Dialogue

Vocabulary

Learn New Words FAST with this Lesson’s Vocab Review List

Get this lesson’s key vocab, their translations and pronunciations. Sign up for your Free Lifetime Account Now and get 7 Days of Premium Access including this feature.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Notes

Unlock In-Depth Explanations & Exclusive Takeaways with Printable Lesson Notes

Unlock Lesson Notes and Transcripts for every single lesson. Sign Up for a Free Lifetime Account and Get 7 Days of Premium Access.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Fay: Hello and welcome to GreekPod101.com, the fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn Greek. This is Beginner Season 1, Lesson 1. This is Greek Athens—Or Is It? I'm Fay and I'm joined in the studio by…
Chrissi: I'm Chrissi. Hello everyone!
Fay: Thanks for being here with us for this beginner series.
Chrissi: In this first lesson, we will see how the verb “to be” works in modern Greek.
Fay: The conversation takes place at the Athens' airport.
Chrissi: It's between the main character, Peter Gordon and a girl at the airport’s information center.
Fay: Since the characters don’t know each other, the conversation is in formal language.
Chrissi: Let's listen.

Lesson conversation

Πέτρα Γκόρντον: Δηλαδή, αυτό δεν είναι το Αεροδρόμιο της Αθήνας;
Κοπέλα στο γκισέ πληροφοριών: Αυτό είναι το αεροδρόμιο της Αθήνας, όμως η περιοχή αυτή δεν είναι Αθήνα!
Πέτρα Γκόρντον: Και το κέντρο είναι πολύ μακριά από εδώ;
Κοπέλα στο γκισέ πληροφοριών: Περισσότερο από μια ώρα. Εδώ είναι Ελλάδα!
Fay: Now, let’s listen to the conversation one time slowly.
Πέτρα Γκόρντον: Δηλαδή, αυτό δεν είναι το Αεροδρόμιο της Αθήνας;
Κοπέλα στο γκισέ πληροφοριών: Αυτό είναι το αεροδρόμιο της Αθήνας, όμως η περιοχή αυτή δεν είναι Αθήνα!
Πέτρα Γκόρντον: Και το κέντρο είναι πολύ μακριά από εδώ;
Κοπέλα στο γκισέ πληροφοριών: Περισσότερο από μια ώρα. Εδώ είναι Ελλάδα!
Fay: Now, let’s listen to the conversation with English translation.
Πέτρα Γκόρντον: Δηλαδή, αυτό δεν είναι το Αεροδρόμιο της Αθήνας;
Fay: So this is not Athens’ airport?
Κοπέλα στο γκισέ πληροφοριών: Αυτό είναι το αεροδρόμιο της Αθήνας, όμως η περιοχή αυτή δεν είναι Αθήνα!
Fay: This is Athens’ airport, but this area is not Athens.
Πέτρα Γκόρντον: Και το κέντρο είναι πολύ μακριά από εδώ;
Fay: So downtown is very far from here?
Κοπέλα στο γκισέ πληροφοριών: Περισσότερο από μια ώρα. Εδώ είναι Ελλάδα!
Fay: More than an hour. This is Greece!
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Fay: What does that “This is Greece” actually mean?
Chrissi: Well, things are done in a somewhat unique way in Greece; especially when we deal with time.
Fay: Meaning?
Chrissi: Meaning that you can’t really calculate times or distances in Greece—you have to be a little, shall we say, lax.
Fay: Any other challenges for people who just arrive in Greece?
Chrissi: There are a few, but one thing that most English speakers won’t have trouble with is communicating. Most Greeks understand and speak enough English to help you get around.
Fay: So Greeks are bilingual?
Chrissi: I wouldn't call it “bilingual”; it’s just that we understand very early that Greek isn't enough, so we learn at least some English.
Fay: But it’s always better to speak the local language…
Chrissi: …and that’s why we're here! So let’s go on to our vocabulary.
Fay: Let's take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson.
VOCAB LIST
Fay: First:
Chrissi: Αυτό δεν είναι [natural native speed]
Fay: This is not
Chrissi: Αυτό δεν είναι [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Chrissi: Αυτό δεν είναι [natural native speed]
Fay: Next:
Chrissi κοπέλα [natural native speed]
Fay: Girl, girlfriend
Chrissi: κοπέλα [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Chrissi: κοπέλα [natural native speed]
Fay: Next:
Chrissi: κέντρο [natural native speed]
Fay: Center, downtown
Chrissi: κέντρο [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Chrissi: κέντρο [natural native speed]
Fay: Next:
Chrissi: είναι [natural native speed]
Fay: Is
Chrissi: είναι [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Chrissi: είναι [natural native speed]
Fay: Next:
Chrissi: μακριά [natural native speed]
Fay: Far
Chrissi: μακριά [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Chrissi: μακριά [natural native speed]
Fay: Next:
Chrissi: από [natural native speed]
Fay: From
Chrissi: από [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Chrissi: από [natural native speed]
Fay: Next:
Chrissi: εδώ [natural native speed]
Fay: Here
Chrissi: εδώ [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Chrissi: εδώ [natural native speed]
Fay: Next:
Chrissi: περισσότερο [natural native speed]
Fay: More
Chrissi: περισσότερο [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Chrissi: περισσότερο [natural native speed]
Fay: Next:
Chrissi: μια ώρα [natural native speed]
Fay: One hour
Chrissi: μια ώρα [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Chrissi: μια ώρα [natural native speed]
Fay: Next:
Chrissi: τώρα [natural native speed]
Fay: Now
Chrissi: τώρα [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Chrissi: τώρα [natural native speed]
KEY VOCABULARY AND PHRASES
Fay: The dialogue starts with the word δηλαδή (diladi), what does that mean? It sounds like “you mean” or something like that?
Chrissi: It is a word that comes from ancient Greek but is very widely used in modern Greek. It means something like “so” or “that is to say.”
Fay: You always use it to start a sentence like in our dialogue?
Chrissi: You can say Δηλαδή αυτό δεν είναι το αεροδροόμιο της Αθήνας; (Diladi auto den einai to aerodromio tis Athinas?)
Fay: …“So this is not Athens Aiport?”…
Chrissi: …or Αυτό δηλαδή δεν είναι το αεροδρόμιο της Αθήνας; (Auto diladi den einai to aerodromio tis Athinas?)
Fay: The meaning is the same?
Chrissi: Yes. Or Αυτό δεν είναι το αεροδρόμιο της Αθήνας δηλαδή; (Auto den einai to aerodromio tis Athinas diladi?)
Fay: Also the same meaning?
Chrissi: Yes!
Fay: This means we can put it anywhere in a sentence?
Chrissi: Not exactly—but it is quite flexible.
Fay: Is there something else we should say before we get to our grammar point?
Chrissi: It might not be immediately apparent, but one characteristic of the Greek language is that many parts of speech are gendered and numbered.
Fay: This sounds a little confusing…
Chrissi: It can be, but we will take it one case at a time—literally.
Fay: Meaning?
Chrissi: Well, for now we will focus on the masculine gender, the nominative case and the singular number; we will have plenty of opportunities to see the rest of them in our next lessons.
Fay: So in all our vocabulary sentences, all nouns are masculine, and they are in the nominative case and in the first-person plural, right?
Chrissi: Yes! Also, they all use the verb είμαι (eimai)
Fay: …which means “to be”…
Chrissi: …which is our main grammar point! So shall we move to that?
Fay: Sure!

Lesson focus

Fay: The focus of this lesson will be the verb είμαι (eimai) or “to be” in Greek.
Chrissi: Right! One good thing is that the verb “to be” is not an auxiliary verb in Greek; we just use for its main purpose: to express a state, existence or presence of a person, a thing or a situation.
Fay: That’s easy. So the verb is είμαι (eimai), right?
Chrissi: Right! είμαι (eimai) means “am”; we add the personal pronoun for “I,” which is εγώ (ego), so we have εγώ είμαι (ego eimai). OK, listeners, repeat. Ε-γώ εί-μαι (E-go ei-mai).
Fay: So if you want to say “I am Greek,” you would say...?
Chrissi: Εγώ είμαι Έλληνας (Ego eimai Ellinas). Έλληνας (Ellinas) means “Greek.” Repeat, Ε-γώ εί-μαι Έ-λλη-νας (E-go ei-mai E-lli-nas).
Fay: OK. But I am not Greek. How shall I say that?
Chrissi: That’s very easy. You just add the particle δεν (den), sounds like the English “then”, between the pronoun and the verb.
Fay: So we have Εγώ δεν είμαι Έλληνας (Ego den eimai Ellinas).
Chrissi: Exactly! Εγώ είμαι (Ego eimai) means “I am,” and Εγώ δεν είμαι (Ego den eimai) means “I am not.” Please repeat: Ε-γώ δεν εί-μαι Έ-λλη-νας (E-go den ei-mai E-lli-nas).
Fay: And the same goes for all persons, singular and plural?
Chrissi: Yes. Actually, it’s the same for all Greek verbs.
Fay: This sounds easy!
Chrissi: It is—Greek isn't always hard!
Fay: We haven’t yet mentioned the interrogative form. Don’t you ask questions in Greece?
Chrissi: Of course we do! But we left the interrogative form for last because it’s the easiest. It’s the same as the declarative, but we just add a question mark at the end!
Fay: Just that? That’s really easy. How about if we are speaking?
Chrissi: We just raise a little our pitch in the last syllable of the verb.
Fay: So the question “Am I Greek?” would be...?
Chrissi: Εγώ είμαι Έλληνας; (Ego eimai Ellinas?)
Fay: The order of the words doesn't change?
Chrissi: It depends. It can change if we want to convey a different meaning. But this might be a little too complicated for a first lesson, so let’s leave it for now.
Fay: OK. So the basic form of the interrogative is…
Chrissi: Εγώ είμαι; (Ego eimai?) Repeat. Ε-γώ εί-μαι; (E-go ei-mai?)
Fay: Right. Let’s do a little recap before we finish this lesson. The declarative “I am” is:
Chrissi: Εγώ είμαι (Ego eimai). Repeat after me. Ε-γώ εί-μαι (E-go ei-mai.)
Fay: And the negative "I am not" is:
Chrissi: Εγώ δεν είμαι (Ego den eimai). Repeat. Ε-γώ δεν εί-μαι (E-go den ei-mai.)
Fay: And finally, the interrogative is:
Chrissi: Εγώ είμαι; (Ego eimai?). Repeat, please. Ε-γώ εί-μαι; (E-go ei-mai?)
Fay: So let’s end this lesson here. Check the lesson notes for more applications of the verb “to be” and some very interesting details about Greek and Greece. Bye!
Chrissi: As we say in Greece, Γεια χαρά! (Geia chara!)

158 Comments

Hide
Please to leave a comment.
😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍
Sorry, please keep your comment under 800 characters. Got a complicated question? Try asking your teacher using My Teacher Messenger.
Sorry, please keep your comment under 800 characters.

user profile picture
GreekPod101.com
Tuesday at 6:30 pm
Pinned Comment
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Where are you living now? Try to answer in Greek!

user profile picture
GreekPod101.com
Wednesday at 9:41 pm
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Γεια σου Αχμέτ!


Χαιρετισμούς στην πανέμορφη Κωνσταντινούπολη! Ελπίζω το GreekPod101.com να σε βοηθήσει😄


Αν έχεις ποτέ κάποια ερώτηση, άφησε ένα σχόλιο.


Γεια χαρά,


Στεφανία

Team GreekPod101.com

user profile picture
Αχμέτ
Wednesday at 5:19 am
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Γεια σας!

Με λένε Αχμέτ . Μένω στην Κωνσταντινούπολη . Θέλω να μαθένω ελληνικά .

Ευχαριστώ πολύ.

user profile picture
GreekPod101.com
Monday at 6:51 am
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi Pete,


Thank you so much for your feedback! It means a lot coming from a teacher like yourself 😄.


I hope you can keep enjoying the lessons, and if you ever have any questions, don't hesitate to leave us a comment.


All the best,


Stefania

Team GreekPod101.com

user profile picture
Pete Farnell
Saturday at 3:49 am
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

😅Really enjoyed this lesson. As a language teacher, I am impressed with the thororoughness of your method and quality and variety of ways to reinforce language. Impressive!


user profile picture
GreekPod101.com
Friday at 3:41 am
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Γεια σου Ράμι,


παρομοίως! (nice to meet you too)


Στεφανία

Team GreekPod101.com

user profile picture
Ράμι
Friday at 2:28 am
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Γεια σου Στεφανία!

Ευχαριστώ και χάρηκα πάρα πολύ

user profile picture
GreekPod101.com
Thursday at 8:43 am
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Γεια σου Ράμι!


Χαιρετισμούς στη Λάρισα!


Να 'σαι καλά.


Στεφανία

Team GreekPod101.com

user profile picture
Rami Halabi
Wednesday at 7:17 pm
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Εγώ είμαι Ράμι,μένω δτην λάρισα

user profile picture
GreekPod101.com
Friday at 11:13 am
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Γεια σου Γιοχάννα!


Τι ωραία! Σε ποια περιοχή της Αθήνας μένεις;


Στεφανία

Team GreekPod101.com

user profile picture
Γιοχαννα
Friday at 4:08 am
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Εγώ μένω στην Αθήνα.