Dialogue

Vocabulary

Learn New Words FAST with this Lesson’s Vocab Review List

Get this lesson’s key vocab, their translations and pronunciations. Sign up for your Free Lifetime Account Now and get 7 Days of Premium Access including this feature.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Notes

Unlock In-Depth Explanations & Exclusive Takeaways with Printable Lesson Notes

Unlock Lesson Notes and Transcripts for every single lesson. Sign Up for a Free Lifetime Account and Get 7 Days of Premium Access.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Gabriella: Hi everyone, I’m Gabriella.
Stefania: And I’m Stefania!
Gabriella: And welcome to Culture Class: Essential Greek Vocabulary, Lesson 19! In this lesson you'll learn 5 essential words related to Society and Culture. These are five Greek Historical figures. Hand picked. You can find a complete list of vocabulary at GreekPod101.com
FIVE KEY VOCABULARY ITEMS
Gabriella: Stefanía, what’s first?
Stefania: Περικλής
Gabriella: Péricles
Stefania: (slow) Περικλής (regular) Περικλής
Gabriella: Listeners, please repeat:
Stefania: Περικλής
[pause - 5 sec.]
Gabriella: Péricles was the most prominent and influential Greek statesman, orator, and general of Athens during the Golden Age of the classical years. He had such a profound influence on Athenian society that the period during which he led Athens, roughly from 461 to 429 BC, is known as the "Age of Péricles". He started an ambitious project that generated most of the surviving structures on the Acrópolis, including the Parthenon.
Gabriella: Now let's hear a sample sentence using this one.
Stefania: (normal) Η εποχή του Περικλή λέγεται και ο «Χρυσός Αιώνας» του Περικλή.
Gabriella: Péricles's age is also called the "Golden Century" of Péricles.
Stefania: (slow) Η εποχή του Περικλή λέγεται και ο «Χρυσός Αιώνας» του Περικλή.
Gabriella: Okay, what’s next?
Stefania: Ιουστινιανός Α΄ (“A” is pronounced: o prótos)
Gabriella: Justínian I (“I” is pronounced: the first)
Stefania: (slow) Ιουστινιανός Α΄ (regular) Ιουστινιανός Α΄
Gabriella: Listeners, please repeat:
Stefania: Ιουστινιανός Α΄
[pause - 5 sec.]
Gabriella: Justínian I, commonly known as Justínian the Great, was a Byzantine Emperor from 527 to 565 AD. During his reign, Justínian sought to revive the Empire's greatness and reconquer the lost western half of the classical Roman Empire.
Gabriella: Now let's hear a sample sentence using this one.
Stefania: (normal) Ο Ιουστινιανός επανέκτισε τη γνωστή εκκλησία της Αγίας Σοφίας στην Κωνσταντινούπολη.
Gabriella: Justinian rebuilt the famous church of Hagia Sophia in Constantinople.
Stefania: (slow) Ο Ιουστινιανός επανέκτισε τη γνωστή εκκλησία της Αγίας Σοφίας στην Κωνσταντινούπολη.
Gabriella: Okay, what’s next?
Stefania: Θεόδωρος Κολοκοτρώνης
Gabriella: Theódoros Kolokotrónis
Stefania: (slow) Θεόδωρος Κολοκοτρώνης (regular) Θεόδωρος Κολοκοτρώνης
Gabriella: Listeners, please repeat:
Stefania: Θεόδωρος Κολοκοτρώνης
[pause - 5 sec.]
Gabriella: Theódoros Kolokotrónis was a Greek general and the pre-eminent leader of the Greek War of Independence against the Ottoman Empire. Kolokotrónis's greatest success was the defeat of the Ottoman army under Mahmud Drámali Pashá at the Battle of Dervenákia in 1822.
Gabriella: Now let's hear a sample sentence using this one.
Stefania: (normal) Το άγαλμα του Κολοκοτρώνη στην Αθήνα βρίσκεται μπροστά από την Παλιά Βουλή.
Gabriella: The statue of Kolokotrónis in Athens is located in front of the Old Parliament building.
Stefania: (slow) Το άγαλμα του Κολοκοτρώνη στην Αθήνα βρίσκεται μπροστά από την Παλιά Βουλή.
Gabriella: Okay, what’s next?
Stefania: Ελευθέριος Βενιζέλος
Gabriella: Elefthérios Venizélos
Stefania: (slow) Ελευθέριος Βενιζέλος (regular) Ελευθέριος Βενιζέλος
Gabriella: Listeners, please repeat:
Stefania: Ελευθέριος Βενιζέλος
[pause - 5 sec.]
Gabriella: Elefthérios Venizélos was an eminent Greek revolutionary, a prominent and illustrious statesman, and a charismatic leader in the early 20th century. Elected several times as Prime Minister of Greece, Venizélos had such profound influence on the internal and external affairs of Greece that he is credited with being "the maker of modern Greece.”
Gabriella: Now let's hear a sample sentence using this one.
Stefania: (normal) Το αεροδρόμιο της Αθήνας ονομάζεται «αεροδρόμιο Ελευθέριος Βενιζέλος».
Gabriella: The airport of Athens is called "Elefthérios Venizelos airport".
Stefania: (slow) Το αεροδρόμιο της Αθήνας ονομάζεται «αεροδρόμιο Ελευθέριος Βενιζέλος».
Gabriella: Okay, what’s the last one?
Stefania: Ανδρέας Γ. Παπανδρέου
Gabriella: Andréas G. Papandréou
Stefania: (slow) Ανδρέας Γ. Παπανδρέου (regular) Ανδρέας Γ. Παπανδρέου
Gabriella: Listeners, please repeat:
Stefania: Ανδρέας Γ. Παπανδρέου
[pause - 5 sec.]
Gabriella: Andréas G. Papandréou was a Greek economist, a socialist politician, and a dominant figure in Greek politics. He served two terms as Prime Minister of Greece. In a poll conducted in 2007, Papandreou was voted the "most important Greek Prime Minister," and the first four years of his government were voted as the "best government Greece ever had."
Gabriella: Now let's hear a sample sentence using this one.
Stefania: (normal) Ο Ανδρέας Παπανδρέου νομιμοποίησε τον πολιτικό γάμο.
Gabriella: Andréas Papandréou legalized the civil wedding.
Stefania: (slow) Ο Ανδρέας Παπανδρέου νομιμοποίησε τον πολιτικό γάμο.
QUIZ
Gabriella: Okay listeners, are you ready to be quizzed on the words you just learned? Stefanía will give you the Greek – please say the English meaning out loud! Are you ready?
Stefania: Περικλής
[pause]Gabriella: Péricles
Stefania: Ιουστινιανός Α΄
[pause]Gabriella: Justínian I
Stefania: Θεόδωρος Κολοκοτρώνης
[pause]Gabriella: Theódoros Kolokotrónis
Stefania: Ελευθέριος Βενιζέλος
[pause]Gabriella: Elefthérios Venizélos
Stefania: Ανδρέας Γ. Παπανδρέου
[pause]Gabriella: Andréas G. Papandréou

Outro

Gabriella: There you have it – five Historical figures in Greece! We have more vocab lists available at GreekPod101.com, so be sure to check them out. Thanks everyone, see you next time!
Stefania: Γεια!

3 Comments

Hide
Please to leave a comment.
😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

GreekPod101.com Verified
Monday at 06:30 PM
Pinned Comment
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Do you know any other famous Greek historical figures? 

GreekPod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 06:03 PM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Hi Bibiana,


Yes, I know them. They were born in Thessaloniki during the Byzantine Empire. But the empire was full of people from all sorts of places that spoke many languages, so socially it was a melting pot. It doesn't mean that because they were born in Thessaloniki they were Greeks at heart. I think their mother was Slav? I'm not very sure.


When looking at their work, I think the fact that they took something so old, precious and wisely made like the Greek alphabet (and the Latin etc.) and transformed it into something different in order to spread Christianity, a new religion back then that was not even Greek, to the Slavic people, doesn't really make them very Greek:unamused:. At least that's what I think.


To my knowledge (because we don't study them too much at school) they did not spread any Greek ideals, like philosophy, democracy, ancient Greek literature or the Greek religion (Olympian Gods) or language. If they were truly Greeks at heart I think they would have tried to spread those Greek ideals back then or at least whatever knowledge or idea they felt like IN the Greek alphabet. Why would they change it otherwise? It's unique and a part of being Greek. So in my eyes, the Greek legacy was not that important to them. It didn't matter. The alphabet was just a tool.


How interesting to know that the new non-Greek religion back then, Christianity, centuries later would eventually be embedded into the Greek DNA and be a part of the Greek identity and culture.


Stefania

Team GreekPod101.com

Bibiana
Tuesday at 08:38 AM
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

From Ancient Greece many... all the philosophers, physcists, mathematicians, writers like Aristotle, Socrates, Plato, Pythagoras, Archimedes, Hippocrates, Homer, Sophocles, Sappho, Herodotus... the sculptor Pheidias, the spartan king Leonidas I, Alexander the Great, Saint Nicholas ("the original Santa Claus"); then the painter El Greco, and we can list here I think also Aristotle Onassis...


I was wondering about Saint Cyril and Methodius... Im sure you know them... they are the most important figures in Slavic history.. They were from Thessaloniki, but we learnt that they spoke a Slavic dialect, from what they created the first official Slavic language...and the Cyrillic script... Do you think they were Greeks?