: Α ρε μάνα! = Oh mother!

I can think of a few ways to use this one. For example when someone misses his mother, or his mother died and is screaming in pain over her tomb, or even in cases when you are a teenager and your mother drives you crazy with her attitude in front of your friends! But it doesn't always imply negativity.


- Πού είναι η μάνα σου; = Where is your mother? (Or something similar)

A common way a father would refer to the mother in front of his own kids.


-Θα έρθει να με πάρει η μάνα μου. = My mom is going to come pick me up.

This is casual. Just another way to say "mom" without sounding too childish. This is how it's used in the example above.


Μάνα γη. = Mother earth.


We also use μάνα when referring to "mother" but not that of a human, like that of a plant.


I hope the difference is cleared now. Sorry for the confusion before!


Stefania

Team GreekPod101.com

Elisabeth
Monday at 06:40 PM
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Thank you, Stefania. I understand the difference between mama and mitera (we have the same in Norway with «mamma» and «mor»), but I was referring to the example above where it says mana (not mama). I know it is used in the meaning native country etc, but here it seems to be used the same way as mitera?

GreekPod101.com Verified
Friday at 02:49 PM
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Hi Elisabeth.


Μητέρα is more formal.

It is usually used by adults when referring to their own mother when speaking to others in order for them not to sound childish. A woman can also use this to refer to her mother in-law, usually by the use of the formal plural form, for example: Τι να σας προσφέρω να πιείτε, μητέρα; What can I offer you to drink, mother? In general, it can be used in any situation where the word μαμά, which sounds very casual, would sound a bit childish.


Μαμά is used among family members mostly. Kids use it when addressing their mothers or other people's moms even when they grow up. For example I often get asked "Τι κάνει η μαμά σου; How's your mom doing?"

Mothers can also use it (and μητέρα as well) when referring to themselves and making known to others that they are mothers.


So basically μαμά = mom and μητέρα = mother.


By the way, your kids are doing wise food choices, haha! I too like pastitsio better than moussaka! I think most people do, yet somehow moussakas is the most popular meal among tourists! And since we are talking of pastitsio, here's a fun parody video for you?

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=j8EmFn3KXNA

I just couldn't help but to think of this!?


Enjoy!


Stefania

Team GreekPod101.com

Elisabeth
Thursday at 05:32 PM
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Is there a difference between mana and mitera, or are they both used equally?

(Oh, and I often make pastitsio at home. The children like it better than moussaka!)

GreekPod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 09:34 AM
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Hi Helene,


Thumbs up for the vegan spanakopita!

Stefania

Team GreekPod101.com

Helene
Saturday at 10:44 AM
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I can cook vegan spanakopita!!!!!

GreekPod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 03:41 PM
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Hi Kyle,


That's really nice (making baklava on Christmas)! Have you ever tried making melomakarona or kourambiedes for Christmas? I tried making melomakarona once, but it takes forever, so I just buy them when I'm in Greece or ask my mom to mail me some when I'm abroad, hehe! Nonetheless, there's ALWAYS melomakarona on my Christmas table:stuck_out_tongue_winking_eye:.


Cheers,


Stefania

Team GreekPod101.com

Kyle P
Tuesday at 09:42 AM
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I feel that is the case with all Greek food! :stuck_out_tongue_winking_eye:


I have been helping my mom and making Greek foods since I was young. I still remember helping to make baklava with putting the butter on the endless layers of phyllo dough. Now it is something I make all the time for the Christmas season.