Dialogue

Vocabulary

Learn New Words FAST with this Lesson’s Vocab Review List

Get this lesson’s key vocab, their translations and pronunciations. Sign up for your Free Lifetime Account Now and get 7 Days of Premium Access including this feature.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Notes

Unlock In-Depth Explanations & Exclusive Takeaways with Printable Lesson Notes

Unlock Lesson Notes and Transcripts for every single lesson. Sign Up for a Free Lifetime Account and Get 7 Days of Premium Access.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Iro: Hi, I’m Iro.
Judith: Judith here. Absolute Beginner Season 1, Lesson 11, Taking the Subway to a Delicious Greek Destination.
Iro:Hi. My name is Iro and I’m joined here by Judith.
Judith: Hello, everyone and welcome back to GreekPod101.com.
Iro: What are we learning today?
Judith: In this lesson, you will learn how to understand public transport directions.
Iro: This conversation takes place on a street in Athens.
Judith: The conversation is between Andrea, Ellie, and Petros.
Iro: The speakers are quickly becoming friends, therefore they will speaking informal Greek.
DIALOGUES
Έλλη: Α, η Αντρέα… Γεια σου Αντρέα, τι κάνεις; Πώς περνάς στην Ελλάδα;
Αντρέα: Πολύ ωραία! Μου αρέσει πολύ εδώ. Εσείς, πώς περνάτε;
Πέτρος: Καλά κι εμείς.
Αντρέα: Πεινάω πολύ. Μήπως ξέρετε κανένα καλό εστιατόριο;
Έλλη: Ναι, το «Αθηναϊκό». Έχει πολύ νόστιμο φαγητό.
Αντρέα: Πού είναι;
Πέτρος: Στο Γκάζι. Παίρνεις τη μπλε γραμμή προς το «Αιγάλεω» και…
Αντρέα: Συγγνώμη, τι σημαίνει «γραμμή»;
Έλλη: Line. He means the blue subway line.
Πέτρος: Ναι, τη μπλε γραμμή προς το «Αιγάλεω» και λοιπόν κατεβαίνεις στη στάση «Κεραμικός».
Αντρέα: Συγγνώμη, δεν καταλαβαίνω… Μήπως μιλάτε αγγλικά;
Πέτρος: Εγώ δε μιλάω πολύ καλά, αλλά η Έλλη μιλάει καλά.
English Host: Let’s hear the conversation one time slowly.
Έλλη: Α, η Αντρέα… Γεια σου Αντρέα, τι κάνεις; Πώς περνάς στην Ελλάδα;
Αντρέα: Πολύ ωραία! Μου αρέσει πολύ εδώ. Εσείς, πώς περνάτε;
Πέτρος: Καλά κι εμείς.
Αντρέα: Πεινάω πολύ. Μήπως ξέρετε κανένα καλό εστιατόριο;
Έλλη: Ναι, το «Αθηναϊκό». Έχει πολύ νόστιμο φαγητό.
Αντρέα: Πού είναι;
Πέτρος: Στο Γκάζι. Παίρνεις τη μπλε γραμμή προς το «Αιγάλεω» και…
Αντρέα: Συγγνώμη, τι σημαίνει «γραμμή»;
Έλλη: Line. He means the blue subway line.
Πέτρος: Ναι, τη μπλε γραμμή προς το «Αιγάλεω» και λοιπόν κατεβαίνεις στη στάση «Κεραμικός».
Αντρέα: Συγγνώμη, δεν καταλαβαίνω… Μήπως μιλάτε αγγλικά;
Πέτρος: Εγώ δε μιλάω πολύ καλά, αλλά η Έλλη μιλάει καλά.
English Host: Now let’s hear it with the English translation.
Έλλη: Α, η Αντρέα… Γεια σου Αντρέα, τι κάνεις; Πώς περνάς στην Ελλάδα;
Judith: Ah, Andrea… Hello, Andrea, how are you? How are things going for you in Greece?
Αντρέα: Πολύ ωραία! Μου αρέσει πολύ εδώ. Εσείς, πώς περνάτε;
Judith: Very nice! I really like it here. And you, how are you doing?
Πέτρος: Καλά κι εμείς.
Judith: We're also well.
Αντρέα: Πεινάω πολύ. Μήπως ξέρετε κανένα καλό εστιατόριο;
Judith: I'm very hungry. Perhaps you know of a good restaurant?
Έλλη: Ναι, το «Αθηναϊκό». Έχει πολύ νόστιμο φαγητό.
Judith: Yes, the Athinaikó. It has very tasty food.
Αντρέα: Πού είναι;
Judith: Where is it?
Πέτρος: Στο Γκάζι. Παίρνεις τη μπλε γραμμή προς το «Αιγάλεω» και…
Judith: In the Gazi. You take the blue line toward the Aigáleo and…
Αντρέα: Συγγνώμη, τι σημαίνει «γραμμή»;
Judith: Excuse me, what does "γραμμή" mean?
Έλλη: Line. He means the blue subway line.
Judith: Line. He means the blue subway line.
Πέτρος: Ναι, τη μπλε γραμμή προς το «Αιγάλεω» και λοιπόν κατεβαίνεις στη στάση «Κεραμικός».
Judith: Yes, the blue line toward the Aigáleoand then you get off at the Keramikósstop.
Αντρέα: Συγγνώμη, δεν καταλαβαίνω… Μήπως μιλάτε αγγλικά;
Judith: I'm sorry, I don't understand. Do you speak English, perhaps?
Πέτρος: Εγώ δε μιλάω πολύ καλά, αλλά η Έλλη μιλάει καλά.
Judith: I don't speak very well, but Elli speaks well.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Judith: Okay. Let’s talk a bit about the subway. Which cities have a subway in Greece?
Iro: Athens has a subway and Thessaloniki was supposed to have one but it’s under constructions for many years now.
Judith: And the subway in Greece is called "metro", right?
Iro: Αττικό μετρό and it has been in use since 2000. The ticket costs EUR 1.40 and is available for all means of transportation except for the route to and from the airport, and it’s valid for 1 hour and 30 minutes.
Judith: What is the metro like? Is it safe?
Iro: Yes. The stops in cars are clean and new. Eating, drinking, and smoking are not allowed. There are cameras in every station but the passengers must be extremely careful with their personal belongings nevertheless.
Judith: How about bikes? Can I take a bike on the subway?
Iro: Bikes are allowed on specific days and hours.
Judith: Can I reach a lot of places by metro?
Iro: The metro covers a vast area and is still expanding. The construction of the tunnels was sometimes very difficult due to the ancient artifacts that were buried underground for centuries. The passengers and visitors to the stations can see exhibits of some of these in some metro stations.
Judith: Wow. Yeah. I can imagine, doing a subway in Greece and stumbling in all these artifacts, that must be awesome.
Iro: Yes. It happened a lot of times. I think that it really made them tired. Also many archeologists work alongside the buildings in order to protect and record these findings, also managing to make a precise description of the ancient city.
Judith: That’s great. Then the subway really does something for Athens.
Iro: Yes, it does.
Judith: What other possibilities do I have to get around in Athens?
Iro: In Athens, people could use also buses, trolleys, trams, and electric train, and the suburban train.
VOCAB LIST
Judith: Okay. Let’s take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson. The first word we shall see is?
Iro: πώς
Judith: How.
Iro: πώς
Judith: Next.
Iro: περνάω
Judith: To pass.
Iro: περνάω
Judith: Next.
Iro: πεινάω
Judith: To be hungry.
Iro: πεινάω
Judith: Next.
Iro: κανένας
Judith: Any or none.
Iro: κανένας
Judith: Next.
Iro: παίρνω
Judith: To take.
Iro: παίρνω
Judith: Next.
Iro: μπλε
Judith: Blue.
Iro: μπλε
Judith: Next.
Iro: γραμμή
Judith: Line.
Iro: γραμμή
Judith: This word is feminine. Next.
Iro: προς
Judith: Toward.
Iro: προς
Judith: Next.
Iro: σημαίνω
Judith: To mean.
Iro: σημαίνω
Judith: Next.
Iro: κατεβαίνω
Judith: To descend or get off.
Iro: κατεβαίνω
Judith: Next.
Iro: στάση
Judith: Stop.
Iro: στάση
Judith: This word is feminine. Next.
Iro: καταλαβαίνω
Judith: To understand.
Iro: καταλαβαίνω
Judith: Next.
Iro: μιλάω
Judith: To talk.
Iro: μιλάω
Judith: Next.
Iro: αγγλικά
Judith: English.
Iro: αγγλικά
KEY VOCAB AND PHRASES
Judith: Let’s have a closer look at the usage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson.
Iro: The first phrase we’ll look at is Πώς περνάς;
Judith: This means “How are you doing?” or “How are things going for you?”
Iro: "κανένα" words like the English word “any.”
Judith: In a question, you can use it as “Do you know any good restaurants around here?” but in a negative sentence, it means “none” as in “I don’t know any.” The difference is that "κανένα" is used with singular nouns.
Iro: "κανένα καλό εστιατόριο"
Judith: Some good restaurant. Restaurant is singular here, not plural.
Iro: Note the phrases "Δεν καταλαβαίνω"
Judith: I don’t understand.
Iro: And "Τι σημαίνει;"
Judith: What does it mean?
Iro: These can save you in Greece.
GRAMMAR POINT
Judith: The grammar focus of this lesson are second conjugation verbs in the present tense. We’ve encountered a lot of verbs that work like κάνω and δουλεύω. In fact είμαι is the only exception. The bad news is that there is a second big group of verbs and they get slightly different endings.
Iro: We’ll take μιλάω as an example. By the way, don’t get confused if some people say μιλώ instead of μιλάω, it’s slightly classier to drop the -άω in favor of -ώ.
Judith: Let’s compare the endings of the two major groups of Greek verbs.
Iro: κάνω
Judith: I speak.
Iro: κάνεις
Judith: You speak.
Iro: κάνει
Judith: He speaks.
Iro: κάνουμε
Judith: We speak.
Iro: κάνετε
Judith: “You speak,” which is for several people or when you’re talking formally.
Iro: κάνουν
Judith: They speak. This is really a superficial change. The differences are not very big.
Iro: Basically, if you remove the standard -ω form κάνω, your left with a consonant. This means that you can’t just add endings like -ς -με -τε -ν and so on because they’re unpronounceable without a vowel.
Judith: So verbs like κάνω have extra vowels fielding all over the place. However, this problem does not exist for verbs that ends in -άω like μιλάω.
Iro: If you remove the -ω you still have a vowel at the end of the verb. So you can attach your endings right there. The -άω verbs are basically like -ω verbs without the extra vowel package. For the third person, that is the “he, she, it,” form and also the “they” form, you additionally have the option of treating -άω verbs just like -ω verbs.
Judith: You may say μιλά or you may imitate κάνει and say μιλάει with the extra vowel baggage. You may say μιλάνε or you may imitate κάνουν and say μιλούν.
Iro: Don’t see this as a difficulty. Really, it means that there are fewer ways you could go wrong. Well, that just about does it for today. Like our podcast.
Judith: Then like our Facebook page too.
Iro: Get lesson updates or Greek Word of The Day and news on Facebook.
Judith: Just search for GreekPod101.com and like our front page.
Iro: And if you like a lesson or series on GreekPod101.com, let us know by clicking the Like button next to the lesson or series.

Outro

Judith:Okay, see you next week!
Iro:Γεια σας!

44 Comments

Hide
Please to leave a comment.
😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

GreekPod101.com Verified
Monday at 06:30 PM
Pinned Comment
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Do you know any good Greek restaurant to recommend us?

GreekPod101.com Verified
Monday at 09:32 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Γεια σου Ελένη,


σε ευχαριστούμε για την πληροφορία. Αν ποτέ θυμηθείς το όνομά της, πες μας!


Στεφανία

Team GreekPod101.com

Ελένη
Saturday at 06:48 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Στο Λουτράκι υπάρχει μια ωραία ψαροταβέρνα στη παραλία. Αλλά δεν θυμάμαι το όνομα τής...

GreekPod101.com Verified
Wednesday at 06:22 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi Paul,


Good question!


Ίσως is an adverb of hesitation and it is more like "it is possible that". It is not very common to use it in questions.

Μήπως is a conjunction of hesitation and it is used in questions. It is more like "Do (you) happen to... / Did (you)... ?"


So in questions like "Do you speak English perhaps"? μήπως fits better.


An example:


Ποιος το έκανε; Μήπως εσύ;

Όχι, δεν το έκανα εγώ! Ίσως το έκανε η Γωγώ!


I hope this helps!


Stefania

Team GreekPod101.com

Paul N
Tuesday at 11:01 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Γεια σας


I am intrigued by the translation of μήπως as " perhaps", as my dictionary gives ίσως as "perhaps". Wouldn't "Μιλάτε αγγλικά ίσως" better translate as "Do you speak English perhaps"?


Ευχαριστώ πολύ


Πολ

GreekPod101.com Verified
Friday at 08:45 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Γεια σου Πολ,


ΟΚ, έγινε!


Στεφανία

Team GreekPod101.com

Paul N
Thursday at 02:46 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Ευχαριστώ Στεφανία, το βρήκα στο μάθημα εννέα. θα κοιτάξω το βίντεο επισης.


Πολ

GreekPod101.com Verified
Thursday at 02:18 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Γεια σου Πολ,


αυτό το βίντεο θα σε βοηθήσει:

https://www.greekpod101.com/lesson/absolute-beginner-questions-answered-by-stefania-5-when-do-you-keep-the-final-%CE%BD-n-of-a-word/?lp=96


Γεια χαρά,


Στεφανία

Team GreekPod101.com

Paul N
Thursday at 01:43 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Γεια σας όλοι


I was completing a recent assignment and I struggled with a particular grammar point. The question was: What's the correct article in the accusative case? ___ μπίρα? The answer was "την" whereas I thought the answer was "tη" because "μπίρα" does not start with a vowel? Would someone mind clarifying the point for me please?


Ευχαριστώ πολύ


Πολ

GreekPod101.com Verified
Thursday at 11:13 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi Colette,


I know what you mean! Yes, it's a never-ending project 😅


Stefania

Team GreekPod101.com

Colette
Wednesday at 06:28 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Thessaloniki doesn't have a subway.... it is a never ending project of the city!😆