Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
John: Hi everyone, I'm John.
Chrissi: And I'm Chrissi.
John: And welcome to Must-Know Greek Sentence Structures, Season 1, Lesson 2. Describing Emotions.
John: In this lesson, you'll learn how to use a sentence pattern for describing someone's emotions or feelings.
PATTERN
John: For example,
John: "You are glad."
Chrissi: Εσύ είσαι χαρούμενη. (Esí íse harúmeni.)
Chrissi: [slow] Εσύ είσαι χαρούμενη. (Esí íse harúmeni.)
John: The pattern for describing someone's emotions or feelings has three elements. First, the strong personal pronoun in the nominative, meaning "you".
Chrissi: Εσύ (Esí).
John: Second, the verb "to be" in the second person singular, meaning "are".
Chrissi: είσαι (íse).
John: Third, a feminine adjective in the nominative, meaning "happy".
Chrissi: χαρούμενη (harúmeni).
John: Altogether, we have... "You are glad."
Chrissi: Εσύ είσαι χαρούμενη. (Esí íse harúmeni.) [slow] Εσύ είσαι χαρούμενη. (Esí íse harúmeni.) [normal] Εσύ είσαι χαρούμενη. (Esí íse harúmeni.)
John: As you learned from the previous lesson, you can omit the pronoun if it is understood from the context who the subject is.
Next, use the verb "to be" in the correct form of the present tense, depending on the subject. Remember, the verb and the subject, (in this case a pronoun, which can be mentioned or assumed), need to "agree" in person and number.
After the verb, choose an adjective or a declinable participle that denotes an emotional state or feeling.
Chrissi: Εσύ είσαι χαρούμενη. (Esí íse harúmeni.)
John: So remember, to describe someone's emotions or feelings, begin your sentence with a pronoun if you want, then add the verb "to be" in the correct form and use an adjective or declinable participle.
John: Here is another example meaning, "He is sad." First, the strong personal pronoun in the nominative, meaning "he".
Chrissi: Αυτός Aftós.
John: Second, the verb "to be" in the third person singular, meaning "is".
Chrissi: είναι (íne).
John: Third, a masculine declinable participle in the nominative, meaning "sad".
Chrissi: λυπημένος (lipiménos).
John: Altogether we have...
Chrissi: Αυτός είναι λυπημένος. (Aftós íne lipiménos.) [slow] Αυτός είναι λυπημένος. (Aftós íne lipiménos.) [normal] Αυτός είναι λυπημένος. (Aftós íne lipiménos.)
John: "He is sad."
[pause]
Chrissi: Αυτός είναι λυπημένος. (Aftós íne lipiménos.)
John: How do you say - "She is angry." To give you a hint, "angry" is...
Chrissi: θυμωμένη (thimoméni). [slow] θυμωμένη (thimoméni). [normal] θυμωμένη (thimoméni).
John: "She is angry."
[pause]
Chrissi: Αυτή είναι θυμωμένη. (Aftí íne thimoméni.) [slow] Αυτή είναι θυμωμένη. (Aftí íne thimoméni.) [normal] Αυτή είναι θυμωμένη. (Aftí íne thimoméni.)
[pause]
Chrissi: Αυτή είναι θυμωμένη. (Aftí íne thimoméni.)
REVIEW
John: Let's review the sentences from this lesson. I will tell you the English equivalent of the phrase and you are responsible for shouting it out loud in Greek. Here we go.
John: "You are glad."
[pause]
Chrissi: Εσύ είσαι χαρούμενη. (Esí íse harúmeni.)
[pause]
Chrissi: Εσύ είσαι χαρούμενη. (Esí íse harúmeni.)
John: "He is sad."
[pause]
Chrissi: Αυτός είναι λυπημένος. (Aftós íne lipiménos.)
[pause]
Chrissi: Αυτός είναι λυπημένος. (Aftós íne lipiménos.)
John: "She is angry."
[pause]
Chrissi: Αυτή είναι θυμωμένη. (Aftí íne thimoméni.)
[pause]
Chrissi: Αυτή είναι θυμωμένη. (Aftí íne thimoméni.)

Outro

John: Okay. That's all for this lesson. You learned a pattern for describing someone's emotions or feelings, as in...
Chrissi: Εσύ είσαι χαρούμενη. (Esí íse harúmeni.)
John: meaning "You are glad."
John: You can find more vocab or phrases that go with this sentence pattern in the lesson notes. So please be sure to check them out on GreekPod101.com. Thanks everyone, see you next time!
Chrissi: Γεια χαρά!

3 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

GreekPod101.com Verified
Monday at 06:30 PM
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How are you feeling?

GreekPod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 02:54 AM
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Γεια σου Στίβεν,


λυπάμαι που το ακούω αυτό. Ελπίζω να μην είναι κάτι σοβαρό.


Στεφανία

Team GreekPod101.com

Stephen
Sunday at 09:38 AM
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Ήμουν ανήσυχος

I have been restless